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The ministry of ]

CHAP. I.

[John the Baptist.

8 I indeed have baptized you with CHAP. I.

water : but he shall baptize you with

the Holy Ghost. THE beginning of the Gospel of 9 And it came to pass in those

Jesus Christ, the Son of God; days, that Jesus came from Nazareth 2 As it is written in the prophets, of Galilee, and was baptized of John Behold, I send my messenger before in Jordan. thy face, which shall prepare thy way 10 And straightway coming up out before thee.

of the water, he saw the heavens 3 The voice of one crying in the opened, and the Spirit like a dove dewilderness, Prepare ye the way of the scending upon him : Lord, make his paths straight.

11 And there canie a voice from 4 John did baptize in the wilder. heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved ness, and preach the baptism of re. Son, in whom I am well pleased. pentance for the remission of sins. 12 And immediately the spirit dri

5 And there went out unto him all veth him into the wilderness. the land of Judea, and they of Je- 13 And he was there in the wilderrusalem, and were all baptized of him ness forty days, tempted of Satan; in the river of Jordan, confessing their and was with the wild beasts; and the sids.

angels ministered unto him. 6 And John was clothed with 14 Now after that John was put in camel's hair, and with the girdle of a prison, Jesus came into Galilee, skin about his loins ; and he did eat preaching the gospel of the kingdom locusts and wild honey;

of God, 7 And preached, saying, There 15 And saying, The time is fulcometh one mightier than I after me, filled, and the kingdom of God is the latchet of whose shoes I am not at hand : repent ye, and believe the worthy to stoop down and unloose. gospel. (A)

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. I.

way he was to prepare, we have the no less (A) Ver. 1-15. The baptism of John.- express declaration of the Baptist. “ This Mark, as well as John (ch. i. 1), begins his is he of wbom I said, After me cometh a narrative of the Gospel history with assert- man which is preferred before me, for he ing the digoity of his divine Master, as the was before me; and I knew him not: but Son of God; and this will appear the more that he should be made manifest to Israel, clearly if we examine the prophetic an- therefore am I come baptizing with water." nouncement with which he is here intro- (Jolin i. 30, 31.) duced. Passages are quoted both from As we have already briefly noticed the Isaiah and Malachi, announcing his ap- character and mission of this prophet of proach in the name of the Lord, and clothed the New Testament (Matt. chap. iji.), we with his authority; and at the same time shall carefully avoid repetition; but our predicting the arrival of a prophet in the readers will certainly be gratified by the spirit and power of Elias (or Elijah), to pre- parallel between Elijah and John the Bappare the way before him. (Isa. xl. 3, 4; tist, as sketched by the masterly hand of Mal. ij. 1 ; iv. 5.) That John the Baptist Bp. Horne, though we have been obliged was Elias we have the explicit testimony of somewhat to condense, and to abridge it. Jesus Christ himself (Matt. xi. 14); and "An ambassador of heaven (says the good that Jesus was the avgust person whose prelate), sent to preach truth to those who

NOTES. CHAP. I. Ver. 4. For (Marg. “unto ") the re- Ver. 12. The Spirit driveth him. - This refers, mission of sins.

doubtless, to the Holy Spirit, and is, perhaps, too forVer. 6. John was clothed, &c.-See Note on Matt. cibly rendered. Camp. " Conveyed.” Ver. 43 and fii. 4.

elsewhere it is rendered " sent.” Comp. Matt. Ver.7. The lalchet of whose shoes. See Note on iv. 17. Matt. jii. ll.

Ver. 13. With the wild beasts.--This is a feature Ver. 1o. The heavens opened-Marg. “ Cloven, or of alarm not mentioned by the other evangelists. redt." Compare this verse and next with Matt. iii. See Matt. iv. 1, &c. 16, 17,

Ver. 14. Jesus came.-Matt. iv, 12,

The commencement]

S. MARK.

(of Christ's ministry. [Omit, and pass to Ver. 21.]

