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27 No

The blasphemy against] S. MARK

(the Holy Ghost. to save life, or to kill ? But they held their Canaanite, 19 And Judas Iscariot, which peace. 5 And when he had looked also betrayed him: and they went into an round about on them with anger,' being house. 20 And the multitude cometh togrieved for the hardness of their hearts, he gether again, so that they could not so saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine much as eat bread. 21 And when his hand. And he stretched it out: and his friends heard of it, they went out to lay hand was restored whole as the other. hold on him: for they said, He is beside 6 And the Pharisees went forth, and himself. straightway took counsel with the Herodi- 22 And the Scribes which came down ans against him, how they might destroy from Jerusalem said, He hath Beelzehim. 7 But Jesus withdrew himself bub, and by the prince of the devils with his disciples to the sea : and a great casteth be out devils.

23 And be multitude from Galilee followed him, and called them unto him, and said unto from Judea, 8 And from Jerusalem, them in parables, How can Satan cast out and from Idumea, and from beyond Jor: Satan? 24 And if a kingdoin be divided dan ; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a against itself, that kingdom cannot stand. great multitude, when they had heard 23 And if a house be divided against itself

, what great things he did, came unto him. that house cannot staud.

26 And if Sa9 And he spake to his disciples, that a tau rise up against himself, and be divided, small ship should wait on him because of he cannot stand, but hath an end. the multitude, lest they should throng him. man can enter into a strong man's house, 10 For he had healed many; insomuch and spoil his goods, except he will first that they pressed upon bim for to touch bind the strong man;

then he will bim, as many as had plagues. 11 Aud spoil bis house. 28 Verily I say unto unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell you, All sins shall be forgiven unto the sons down before him, and cried, saying, Thou of men, and blasphemies wherewith soever art the Son of God. 12 And he straitly they shall blaspheme :

29 But be that charged them that they should not make shall blaspheme against the Holy Ghost him known.

hath never forgiveness, but is in danger of 13 And he goeth up into a mountain, eterual damnation : 30 Because they and calleth unto him whom he would: said, He hath an unclean spirit. and they came unto him. 14 And he 31 There came then his' brethren and ordained twelve, that they should be with his mother, and, standing without, sent him, and that he might send them forth unto him, calling him.

32 And the mul to preach, 15 And to have power to titude sat about bim, and they said unto heal sicknesses, and to cast out devils : him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren 16 And Simon be surnamed Peter; without seek for thee.

33 And he an17 And James the son of Zebedee, and swered them, saying, Who is my mother

, John the brother of James ; and he sur- or my brethren? 34 And he looked named them Boanerges, which is, The round about on them which sat about him, sons of thunder : 18 And Andrew, and said, Bebold my mother and my breand Philip, and Bartholomew, and Mat- thren! 35 For whosoever shall do the thew, and Thomas, and James the son of will of God, the same is my brother, aud Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the my sister, and mother,

NOTES—Chap. III. Con. Ver. 8. From Idumea-Hyrcanus, more than 150 Ver. 29. Is in danger of eternal damnation.years before this, had compelled the Idumeans to be Camp: “ Liable to eternal punishment.” The Gr. circumcised. See Josepb. Antiq. bk. xiii. ch.9. word (krisis) is used both for condemnation and

Ver. 10. They pressed (Mary rushed") upon subsequent punishment. Perhaps, as the solemn him. — Plaques --Camp. Malndies."

words damn and damnotion are so often used proVer. 13–19. And he goeih up, &c.--For the paral- fanely, it might be well if their place were, in our lel narrative to this, see Matt. x. 1-4.

translation of the New Testament, supplied by those Ver. 17. Boanerges, the sons of thunder. - This of condemn and condemnation.

