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he freely offereth unto finners life and falvation by Jefus Chrift, requiring of them faith in him, that they may be faved f; and promifing to give unto all thofe that are ordained unto life, his Holy Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe g.

IV. This covenant of grace is frequently fet forth in the fcripture by the name of a teftament, in reference to the death of Jefus Chrift the teftator, and to the everlafting inheritance, with all things belonging to it, therein bequeathed b.

a law given which could have given life, verily righteoufhefs fhould have been by the law. Rom. viii. 3. For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God fending his own Son, in the likeness of finful flefh, and for fin condemned fin in the flesh. Rom. iii. 20. Therefore by the deeds of the law, there fhall no ffefh be justified in his fight for by the law is the knowledge of fin. v. 21. But now the righteoufnefs of God without the law is manifefted, being witneffed by the law and the prophets. Gen. iii. 15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy feed and her feed: It shall bruife thy head, and thou fhalt bruise his heel. Ifa. xlii. 6. I the Lord have called thee in righ teousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles.

Mark xvi. 15. And he faid unto them. Go ye into all the world, and preach the gofpel to every creatüre. v. 16. He that believeth and is baptized, fhall be faved; but he that believeth not, fhall be damned. John iii. 16. For God fo loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whofoever believeth in him, fhould not perish, but have everlafting life. Rom. x. 6. But the

V. This

righteoufnefs which is of faith fpeaketh on this wife, Say not, in thine heart, Who fhall afcend into heaven? (that is, to bring Chrift down from above.) v. 9. That if thou shalt confefs with thy mouth the Lord Jefus, and fhalt believe in thine heart, that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be faved. Gal. iii. 11. But that no man is juftified by the law in the fight of God, it is evident: for, The juft fhall live by faith.

g Ezek. xxxvi. 26. A new heart alfo will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you, and I will take away the ftony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flefh. v. 27. And I will put my fpirit within you, and cause you to walk in my ftatutes, and ye fhall keep my judgments, and do them. John vi. 44. No man can come to me, except the Father which hath fent me, draw him: and I will raife him up at the laft day. v. 45. It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.

IV. Heb ix. 15. And for this cause he is the Mediator of the new teftament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the tranfgreffions that were under the first testa


V. This covenant was differently adminiftred in the time of the law, and in the time of the gofpel i: under the law it was administered by promifes, prophecies, facrifices, circumcifion, the pafchal lamb, and other types and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews, all fore-fignifying Chrift to come k, which were for that time fufficient, and efficacious, through the operation of the Spirit, to inftruct and build up the elect in faith in the promised Meffiah 7, by whom they had full remiffion of fins,

ment, they which are called might
receive the promise of eternal inhe-
ritance. v. 16. For where a tefta-
ment is, there must also of neceffity
be the death of the teftator. V. 17.
For a teftament is of force after
men are dead: otherwise it is of no
ftrength at all whilft the teftator li-
veth. Heb. vii. 22. By fo much
was Jefus made a furety of a bet-
ter teftament. Luke xxii.
Likewife alfo the cup after fupper,
faying, This cup is the new tefta-
ment in my blood, which is fhed
for you.
1 Cor. xi. 25. After the
fame manner alfo he took the cup,
when he had fupped, faying, This
cup is the new teftament in my,
blood this do ye, as oft as ye
drink it, in remembrance of me.


V. i 2 Cor. iii. 6. Who alfo hath made us able minifters of the new teftament, not of the letter, but of the fpirit: for the letter killeth, but the fpirit giveth life. v. 7. But if the, ministration of death, written and engraven in ftones, was glorious, fo that the children of Ifrael could not ftedfally behold the face of Mofes, for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away; v.8. How fhall not the miniftration of the Spirit be rather glorious? v. 9. For if the miniftration of con

demnation be glory, much more doth the miniftration of righteous. nefs exceed in glory.

k (Heb. viii. ix. x, chapters.) Rom. iv, 11. And he received the fign of circumcifion, a feal of the righteousness of the faith, which he had yet being uncircumcifed: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcifed; that righteoufnefs might be imputed unto them alfo. Col. ii. 11. In whom alfo ye are circumcifed with the circumcifion made without hands, in putting off the body of the fins of the flesh, by the circumcifion of Chrift: v. 12. Buried with him in baptifm, wherein alfo ye are rifen with him through the faith of the operation of God, who hath raifed him from the dead. 1 Cor. v. 7, Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Chrift our paffover is facrificed for us.

/ 1 Cor.x. 1. Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye fhould be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all paffed through the fea: v. 2. And were all baptized unto Mofes in the cloud, and in the fea; v. 3. And did all eat the fame fpiritual meat; v. 4. And did all drink the fame fpiritual


fins, and eternal falvation; and is called the Old Tefta

ment m.