22 And they were astonished at his 16 Now as he walked hy the sea of Gali- doctrine: for he taught them as one lee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother that had authority, and not as the casting a net into the sea : for they were

Scribes. fishers. 17 And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you to

23 And there was in their syna become fishers of men. 18 And straightway gogue a man with an unelean spirit they forsook their nets, and followed him. and he cried out, 19 And when he had gone a little farther thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, have we to do with thee, thou Jesus d

24 Saying, Let us alone; wha and John his brother, who also were in the -ship mending their nets. 20 Aud straight- Nazareth ? art thoù come to destro way he called them : and they left their us? I know thee who thou art, th father Zebcdee in the ship with the hired Holy One of God. servants, and went after him.

25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying

Hold thy peace, and come out of hin 21 And they went into Caper- 26 And when the unclean spirit ha naum; and straightway on the sabbath torn him, and cried with a loud voict day he entered into the synagogue, he came out of him. and taught.

27 And they were all amazed, inst

EXPOSITION—Chapter I. Continued. are captivated by error, and righteousvess way to that of the hearer, which was i to those who are enamoured of sin, will famed by them with the love, as well never proceed far in the discharge of his enlightened with the knowledge, of be trust, unless he he endued with a fervent venly things." But for the rest of this bea zeal for the cause and for the honour of tiful parallel, we must refer to our origin him tliat sent him. Every holy person is (Bp. Horne's Considerations on the Life al not blessed with a spirit, any more than he Death of Jubn the Baptist, Sect. v.) is invested with a commission, to appear in Nor must we again here enter on a public capacity to reprove rulers and subject of Christ's baptism, farther than kings, to look an angry world in the face, subjoin from the same pious author the fi and overcome all the opposition it can raise lowing remark : “No sooner was Jes against him. Zeal, without holiness to baptized, but he came up straightway. support it, like a meteor, will blaze and of the river, like another Joshua, leadil expire. Zeal, without knowledge to limit bis people through the waters of Jordau and direct it, will waste and destroy, like the land of promise. And as he was pri the element from the effect of which it ing, doubtless for the success of the sun takes its name, when that has burst its work he had undertaken, . Lo! the b bounds and rules where it ought to be in subjection. But when knowledge and ho- encompassed, we may presume, with

vens were opened, and the Spirit of Go liness are first obtained, it is zeal which blaze of glory, descended in a bod must quicken and diffuse them, as the sun shape, like a dove,' speaking better thin doth light and heat, for the benefit of the than that of Noah. In this form, emli universe. Then stood up Elias us fire, maticalof iv nocence and parity, it'ligbt saith the son of Sirach, and his word burnt settled, and abode upon him; the Fat! like a lamp. And our Lord, speaking of thus consecrating him to his office, the Baptist, gives this account of him. He anointing him with the Holy Ghost and w was a burning and a shining light. His power, as the legal ministers were anoin zeal was tempered with knowledge, for it with oil. And that no doubt might rema gave light; and his knowledge was actuated the appearance was farther explained b by zeal, forit was burning as well as shining. voice from heaven, saying,

* This is His sermons came war:n from the heart of beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased the speaker, and therefore found their

NOTES-Chap. I. Con. Ver. 16. As he walked_Matt. iv. 16-20.

Ver. 24. Let us alone.-Comp. Matt. viii. 29. Ver. 22. As one that had authority. - See Matt. Ver. 26. Had torn him - that is, convulsed I vii, 28, 29.

Doddr. Ver. 23. An unclean spirit-bat is, a wicked de- Ver. 29. The house of Simon - that is, Si mon. On demons, see our Expos. and Notes on Matt. Peter. See Matt. viii. 14. iv. 12-20; viii, 16-24.

Ver. 30. Anon-tbat is, soon, quickly.

He healeth the sick]

CHAP. I. [and casteth out demons. much that they questioned among 36 And Simon and they that were themselves, saying, What thing is with him followed after him. this? What new doctrine is this? for 37 And when they had found him, with authority commandeth he even they said unto him, All men seek for the unclean spirits, and they do obey thee. him.

38 And he said unto them, Let us 28 And immediately his fame spread go into the next towns, that I may abroad throughout all the region round preach there also: for therefore came about Galilee.

I forth. (B)

[Omil, and pass to Ver. 35.]

