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WITH THE DIRECTIONS, PARTICULAR DESCRIPTIONS OF THE COASTS, TOWNS, ISLANDS, HARBOURS, AND ANCHORAGES; OCCASIONAL SKETCHES OF NATIONAL HABITS AND CUSTOMS; THE GENERAL PRODUCTS, POPULATION, AND CONDITtion, of the RESPECTIVE PLACES; AND COPIOUS TABLES OF THEIR POSITIONS, &c.

COMPILED,

From a great variety of Documents, public and private, accompanied with Inferences from established facts not generally known,

BY JOHN PURDY, HYDROGRAPHER.

London:

PRINTED FOR R. H. LAURIE,

Chart-Seller and Agent (by Appointment) to the Admiralty, &c.
No. 53, Fleet-street.

1826.

ERRATA.

The Reader is respectfully requested to correct, with his pen, the following Errata.

8, line 12 from the bottom, in the Appendix, to read, in Section XXII.

Page

12,

88,

140,

171,

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24, Malaga of the antients, to read, Malaca.

16 from the bottom, latitude 41° 13', to read, 41° 10.

27, As in London, to read, As is London.

1, The Citadel, to read, The Cathedral.

198, 3 from the bottom, or the eastward, to read, or to the eastward.
28 from the bottom, Ercuisa, to read, Ericusa.
203, last line, Baron du Zach, to read, Baron de Zach.

199,

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271, line 27, 600 are, to read, 600 were.

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16, Meis-addassi, to read, Meis-adassi.

3 from the bottom, 3° 2/ W., to read, 3° 2′ E. 10, [S. by E.] to read [South.]

[Entered at Stationers' Hall. ]

PRINTED BY J. RIDER, LITTLE BRITAIN, LONDON.

PREFACE.

IN the investigation of a coast-line of more than ten thousand miles, which comprehends all the Seas expressed on the title-page, and the islands therein, and in combining with that investigation the best science with the most useful and accurate descriptions, the Compiler flatters himself that he has constructed a work which has long been a desideratum in the nautical world..

This volume completes a circle of books, in which its Editor has been engaged, more or less, during the last thirty years, for imparting knowledge of the coasts of the world to the practical navigator. In this last attempt he found, at the commencement, more difficulty than in any other; for, at that time, several important works now existing had not appeared: but, latterly, the sun of knowledge has illuminated vast tracts of coast, heretofore very imperfectly known, by dispelling the thick clouds in which they were obscured: these coasts now show themselves under the bright beams of the purest science; and the names of BEAUFORT, SмYTH, &c. are, in connection with those of TOFINO, VON ZACH, and other astronomers of the south, for ever associated with all knowledge of the Mediterranean Seas.

It is notorious that, generally speaking, of all the European Seas, none have been less accurately known than those which are described in the following pages: the case is now very different; for it will, on examination, be found, that the Coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic, and the Black Sea, have been, in reality, more scientifically investigated than those of St. George's Channel, the Coasts of Ireland, the Eastern Coasts of Great Britain, the Shetland Isles, and other parts, supposed, in general, to be thoroughly known.

The work, however, is yet far from perfect; and, while we return our grateful acknowledgements to numerous and respectable contributors, for a large extent of valuable information, we, as usual, earnestly request the communications of the intelligent, for its future improvement.

By R. H. LAURIE;

AND SOLD, ALSO, BY ALL THE RESPECTABLE CHART-SELLERS IN THE DIFFERENT
PORTS OF GREAT BRITAIN, &c.

1. A GENERAL CHART of the ATLANTIC OCEAN, according to the Observations, Surveys, and Determinations, of the most eminent Navigators, British and Foreign: from a Combination of which the whole has been deduced, by John Purdy. With particular Plans of the Roadstead of Angra, Terceira, Ponta-Delgada, St. Michael's, of the Channel between Fayal and Pico, Santa-Cruz to Funchal, &c. On four large sheets. With Additions to the present time, 16s. 2. Memoir and Directions to accompany the above. Fifth Edition, separately, 7s. With the Chart, 22s.

3. A New Chart of the Atlantic, or Western Ocean, with Hudson's Bay and other adjacent Seas; including the Coasts of Europe, Africa, and America, from sixty-five degrees of NorthLatitude to the Equator; but without the particular Plans above mentioned. Reduced, chiefly, from the larger Charts, by John Purdy, and beautifully engraved on two large Sheets, 10s. 6d.