At least it would term has been generally mistaken, as implying that deprive profane men of the flimsy pretence that these John and James were noisy preachers, of which there are Scripture terms. See also Camp. on cb. xii. 40, is neither proof nor probability. According to the who remarks, that the frequent use of these terms, Hebrew idiom, lightning is the son of thunder, and gives to the translation an asperity not in the original. may represent their natural quickness of temper, of Ver. 30. Because they said, He hath an unclean which we have a remarkable instance, Luke ix. spirit.““]s it not astonishing says Mr. Wesley 54.55.

that men who have ever read these words, sbould Ver. 21. He is beside himself.-Bat who were the doubt what is the bla-phemy against the

Hol Ghost: friends that said this? Marg. and Camp. “ His Can any words declare more plainly, that it is the kmsmen," or other members of the family, who did ascribing those miracles to the power of the devil, not cordially believe on him; and who were discon- which Christ wrought by the power of the Holy certed by not having their meals regula, iy, as ver. 90). Ghost ?" Compare our Expos. Mati. xii, 92-37. He is beside himself, or “out of his wits," as we Ver. 31-35. 'There came then his brethren and say; Doddr, " transported beyond himself.” Com. his mother.-We are not to suppose that his mother pare Jobn x. 20.

joined in the charge of his being beside himself; but Ver. 22-30. And the scribes, &c. - The parallel to she might be alarmed for his health, from his exerthis passage may be found Matt. xii. 22-33, with tions and long lasting. Compare parallel Matt. xii. Exposition.


The parable]

(of the sower.

thoros; such as hear the word, 19 And CHAP. IV.

the cares of this world, and the deceitfulAND he began again to teach by the sea ness of riches, and the lusts of other things A side: and there was gathered unto entering in, choke the word, and it behim a great multitude, so that he entered cometh unfruitful. 20 And these are into a ship, and sat in the sea; and the they which are sown on good ground; such whole multitude was by the sea on the land. as hear the word, and receive it, and bring 2 And he taught them many things by pa- forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, rables, and said unto them in his doctrine, and some an hundred. 3 Hearken! Behold, there went out a 21 And he said unto them, Is a candle sower to sow : 4 And it came to pass, brought to be put under a bushel, or under as he sowed, some fell by the way side, and a bed ? and not to be set on a candlestick? the fowls of the air came and devoured it 22 For there is nothing hid, which shall up 5 And some fell on stony ground, not be manifested; neither was any thing where it had not much earth; and imme kept secret, but that it should come abroad. diately it sprang up, because it had no depth 23 If any man have ears to hear, let hinn of earth : 6 But when the sun was up, hear. 24 And he saith unto them, Take it was scorched; and because it had no heed what ye hear: with what measure ye root, it withered away. 7 And some fell mete, it shall be measured to you : and among thorns, and the thorns grew up, unto you that hear sball more be given. and choked it, and it yielded no fruit. 25 For he that halh; to him shall be given : 8 And other fell on good ground, and did and he that hath not, from him shall be yield fruit that sprang up and increased; taken even that which he hath. and brought forth, some thirty, and some 26 And he said, So is the kingdom of sixty, and some an hundred. 9 And he said God, as if a man should cast seed into the anto them, He that hath ears to hear, let grouud; 27 And should sleep, and rise him hear. 10 And when he was alone, night and day, and the seed should spring they that were about bim with the twelve and grow up, he knoweth not how. asked of him the parable. 11 And he 28 For the earth bringech forth fruit of said unto them, Unto you it is given to herself ; first the blade, then the ear, after Know the mystery of the kingdom of God: that the full corn in the ear. 29 But but unto them that are without, all these when the fruit is brought forth, immedi. things are done in parables: 12 That ately he putteth in the sickle, because the seeing they may see, and not perceive; and harvest is come. hearing they may hear, and not under 30 And he said, Whereunto shall we stand; lest at any time they should be con- liken the kingdom of God? or with what verted, and their sins should be forgiven comparison shall we compare it ? 31 It them. 13 And he said unto them, Know is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when ye not this parable and how then will ye it is sown in the earth, is less than all the know all parables ?

