The Biology of the Indian Ocean
B. Zeitzschel, S.A. Gerlach
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 555 pages
This volume contains the proceedings of a Symposium held at the University of Kiel, Germany, from 31 March to 6 April, 1971. The Symposium was organized by the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Marine Productivity section of the International Biological Programme (IBPIPM) with the assistance of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and the International Association of Biological Oceanography (IABO). The aim of the Symposium was to summarize present knowledge of the biology of the Indian Ocean. Twenty-two presentations by invited speakers reviewed the research work carried out during the International Indian Ocean Expedition (lIOE) 1959 -1965, the first cooperative project coordinated by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC). In addition, reports were presented of postexpedition examination of material and of more recent investigations relevant to the aims of the lIOE. In keeping with the aims of "Ecological Studies", the present volume contains much new information and some synthesis, all directed towards obtaining an understanding of the functioning and organization of the ecosystem of the Indian Ocean. The plan of the Symposium was to present the relevant meteorological, physical, chemical and geological background and to follow this with the various aspects of biological oceanography. Because of the uneven stage of development of the different disciplines, the papers included in this volume vary in their analytical level.
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abundance Agulhas Andaman Sea Antarctic Anton Bruun Arabian coast Arabian Sea Atlantic backwater Bay of Bengal biological biomass bottom carbon central Ceratium chaetognaths chlorophyll coast of India coastal Cochin collections concentration copepods correlated cruise density depth diatoms dinoflagellates east eastern ecological Eucalanus Euphausia fauna fish genus Gulf of Aden gyre haul IIOE Indian Ocean IOBC Kalpeni Kavaratti larvae latitudes layer Limacina inflata maximum monsoon period night nitrate northern number of species nutrients observations occur Oceanography organic phosphorus Pacific particulate pattern Persian Gulf phosphate photosynthesis phytoplankton pigments plankton primary production range recorded Red Sea region salinity samples seasonal sediments shelf shows Somali coast Somali Current South Equatorial Current southern specimens stations subsurface subtropical surface water SW monsoon Table temperature thermocline tropical tuna ug-at upwelling values variation vertical distribution water masses west coast western Indian Ocean yellowfin zooplankton