4. The ENGLISH CHANNEL, on a very large Scale; comprehending the British Coasts, from Lowestoff to Aberystwith; the Irish Coast from Wexford to Limerick; and the French Coast, from Nieuport to the Saints. Chiefly from the Government Surveys. By Mr. J. Outhett. With the New Bank of Soundings, and particular Plans, on enlarged scales, as follow:-1.The Downs, with the South and Queen's Channels: 2. The Harbour of Newhaven: 3. Harbour of Shoreham: 4. The Coast of France, from Calais to Boulogne: 5. Start Bay and the Skerries: 6. The Isle of Lundy. 7. Environs of Ushant: 8. The Harbour of Brest. Dedicated, by permission, to the Honourable Corporation of Trinity-House. A most beautiful and accurate Work, accompanied with a new Book of Directions, 14s.

5. The HARBOURS and ISLANDS of the ENGLISH CHANNEL, &c. Being a Collection of twenty-eight particular Charts, all from accurate trigonometric Surveys, mostly on a large Scale, and arranged on three Sheets, uniformly with the general Chart, above described. Price of the whole, 14s.

6. A New Chart of the English Channel, with Plans of Harbours, &c. Reduced from the above, without the Book of Directions, 8s.; Ditto, with the Book of Directions, 10s. 6d. The same Chart, to Scilly, &c., but without the Bank of Channel Soundings, 6s.

7. A New GENERAL CHART of ST. GEORGE'S CHANNEL and all the Coasts of Ireland; adjusted by the latest Determinations: with particular Charts of the Frith of Clyde, the Bays of Dublin and Liverpool, Cork Harbour, &c.; and Notes explanatory of the different Light-Houses and Light-Vessels on the Coast, to the present time. Accompanied with a valuable Book of Directions, 10s. 6d.

8. The NORTH-SEA, upon a very large Scale; constructed from a great variety of original and accurate Surveys; more particularly those of the respective Governments, adjusted by the best astronomic observations: with particular Plans of the Pentland Frith, the Channels to Bergen, and the Harbour of Christiansand; accompanied by a large Book of Piloting Directions for all the Harbours, &c. By John Purdy. With numerous Appearances of the Land, Lighthouses, &c. 8s.

9. A General Chart of the BAY of BISCAY, chiefly from Surveys made, respectively, by Order of the Governments of France and Spain, with Fourteen particular Plans of its Harbours, &c. executed in the same manner as those of the Channel, above described, with a new Book of Directions for the Bay, Coast of Portugal, &c. 10s. 6d.

10. The Coasts of SPAIN, PORTUGAL, and BARBARY, from St. Sebastian to Cape Blanco, North; constructed from the Surveys, &c. of Tofino and other distinguished modern Navigators, by John Purdy: and comprising also, on a large Scale, particular Charts of the principal Harbours, 8s. 11. A New GENERAL CHART of the ETHIOPIC or SOUTHERN ATLANTIC OCEAN, and Coasts of South America, to the Cape of Good-Hope and Cape Horn, including the Western Coast of America to Panama; with particular Plans of St. Helena, the Bays of the Cape of Good Hope, the River Plata, Monte-Video, Maldonado, the Port of Valdivia, those of Concepcion, Valparaiso, Callao and Lima; Guayaquil, and Panama; the Galapagos Isles, &c.; with Views of Land, and other particulars. By John Purdy, 16s.

12. Memoir and Directions to accompany the above, separately, 6s. With the Chart, 21s. 13. The COLOMBIAN NAVIGATOR; or, Sailing Directory for the AMERICAN COASTS and the WEST-INDIES. Volume the First, comprehending, 1. The Coasts and Harbours of Nova-Scotia, the Bay of Fundy, and the United States, from Sable Island and Halifax to the Southern Point of Florida : 2. The Mexican Sea, or Gulf of Mexico, including the Martyrs, or Florida Kays and Reefs: 3. The Bahama Islands, Cuba, Hayti or St. Domingo, Jamaica, the Caymans, and the Windward Passages: 4. The Leeward or Gulf Passage, from Jamaica; the Florida Stream, &c. Composed by John Purdy. Octavo, boards, 8s.

14. The COLOMBIAN NAVIGATOR; Volume the Second, comprehending Porto-Rico, the Virgin and Caribbee Islands, Coasts and Isles of Guyana and Colombia, Mosquita or Mosquito Shore, Bay of Yucatan or Honduras, and the Caribbean or Antillean Sea in general. With Addenda, containing Tables of the Peak of Orizaba and Pan of Matanzas: Spanish Words and Names: Spanish Pronunciation. In boards, 6s.

[Price of the Two Volumes, neatly bound in one, 16s.]

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