seeds that be in the earth: 32 But 14 The sower soweth the word. 15 And when it is sown, it groweth up, and bethese are they by the way side, where the cometh greater than all herbs, and shooteth word is sown; but when they have heard, out great bravches; so that the fowls of Satan cometh immediately, and taketh the air may lodge under the shadow of it. away the word that was sown in their 33 And with many such parables spake he hearts. 16 And these are they likewise the word unto them, as they were able to which are sown on stony ground; who, hear it. 34 But without a parable spake when they have heard the word, immedi- he not unto them: and when they were ately receive it with gladness; 17 Aud alone, he expounded all things to his disbave no root in themselves, and so endure ciples. but for a time : afterward, when afliction 35 And the same day, when the even was or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, come, he saith unto them, Let us pass over immediately they are offended. 18 And unto the other side. 36 And when they these are they which are sowu among had sent away the multitude, they took

NOTES. CHAP. IV. Ver. 1-20. And he began again to Ver. 29. When the fruit is brought forth-Marg. teach, &c.-The parable of the sower, which here “Ripe.” follows, with its explanation, has been already con Ver. 30-34. And he said, &c.-The parable of the sidered on Matt. xiii. 1-23.

mustard seed, and following remarks, will be found Ver. 10. Alone-that is, the multitude being gone. Matt. xiii. 31-35, &c. Ver. 21. Is a candle brought, &c.--See Matt. v. Ver. 36-41. And when they had sent, &c. -- The

, where we have the same sentiment spoken on storm here related is evidently the same as in Matt. another occasion.

viii. 23-27. Ver. 22. For, &c.-See Matt. x. 26, 27.

Ver. 36. Eren as he was-that is, without rest or er. 24. Take heed nhat, &c.--See Luke viii, 18. refreshment. In the ship - Camp. renders the Per. 26-29. So is the kingdom of God. - This word bark: it was doubtless a small sailing ves. Seems to us connected with the parable of the lares, sel. It was now full-namely, with water. See

Luke viii, 22,

Matt. xiii, 24, &c.

The Gadarene]


[demoniac healed. him even as he was in the ship. And were about two thousand ;) and were there were also with him other little ships. choked in the sea. 14 And they that 37 Aud there arose a great storm of wind, fed the swine fled, and told it in the city, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it and in the country. And they went out to was now full. 38 And he was in the see what it was that was done. 15 And hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: they come to Jesus, and see him that was and they awake him, and say unto him, possessed with the devil, and had the leMaster, carest thou not that we perish? gion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right 39 And he arose, and rebuked the wind, mind : and they were afraid. 16 And and said unto the sea, Peace, be still. And they that saw it told them how it befell to the wind ceased, and there was a great him that was possessed with the devil, and calm. 40 And he said unto them, Why also concerning the swine. 17 And they are ye so fearful? how is it that ye have no began to pray him to depart out of their faith? 41 And they feared exceedingly, coasts. 18. And when he was come into and said one to another, What manner of the ship, he that had been possessed with man is this, that even the wind and the the devil prayed him that he might be with sea obey him?

him. 19 Howbeit Jesus suffered him

not, but saith unto him, Go home to thy CHAP. V.

friends, and tell them how great things AND they came over unto the other side the Lord hath done for thee, and bath bad

of the sea, into the country of the Ga- compassion on thee. 20 And he dedarenes. 2 And when he was come out parted, and began to publish in Decapolis of the ship, immediately there met him how great things Jesus had done for him: out of the tombs a man with an unclean and all men did marvel. spirit,

3 Who had his dwelling among 21 And when Jesus was passed over the tombs; and no man could biud him, again hy ship unto the other side, much no, not with chains : 4 Because that he people gathered unto him: and he was had been often bound with fetters and nigh unto the sea. 22 And, behold, chains, and the chains had been plucked there cometh one of the rulers of the synaasunder by him, and the setters broken in gogue, Jairus by name; and when he saw pieces : neither could any man tame him. him, he fell at his feet, 23 And be5 Aud always, night and day, he was in sought him greatly, saying, My little the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, daughter lieth at the point of death : 1 and cutting himself with stones. 6 But pray thee, come and lay thy hands on ber, when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and that she may be healed; aud sbe shall live. worshipped bim, 7 And cried with a 24 And Jesus went with him; and much loud voice, and said, What have I to do people followed him, and thronged him. with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high 25 And a certaiu woman, which had an God? I adjure thee by God, that thou tor- issue of blood twelve years,

