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The parable of]
CHAP. XII.

[the vineyard. fer that any man should carry any vessel through the temple. 17 And he taught,

CHAP. XII. saying unto them, Is it not written, My AND he began to speak unto them by house shall be called of all nations the m parables. A certain man planted a house of prayer? but ye have made it a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and den of thieves. 18 And the Scribes and digged a place for the winefat, and built a Chief Priests heard it, and sought how they tower, and let it out to busbandmen, and might destroy him: for they feared him, went into a far country. 2 And at the because all the people was astonished at season he sent to the husbandmen a serhis doctrine. 19 And when even was vant, that he might receive from the huscome, he went out of the city

bandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. 20 And in the morning, as they passed 3 And they caught him, and beat him, and by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the sent him away empty. 4 And again he roots. 21 And Peter calling to remem- sent unto them another servant; and at brance saith untu bim, Master, behold, him they cast stones, and wounded him in the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered the head, and sent him away shamefully away. 22 And Jesus answering saith handled. 5 And agaiu he sent another; unto them, Have faith in God. 23 For and him they killed, and many others; verily I say unto you, That whosoever beating some, and killing some. 6 Havsball say unto this mountain, Be thou re- ing yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, moved, and be thou cast into the sea; and he sent him also last unto them, saying, shall not doubt in his heart, but shall be They will reverence my son. 7 But lieve that those things which he saith shall those husbandınen said among themselves, come to pass; be shall have whatsoever This is the beir ; come, let us kill him, and he saith. 24 Therefore I say unto you, the inheritance shall be our's. 8 And What things soever ye desire, when ye they took him, and killed him, and cast pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye him out of the vineyard. 9 What shall shall have them. 25 And when ye stand therefore the lord of the vineyard do? He praying, forgive, if ye have ought against will come and destroy the husbandmen, any: that your father also which is in and will give the vineyard unto others. heaven may forgive you your trespasses. 10 And have ye not read this Scripture; 26 But if ye do not forgive, neither will The stone which the builders rejected is your Father which is in heaven forgive become the head of the corner: 11 This your trespasses.

was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous 27 And they come again to Jerusalem : in our eyes ? 12 And they sought to lay and as he was walking in the temple, there hold on him, but feared the people ; for come to him the Chief Priests, and the they knew that he had spoken the parable Scribes, and the elders, 28 And say against them : and they left him, and went unto him, By what authority doest thou their way. these thiógs and who gave thee this 13 And they send unto bim certain of authority to do these things ? 29 And Je. the Pharisees, and of the Herodians, to sus answered and said unto them, I will catch him in his words. 14 And when also ask of you one question, and answer they were come, they say unto him, Masme, and I will tell you by what authority ter, we know that thou art true, and carest I do these things. 30 The baptism of for no man : for thou regardest not the John, was it from heaven, or of men ? an- person of meu, but teachest the way of swer me. 31 And they reasoned with God in truth : Is it lawful to give tribute themselves, saying, If we shall say, From to Cesar, or not? 15 Shall we give, or beaven; he will say, Why then did ye not shall we not give? But he, knowing their believe him ? 32 But if we shall say, hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye of men; they feared the people : for all me? bring me a penny, that I may see it. men counted Jobn, that he was a prophet 16 And they brought it. And he saith unto indeed. 33 And they answered and said them, Whose is this image and superscripunto Jesus, We capnot tell. And Jesus tion? And they said unto him, Cesar's. answering saith unto them, Neither do I 17 And Jesus answering said unto them, tell you by what authority I do these things. Render to Cesar the things that are Ce

1.

NOTES Ver. 20–26. And in the morning, &c.-The pas- Ver. 1. Built a tower.-Mr. Buckingham, in his sage parallel to this is Matt. xxi. 19-22.

late travels, " was particularly struck with the ap. Ver. 27-33. And they come again to Jerusalem, pearance of several small and detacbed towers in ke-Parallel text, Matt. xxi. 23-27.

the midst of vine lands, from which watchmen Ver. 29. One question-Marg. “One thing."

looked out to guard the produce of the lands, even Ver. 32. All men counted John, that he was a in the present day.” Travels, p. 216. prophet.-Compare chap. vi. 20.

Ver. 13-17. And they send that is, the Phariseeg

that were offended with this parable, as aime CHAP. XII. Ver. 1-12. And he began to speak, them, sent some of their disciples. The &c.- This parable of the vineyard will be found have their parallel, Matt, xxii, 16-22. explained in Matt. xxi. 33-46,

(of the dead.