[Omit, and pass to Chap. vii. 31.] 29 And forth with, when they were come 39 And he preached in their synagogues out of the synagogue, they entered into the throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils. house of Simon and Andrew, with James 40 And there came a leper to him, beand Joho. 30 But Simon's wife's mo- seeching him, and kneeling down to him, ther lay sick of a fever, and anou they tell and saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou bim of her. 31 And he came and took canst make me clean. 41 And Jesus, her by the hand, and listed her up; and moved with compassion, put forth his immediately the fever left her, and she hand, and touched him, and saith unto ministered unto them. 32 And at even him, I will; be thou clean. 42 And as when the sun did set, they brought untó soon as he had spoken, immediately the him all that were diseased, and them that leprosy departed from him, and he was were possessed with devils. 33 And all cleaused. 43 And he straitly charged the city was gathered together at the

him, and forthwith sent him away; door. 34 And he healed many that 44 And saith unto him, See thou say nowere sick of divers diseases, and cast out thing to any man : but go thy way, shew many devils; and suffered not the devils to thyself to the priest, and offer for thy speak, because they knew him.

cleansing those things wbich Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.

45 But he went out, and began to publish 35 And in the morning, rising up it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, a great while before day, he went out,

insomuch that Jesus could no more openly and departed into a solitary place, and

enter into the city, but was without in den

sert places : and they came to him from there prayed.

every quarter.

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EXPOSITION. (B) Ver. 21-28; 35–39. Jesus preaches lent to saying, "Why shouldest thou inina synagogue; casts out a demon, and retires terfere with us? We do not interfere with for pruyer early in the morning -Here are thee: we know and acknowledge thee to two interesting facts on which we have not be the Holy One of God : let us therefore before remarked, for the demoniac here alone, and interfere not with us.' Satan is meutioned is evidently not one of those at all times ready to make a truce with sent into the herd of swine, though their Christ, knowing that he would gain at exclamation was to the same effect. Mait. least time thereby : but there is no neuviii. 29.) Satan and his demons doubtless trality in this warfare. Our Prince and knew that one great object of Christ's in- Captain has declared, “ He that is not with carnation was to destroy his power upon me is against me” (Matt. xii. 30); aud all earth, or in the language of the first oracle, who do not fight under his banuers, he to" bruise bis head.” (Gen. iii. 15.) When, will consider as confederate with his ene. therefore, they saw the miracles ibat Jesus mies. Let those who endeavour to divide did, they trembled on that account, and their affections between Christ and the cried out, “What have we to do with world, and so to“ serve God and Mamthee?" or, as Dr. Campbell renders it, mon," duly consider this. Such persons "What hast thou to do with us?” The may, indeed, be ready to say to Christ, “We pbrase, taken either way, seems equiva- know that thou art the Holy One of God :"

NOTES. Ver. 12. The sun did set-Dordr. “ Was set;" i.e. Ver. 35. A great while before day-Doddr. " In When the sabbath was closed.

the morning, before it was light;" i.e. at the first Ver. 31, Te sprak becanse, &c - Marg. " To say dawn of day what they knew him." So Wesley. He required Ver. 40. There came a leper.-See Matt. viii. 2. not such witness.

The sick of)

S. MARK.

[the palsy healed. CHAP. II.

sick of the palsy, which was borne of four.

4 And when they could not come nigh AND again he entered into Capernaum unto him for the press, they uncovered the

after some days; and it was noised that roof where he was: aud when they had he was in the house. 2 And straigbt- broken it up, they let down the bed whereway many were gathered together, inso- in the sick of the palsy lay. 5 When much that there was no room to receive Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick them, no, not so much as about the door : of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven and he preached the word unto them. thee. 6 But there were certain of the 3 And they come unto him, bringing one Scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their

EXPOSITION-Chap. I. Continued. we know that thy religion is holy; but let is the first and great pattern, though there us alone, for we are sinners, and “ desire are not wanting brilliant examples among not the knowledge of thy ways."

