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the ruins, a native upon a pack-ox, who had not own. It had been stolen from him by a party of before perceived us, was so suddenly surprised at Abasootu, in one of their predatory expeditions our appearance, that , regardless of his beast

, he across the mountains, and had subsequently been instantly sprung from his back, and in a few se- employed by the same people in a late attack upon conds was out of sight; naturally concluding that the Amatembu, in which they were defeated; our intentions were not the most pacific. Both and this, with several other of their horses, here and at Morley, I had met with great kind was captured by Ferdána. Had that suspicious ness from the missionary families; and while chieftain been aware of his real pedigree, he riding over the bricks and rubbish of the demo- would never have allowed him to have accompanied lished buildings, bearing evident marks of the con- us on our present journey. Not only is it proflagration, I felt much for them and for the cause hibited during the period of state mourning to in which they have suffered : it was indeed a me- renew the thatch of the most dilapidated hut, but lancholy satisfaction we were indulging, and we even the wholesome influence of the besom is also soon instinctively turned aside from the blackened forbidden; and as this village had been abandoned walls to visit the garden, where an abundance of during the war, the condition of our floor may be figs, almonds, and peaches were rapidly advancing better imagined than described. As soon as it was to a state of maturity. But what delighted me the dark I made some attempt at repairing the roof, most was a luxuriant hedge of roses covered with as it was threatening rain, but the thatch was too flowers and in great beauty, the first I had seen scanty and far between to do any thing effectually. since leaving the colony; and the very sight of In the evening an ox was sent to us to be slaughwhich almost transported me again to my native tered, which proved a very acceptable supply, as country,—though not indeed the land of the olive our people had been nearly a day without tasting and the vine,-still pre-eminently of the jessamine food, and our own stock was almost exhausted. and rose.

Friday, 26th.-Having last night been promised Leaving this interesting spot, about three miles guides to the Kei, we were anxious to proceed; to the right we reached the present residence of but as none had yet been sent, we repaired to Kheeli-a village containing only nine huts, all in Nomesa's hut, where it was understood that sea most wretched and dilapidated condition, and still veral of the councillors, although at an unusually likely to be occupied for some time without repair, early hour, were assembled. Nomesa was Hinza's as a part of the customary respect paid to the principal wife, and is the mother of Kheeli; and memory of a deceased chief. Shortly after our even during the life-time of her husband is said to arrival, Kheeli made his appearance; it was about have had great influence in the tribe. The hut the time of drinking milk; his councillors and was crowded; and although anxious to see this principal men soon assembled near his mother's political lady, the smoke was so dense that her hut, and, seating themselves on the ground, form- person was entirely concealed; this, however, was ed a semicircle round him, while he sent portions no impediment to a long conversation which soon of milk to each, the baskets being first placed be- commenced. Kheeli, who in her presence seems fore him by two servants, who, strange to say, to have little importance, coming in at this time, wore each a printed cloth round his waist, the first and lolling carelessly in one corner of the hut, she attempt at civilized attire which has yet been thus addressed me, pointing to her son : We made by these inveterate sons of nature, and I have no rest. You see that child-he has no trust will not long remain a solitary example. place-he is a baby. I am obliged to carry him Kheeli is a young man of about twenty, tall and about in my teeth-his house is dead, and we are apparently of a mild disposition ; somewhat grace all eaten up! We wish to have a word to be at ful in his actions and of rather a Jewish expression rest, that we may cultivate the ground." I reof countenance. As soon as the important business plied, by reminding her “ that they had already of drinking curdled milk was ended, in which, received a word to be at rest; that the English though served late, we had not been neglected, had rested; and they wished to see peace estaKheeli, with a few of his chief councillors, removed blished.” The councillors then spoke in confirmato the spot where we had been sitting at a few tion of their great woman's words, and all in the paces from the assembly, which gradually dispers- same strain. They declared that they knew not ed, and commenced a long parley. News was why these troubles had come upon them; that they eagerly inquired, as well from the English camp had taken nothing; and were quiet until they were as from their northern neighbors. Having endea- " eaten up(a common expression for being imvored to satisfy (for that is scarcely possible) all poverished.) To a stranger to their character, these various inquiries, a request on our part was and to the real facts of the case, such a pathetic made for two horses, and a mounted guide to and plausible appeal would doubtless have excited conduct us across the Kei; but all our endeavors, cominiseration, and kindled a generous indignation urged with the promise of a present on reaching at cruelties apparently so wantonly inflicted by a our destination, were ineffectual. • Where are Christian and civilised nation, on one so unoffend. horses to come from? We have none"-was the ing and helpless. But as I had been already sufreply. “The Amatembu have stolen them the ficiently initiated into their modes of address and English have taken them.” In short, it had evi- arch duplicity, and was tolerably well acquainted dently been determined that, at least, we should with the causes and leading circumstances of the have none. It was now proposed to leave one late war, my high sense of amor patria was by no here which had knocked up on the journey, but in means diminished; and had my cheek reddened the course of this arrangement, which was agreed at the time, it would have been occasioned by the to, a singular coincidence occurred—this very palpable falsehoods they were striving so systema. horse being recognised by Kheeli as one of his tically to uphold. The horses being packed, and very thing ready, Keeeli, with several of his corps (Hottentos) at sunset, and reached King people, assembled before our hut to see us go off. William's Town at three in the morning, where, The favorable moment was not lost : and I was notwithstanding the unseasonable hour, I was particularly delighted with the simplicity with which kindly welcomed by Mr.T. Shepstone, the governMr. Davis first gave out a hymn in the native lan- ment interpreter. guage, and then led all who were willing to join Saturday, 28th.-Colonel Smith, who since the in singing the praises of Jehovah. It was a happy termination of the war has commanded the new conclusion to our visit; surrounded, as we were, province, received me with great kindness, and by some of the most determined and ferocious took much interest in the situation of affairs at characters in all Kafir-land, it has left an impres- Port Natal, affording me, in the most handsome sion on my mind which I shall never forget. manner, a military escort for the remainder of my