26 And 8 For he said unto him, had suffered many things of many physiCome out of the man, thou unclean spirit. cians, and had spent all that she had, and 9 Aud he asked him, What is thy name? was nothing bettered, but rather grew And he answered, saying, My name is Le- worse,

27 When she had heard of Jesus, gion : for we are many. 10 And he be- came in the press behind, and tonched his sought him much that he would not send garment. 28 For she said, If I may them away out of the country. 11 Now touch but his clothes, I shall be whole. there was there nigh unto the mountains a 29 And straightway the fountain of her great herd of swine feeding. 12 And all the blood was dried up; and she felt in her devils besought him, saying, Send us into body that she was healed of that plague. the swine, that we may enter into them. 30 And Jesus, immediately knowing in 13 And forthwith Jesus gave them leave. himself that virtue had gone out of him, And the unclean spirits went out, and en- turned him about in the press, and said, tered into the swine: and the herd rara viv- Who touched my clothes? lently down a steep place into the sea, (they disciples said unto him, Thou seest the

ment me not.

31 And his

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NOTES. Ver. 38. On a pillow-but Mr. Wesley renders it, Ver. H). Decapolis--that is, the ten cities, a dis“ on the pillow in the stern ;” understanding trict of country beyond Jordan, so called from its particular part of the vessel, near the rudder." containing ten principal towns.

Ver. 22." One of the rulers--large synagogues had CHAP. V. Ver. 1-21. And they come orer unto sometimes several elders, or rniers: the name of līls the other side, &c --The parallel history to this bas mon is here given-Jairus. been considered, Matt, viii, 28, &c, with this dif- Ver. 29. Os that plague-Camp. “ Delirered from ference, that Matthew mentions two demoniacs, and that scourge," meaning the very distressing comMark and Lake but one, as doubtless the most re- plaint called by physicians, dysenteria sanguinea. markable.

Ver. 30. Thai virtue hud gone out of him.-Sco Ver. 13. Down a sleep place-Wesley," dowp the Luke vi. 19. steep;" i. e, the shelving coast.

Jairus' daughter]

[raised. multitude thronging thee, and sayest thou, ples follow bim. 2 And when the sahWho touched me 32 And he looked bath day was come, he began to teach in round about to see her that had done this the synagogue: and many hearing him thing. 33 But the woman fearing and were astonished, saying, From whence trembling, knowing what was done in her, hath this man these things ? and what wiscame and fell down before him, and told dom is this which is given unto him, that him all the truth. 34 And he said unto even such mighty works are wrougbt by her, Daughter, thy faith hath made thee his hands? 3 is not this the carpenter, whole; go in peace, and be whole of thy the son of Mary, the brother of James, and plague.

Joses, and of Juda, and Simon and are 35 While he yet spake, there came not his sisters here with us? And they from the ruler of the synagogue's house were offended at him. 4 But Jesus said certain which said, Thy daughter is dead : unto them, A prophet is not without howby troublest thou the Master any fur- nour, but in his own country, and among ther ? 36 As soon as Jesus heard his own kin, and iu his own house. 5 And the word that was spoken, he saith unto he could there do uo mighty work, save the ruler of the synagogue, Be not afraid, that he laid his hands upon a few sick folk, only believe. 37 And he suffered no and healed them. 6 And he marvelled man to follow him, save Peter, and James, because of their unbelief. And he went and John the brother of James. 38 And round about the villages, teaching. he cometh to the house of the ruler of the 7 And he called unto him the twelve, synagogue, and seeth the tumult, and them and began to send them forth by two and that wept and wailed greatly. 39 And two; and gave them power over unclean when he was come in, he saith unto them, spirits; 8 Aud commanded them that Why make ye this ado, and weep? the dam- they should take nothing for their journey, sel is not dead, but sleepeth. 40 Aud save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no. they laughed him to scorit. But when he money in their purse : 9 But be shod had put them all out, he taketh the father with sandals; and not put on two coats. and the mother of the damsel, and them 10 And he said unto them, In what place that were with bim, and entereth in where soever ye enter into an house, there abide the damsel was lying. 41 And he took till ye depart from that place. 11 And the damsel by the hand, and said unto her, whosoever shall not receive you, nor bear Talitha cumi; which is, being interpreted, you, when ye depart thence, sbake off the Damsel, I say unto thee, arise. 42 And dust under your feet for a testiinony against Straightway the damsel arose, and walked; them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be for she was of the age of twelve years. And more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrha they were astonished with a great astonish. in the day of judgment, than for that city. ment. 43 And he charged them straitly 12 And they went out, and preached that that no man should know it; and com men should repent. 13 And they cast manded that something should be given out many devils, and anointed with oil