VI. Under the gofpel, when Chrift the fubftance n was exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is difpenfed are the preaching of the word, and the adminiftration of the facraments of Baptism and the Lord's fupper o, which, though fewer in number, and adminiftred with more fimplicity, and lefs outward glory; yet in them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and fpiritual efficacy p, to all nations, both Jews and Gen

drink: (for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.) Heb. xi. 13. Thefe all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having feen them afar off, and were perfuaded of them, and embraced them, and confeffed that they were ftrangers and pilgrims on the earth. John viii. 56. Your father Abraham rejoiced to fee my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

m Gal. iii. 7. Know ye therefore, that they which are of faith, the fame are the children of Abraham. v.8. And the scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gofpel unto Abraham, faying, In thee fhall all nations be bleffed. v. 9. So then they which be of faith, are bleffed with faithful Abraham. v. 14. That the bleffing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promife of the Spirit through faith.

VI. n Col. ii. 17. Which are a fhadow of things to come; but the body is of Chrift.

Matth. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghoft: v. 20. Teaching them to obferve all


v. 24.

things whatfoever I have commanded you and lø, I am with you alway even unto the end of the world. Amen. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord, that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jefus, the fame night in which he was betrayed, took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat; this is my body, which is broken for you : this do in remembrance of me. v. 25. After the fame manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new teftament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.

p Heb. xii. 22. But ye are come unto mount Sion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerufalem, and to an innumerable company of angels. v. 23. To the general affembly and church of the firft-born, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the fpirits of juft men made perfect. v. 24. And to Jefus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of fprinkling, that fpeaketh better things than that of Abel. v. 25. See that ye refuse not him that. fpeaketh: for if they escaped not who refused him that spake on earth, much more fhall not we escape, if



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and is called the New Teftament r.

There are

not therefore two covenants of grace differing in fubftance, but one and the fame under various difpenfations f

we turn away from him that speaketh from heaven : v. 26. Whofe voice then fhook the earth: but now he hath promised, faying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. v. 27. And this word, Yet once more, fignifieth the removing of thofe things that are fhaken, as of things that are made, that thofe things which cannot be fhaken may remain. Jer. xxxi. 33. But this shall be the cove nant that I will make with the houfe of Ifrael, after those days, faith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts, and will be their God, and they fhall be my people. v. 34. And they fhall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, faying, Know the Lord: for they fhall all know me, from the leaft of them unto the greatest of them, faith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their fin no more.

q Matth. xxviii. 19. (See letter immediately foregoing.) Eph. ii. 15. Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments, contained in ordinances, for to make in himself, of twain, one new man, fo making peace: v. 16. And that he might reconcile both unto God in one body by the cross, having flain the enmity thereby: v. 17. And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh. v. 18. For through him we both have an accefs by one Spirit unto the Father. v. 19.


Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow-citizens with the faints, and of the household of God.

r Luke xxii. 20. Likewife alfo the cup after fupper, faying, This cup is the New Teftament in my blood, which is fhed for you.

/ Gal. iii. 14. That the bleffing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith. v. 16. Now to Abraham and his feed were the promifes made. He faith not, And to feeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy feed, which is Chrift. Acts xv. 11. But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jefus Chrift, we shall be faved even as they. Rom.iii. 21. But now the righteoufnefs of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets: V. 22. Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jefus Chrift unto all, and upon all them that believe; for there is no difference: V. 23. For all have finned, and come fhort of the glory of God. v. 30. Seeing it is one God, which fhall juftify the circumcifion by faith, and uncircumcifion through faith. Pfal. xxxii. 1. Bleffed is he whofe tranfgreffion is forgiven, whofe fin is covered. With Rom. iv. 3. For what faith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righ teoufnels. v. 6. Even as David alfo defcribeth the bleffedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteouf


CHAP. VIII. Of Chrift the Mediator.

It etes begotten

pleafed God, in his eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jefus, his only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man a; the Prophet b, Priest c, and King d; the Head and Saviour of his Church e; the heir of all things f; and judge of the world g: unto whom he did from all eternity give a people to be

nefs without works. v. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promife might be fare to all the feed, not to that only which is of the law, but to that alfo which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all. V. 17. (As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were. v. 23. Now it was not written for his fake alone, that it was imputed to him; V. 24. But for us alfo, to whom it fhall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jefus our Lord from the dead. Heb. xiii. 8. Jefus Chrift the fame yesterday, and today, and for ever.

1. a If. xlii. 1. Behold my fervant whom I uphold, mine elect in whom my foul delighteth: I have put my Spirit upon him, he fhall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles. Pet. i. 19. But with the precious blood of Chrift, as of a Lamb without blemish and without fpot: v. 20. Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifeft in thefe laft times for you. John iii. 16. For God fo loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whofoever believeth in him, fhould not perish, but have,

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faid unto the fathers, A prophet fhall the Lord your God raife up unto you, of your brethren, like unto me; him fhall ye hear in all things whatsoeverhe fhall fay unto you.

c Heb. v. 5. So alfo, Chrift glorified not himself, to be made an high prieft; but he that faid unto him, Thou art my Son, to day have I begotten thee. v. 6. As he faith alfo in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchifedec.

d Pfal. ii. 6. Yet have I fet my King upon my holy hill of Zion. Luke i. 33. And he fhall reign over the houfe of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

e Eph. v. 23. For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Chrift

is the head of the church: and he is the Saviour of the body.

Hath in these laft

f Heb. i. 2. days fpoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom alfo he made the worlds.

g Acts xvii. 31. Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness, by that man whom he hath ordained; F


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