As we proceeded the country gradually improv- journey to Graham's Town. Here the changes ed, being more broken and clothed with trees in effected by the late “ row with Kafirs," as it was the ravines. Stopped to rest our horses at a spot elegantly expressed to me by a colonial farmer, called Shaw's Fountain, and within a few paces were still more apparent than in the line of posts of the remains of the house in which William Pur- I had passed on the road. The whole appeared cell

, a trader, was wantonly murdered by a native like a dream the very name of King William's in July of the past year. As we approached the Town was to me a novelty; and what I only reKei, the lads watching the cattle took the alarm; membered as the quiet abode of a missionary of and it was amusing to see the rapidity with which the London Society (Mr. Brownlie) is now metaseveral herds on each side of the road were driven morphosed into a military cantonment, half urban, off into the wooded ravines. They soon, however, half nomadic ; here a line of mud huts; there an gained confidence; and in spite of the guns came enclosure of tents; all however well arranged, near, and loudly called for a bazella (present.) and apparently in high effective order. That part Mounted and bearing guns across their shoulders, of the mission-house which has escaped the flames our native escort, for this country, had rather a is repaired, and roofing; and one room is already respectable appearance; but what benefit we appropriated as an office for the transaction of were to derive from their weapons, in the event business : while in the outskirts of the settlement of an attack, I have yet to learn. In defensive several acres of land have been brought into culwarfare their prowess was certainly uncalled for ; tivation, and are yielding good crops of oats, an but on two occasions they all dismounted, drew up excellent precaution where forage of this descripin a line, and made a vigorous attack upon a flock tion is so difficult to be procured. After breakof wild geese, which, strange to say, all flew off fasting in the colonel's markee, I resumed my without leaving them even a feather for a trophy! journey at half-past ten. As the chain of posts,

