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accounteth their perfons righteous in his fighty, not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them z, but only for the perfect obedience and full fatisfaction of Chrift, by God imputed to them a, and received by faith alone b. Q. 71.

pon all them that believe; for there is no difference. v. 24. Being juftified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jefus Chrift: v. 25. Whom God hath fet forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteoufnefs for the remiffion of fins that are paft, through the forbearance of God. Rom. iv. 5. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that juftifieth the ungod ly, his faith is counted for righte oufnefs.

y 2 Cor. v. 19. To wit, that God was in Chrift, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trefpaffes unto them; and hath committed unto us the word of reconciliation. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew no fin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. Rom. iii. 22. Even the righteoufnefs of God which is by faith in Jefus Chrift unto all, and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference. T. 24. Being juftified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jefus Chrift: v. 25. Whom God hath fet forth to be a propi tiation, through faith in his blood, to declare his righteoufnefs for the remiffion of fins that are paft, thro' the forbearance of God. v. 27. Where is boafting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works! Nay; but by the law of faith. v. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is juftified by faith without the deeds of the law.

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righteoufnefs, which we have done, but according to his mercy he faved us by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost. * v. 7. That being juftified by his grace, we fhould be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, according to the riches of his grace.

*Rom. v. 17. For if by one man's offence, death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteoufnefs, fhall reign in life by one, Jefus Chrift. v. 18. Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation: even fo by the righteoufnefs of one, the free gift came upon all men unto juftification of life. v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners: fo by the obedience of one fhall many be made righteous. Rom. iv. 6. Even as David alfo defcribeth the bleffednefs of the man unto whom God imputeth righteoufnefs without works, v. 7. Saying, Bleffed are they whofe iniquities are forgiven, and whofe fins are covered. v. 8. Bleffed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute fin..

b. Acts x. 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name, whofoever believeth in him, fhall receive remiffion of fins. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not juftified by the works of the law,

but

Q. 71. How is juftification an act of God's free grace? A. Although Chrift, by his obedience and death, did make a proper, real, and full fatisfaction to God's justice in the behalf of them that are juftified c; yet in as much as God accepteth the fatisfaction from a Surety, which he might have demanded of them, and did provide this Surety, his own only Son d, imputing his righteousness

but by the faith of Jefus Chrift, even we have believed in Jefus Chrift; that we might be juftified by the faith of Chrift,and not by the works of the law; for by the works of the law fhall no flesh be juftified. Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Chrift, the righteousness which is of God by faith.

71. c Rom. v. 8. But God com mendeth his love towards us, in that while we were yet finners, Chrift died for us. v. 9. Much more then being now juftified by his blood, we shall be faved from wrath through him. v. 10. For if when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son; much more being reconciled, we fhall be faved by his life. v. 19. For as by one man's difobedience many were made finners: fo by the obedience of one, fhall many be made righteous.

d1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and man, the man Christ Jefus; v. 6. Who gave himself a ranfom for all, to be testified in due time. Heb. x. 10. By the which will we are fanctified, through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. Matth. xx. 28. Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minifter, and to give his life a ranfom- for many. Dan. ix. 24. Seventy weeks are de

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termined upon thy people, and upon thy holy city, to finish the tranfgreffion, and to make an end of fins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlafting righteousnefs, and to feal up the vifion and prophecy, and to anoint the moft holy. v. 26. And after threefcore and two weeks fhall Meffiah be cut off, but not for himself and the people of the prince that shall come, fhall deftroy the city, and the fanctuary, and the end thereof fhall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war defolations are determined. If. liii. Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our forrows: yet we did esteem him ftricken, fmitten of God, and afflicted. V. 5. But he was wounded for our tranfgreffions, he was bruifed for our iniquities: the chaflifement of our peace was upon him, and with his tripes we are healed. v. 6. All we like sheep haye gone aftray: we have turned every one to his own way, and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. v. 10. Yet it pleased the Lord to bruife him, he hath him to grief: when thou fhamake his foul an offering for fin, the hall fee his feed, he hall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the Lord fhall profper in his hand. V. fhall fee of the travel of his foul, and fhall be fatisfied: by his knowledge fhall my righteous fervant justify many: for he fhall bear their ini, quities, v. 12. Therefore will I-di

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to them e, and requiring nothing of them for their justification but faith f, which alfo is his gift g, their juftification is to them of free grace b.

Q.72. What is justifying faith?

A. Juftifying faith is a faving grace i, wrought in the heart of a finner by the Spirit k, and word of God !, whereby he, being convinced of his fin and mifery, and of the disability in himself, and all other creatures, to recover him out of his loft condition m, not only affenteth to the truth

vide him a portion with the great, and he fhall divide the fpoil with the ftrong: because he hath poured out his foul unto death: and he was numbered with the tranfgreffors, and he bare the fin of many, and made interceffion for the tranfgreffors. Heb. vii. 22. By fo much was Jefus made a furety of a better teftament. Rom. viii. 32. He that fpared not his own fon, but delivered him up for us all, how fhall he not with him alfo freely give us all things? Pet. i. 18. Forafmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as filver and gold, from your vain converfation received by tradition from your fathers; v. 19. But with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a Lamb without blemish and without fput.