many that were sick, and healed them.

14 And king Heród heard of him ; (for CHAP, VÍ.

his name was spread abroad :) and he said, AND he went out from thence, and came That John the Baptist was risen from the

iato his own country; and his disci- dead, and therefore mighty works do shew

her to eat.

NOTES. Ver. 36. Thy daughter is dead-this message is think that this despised Jesus had made the world, not mentioned in the account of Matthew, but is and was born to judge it! perfectly consistent with it.

Ver. 5. And he could there do no mighty nork, &c. Ver. 40. Them that were with him--namely, Peter, "We are not to understand .... as if the power of James, and John.

Christ was here disarmed; but rather .... that they Ver. 11. Talitha cumi-the Syriac words rendered brought few sick people to bim fur cure." Doder. * Damsel, arise."

who remarks also, that, so far as appears," he never

after this returned to Nazareth." CHAP. VI. Ver. 1-6. And he went out from Ver. 7-12 And he called unto him the twelve, &c. Thence, &c.-See Matt. xiii. 54-58.

- The passage parallel to this is, Matt. x. 4-15. Ver. 3. Is not this the carpenter 9- Justin Martyr, Ver. 8. A staff only - not staves. Perhaps the in his dialogues with Trypho, expressly says that meaning is, that they were only, like Jacob, to take Jesus assisted his father in his trade of a carpenter, a staff for support in travelling (Gen. xxxii. 10.), making agricultural tools, &c. It is also said that but no weapons of hostility. - No money-even of among the Jews it was infamous for a father not to the lowest sort; according to Matthew, not even brass bring up bis children to some trade. (Grotius in Matt. mites. xiii. 5) But wby then reproach Jesus on that ac. Ver. 9. Be shod with sandals - Matthew inhibits count? It was probably on account of his mean shoes as too great a luxury; some explain this of lige of business. He was not a master builder ; but half boots.

poor country carpenter, who worked for the la. Ver. 13. And anointed with oil many that were bouring farmers in the vicinity of Nazareth. So his sick.- This is not mentioned by either of the other brothers and sisters are spoken of with contempt, as evangelists; but it is evident from James v. 14, that persons of no note, or consequence. Little did they in the age of miracles, oil was thus employed; yet

John the Baptist]

[beheaded. forth themselves in him. 15 Others came and took up his corpse, and laid it in said, That it is Elias. And others said, a tomb. That it is a prophet, or as one of the pro- 30 And the apostles gathered themselves phets. 16 But when Herod heard there together unto Jesus, and told him all things, of, he said, It is John, whom I beheaded : both what ıhey had done, and what they he is risen from the deail. 17 For He had taught. 31 And he said upto them, rod himself had sent forth and laid hold Come ye yourselves apart into a desert upon John, and bound him in prison for place, and rest awhile: for there were Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife: many coming anl going, and they had no for he had married her. 18 For John leisure so much as to eat. 32 And they had said unto Herod, It is not lawful for departed into a desert place by ship prithee to have thy brother's wife. 19 There. vately. 33 And the people saw thein defore Herodias had a quarrel against him, parting, and many knew him, and ran and would have killed him; but she could afoot thither out of all cities, and outnot: 20 For Herod feared John, know. went them, and came togetbèr unto him. ing that he was a just man and au holy, 34 And Jesus, when he came out, saw and observed him; and when be heard much people, and was moved with comhim, he did many things, and heard him passion toward them, because they were as gladly. 21 And when a convenient day sheep not having a shepherd : and he bewas come, that Herod on bis birthday made gan to teach them many things.