From the quantity of rain which has recently and consequently the relays of horses, were nearer fallen, and the state of the other rivers, we had together on the Fort Wiltshire road than on that little expectation of finding the Kei in a fordable which I had formerly travelled, by Trompeter's state, and were rejoiced to perceive that it was and Committee's Drift, I had an opportunity of only moderately high, enabling us to cross without crossing the Fish and Keiskamma rivers considedificulty. The guides could not be induced to rably higher up, and traversing in a fresh direcaccompany us across, but left us on the bank to tion that extensive line of jungle and forest, which return home. We were now in the new province occupies a considerable part of the country which of Adelaide (the colonial boundary, since the late is intersected by the Fish river, and known war, having been extended to this river ;) and as throughout its whole extent (about seventy miles) soon as all our party had gained the British side, by the general appellation of the “Fish River we knelt down and offered up a prayer of thanks- Bush.” To the skirts of this forest the country is giving to the God of all our mercies, by whose comparatively open, covered chiefly by patches of good providence we have been so mercifully pros- the thorny mimosa, and affording in every part pered and protected in our journey. We had most desirable sites for agricultural locations : all started this morning at twenty minutes to seven, beyond is wild and rugged, and, I may add, sombre and reached Fort Warden (the first military post,) in the extreme. There are no relieving cliffs and about five miles from the river, at a quarter to plashing cataracts to cheer the monotony--no four where we were kinkly received by Captain curling smoke marks the approach to a single De Lancey, the officer in command. My business habitation ; all wears a savage mournful aspect; with his excellency the governor being urgent, and although the traveller is often reminded by Captain De Lancey kindly furnished me with an the steepness of the route, and the sudden abruptescort to the next post, and an order to be suppli- ness of the neighboring ravines, that he is traversed there with fresh horses to King William's Town, ing hills of no ordinary character: so unbroken the head quarters. My own horse, notwithstand- and impervious is the green mantle which is cast ing all his toils (having ridden him almost every over all

, that he searches in vain for an object to day for these two months past,) came in quite guide his bewildered judgmennt, and at last reverts fresh, and with the additional weight of saddle-to himself and his horse as the only approximate bags galloped in front of the whole party. Here, means of fathoming the heights and chasms by however, I left him to be brought on with thc which he is surrounded. To say that this was other led horses, my companions intending to sleep once the frontier of the colony would scarcely be here, and proceed by more moderate stages. credited by any military man; and the very knowBeing anxious, if possible, to reach Graham's ledge of such a fact would at once prepare him Town some time to-morrow night, I set out again for much of the consequent disasters which have with my interpreter, escorted by two of the Cape occurred.

Had the “ceded territory” comprised between Beneath the cross we'll constant clingthe Fish and the Keiskamma rivers been thickly No other name than Jesus know : lined with military posts, it might at a considerable Thence all our choicest pleasures spring, expense have been tenable, though always liable And streams of living waters flow ! to surprise ; but as this was not the case, nothing If but the promise we believe, could have been more encouraging to the pilfering All from His fulness we receive. propensities of the Kafir, or more advantageous to his nightly attacks. By the late most just and Nothing can our union severunavoidable war two essential benefits appear Still the same unchanging Friend ; likely to accrue : the permanent security of the Yesterday-to-day--for ever, colony from future aggression, and the eventual Jesus loves us to the end ! amelioration of the condition of the bordering Supported by His mighty power, tribes. Both the labor of the missionary and the He keeps and guards us every hour! industry of the trader will meet with that degree of protection from the local government which

Oh! for grace by faith to live will render them less liable to interruption, and

To Him whose blood my ransom bought, thereby an intercourse will be established with

Freely of his own to give, the natives, both within and without our boundary,

Consecrate each word and thought. upon a far more permanent footing, tending, under

By grace I hitherto have come, the blessing of God, to conciliate their friendship

And grace, I trust, will lead me home! —to elevate their character, and to win them from habits of barbarism and cruelty—to embrace not merely the outward customs of a civilised com

Having transacted my business at Graham's munity, but the far higher blessings of Christianity Town, and ascertained that his excellency, Sir and true religion.

