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Christ commissions)

S. LUKE.

[his apostles. saying, Maid, arise. 55 And her spirit they did so, and made them all sit down. came again, and she arosé straightway : 16 Then he took the five loaves and the and he commanded to give her meat. two fishes, and looking up to heaven, be 56 And her parents were astonished: but blessed them, and brake, and gave to the he charged them that they should tell no disciples to set before the multitude. mañ what was done.

17. And they did eat, and were all filled :

and there was taken up of fragments that CHAP. IX.

remained to them twelve baskets. THEN he called his twelve disciples to

18 And it came to pass, as be was alone gether, and gave them power and au- praying, his disciples were with him : and thority over all devils, and to cure diseases, he asked them, saying, Whom say the peo 2 And he sent them to preach the kiog- ple that I am ? 19 They answering said, dom of God, and to heal the sick. 3 And John the Baptist; but sonie say, Elias; and he said unto them, Take nothing for your others say, that one of the old prophets is journey, neither staves, vor scrip, neither risen again. 20 He said unto them, But bread, neither money; neither have two whom say ye that I am ? Peter answering coats apiece. 4 And whatsoever house said, The Christ of God,

21 And he ye enter into, there abide, and thence de- straitly charged them, and commanded párt. 5 And whosoever will not receive them to tell no man that thing; 22 Say you, when ye go out of that city, shake offing, The Son of man must suffer many the very dust from your feet for a testi- things, and be rejected of the elders mony against them. 6 And they de- and Chief Priests and Scribes, and be parted, and went through the towns, slain, and be raised the third day. preaching the Gospel, and healing every: 23 And he said to them all, If any man where. 7 Now Herod the tetrarch will come after me, let him deny himself

, heard of all that was done by him : and he and take up his cross daily, and follow me. was perplexed, because that it was said of 24 For whosoever will save his life shall some, that John was risen from the dead; lose it: but whosoever will lose his life for 8 And of some, that Elias had appeared ; my sake, the same shall save it.

25 For and of others, that one of the old prophets what is a man advantaged, if he gaid the was risen again, 9 And Herod said, whole world, and lose himself, or be cast John have I beheaded : but who is this, of away? 26 For whosoever shall be whom I hear such things ? And be desired ashamed of ine and of iny words, of him to see him.

10 Aud the apostles, when shall the Son of man be ashained, when he they were returned, told hini all that they shall come in his own glory, and in his bad done. And he took them, and went Father's, and of the holy angels.

27 But aside privately into desert place belong. I tell you of a trutli, there be some standing ing to the city called Betbsaida. 11 And here, which shall not taste of death, the people, when they knew it, followed they see the kingdom of God. him: and he received them, and spake 28 And it came to pass about an eight unto them of the kingdom of God, and days after these sayings, he took Peter and healed them that had need of healing. John and James, and went up into a mouti12 And when the day began to wear away, tain to pray, 29 And as he prayed, the then came the twelve, and said unto him, fashion of his countenance was altered Send the multitude away, that they may and his raiment was wbite and glistering go into the towns and country round 30 And, besold, there talked with him two about, and lodge, and get victuals : for we med, which were Moses and Elias : 31 Whi are here in a desert place. 13 But he appeared in glory, and spake of his de said unto them, Give ye them to eat. And cease which he should accomplish at Jeru they said, We have no more but five loaves salem. 32 But Peter and they tha and two fishes; except we should go and were with him were heavy with sleep buy meat for all this people. 14 For and when they were awake, they saw hi they were about five thousand men. And glory, and the two men that stood wit he said to his disciples, Make them sit hiin. 33 And it came to pass, as the down by bsties in a company, 15 And departed from him, Peter said uuto Jesu

NOTES. CHAP. IX. Ver. 1-6. Then he called, &c.-See Ver, 18-22. And it came to pass. This conve the parallel text, Matt. x. 1-14.

sation has occurred, Matt. xvi. 13-16, and 20, 21 Ver. 4. And thence depart - Doddr. and Camp. Ver. 23—27. And he said to them all. - The parall " Till ye leave the place.”

passage to this occurs, Matt. xvi. 24-28. Ver. 5. For a testimony-How so? When their Ver. 27. There be some standing here, &c.-S feet were covered with dust on leaving a town, Note on Matt. xvi. 28. it proved that no one had received them, and wash- Ver. 28–36. And it came to pass.-This accou ed their feet.

of our Lord's transfiguration very nearly correspon Ver, 7--9. Now Herod.-See Matt. xiv. 1, 2. with that of Matthew, xvii. 1-9. Compare al Ver. 7. Of some-Doddr.“ By some." So ver. 8. Mark ix. 2-10.

