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Jesus betrayed]

S. MARK

[and arraigned, he spake the more vehemently, If I should servant of the High Priest, and cut off bis die with thee, I will not deny thee in any

48 And Jesus answered and said wise. Likewise also said they all. 32 And unto them, Are ye come out, as against a they came to a place which was named thief, with swords and with staves to take Gethsemane: and he saith to his disciples, me ? 49 I was daily with you in the Sit ye here, while I shall pray. 33 And temple teaching, and ye took me not : but be taketb with him Peter and James and the Scriptures must be fulfilled. 50 And John, and began to be sore amazed, and they all forsook him, and fled. 51 And to be very heavy; 34 And saith unto there followed him a certain young man, them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful having a linen cloth cast abuut his naked untu death : tarry ye here, and watch. body; and the young men laid hold on him: 35 And he went forward a little, and fell 52 And he left the linen cloth, and filed on the ground, and prayed that, if it were from them naked. possible, the hour might pass from him. 53 And they led Jesus away to the High 36 And he said, Abba, Father, all things Priest : and with him were assembled all are possible unto thee; take away this the Chief Priests and the elders and the cup from nie: nevertheless not wbat I will, Scribes. 54 And Peter followed him but what thou wilt. 37 And he cometh, afar off, even into the palace of the High and findeth them sleeping, and saith unto Priest : and he sat with the servants, and Peter, Simon, sleepest thou couldest not warmed himself at the fire.

55 And the thou watch one hour ? 38 Watcb ye

Chief Priests and all the council sought and pray, lest ye enter into temptation for witness against Jesus to put him to The spirit truly is ready, but the flesh is death; and found none. 56 For many weak. 39 And again he went away, bare false witness against him, but their and prayed, and spake the same words. witness agreed uot together. 40 Aud when he returned, he found thein there arose certain, and bare false witness asleep again, (for their eyes were heavy,) against him, saying, 58 We heard bim neither wist they what to answer him. say, I will destroy this temple that is 41 And he cometh the third time, and made with hands, and within three days saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take I will build another made without hands. your rest: it is enough, the hour is come; 59 But neither so did their witness agree behold, the Son of man is betrayed into together. 60 And the High Priest stood the hands of sinners. 42 Rise up, let up the midst, and asked Jesus, saying, us go; lo, he that betrayeth me is at hand. Answerest thou nothing? what is it which 43 And immediately, while be yet these witness against thee?

61 But he spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, held his peace, and answered nothing: and with him a great multitude with Again the High Priest asked him, and swords aud staves, from the Chief Priests said unto him, Art thou the Christ, the and the Scribes and the elders. 44 And Son of the Blessed ? 62 And Jesus he that betrayed him had given them a said, I am : and ye shall see the Son of token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, man sitting on the right hand of power, that same is he ; take him, and lead him and coming in the clouds of heaven. away safely.

45 And as

soon as be 63 Then the High Priest rent his clothes, was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, What need we any further witand saith, Master, master; and kissed nesses ? 64 Ye have heard the blashim.

phemy: what think ye? And they all 46 And they laid their hands on him, condemned him to be guilty of death. and took him. 47 And one of them 65 And some began to spit on him, and to that stood by drew a sword, and smote a cover his face, and to buffet him, and to

57 And

NOTES-Chap. XIV. Con. Ver. 33, 34. Sore amazed, &c. -"Being seized been sleeping, and ran after them. This is such as with grief and horror, said to them, My soul is over- incident as is very likely to have happened, but most whelmed with a deadly angaish."' Compare Matt. unlikely to have been invented.” xxvi. 39, and Note.