Benjamin D’Urban, was still at Port Elizabeth, I

set out on Wednesday, December 2nd, for that From the Kei river to Graham's Town, about place, at three in the afternoon, and, riding through one hundred and sixteen miles, there are now part of the night, reached Algoa Bay soon after seven military posts—four of these have been five o'clock on the following day--the distance is lately constructed in the new district; they are one hundred and one miles. For the personal all trenched, well protected by high mud walls

, kindness which I received from his excellency, and capable of repelling any Kafir force that could but especially for the minute consideration which be opposed. It was two o'clock on Sunday morn- he paid to the subject of my communication, and ing before I reached Ayton's Hotel at Graham's the anxiety he evinced to promote, with all his Town, having ridden eighty-four miles since leav- influence, the observance of the treaty entered ing King William's Town.

into with Dingarn, and the general welfare, reli

gious as well as commercial, of the Zoolu nation Sunday, 29th.

and the British settlement of Port Natal, I feel

deeply indebted; and trust that it may please God "Hitherto hath the Lord helped us.”--(1 Sam. vii. 12.) to make him an instrument of conferring the last

ing benefits of civilization, and the unspeakable How our lives with mercies teem,

hiessings of Christianity to the remotest parts of Every moment's fraught with love;

this vast and benighted continent. Let our lips recount the theme,

A vessel (the Dove) being then in the bay, and Till our hearts are drawn above

bound for Port Natal, his excellency sent by her, Till we in spirit can unite

to be forwarded immediately to Dingarn, the folWith ransomed souls in realms of light! lowing document, which is the first official com

munication which has ever been transmitted to Had we but faith that could descry

any of the native powers beyond the immediate A Father's hand in all we view,

frontier of the colony :How oft our grateful souls would cry, The Lord has helped me hitherto;

“COPY. And Ebenezers we should raise To Him whose mercies crown our days! “ His Britannic Majesty's Governor of the Colony

of the Cape of Good Hope to the Chief of the

Zoolus, Dingarn. Why have I so long been spared,

A worthless cumberer of the ground! Why have I so seldom shared

“ I REJOICE to hear of the good word which The gifts which others feel around?

has passed between the Chief and Captain Gar. 'Tis grace-and sovereign grace alone,

diner, and of the treaty concluded between them Such base ingratitude could own!

for the town and people of Port Natal.

“ An officer on the part of the King of England, Not unto us, may sinners say,

my master, shall speedily be sent to Port Natal, To us no power belongs;

to be in authority there in the place of Captain We ne'er had trod the heavenly way, Gardiner, until his return, and to communicate Or uttered one of Zion's songs,

with the Chief, Dingarn, upon all matters conHad not redeeming love applied

cerning the people of Natal. By him I will send The fount that flowed from Jesus' side ? to the Chief presents, in token of friendship and 一戰


good understanding, of which I hereby assure the furnished by Captain Campbell (the civil comChief, in the name of the King my master. missioner of the district) with an order on the (Signed)

“ BENJ. D'URBAN, different field cornets for relays of horses to Cape “Governor of the Colony of the Cape of Town, an occasion never once occurred in which Good Hope.

I found it necessary to produce it. Having rid"Given at the Cape of Good Hope, the 5th day den eighty-four miles, the latter part of which, of December, 1835.”

over the Cape Flats, being loose sand, is the most

tedious, I reached Cape Town at five o'clock, and While at Port Elizabeth I had the pleasure of took up my former quarters at Miss Rabe's boardmeeting Dr. Adams, and Messrs. Grout anding house in the Heeregracht. Champion, American Missionaries, about to pro- On Saturday, the 19th, in the afternoon, I emceed also in the Dove to Port Natal. His Excel- barked on board the Liverpool, a teak-built 74, lency proceeded to Uitenhage on the 5th, and on sent from the Imaum of Muscat, in charge of Monday the 7th I set out for Cape Town, stop- Captain Cogan of the Indian Navy, as a present ping three hours at Mr. Vandereit's, the civil com- to his Britanic Majesty, At nine o'clock the next missioner at Uitenhage, where I received the morning we were underweigh ; anchored at St. governor's despatches for England. During the Helena on the 2d of January; sailed early the folremainder of the journey to Cape Town, I aver- lowing morning; and made the English coast off aged eighty miles each day, taking my chance of Falmouth on the 20th of February, where I landthe farmers' horses upon the road. They are un- ed in the pilot boat in the course of the evening.. shod, generally sure-footed, and well adapted for such journeys. Three horses I found requisitethe guide leading one carrying the saddle-bags; DOCUMENTS CONNECTED WITH PORT but the contents of these were so frequently sub