On the resurrection)

S. MARK sar's, and to God the things that are God's. 32 And the Scribe said unto him, Well, And they marvelled at him.

Master, thou hast said the truth: for there 18 Then come unto him the Sadducees, is one God; and there is none other but which say there is no resurrection ; and he: 33 And to love him with all the they asked him, saying, 19 Master, heart, and with all the understanding, and Moses wrote unto us, if a man's brother die, with all the soul,

and with all the strength, and leave his wife behind him, and leave and to love his neighbour as himself

, is no children, that his brother ould take more than all whole burnt offerings aud his wife, and raise up seed unto his bro- sacrifices. 34 And when Jesus saw that ther. 20 Now there were seven brethren: he answered discreetly, he said unto him, and the first took a wife, and dying left no Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. seed. 21 And the second took her, and And no man after that durst ask him any died, neither left he any seed : and the questton. third likewise. 22 And the seven had 35 And Jesus answered and said, while her, and left no seed : last of all the woman he taught in the temple, How say the died also. 23 In the resurrection there- Scribes that Christ is the Son of David ? fore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall 36 For David himself said by the Holy she be of them for the seven had her to Ghost, The Lord said to my Lord, sit wife. 24 And Jesus answering said unto thou on my right hand, till I make thine them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye enemies thy footstool. 37 David there know not the Scriptures, neither the power fore himself calleth him Lord; and whence of God? 25 for when they sball rise is he then his son ? And the common from the dead, they neither marry, nor people heard him gladly.

38 And be are given in marriage; but are as the said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of angels which are in heaven. 26 And as the Scribes, which love to go in long touching the dead, that they rise : have ye clothing, and love salutations in the marnot read in the book of Moses, how in the ket places, 39 And the chief seats in bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, at feasts : 40 Which devour widows' and the God of Jacob? 27 He is not the houses, and for a pretence make long God of the dead, but the God of the living: prayers: these shall receive greater dampaye therefore do greatly err,

tion. 28 And one of the Scribes came, and 41 | And Jesus sat over against having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered

them the treasury, and beheld how the peowell, asked him, which is the first com. ple cast money into the treasury: and mandment of all ? 29 And Jesus an- many that were rich cast in much. swered him, The first of all the command- 42 And there came a certain poor ments is, Hear, o Israel; the Lord our widow, and she threw in two mites, God is one Lord : love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, which make a farthing. and with all thy soul, and with all thy 43 And he called unto him his dismind, and with all thy strength : this is ciples, and saith unto them, Verily I the first commandment. second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love say unto you, That this poor widow thy neighbour as thyself. There is none

hath cast more in, than all they which other commandinent greater than these. have cast into the treasury:

NOTES--Chap. XII. Con. Ver. 18-27. Then come unto him the Sadducees, For there is one God. - The word “God” &c.- This conversation is related by Matt. chap. (Theos) is wanting in the Alexandrian and three xxii. 23-32.

other ancient MSS, besides many others; and in Ver. 28–40. And one of the Scribes, &c. - See several ancient versions. It must, however, be neMatt. xxii. 35.--xxiii. 14.

cessarily understood, unless we supply, instead of Ver. 29. The Lord our God is one Lord.-This it, Kurios, or Jehovah, as Mr. Parkhurst does. passage in the Greek is quoted literally from the LXX Ver. 31. Thou art not far from the kingdom of of Deut. vi. 4. The word Lord in Greek is Kurios, God-or from the doctrine of the gospel. but in Hebrew Jehovah. The passage in both Tes. Ver. 41. Cast money into the treasury - Mary. taments is translated as a single proposition; but the " Brass money ;” answering to our copper; but it best critics in both places divide it into two (as in is dificult to state the exact value of these pieces, as our Note on Deut. vi. 4), thus : “ Jehovah our Elo. they were of different sizes, and changed their value him, Jehovah is one.” So Ainsworth : or as in the with time and circumstances. It is probable the LXX and this verse, “ The Lord is our God; the Pharisees gave large pieces of brass, instead of small Lord is one;"Kurios here, as generally, answering to silver, as making a greater chink. These are snp. Jehovah. so Vitringa, Camp. Doddridge, &c. Dr. posed to be nearly of the value of our sixpence, and Lightfoot remarks, that our Lord here quotes to much, or many of these brass pieces would make a the Jews one of the texts inscribed on their Phylac- great sound. teries. See our Note on Matt. xxiii. 3.

Ver. 42. Two mites, or “a farthing,” equal to Ver. 32. Well, Master, thou hast said the truth- about three halfpence of our money. Doddr. "Truly, Master, thou hast spoken well."

The destruction of ] CHAP. XIII. (Jerusalem predicted.