Ver. 54. And warmed himself.–See Luke xxii.66. Ver. 43–65. And immediately, &c.—The parallel Ver. 56. Agreed not together - Camp. " Was in. text in Matthew, is chap. xxvi. 47–58.

sufficient." So ver. 59. See Expos. Matt. XXVI. Ver. 51. A certain young man, &c.-" Though 59, &c. (p. 118.) this incident may not appear of great moment (says Ver. 58. Build another without hands.- It is obDr. Campbell), it is, in my opinion, one of those cir. servable that Matthew omits the latter clause, and cumstances wbich we cali picturesque; which, in this probably the witnesses disagreed; though, though in a manner unconnected with the story, en had they agreed, it could not have amounted to a livens the narrative, and adds to its credibility. Iimust capital charge. See reference to ver. 66. bave been late in the night, when (as has been very Ver. 61. Son of the Blessed. The high priest used probably conjectured) some young man, whose house probably both noun and adjective. Matthew reJay near the garden, being roused out of sleep by the cords one, and Mark the other ; but this makes no noise of the soldiers and armed retinue passing by, contradiction. got up, and, stimulated by curiosity, wrapped himself Ver. 65. And to cover his face-which Luke calls (as Casaubon supposes) in the cloth in which he had blindfolding. See Note on Matthew xxvi. 68.

Denied and]

hands.

CHAP. XV.

[crucified. say unto him, Prophesy : and the servants answered nothing ; so that Pilate marvel. did strike him with the palms of their led. 6 Now at that feast be released

unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they 66 And as Peter was beneath in the desired. 7 And there was one named Baa palace, there cometh one of the maids rabbas, which lay bound with them that of the Higb Priest : 67 And wben had made insurrection with him, who bad she saw Peter warming himself, she look committed murder in the insurrection. ed upon bim, and said, And thou also 8 And the multitude crying aloud began Fast with Jesus of Nazareth. 68 But to desire him to do as he had ever done be denied, saying, I know not, neither unto them. 9 But Pilate answered them, muderstand I what thou sayest.' And he saying, Will ye that I release unto you Weat out into the porch ; and the cock the King of the Jews ? 10 For he knew cres 69 And a maid saw him again, that the Chief Priests had delivered him ad began to say to them that stood by, for envy: 11 But the Chief Priests This is one of them.

70 And he denied moved the people, that he should rather i again. And a little after, they that release Barabbas unto them. 12 And stood by said again to Peter, Surely thou Pilate answered and said again unto them, est ene of them: for thou art a Galilean, What will ye then that I shall do into him and thy speech agreeth thereto. 71 But whom ye call the King of the Jews? he began to curse and to swear, saying, 13 And they cried out again, Crucify

bim. know not this man of whom ye speak. 14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, 72 And the second time the cock crew. what evil hato be done ? Aud they And Peter called to mind the word that cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify desas said unto him, Before the cock him. eter twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. 15 And so Pilate, willing to content the And when he thought thereon, he wept. people, released Barabbas unto them, and

delivered Jesus, when he had scourged CHAP. XV.

him, to be crucified. 16 And the sole AND straightway in the morning the diers led him away into the hall, called

Chief Priests held a consultation with Pretorium ; and they call together the the elders and Scribes and the whule whole band. 17 And they clothed him ceancil, and bound Jesus, and carried with purple, and platted a crown of thorus, kim away, and delivered him to Pilate. and put it about his head, 13 And be2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King gan'to salute him, Hail, King of the of the Jews ? And he answering said unto Jews! 19 And they smote bim on the bia, Thou sayest it.

3 And the Chief head with a reed, and did spit upon him, Priests accused him of many things : but and bowing their knees worshipped him. be answered nothing.

4 And Pilate 20 And when they had mocked him, they asked him again, sayivg, Answerest thou took off the purple from him, and put his nothing? behold how many things they own clothes on him, and led him out to witness against thee.

5 But Jesus yet crucify him. 21 And they compel one

NOTES. Tel. 66–72. And as Peter was beneath, &c. - The may be seen in Campbell, who, however, returns per le text to this is Matt. xxvi. 69–75. If Peter nearly to the sense of the common version, and renod tog taperintendance of Mark's gospel, as our ders it, “He thought carefully thereou with tears." latrodaction supposes, it is plain he wished not to metal or palliate bis guilt, for Mark records the CHAP. XV. Ver. 1-14. And straightway in the laste denials of his Master; the last time with oaths morning, &c.-For the parallel text in Mattbew, see

chap. xxvii, 1, 2, 12-18. 21.68. Into the porch-Doddr. " Portico.” Ver, l. The whole council - Doddr. and Camp. Ver.). And a maid-that is, as Mattbew expresses “ Sanhedrim.” in another maid.”