NATAL. merged, every stream and rivulet being unusually swollen, that, although I commenced by occasion Eclracted from the Graham's Town Journal of' ally spreading them out to dry while the horses

December 3rd, 1835. were changing, I soon grew tired of the operation, and the greater part were mildewed on my arrival A TREATY CONCLUDED BETWEEN DINGARN, KING

OF THE ZOOLUS, AND THE BRITISH RESIDENTS on Saturday night at Genadenthal. Before daylight, on Monday 14th, I was again on route. În point of scenery this was by far the most interest- Dingarn from this period consents to waive all ing day during the whole journey from Graham's claim to the persone and property of every indiviTown.

dual now residing at Port Natal, in consequence The approach to the town of George over the of their having deserted from him, and accords mountain, which divides that district from the them his full pardon. He still, however, regards Lange Kloof, is fine; but I think the Fransche them as his subjects, liable to be sent for when-, Hoek Pass is superior; and from this point to ever he may think proper. Stellenbosch, a distance of not more than thirty The British residents at Port Natal, on their miles, the ride is quite beautiful,-exhibiting part, engage for the future never to receive or throughout some of the wildest and grandest harbor any deserter from the Zoolu country, or characteristics of African scenery, in striking re- any of its dependencies; and to use every endea. lief, with cultivated farms and vineyards, embo- vor to secure and return to the king every such somed in oak plantations, and enlivened with individual endeavoring to find an asylum among hedges of geranium and rose, luxuriant to the them. very base of those natural buttresses which, on Should a case arise in which this is found to be either side, occasionally protrude their rugged out- impracticable, immediate intelligence, stating the line far into the bosom of this beautiful valley. particulars of the circumstance, is to be forwarded Among the Dutch farmers, throughout the country, to Dingarn. I have invariably met with the greatest civility : Any infringment of this treaty on either part they will not be driven, but address them civilly, invalidates the whole. and you are quite sure of a cordial welcome. A Done at Congella this 6th day of May, 1835, in hearty shake of the hand by the good man and his presence of sturdy vrow at once makes you at home. The

UMTHLELLA, ? Chief Indoonas and head countea-water is always ready; and scarcely have the

TAMBOOZA, cillors of the Zolù nation. encouraging words “sit mynheer" been uttered,

Mr. G. CYRUS, interpreter. than it is duly administered; and I pity the fastidiousness of that traveller who rises from a clean Signed on behalf of the British residents at rubbed table, spread out with coffee, excellent Port Natal. bread, butter, and eggs, and (if he chooses to ask

ALLEN F. GARDINER. for it) most delicious butter-milk, and not feel he has not only been refreshed, but abundantly satisfied. For a cup of tea or coffee they will receive REGULATIONS OF THE TOWN OF nothing; but for a repast, such as I have describ

“D'URBAN," PORT NATAL. ed, and even where a tough chop are added, al

Port Natal, June 23rd, 1835. though no charge is formally made, a rix dollar (Is. 6d.) is considered as a liberal equivalent. As A meeting of the residents of Port Natal, espeà further proof of their willingness to oblige, al-cially convened for the purpose, was this day held though on leaving Graham's Town, I was kindly at the residence of F. Berkin, Esq.;


thereon two English miles westward from its

point, be considered as town land, and reserved Capt. Gardiner, R. N.