44 For all they did cast in of their ple, Peter and James and John and Ans abundance: but she of her want did drew asked him privately; 4 Tell us,

when shall these things be? and what cast in all that she had, even all her

shall be the sign when all these thiogs living. (F)

shall be fulfilled ? 5 And Jesus an

swering them began to say, Take heed CHAP. XIII.

lest any man deceive you: 6 For many

shall come in my name, saying, I am Omit and pass to Chap. xvi. ver. 9.

Christ; and shall deceive many. 7 And AND as he went out of the temple, one when ye shall hear of wars and rumours

of his disciples saith unto him, Mas- of wars, be ye not troubled : for such ter, see what manner of stones and what things must needs be; but the end shall buildings are here! 2 And Jesus an- not be yet. For nation shall rise swering said unto him, Seest thou these against nation, and kingdom against king. great buildings ? there shall not be left dom: and there shall be earthquakes in one stone upon another, that shall not be divers places, and there shall be famines thrown dowe. 3 And as be sat upon and troubles : these are the beginnings of the mount of Olives over against the tem. sorrows. 9 But take heed to yourselves :

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XII.

utmost he could afford. 3. The measure (F) Ver. 41-44. The widow's mite com- of our benevolence should be regulated by mended. It is true that Mark introduces our means. “God loveth a cheerful giver ;'' very few facts into his gospel that had but “ if there be first a willing mind, a not been mentioned by Matthew ; but man's contributions are acceptable acthose few are valuable, and particularly cording to that he hatb; not according to this before us, which explains God's me that he hath not." (2 Cor. viii. 12; ix. 7.) thod of estimating charity, even when re- To give away the property of others for sulting from a good principle; and when any private ends of our own, is a defraud, it does not, be estimates it as nothing, or and not benevolence; but to hoard up worse than nothing.

riches under pretence of bestowing a large In remarking upon this incident, we sum by legacy, is defrauding God and ourmay notice, 1. The benevolent object here selves too. It defrauds Him of what should proposed, which commentators are agreed bave been given to his cause long before ; was a fund for the support of the Temple and defrauds ourselves of that reward worship. Such funds are commonly reck- which his grace might have bestowed on oned among our charities; but with the our timely charity. But surely no man greatest impropriety, if by that term we can expect a reward for giving away that understand any thing optional, which we which he could by no possibility retain one may either do or let alone at pleasure, moment longer. It is an awful thing for a which seems to be the common notion of professor of religion to die rich ! especially a charity. The support of divine worship, when he has not a large and needy family and the spread of divine truth, yea, and to provide for. 4. We may remark that the relief of the distressed poor, are duties this good woman gave her all all her as forcibly enjoined on us as sobriety, living"- all she had, which shows not chastity, or honesty; only God has left it only her gratitude, but her faith ; she not to our honour and gratitude to apportion only acknowledges that she had received the measure to our means. And, 2. Jesus all she bad from God, but she could trust Christ sits opposite to the treasury box bim in future for all she wanted; and if and eyes every piece of money that is put he gives “ an hundred fold," as he has in, whether gold or silver or copper: and promised, she was surely wise to make though he is well pleased when he sees God ber banker. Ah! bad those silly the rich cast in mucb," he singles out speculators, who have sent their thousands the poor widow's mite for commendation, and tens of thousands to the very ends of If we were to consider this fact, and we the earth, only given them to serve the cannot deny it, without also denying the cause of God, or preserve the lives of their divinity of Christ, it would surely greatly starving coutrymen - how many blessenlarge our collections on such occasions : iogs would they have called down upon every one would be anxious to give the themselves !

NOTES. CHAP. XII. Ver. 1-23. And as he went out of margin of our bibles remarks, that the original ca the temple, &c. For the corresponding predictions for sorrows imports" the pains of a w of Matthew, see ebap. xxiv. 1-28.

travail." See Rom. viii, 22, Ver. 8. These are the beginnings of sorrows.-The

The coming of ]

S. MARK.

(the Son of man. for they shall deliver you up tv councils; be affliction, such as was not from the beand in the synagogues ye shall be beaten : ginning of the creation which God created and ye shall be brought before rulers and unto this time, neither shall be. 20 Aad kings for my sake, for a testimony against except that the Lord had shortened those them. 10 And the Gospel must first be days, no flesh should be saved: but for published among all nations. 11 But the elect's sake, whom be hath chosen, he when they shall lead you, and deliver you bath shortened the days. 21 And then up, take no thought beforehand what ye if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is shall speak, neither du ye premeditate: Christ; or, lo, he is there; believe him but whatsoever shall be given you in that

not:

22 For false Christs and false prohour, that speak ye : for it is not ye that phets shall rise, and shall shew signs and speak, but the Holy Ghost. 12 Now wonders, to seduce, if it were possible, the brother shall betray the brother to even the elect. 23 But take

ye

heed : death, and the father the son; and chil- behold, I have foretold you all things. dren shall rise up against their parents, 24 But in those days, after that tribuand shall cause them to be put to death. lation, the sun shall be darkened, and the 13 And ye shall be bated of all men for my moon shall not give her light,

25 And name's sake: but he that shall endure unto the stars of heaven shall fall, and the the end, the same shall be saved. 14 But powers that are in heaven shall be shaken. when ye shall see the abomination of de- 26 And then shall they see the Son of solation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, man coming in the clouds with great standing where it ought not, (let him that power and glory. 27 And then shall be readeth understand,) then let them that send his angels, and shall gather together be in Judea Aee to the mountains: his elect from the four winds, from the ut15 And let him that is on the house-top not termost part of the earth to the uttermost go down into the house, neither enter part of heaven. 28 Now learn a parable therein, to take any thing out of his house of the fig tree; When her branch is yet 16 And let him that is in the field not turn tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know back again for to take up his garment that summer is near:

29 So ye in like 17 But woe to them that are with child, manner, when ye shall see these things and to them that give suck in those days ! come to pass, know that it is nigh, even 18 And pray ye that your flight be not in at the doors. 30 Verily I say unto you, the winter. 19 For in those days shall that this generation shall not pass, till all

NOTES-Chap. XIII. Con. Ver. 9. For a testimony against them.--So Doddr. 2. The more general, and as we think just interBat Camp. renders it "io them;" referring to Matt. pretation is, that though the human nature of Christ xxiv. 14. ' Both senses are just. The first preachers was joined to the divine ; yet, as infinite attributes of the gospel were witnesses for Christ to “ rulers could not be communicated to a finite mind, so the and kings;" and wben their witness was rejected, then soul of Jesus could be no more omniscient than onthey became witnesses ayainst them. See chap. vi. nipresent; and therefore might not, at this period, ver, 11.

know the precise day and bour here spoken of. This Ver. 11. Take no thought beforehand.-See Note sense is so ably defended by Dr. Pye Smith, that we on Matt. vi. 25. It would be a gross perversion of shall present our readers with a short extract or two Scripture to apply this, as some bave done, to minis- from his valuable work. terial studies, as an encouragement to idleness in Alter remarking that the “ intellectual attainpreachers; but when prevented from stady, either by ments of Jesus were partly acquired by diligence in the opposition of their enemies, or by the multiplicity the use of proper means, but chiefly communi. of the labours to which they have in providence been cated by the Holy Spirit (Isa. xi. 2,3), he adds, " All called, and still more under circumstances of per- the knowledge which his offices required, or to the secution--these words have afforded rational sup- use of which his commission extended, he unques. port and consolation to many, and have been, in some tionably enjoyed (on earth); but beyond this spbere, instacces, remarkably fulflled.

there is an indefinite field for the acquisition of new Ver.32. Of that day and hour-Camp. “OR hour;" knowledge, as well as of higher felicity in his glori. which be does not hesitate to admit as the true fied state. reading, supported by the most and hest MS. and “ The Scriptures appear to us, on the one hand, ancient versions. Hour being distinguished from day, to teach the existence of such an union as produces a marks the precise time.

personal oneness ; and on the other, to exclude the Ibid. Neither the Son. - This is parallel to Mat. notion of transio atation, or confusion, of the essen. thew's expression, " But the Father only;" the only tial properties of either nature with respect to the question is, can this be explained in consistency other. It follows that, whatever communication of with the doctrine of Christ's divinity ? Many solu. supernatural qualities, powers, or enjoyments, was tions of this difficulty have been proposed, but two made by the indwelling divinity to the man Christ only deserve our notice.

Jesus," it was made in various degrees, and on suc. first, Doctor W. Wotton and others contend, cessive occasions, as the divine wisdom judged tit: that the verb know here corresponds with the and this necessary limitation would apply to times conjugation hiphil in the Hebrew, and should be or seasons which the Father has put in his own power rendered in the sense of revealing,' or causing the (Acts i. 7), “as much as to any other conceivable day in question to be known: but this interpretation class of objects." Messiah, vol. ii. p. 337–311. has the misfortune to intimate, that men and angels Ver. 35.' al eren, or at midnight, or at the cock are ignorant of it only so far as they may not cause crowing, or in the morning. These are the four it to be known: and even as to the divine Father bim. night watches, answering with us to the hours of sell (we speak with reverence), the same might be 9 and 12 at night, and 3 and 6 in the morning." said of him, for he does not cause it to be known.