ourselves, even in the first ranks of Society. The cure of Peter's wife's mother we His late Majesty, George III., it is well may pass over, as having been already kuown, was distinguished through life by considered (Matt. viii. 14, 15); but we can- his early rising ; but it is not so well known not omit observing the absurdity of the that his good grandfather, George II., set church of Rome, in making a married man him the example ; and during the long (as we see Peter was) the head of their German war, constantly rose at a very early church, and then denying marriage to all hour to implore the divine blessing on bis their clergy! But on this subject, more armies and government. Col. Gardiner, hereafter.

after his conversion, coustantly spent two The principal topic on which we would hours in religious exercises every morning, here renark, is the extreme diligence and before be entered upon any other engageardent piety of our Saviour. Late on the ment; and when called to be on duty at preceding evening we find bim occupied in five o'clock, would not sleep later than healing the sick, and casting out demons; three. Many examples might be adduced and yet on the next morning, at the early also from the clerical profession, of whom dawn, before it was well day, we find him the late Mr. John Wesley was one of the hurrying out of the town (where it was in most remarkable, and no one, perhaps, has vain to look for it) to find a solitary place more forcibly recommended it. All men for prayer; and as this was the morning af- have not this gift. Disease and coustituter the sabbath, there is reason to think that tional infirmities prevent many, but indoit might have a particular reference to his lence and indulgence many, very many public work. Here, therefore, our Saviour more. Let us not, however, spend our may be especially considered as a model zeal in reforming others, and forget our. for public teachers, whose time is often so selves. much engrossed by their benevolent exer. Some considerable time (as it should tions as to tempt them to neglect personal seem) after this, the apostles followed, but religion, though that is certainly no less it was at an humble distance, as we follow indispensable than the performarice of pub- them. It is a mercy to us all that we have lic duties. These should be done, and the an indulgent master, who will make for us other not left undoue. The only method those excuses that we might be ashamed to accomplish both, is by redeeming time, to make for ourselves. “The spirit," says though it may be at the price of many of be," is willing, but the flesh is weak.” His our comforts and indulgences.. One way to kindness, bowever, should not be abused, do this is by early rising, of which our Lord but should rather stimulate our exertions.

NOTES. CHAP. II. Ver. 1. After some days. The omis- all the windows opened, and often with stairs on the sion of any number here, seems to bave occasioned a outside. (See Note on Matt. xxiv. 17.) In the cour variety of supplements. Some copies supply eight," within, large companies were often entertained, ane others “ many,'' but some appears to be the most over it was then sprend a large curtain, or awning general and unexceptionable. It was noised - to keep off the sun, The Greek reads literally, " they Gr. "beard" i. e. the report of it.

uncovered the covering ;" but Dr. Camp. in bette Ver. 2. About the door-ihat is, in the porch. English, They uncovered the place where Jesus Ver. 3. Borne of four-carried by four men. was, and through the opening let down the couch on

Ver. 4. For the press--that is, of people ; Camp. which the paralytic lay. The term here rendered " the crowd.''-_They uncovered ihe roof:--The “ covering," is applied by the LXX to the covering Gr. (stege) seems applicable to any kind of covering of Noah's ark. Gen. viii. 13.) See Script. Illus from sun and shade. According to Dr. Shaw, and trated, by the late Editor of Calmet: “On the courts other eastern travellers, the houses in Judea are all of great houses." low, and flat-roofed, and built somewhat like our Ver. 5–12. Son, thy sins be forgiven, &c. - Se ancient inns, with a square in the centre, into which Matt. ix. 2-8, Notes and Exposition.

The withered]
CHAP. III.

[hand restored. hearts, 7 Why doth this man thus children of the bridechamber fast, while speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins the bridegroom is with them ? as long as but God only? 8 And immediately they have the bridegroom with them, they when Jesus perceived in his spirit that cannot fast. 20 But the days will come, they so reasoned within themselves, he when the bridegroom shall be taken away said unto them, Why reason ye these from them, and then shall they fast in those things in your hearts ?' 9 Whether is it days. 21 No man also seweth a piece easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy of new cloth on an old garment: else the sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and new piece ihat filled it up taketh away take up thy bed, and walk? 10 But from ibe old, and the rent is made worse. that ye may know that the Son of man 22 And no man putteth new wine into old hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he bottles : else the new wine doth burst the saith to the sick of the palsy,) 11 I say bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and bottles will be marred: but new wine must go thy way into thine house. 12 And be put into new bottles. 23 And it came immediately he aroze, took up the bed, and to pass, that he went through the corn went forth before them all; insomuch that fields on the sabbath day; and his discithey were all amazed, and glorified God, ples began, as they went, to pluck the ears saying, We never saw it on this fashion. of corn. 24 And the Pharisees said unto 13 Aud he went forth again by the sea him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath side; and all the multitude resorted unto day that which is not lawful ? 25 And him, and he taught them.