Ver. 5. Yet answered nothing - that is, to the Ter70. They that stood by.-Several by.standers charges of the Jews. He had only

answered to the els to bare acensed bim. See Jobn xviii. 25, 26. high priest and Roman gorernor. See ver. 2. His speech agreeth thereto. The Galileans were Ver. 15–39. And so Pilate rilling, &c.— Mat. marked for their coarse and corrupt pronuncia- the w's text corresponding with this is, chap. xxvii. tion. See Orient. Lit. No. 1275.

ver. 26,31-52 fer. il. Began to curse and to swear--doubtless Ver. 16. The pretorium. - The inner ball, where s prote thereby that he was not a disciple. Let all the Roman magistrale, called the Prætor, used to sit. probabe persons consider this!

Ver. 17. And they clothed him with purple.-MatVer

. 12. Before the cock cron twice.-Peter de- thew says, “ scarlet." Mr. Wesley says the royal and his Master before the cock crew the first time robes were partly of both colours; but this was proVer. ts), bot he denied him three times before tbe bably a single robe. By the frequent allusions of the

ancient poets to the purple colour of blood, it shonld Ibid. And when he thought thereon, he wept.- seem that the ancient parple had in it a predomiCap. say, "There are not many words in Scrip. nance of red, which when worn and soiled, would refare sbieh bave undergone more interpretations semble such purple: but it is very difficult to ascer. feat this term (epibalon). Our translators give two tain the shades of difference between the scarlet, these in the margia. I.“ He wept abundantly." crimson, and purple dyes of the ancients.

Ver, 21. The father of Alexander and Rufus, who lag (bis bead) lie went out," &c. and many more afterwards proved emiuent Christians. Wesley!

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44 And Pi

Christ's burial)

S. MARK. Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, com- Truly this man was the Son of God. ing out of the country, the father of Alex. 40 There were also women looking on ander and Rufus, to bear his cross. afar off : among whom was Mary Magda22 And they bring him unto the place lene, and Mary the mother of James the Golgutha, which is, being interpreted, The less, and of Joses, and Salome;. 41 (Who place of a scull. 23 And they gave bim also, when he was in Galilee, followed bim, to drink wine mingled with myrrh : but and miuistered unto him ;) and many other he received it not. 24 And when they women which came up with him unto Je. had crucified him, they parted his gar- rusalem. ments, casting lots upon them, what 42 And now when the even was coine, every man should take. 25 And it was because it was the preparation, that is, the the third hour, and they crucified him. day before the sabbath, 43 Joseph of 26 And the superscription of his accusation Arimathea, an honourable counsellor, was written over, THE KING OF THE which also waited for the kingdom of God, JEWS. 27 And with him they crucify came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and two thieves; the one on his right hand, craved the body of Jesus. and the other on his left. 28 And the late marvelled if he were already dead : Scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And and calling unto him the centurion, he he was numbered with the transgressors.

asked him whether he had been any while 29 Aud they that passed by railed on bim, dead. 45 Aud when he knew it of the wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, centurion, he gave the body to Joseph. thou that destroyest the temple, and 46 And he bought fine linen, and took buildest it in three days, 30 Save thy- him down, and wrapped him in the self, and come down from the cross. linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which 31 Likewise also the Chief Priests mock- was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a ing said among themselves with the stone unto the door of the sepulchre. Scribes, He saved others; himself he can- 47 And Mary Magdalene and Mary the

32 Let Christ the King of mother of Joses beheld wbere he was Israel descend now from the cross, that laid. we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.