Camp

Christ's last]
CHAP. XIV

(Passover, these things be done. 31 Heaven and unleavened bread, wben they killed the earth shall pass away: but my words shall Passover, his disciples said unto himn, not pass away. 32 But of that day and Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that hour knoweth no nian, no, not the that thou mayest eat the Passover? angels which are in heaven, neither the 13 And he sendeth forth two of his disciSon, but the Father. 33 Take ye beed, ples, and saith unto them, Go ye into the wateh and pray: for ye know not when city, and there shall meet you a man the time is. 34 For the Son of man is bearing a pitcher of water: follow him. as a man taking a far journey, who left 14 And wheresoever he shall go in, say ye his house, and gave authority to his ser- to the goodman of the house, The Master vants, and to every man his work, and com-.saith, Where is the guestchamber, where manded the porter to watch. 35 Watch I shall eat the Passover with my disciples ? ye therefore : for ye koow not when the 15 And he will shew you a large upper master of the house cometh, at even, or at room furnished and prepared : there make midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the ready for us. 16 And his disciples went morning : 36 Lest coming suddenly he forth, and came into the city, and found as find you sleeping. 37 And what I say he had said unto them: and they made unto you I say unto all, Watch.

ready the Passover. 17 And in the evenCHAP. XIV.

ing he cometh with the twelve. 18 And

as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily AFTER two days was the feast of the I say unto you, One of you which eateth

Passover, and of unleavened bread: with me shall betray me. 19 And they and the Chief Priests and the Scribes began to be sorrowful, and to say unto sought how they might take him by craft, him one by one, Is it I ?' and another said, and put him to death. 2 But they said, Is it I ? 20' And he answered and said Not on the feast day, lest there be an ups unto them, It is one of the twelve, that roar of the people. 3 And being in dippeth with me in the dish. 21 The Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, Son of mad indeed goeth, as it is written as be sat at meat, there came a woman of him : but woe to that man by whom having an alabaster box of ointment of the Son of man is betrayed ! good were it spikenard very precious; and she brake the for that man if he had vever been burn. box, and poured it on his head. 4 And 22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, there were some that bad indignation and blessed, and brake it, and gave to within themselves, and said, Why was this them, and said, Take, eat. this is my waste of the ointment made? 5 For it body. 23 And he took the cup, and might have been sold for more than three when he had given thanks, he gave it to huudred pence, and have been given to them: and they all drank of it. 24 And the poor. And they murmured against he said unto them, This is my blood of the her. 6 And Jesus said, Let her alone; new testament, which is shed for many. why trouble ye ber? she hath wrougbt á 25 Verily I say unto you, I will drink no good work on me. 7 For ye have the more of the fruit of the vine, until that poor with you always, and whensvever ye day that I drink it new in the kingdom of will ye may do them good: but me ye have God, not always. 8 She hath done what she 26 And when they had sung an hymn, could : she is come aforehand to auoint my they went out into the mount of Olives, budy to the burying. 9 Verily I say unto 27 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye you, Wberesoever this Gospel shall be shall be offended because of me this night: preached tbroughout the whole world, this for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, also that she hath done sball be spoken of and the sheep shall be scatteredl. 28 But for a memorial of her. 10 And Judas after that I am risen, I will go before you Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the into Galilee. 29 But Peter said unto Chief Priests, to betray bim unto them. him, Although all shall be offended, yet 11 And when they heard it, they were will not 1. 30 And Jesus saith unto glad, and promised to give him money. him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, And be sought how

aght how he might conveniently even in this night, before the cock crow betray him. 12 And the first day of twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. 31 But

NOTES. CHAP, XIV. Ver. 1 to 11. After two days.-So Ver. 12-26. And the first day of unleavened bread, Matt. xxvi. 2-16.

when they killed, &c. - Marg. " Sacriticed." "The Ver. 3. An alabaster box-so called, as Parkhurst passage parallel to this section is Matt. xxvi. 17–25: thinks, from their being made of alabaster stone.

Ver. 23. They all drank of il.-See Expos. Matt. Spikenard-Marg.Pure, or liquid nard." And XXVI. 27. she brakr-Camp. " Brake open” the box. Pro- Ver. 26. An hymn-or " Psalm." See Expos. on bably it was somehow sealed, as bottles often are Matt. xxvi. 30. WITB us, to prevent evaporation. See Harmer.

Ver. 27-42. And Jesus said unto them, &c. See Ver. 5. Three hundred pence-or 91, 7s.6d of our the parallel text in Matt. xxvi. 26-46. But the money,

order is somewhat different.

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