Ver. 10-17. And the apostles. This miracle of Ver. 28. About an eight days—Modern translatı feeding the 5000 was considered, Matt. xiv. 3—21. omit the article" an."

The Transfiguration.] CHAP. IX. [James and John reproved. Master, it is good for us to be here: and Jesus said unto him, Forbid him not: for let us make three tabernacles; one for he that is not against us is for us. thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias : not knowing what he said. 51 | And it came to pass, when the 34 While he thus spake, there came a time was come that he should be recloud, and overshadowed them; and they feared as they entered into the cloud.

ceived up, he sted fastly set his face to 35 And there came a voice out of the go to Jerusalem, cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son: 52 And sent messengers before his hear him. 36 And when the voice was face: and they went, and entered into past, Jesus was found alone. And they

a village of the Samaritans, to make kept it close, and told no man in those days! any of those things which they had seen. ready for him.

37 And it came to pass, that on the 53 And they did not receive him, next day, when they were come down because his face was as though he from the bill, much people met him. would go to Jerusalem. 38 And, behold, a man of the company cried out, saying, Master, I beseeeb thee,

54 And when his disciples James look upon my son: for he is mine only and John saw this, they said, Lord, child. 39 And, lo, a spirit taketh him, wilt thou that we command fire to and he suddenly crieth out; and it teareth

come down from heaven, and consume him that he foameth again, and bruising him hardly departeth from him. 40 And them, even as Elias did? I besought thy disciples to cast him out; 55 But he turned, and rebuked them, and they could not. 41 And Jesus and said, Ye know not what manner of answering said, O faithless and perverse spirit ye are of. generation, how long shall I be with you, and suffer you bring thy son hither.

56 For the Son of man is not come 42 And as he was yet a coming, the devil to destroy men's lives, but to save threw him down, and tare him. And Jesus them. And they went to another rebuked the unclean spirit, and healed the village. child, and delivered him again to his father. 43 Aod they were all amazed at

57 And it came to pass, that, as the mighty power of God. But while they they went in the way, a certain man wondered every one at all things which said unto him, Lord, I will follow thee Jesus did, he said unto his disciples, whithersoever thou goest. 44 Let these sayings sink down into your

58 And Jesus said unto him, Foxes ears : for the Son of man sball be delivered into the hands of men. 45 But they have holes, and birds of the air have understood pot this saying, and it was hid nests; but the Son of man hath not from them, that they perceived it not: and where to lay his head. they feared to ask him of that saying.

59 And he said unto another, Fol46 Then there arose a reasoning among them, which of them should be greatest. low me. But he said, Lord, suffer me 47 And Jesus, perceiving the thought of first to go and bury my father. their heart, took a child, and set him by 60 Jesus said unto him, Let the bim, 48 And said unto them, Whoso dead bury their dead: but gu thou ever shall receive this child in my name receiveth me: and whosoever shall re

and preach the kingdom of God. ceive me receiveth him that sent me : for 61 And another also said, Lord, I be that is least among you all, the same will follow thee; but let me first go shall be great. 49 And John answered bid them farewell, which are at home and said, Master, we saw one casting out devils in thy name ; and we forbad him, at my house. because he followeth not with us. 50 And 62 And Jesus said unto him, No

NOTES. Ver.31. Of his decease-Gr. Exodus ; i. e. depar. Ver. 61. When the time was come-Doddr. (more ture or decease. See 2 Pet. i. 15.

literally) “ As the days were fulfilled" (or nearly Ver. 37-42. And it came to pass, that on the next so), that he should be received up; i. e. into heaven. dry. This miracle has been considered, Matt. xvii. See Witsius on the Creed (by Fraser), vol. ii. p. 531.3 14-18.

Ver. 62. No man having put his hand to the Ver. 41. O faithless-Doddr. “ Incredulous." plough.- A passage in Hesiod strikingly illustrater

Ver. 43-45. And they were all amazed.--What this: of the ploughmap he says, Jesus here relates of his approaching sufferings, OC * Let him attend his charge, and carefal trace eurs before, Matt. xvii, 22, 23.

The right-lin'd fartow; gaze no more about, Ver. 4.5. It was hid from them - Camp)., “It was But have bis mind intent upon the work." Teiled to them."

Orient. Lit. No. 1293.

