The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times

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Princeton University Press, 2001 - History - 361 pages

Griffins, Centaurs, Cyclopes, and Giants--these fabulous creatures of classical mythology continue to live in the modern imagination through the vivid accounts that have come down to us from the ancient Greeks and Romans. But what if these beings were more than merely fictions? What if monstrous creatures once roamed the earth in the very places where their legends first arose? This is the arresting and original thesis that Adrienne Mayor explores in The First Fossil Hunters. Through careful research and meticulous documentation, she convincingly shows that many of the giants and monsters of myth did have a basis in fact--in the enormous bones of long-extinct species that were once abundant in the lands of the Greeks and Romans.


As Mayor shows, the Greeks and Romans were well aware that a different breed of creatures once inhabited their lands. They frequently encountered the fossilized bones of these primeval beings, and they developed sophisticated concepts to explain the fossil evidence, concepts that were expressed in mythological stories. The legend of the gold-guarding griffin, for example, sprang from tales first told by Scythian gold-miners, who, passing through the Gobi Desert at the foot of the Altai Mountains, encountered the skeletons of Protoceratops and other dinosaurs that littered the ground.


Like their modern counterparts, the ancient fossil hunters collected and measured impressive petrified remains and displayed them in temples and museums; they attempted to reconstruct the appearance of these prehistoric creatures and to explain their extinction. Long thought to be fantasy, the remarkably detailed and perceptive Greek and Roman accounts of giant bone finds were actually based on solid paleontological facts. By reading these neglected narratives for the first time in the light of modern scientific discoveries, Adrienne Mayor illuminates a lost world of ancient paleontology. As Peter Dodson writes in his Foreword, "Paleontologists, classicists, and historians as well as natural history buffs will read this book with the greatest of delight--surprises abound."

 

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THE FIRST FOSSIL HUNTERS: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times

User Review  - Kirkus

Scientific paleontology began in the 19th century, but the ever-curious Greeks were well aware of fossils. Here's a clear account of what they knew about them—and what they made of the strange bones ... Read full review

LibraryThing Review

User Review  - ladyerin - LibraryThing

This was a really cool book. The author examined various Greek and Roman myths to look for a fossil-based explanation. For example, Mayor takes the gigantic bones worshipped by the Greeks as those of ... Read full review

Contents

The GoldGuarding Griffin A Paleontological Legend
15
Earthquakes and Elephants Prehistoric Remains in Mediterranean Lands
52
Ancient Discoveries of Giant Bones
102
Artistic and Archaeological Evidence for Fossil Discoveries
155
Mythology Natural Philosophy and Fossils
190
Centaur Bones Paleontological Fictions
226
Large Vertebrate Fossil Species in the Ancient World
253
Ancient Testimonia
258
Notes
281
Works Cited
331
Index
349
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About the author (2001)

Adrienne Mayor, a classical folklorist, investigates the historical and scientific realities embedded in Greek and Roman myths. Her articles on ancient natural history have appeared in many scholarly and popular journals. She divides her time between Princeton, New Jersey, and Bozeman, Montana.

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