J. Collis, Esq. for the use of the town for building purposes, and Mr. H. Hogle,

Mr. J. Cane, that every individual cutting timber on the town Mr. C. Pickman,

Mr. R. Wood, lands do pay into the treasurer's hands the sum of Mr. P. Kew,

Mr. T. Carden, one shilling and sixpence per wagon load. Mr. J. Francis,

Mr. R. King, 9th That a body of householders, not exceedMr. J. Mouncy,

Mr. J. Pierce, ing thirteen nor less than five, be elected annually, Mr. G. Cyrus,

Mr. D. C. Tookey. on the first day of July (except such day fall on a Mr. C. Adams,

Sunday,) by a vote from the whole body of house

holders, to form a committee, to be called the When the following resolutions were unanimously Town Committee; proxies to he admitted for agreed to :

such householders as may be absent at the time

of election. 1st. That an eligible and commodious site be

10th That the town committee meet for buimmediately selected for the purpose of erecting a siness as often as may be necessary, but always town, and alotting a sufficient township for its in- on the first Wednesday in every month; they are habitants' use.

chargeable with the enforcement of the town re2nd. That after a minute survey, we do una- gulations, which are hereafter to remain unalternimously agree, that the said town be situate be- able. Five members duly elected, to constitute a tween the river Avon and the Buffalo Spring; board; but they are invested with no power to that it be bounded on the west by the river Avon, enact new regulations without the consent of the on the east by by a line drawn from the bay in a whole body of householders duly convened by right angle, and touching the Buffalo Spring, near public notiče. the residence of F. Berkin, Esq., and that the

11th That the president, members, treasurer, town lands extend four miles inland, and include and secretary be renumerated in the sum of one Salisbury island in the bay. 3rd. That the town now about to be erected public business, out of the town fund.

shilling and sixpence per diem, when transacting be called D'Urban, in honor of his Excellency the 12th. That the following gentlemen do comGovernor of the Cape Colony.


the town committee for the ensuing year, 4th. That each of the present inhabitants of viz. Captain Gardiner, R. N., J. Collis, Esq., F. Natal be entitled to a building plot of ground in Berkin, Esq., Mr. J. Cane, Mr. H. Hogle. the said town, and Messrs. Berkin, Hogle, and Collis be entitled to an extra allotment each, in of the church of England for the

parish of D'Urban,

13th. That for the endowment of a clergyman consideration of lands conceded by them to the three thousand acres of land, situate on the river town and

township. 5th. That every person taking an allotment Avon, and bounded by the lands of James Collis, do engage to erecto a house, conformable to the Esq., be reserved as church lands, to be held in plan now adopted, within eighteen months from trust by the proper authorities, and never to be this date; the street-front of which is not to be alienated from that purpose; and that the clergyless than twenty-four feet within its walls; the man be also entitled to a building allotment for'a

town residence. breadth not less than ten feet; and the walls not

14. That the appointment of a clergyman for less than eight feet high. Such building not be the parish

of D'Urban is to rest with the Church ing completed within the said term of eighteen Missionary Society, but subject to the approval of months, to be declared forfeited, and to be sold to the highest bidder by the town committee, and a majority

of not less than two-thirds of the whole

body of householders, six months after his arrival. the proceeds added to the town fund. 6th. That no Kafir hut, or any straw hut or the township for the erection of a free-school, and

15th. That a convenient site be selected in building be erected in the township; but a temporary residence, not less than one hundred feet that two thousand acres of land be reserved for

its from the street , may be erected for the accom, the right bank of the Umlass river, at the foot of

support; and that the said land be reserved on modation of laborers on the allotments in which

the Munyabic. they are employed while erecting the residence of their employer.

16th. That a reserve of three thousand acres 7th. That every individual now at Natal, on of land be appropriated as a fund for the endowtaking possession of his allotment, do pay into the ment of a public hospital; and such reserved hands of the treasurer the sum of seven shillings lands be on the right bank of the river Incomaas, and sixpence, and that those who may arrive below the drift, and under the control of the town after this date do apply to the Town Committee, committee. who will dispose of by public auction the number

17th. That a plot of ground within the townof allotments required, at a sum not less than ship be set apart as a burial ground for the nathree pounds fifteen shillings sterling each, and tives. that the proceeds of such sales and other moneys

18th. That in the event of the town being recollected, be paid into the hands of the treasurer, moved beyond the limits of the present township, who shal be elected by a majority of household the whole of the land forming the township be ers, and applied only to public purposes under the equally shared among those at present residing at regulation of a committee appointed annually.

Nat and become the property of their heirs or 8th. That the Bluff point, extending between successors. the sea and the bay, with the wood growing 19th. That every person be at liberty to dispose


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