CHAP. XVI. 33 And when the sixth bour was come; AND when the sabbath was past, Mary

Magdalene, and Mary the mother o until the ninth hour. 34 And at the James, and Salome, had bought swee ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, spices, that they might come and anoin saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani ? him. 2 And very early in the moruin which is, being interpreted, My God, the tirst day of the week, they came unt my God, why hast thou forsaken me? the sepulchre at the rising of the sur 35 Aud some of them that stoud by, when 3. And they said among themselves, Wh they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth shall roll us away the stone from the doc Elias, 36 And one ran and filled a of the sepulchre ? 4 And when the spunge full of vinegar, and put it on a looked, they saw that the stone was rolle reed, and gave bim to drink, saying, Let away : for it was very great. alone; let us see whether Elias will come entering into the sepulchre, they saw to take hiin down. 37 And Jesus young man sitting on the right sid cried with a loud voice, and gave up the clothed in a long white garment ; ar ghost. 38 And the veil of the temple they were affrighted. 6 And he sai was rent in twain from the top to the unto them, Be not affrighted : Ye sex bottom.

Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucifie 39 And when the centurion, which he is risen; he is not here : beholdt stood over against him, saw that he so place where ihey laid him. 7 But cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, your way, tell his disciples and Peter th

not save.

5 An

NOTES. Ver. 25. The third hour -- that is, nine in the CHAP. XVI. Ver. 1-8. And when the sabb morning. See Note on John xix. 14.

was past - that is, soon after six on the Satur Ver. 39--47. And when the centurion, &c.-See evening. Mary Magdalen, &c. - These vel Matt. xxvii. 54-61, where the same circumstances are parallel with the first eight of the last chapte are recorded.

Matthew. Ver. 42. When the even was come.--The Hebrews Ver. 9-20. Now when Jesus was risen, & speak of two evenings. (See Note on Exod. xii. 6.) These twelve verses are wanting in many MSS, The former commenced about three o'clock, the in the canons of Eusebius: but they are in the Al latter at six. As the sabbath began soon after this, andrian MSS; seren of them, at least, in the Co the preparation must have begun soon after three Beza; in the old Syriac, the Arabic, the Vulg (when Jesus died) on the Friday afternoon.

and the old Italic, and other ancient versions, Ver. 43. An honourable counsellor-Camp.“ Sena. in the Commentaries of Theophylact. They tor;" i. e. a member of the Sanhedrim.

quoted by Ambrose, Augustin, and Leo, styled Ver. 46. And rolled a stone - doubtless by the Great; and ver. 19'in particular, is so cíted by assistance of his servants.

næus in the second century, as giving room to be!

Christ appears to]
CHAP. XVI.

[his disciples. he goeth before you into Galilee : there ed not them which had seen him after sbal} ye see him, as he said unto you. he was risen. 8 And they went out quickly, and fled 15 And he said unto them, Go ye from the sepulcbre ; for they trembled and were amazed : neither said they any into all the world, and preach the Gosthing to any man; for they were afraid. pel to every creature.

16 He that believeth and is bap9 [ Now when Jesus was risen tized shall be saved ; but he that beearly the first day of the week, he ap- lieveth not shall be damned. peared first to Mary Magdalene, out 17 And these signs shall follow of whom he had cast seven devils. them that believe; In my name shall

10 And she went and told them they cast out devils; they shall speak that had been with him, as they with new tongues ; mourned and wept.

18 They shall take up serpents; 11 And they, when they had heard and if they drink any deadly thing, it that he was alive, and had been seen shall not hurt them; they shall lay of her, believed not.

hands on the sick, and they shall re12 After that he appeared in ano- cover. ther form unto two of them, as they 19 So then after the Lord had spowalked, and went into the country. ken unto them, he was received up

13 And they went and told it unto into heaven, and sat on the right hand the residue: neither believed they of God.

20 And they went forth, and 14 Afterward he appeared unto the preached everywhere, the Lord eleven as they sat at meat, and up working with them, and confirming braided them with their unbelief and the word with signs following. Ahardness of heart, because they believ- men. (G)

them.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XVI.