he said unto them, Have ye never read 14 Aod as he passed by, he saw Levi the son what David did, when he had need, and of Alpheus sitting at the receipt of custom, was au hungred, he, and they that were and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose with bim? 26 How he went into the house and followed him. 15 And it came to of God in the days of Abiathar the High pass, that, as Jesus sat at meat in his house, Priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is many Publicans and sinners sat also toge not lawful to eat but for the Priests, and ther with Jesus and his disciples : for gave also to them which were with him ? there were many, and they followed him. 27 And he said unto them, The sabbath 16 And when the Scribes and Pharisees was made for man, and not ma: for the saw him eat witla Publicans and sinners, sabbath : 28 Therefore the Son of man they said unto his disciples, How is it that is Lord also of the sabbath. he eateth and drinketh with Publicans and sinners? 17 When Jesus heard it, he

CHAP. III. saith onto them, They that are whole have A ND he entered again into the synano need of the physician, but they that are gogue; and there was a man there sick: I came not to call the righteous, but which had a withered hand. 2 And they sippers to repentance. 18 And the dis- watched him, wbether he would heal him ciples of John and of the Pharisees used to on the sabbath day; that they might acfast: and they come and say unto him, cuse him. 3 And he saith unto the man Why do the disciples of John and of the which had the withered hand, Stand forth. Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not? 4 And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to 19 And Jesus said unto them, Can the do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil?

pronounce

NOTES. Ver. 8. When Jesus perceived in his spirit-Camp. with such strength of reasoning, that one cut short "Jesus knowing in himself." He adds, " There is the argument with saying, “ We thought this man something particular in the expression of the evange mad, and he is in good earnest proving us to be so." list. To me it appears manifest that the intention Ver. 16-22. When the scribes, &c. For the paof the sacred writer was, to signify that our Lord rallel histories to this, see Matt. ix. 10-17. In this case did not derive his knowledge from the Ver. 23-28. And it came to pass, &c.--See the ordinary and outward methods of discovery, which parallel passage, Mait. xii. 1-8. are open to all mes: but from peculiar powers he Ver. 26. Abiathar (afterwards) high priest. See possessed..... May it not be reasonably concluded, 1 Sam. xxi. 3, and seq., where it appears Ahimelech that the information is here given to teach Christians was then high priest, but Abiathar, who succeeded

... that they are not warranted to pronounce on him, was now probably his assistant, and inight be what passes in the hearts of others,"

principally concerned in assisting David. Ver. 14. Levi the son of Alpheus - evidently the same person as Matthew. See Matt. ix. 9, and

CHAP. III. Ver. 1-12. And he entered again, &c. Corapare Luke v. 29.

-The parallel passage to this will be found Matt. Ver. 15. In his house--that is, the house of Mat. xii.9-15. thew, or Levi, who made a feast soon after he had Ver. 3. Stand forth - Camp. "Stand up in the been called, and invited bis old acquaintances to come midist," which agrees with margin. to see bis new master. This might be a dangerous Ver. 4. Is it lanful to do good, or to do evil, &c.example to many persons; but we remember an in. Dr. Campbell remarks, that in the style of Scripstance somewhat similar in the life of the pious Col. ture, the mere negation of any thing is often expressGardiner, who, after his conversion, finding that ed by the affirmation. Hence be infers, Not to do bis former friends considered him as mad, invited good when we can, is to do evil: not lo sare (when them to meet him ; and pleaded the cause of religion we have opportunity), is to kill,

the hearts of other

Ver. 14.

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