35 And a supper to his lords, high captains, and when the day was now far spent, his dischief estates of Galilee; 22 And when ciples came unto him, and said, This is a the daughter of the said Herodias came in, desert place, and now the time is far passed : and danced, and pleased Herod and them 36 Send them away, that they may go into that sat with him, the king said unto the the country round about, and into the vil. damsel, Ask of me whatsoever thou wilt, lages, and buy themselves bread : for they and I will give it thee. 23 And he have nothing to eat. . 37 He answered sware unto her, Whatsoever thou shalt ask and said unto them, Give ye them to eat. of me, I will give it thee, unto the half of And they say unto him, Shall we go and my kingdom. 24 And she went forth, buy two hundred pennyworth of bread, and aud said unto her mother, What shall I give them to eat? 38 He saith unto ask? And she said, The head of John the them, How many loaves have ye? go and Baptist. 25 And she came in straight- see. And when they knew, they say, Five, way with haste unto the king, and asked, and two fishes. 39 And he commanded saying, I will that thou give me by and by them to make all sit down by companies in a charger the head of John the Baptist. upon the green grass. 40 And they sat 26 Aud the king was exceeding sorry; yet down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties. for his oath's sake, and for their sakes 41 And when he had taken the five loaves which sat with him, he would not reject and the two fishes, he looked up to heaven, her.

27 And immediately the king sent and blessed, and brake the loaves, and an executioner, and commanded his head gave them to his disciples to set before to be brought: and he went and beheaded them; and the two fishes divided he among him in the prison, 28 And brought his them all. 42 And they did all eat, and head in a charger, and gave it to the dam- were filled. 43 And they took up twelve sel: and the damsel gave it to her mother. baskets full of the fragments, and of the 29 And wheu bis disciples heard of it, they fishes. 44 And they that did eat of the

NOTES-Chap. VI. Con. the reason of this, as of many other things in Scrip- Ver. 30–46. And the apostles, &c.-The first ti ture, we are not able to assign.

verses of this paragraph (not in Matthew) show the Ver. 14-29. And king Herod, &c. - Matthew's our Lord was much more anxious for the rest an account of this tragical event may be found Matt. refreshment of his disciples than for bis own. xiv. 6–12; some things are here stated more fuliy, parallel verses to the remainder of the section ma as mentioned in the following Notes.

be found Matt. xiv. 13-36. Ver. 15. Others suid, thai it is Elias - Compare Ver. 3. Saw the departing-that is, though the Matt. xvi. 14.---Or as one of the prophets-mean- said nothing, and proceeded as quietly as might b ing, of the Old Testament.

still the people perceived they were preparing, Ver. 17-20. For flerod himself had sent, &c.- sail. - Knew him --- Jebb and Priestly, "it". The parallel to these verses occurs Matt. xiv. 3-5, the place, or the fact that they were going. - A foi the narrative being somewhat differently arranged. -or" by land.” See Note on Matt. xiv. 13.

Ver. 19. Herodias had a quarrel-Marg. " an in. Ver. 34. As sheep not having, &c.-See Matt. ix. a ward grudge."

Ver. 40. They sat down in ranks---Camp. 1 Ver. 20. And observed him-Camp. “ Protected squares," like plats, or square flower beds in a ga bim;" i. e. from Herodias, by whose means he had

See Ecclus. xxiv. 31. Mr. Pierce, who been arrested.-lleard him gladly - the pleasure Doddr. follows, explains this of long squares, loo with which many hear the gospel, is no proof of the rank, and 60 in Ole. benefit they derive from it. He heard him gladly, Ver. 44. Were about-Camp. says, “ We have perhaps, in all things, but his reproofs, for Herodias antbority of all the best MSS. editions and version still lay in his bosom.

for rejecting the word (osei)" about." Ver. 27. Sent an executioner-- Marg. " One of his Ver. 48. Would have passed-that is, he made guard." See Note on Matt. xiv. 10.

if he would. See Luke xxiv. 28.

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