preach the gospel to every creature;"-i.e. (G) Ver. 9-20. Jesus, upon his resurs of the human race. Tection, appears to certain women; and af- The Rev. Dr. Morrison, our learned and erwards to his Apostles, whom he commis- indefatigable Missionary in China, before Sions to preach the gospel throughout the quoted, (p. 130,) seriously laments, that in world.- Jesus appeared first to Mary Mag- none of the churches of this country, estacalene, on whom be bad wrought a miracle blished or dissentient, “ is there, in their of singular mercy, and to some other pious constitution or collective capacity, any emales, who immediately communicated provision made, either of men or of means, the joyful news to his Apostles and dis to obey the exalted Saviour's command.” ciples, to all of whom, at first, it appear. After the first three centuries, the object ed incredible. Before his ascension, how- died away from the recollection of Chrisever, Jesus appeared to all the apostles, tians, and it seems to have been generally and to more than 500 brethren. His last deferred to the age of the Millennium, appearance is introduced here rather when the gift of tongues, it was supposed, abruptly, and must be connected with must necessarily be imparted « for the atthew's introduction, (Chap. xxviii, conversion of the world.” Within the last

-18,) which has already been consider thirty years, however, the subject has been ed. Our farther remarks will be directed revived, miraculous powers have been o the commission here given to the apos- found not absolutely necessary to fulfil tles, and to the great topics therewith con. our Lord's command, and more has been nected.

done in the missionary cause, than for 13 The commission itself is here somewhat or 14 centuries before. If the propagation more generally expressed, than in St. of the Scriptures, the establishment of latthew : “Go ye into all the world, and schools, and missionary labours, continue

NOTES. they were all in his copy. See Horne's Introd. 4th Ver. 15, 16. Go ye, &c. - Compare Matt. xxviii. Ed. vol. iv. p. 254, &c.

19, 20. Ver. 9. Out of whom he had cast seven devils,-See Ver. 18. They shall take up serpents, &0.-See Loke viii, 2.

Acts xxviii. 3-5.

Christ's commission]

S. MARK.-CHAP. XVI.

(to his apostles.

EXPOSITION-Chap. XVI. Continued. to increase as they have done for the last salvation ; but as baptism is that duty by 10 or 15 years, we may at least hope that which a person assumes the Christian proour children may live to see the dawn of fession, I apprehend the apostle (rather the millennial age.

evangelist) placed it here as the pledge of Another excellent Missionary, the late our whole obedience: and if this idea be Mr. Ward of Serampore, remarks, that correct, it will then be he that belieres “ Much stress is laid on faith, in the New and obeys shall be saved ;-an explanation Testament..... Faith is credence to a re- which makes the passage harmonize with port made. It is the nature of the tidings the whole body of Christian truth." helieved, which produces saving effects on (Ward's Reflections, p. 158, 9.) the heart and character. A man can With the propagation of this gospel to scarcely believe what the Scripture says of all vations, is connected the power of sin and its consequences, of judgment, working miracles, at that time absolutely and the everlasting punishment of the necessary to its universal propagation. wicked, without being deeply affected.... This power had reference to the casting The declaration that Christ gives pardon out demons- the gift of tongues--the to the condemned, liberty to the captives, healing of the sick-and invulnerability rest to the weary, and life to the dead, to danger. These powers were bestowed must produce a powerful effect on the be in all their plenitude on the day of Penteliever, and tend to draw him to Christ for cost; and of the latter we have a striking a share in these blessings. The news of instance in the apostle Panl at Melita. the gospel then, it is plain, has a reference See Acts xxviii. 1-6.) to a prior state of danger, or want, or. Whether these powers shall ever be itmisery: and as holding forth mercy to newed we pretend not to determine; but the criminal, deliverance to the captives, on one point we are most clear; pamely, and salvation to the lost, it is called good that the propagation of the gospel ought news (or gospel). This report, that there is not to be delayed for them. The facilities mercy for all the guilty who will truly seek of travelling, and of acquiring languages; it, is to be believed. He who feels himself the fame of European skill, and the proguilty, and believes the report, will neces- tection of the British power ;-have been sarily come and put in his claim for the increased to a degree little short of mirablessing : and in proportion to the strength culous; and nothing is wanting but the of his faith, he will be the subject of peace, outpouring of divine grace from above, to joy, and gratitude.

give the gospel abundant success among " Baptism is here placed by the side of the rudest savages and the basest idola: faith, as though it were also essential to tors.

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