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e 2 Cor. v. 21. For he hath made him to be fin for us, who knew no fin; that we might be made the righteoufnefs of God in him.

fRom. iii. 24. Being juftified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jefus Chrift: v. 25. Whom God hath fet forth to be a propitiation, through faith in his od, to declare his righteoufnefs for the remiffion of fins that are paft, through the forbearance of God.

g Eph. ii. 8. For by grace are ye faved, through faith; and that not of yourfelves: it is the gift of God.

b Eph. i. 7. In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of fins, according to the riches of his grace.

72. i Heb. x. 39. But we are not of them who draw back unto perdition; but of them that believe, to the faving of the soul.

k 2 Cor. iv. 13. We having the fame fpirit of faith, according as it is written, I believed, and therefore have I fpoken: we also believe, and therefore fpeak. Eph. i. 17. That the God of our Lord Jefus Chrift, the Father of glory, may give unto you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation, in the knowledge of him: v. 18. The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the faints, v. 19. And what is the exceeding greatnefs of his power to us-ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power.

/ Rom. x. 14. How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how fhall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how fhall they hear without a preacher? *v. 17. So then, faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.

m Ads ii. 37. Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and faid unto Peter,

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truth of the promise of the gospel n, but receiveth and reft eth upon Chrift and his righteoufness, therein held forth, for pardon of fin o, and for the accepting and accounting of his perfon righteous in the fight of God for falvation p.

Q.73. How doth faith justify a finner in the fight of God? A. Faith juftifies a finner in the fight of God, not be cause of those other graces which do always accompany it, or of good works that are the fruits of it q, nor as if the grace of faith, or any act thereof, were imputed to him for his juftification r; but only as it is an inftrument by which he receiveth and applieth Chrift and his righteouf nefs f

and to the reft of the apoftles, Men and brethren, what fhall we do? Acts xvi. 30. And brought them out, and faid, Sirs, what must I do to be faved John xvi. 8. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of fin, and of righteonfnefs, and of judgment .. Of fin, becaufe they believe not in me. Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without ftrength, in due time Chrift died for the ungodly. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened who were dead in trefpaffes and fins. Acts iv. 12. Neither is there falvation in any other for there is none other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be faved.

n Eph. i. 13. In whom ye alfo trufted after that ye heard the word of truth, the gofpel of your falva tion: in whom alfo after that ye believed, ye were fealed with that holy Spirit of promife.

• John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Acts xvi. 31. And they faid, Believe on the Lord Jefus Chrift, and thou fhalt be faved, and thy houfe. Acts

43. To him give all the prophets

Q: 74.

witnefs, that through his name, whofoever believeth in him, fhall receive femiffion of fins.

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p Phil. iii. 9. And be found in him, not having mine own righte oufnefs, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Chrift, the righteoufnefs which is of God by faith. Acts xv. 11. But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jefus Chrift, we shall be faved even as they.

73.9 Gal. . 11. But that no man is juftified by the law in the fight of God, it is evident: for, The juft fhall live by faith. Rom. in. 28. Therefore we conclude, that a man is juftifieth by faith without the deeds of the law.

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r Rom. iv. 5. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on hint that juftifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteoufnefs. Com pared with Rom. x. 10. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousnefs, and with the mouth con feflion is made unto falvation.

John i. 12. But as many as re ceived him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name. Phil. iii. 9. And be found is him,

not

Q. 74. What is adoption? A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God t, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ v, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children w, have his name put upon them x, the Spirit of his Son given to themy, are under his fatherly care and difpenfations z, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the fons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow-heirs with Chrift in glory a.

Q.75. What is fanctification?

A. Sanctification is a work of God's grace, whereby they whom God hath, before the foundation of the world,

not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Chrift, the righteousness which is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. Knowing that a man is not juftified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jefus Chrift, even we have believed in Jefus Chrift; that we might be juftified by the faith of Chrift, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law fhall no flesh be juftified.

74. t 1 John iii. 1. Behold, what manner of love the Father hath beftowed upon us, that we fhould be called the fons of God.

Eph. i. 5. Having predeftinated us to the adoption of children by Jefus Chrift to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will. Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness of the time was come, God fent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, v. 5. To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of fons.

w John i. 12. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the fons of God, even to them that believe on his name.

x 2 Cor. vi. 18. And will be a Father unto you, and ус fhall be my

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fons and daughters, faith the Lord Almighty. Rev. iii. 12. Him that overcometh, will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerufalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God; and I will write upon him my new name.

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Gal. iv. 6. And becaufe ye are fons, God hath fent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying, Abba, Father.

z Ffal. ciii. 13. Like as a father pitieth his children: fo the Lord pitieth them that fear him. Prov. xiv. 26. In the fear of the Lord is ftrong confidence; and his children fhall have a place of refuge. Matth. vi. 32.---For your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all thefe things.

a Heb. vi. 12. That ye be not flothful, but followers of them, who through faith and patience inherit the promises. Rom. viii. 17. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint heirs with Chrift: if fo be, that we fuffer with him, that we may be alfo glorified together. 74. Eph.

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