Seventy disciples]
S. LUKE,

[sent forth, man, having put his hand to the plough, into every city and place, whither he and looking back, is fit for the kingdom himself would come. of God. (Q)

2 Therefore said he unto them, The

harvest truly is great, but the labourers CHAP. X.

are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of

the harvest, that he would send forth AFTER these things the Lord ap, labourers into his harvest,

pointed other seventy also, and 3 Go your ways: behold, I send sent them two and two before his face

you

forth as lambs among wolves.

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. IX.

“O Saviour, when we look into those (2) Ver. 51–62. The evil of intolerance; sacred acts and monuments of thine, we and the danger of irresolution in religion.- find many a life which thou preservedst Jesus going to Jerusalem, sends some of from perishing; some that had perished, his disciples forward to a village of the by thee recalled; never any by thee deSamaritans in the road from Galilee to stroyed : only one poor fig tree, as the Judea, to prepare supper and lodging by real emblem of thy severity to the unfruitthe way. The parrow-miuded Samaritans, ful, was blasted and withered by thy curse, however, finding he was going to the tem- But to man how ever-favourable and inple of Jerusalem, refused to afford him the dulgent wert thou! So repelled as thou necessary accommodations, which greatly wert; so reviled, so persecuted, laid (wait) offended James and John, two of the dis- for, sold, betrayed, apprehended, crucified: ciples deputed on this occasion, and who yet what one man didst thou strike dead were justly called “ sons of thunder;" for these heinous indignities? Yea, when (Mark iii. 17.) for their resentment kindled one of thine enemies lost an ear in that like a flash of lightning, and they instantly ill quarrel, thou gavest that ear to him applied to their Master, to know if they who came to take thy life from thee. I foc should not call fire from heaven to destroy some whom thou didst scourge and cor these bigotted, inhospitable Samaritans; rect, as the sacrilegious money-changers and to conntenance their application, they none whom thou killedst." (Contemp produce the exanıple of Elijah under the bk. iv. Con. 10.) old dispensation, on a very different occa- Jesus is not so easily disconcerted as hi sion. But Elijah was not an example for disciples : finding the people of one villag Christ, who is himself the pattern of all his object to receive him, he goes to anothet disciples.

Our tempers are often ruffled, and our peac Jesus reproves the intemperate and mis- disturbed, by circumstances in themselve guided zeal of his disciples : “ Ye know not of no consequence, which, had we eithe what manner of spirit ye are of.” Your zeal more humility, or more enlarged view is not of God, because it is not according to would only excite our pity, and our prayer knowledge. “The Son of man is not come The following incidents seem to be th to destroy men's lives, but to save them." same as are mentioned by Matthew, cha “ It is far from the good Spirit of God (says viii. but being there (for brevity saki Bp. Hall) to stir up any man to private re- passed over, demand here an observa venge, or thirst of blood. Not an eagle, tion. The “ certain man" mentioued ! but a dove, was the shape in which he Luke (ver. 57) appears by Matthew to hay chose to appear. Neither wouldest thou, been a scribe, who volunteered his servit O God, be in the whirlwind, or in the fire, to follow our Lord; but when he fout but in the soft voice. O Saviour, why do the indifferent accommodation be w we seek for any precedent but thine, whose likely to meet with, we hear no more name we challenge ? Thou camest to him. “ The Son of man hath not where thine owo, thine own received thee not. lay his head." Foxes can burrow in tl Didst thou call for fire from heaven upon ground, and birds can build their nests them ? Didst thou not rather send down high; but he who “came, not to be mini water from thy compassionate eyes, and tered uuto, but to minister," bath po sa weep for them for whom thou must bleed? tled habitation, no home of his own, whe Better had it been for us never to have any he can lay his head; but is coustantly ! spirit, than any but thine. We can be no holdeu for a lodging either to the affecti other than wicked if our mercies be cruelty. of his disciples, or to the hospitality

NOTES. CHAP, X. Ver. 1. Other seventy - Doddr. and bably 72. So we call the Septuagint version 4 Camp. “ Seventy other;"' i. e. beside the twelve LXX,” though it is generally admitted to have b apostles. These "seventy were, however, pro. the work of 72 ; i, e, iwelve froin cach tribe of la

way.

And empowered]

CHAP. X.

[to work miracles. 4 Carry neither purse, nor scrip, sure of this, that the kingdom of God nor shoes: and salute no man by the is come nigh unto you.

12 But I say unto you, that it shall 5 And into whatsoever house ye be more tolerable in that day for Sodom, enter, first say, Peace be to this house than for that city.

13 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe your peace shall rest upon it: if not, it unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty shall turn to you again.

works had been done in Tyre and 7 And in the same house remain, Sidon, which have been done in you, eating and drinking such things as they they had a great while ago repented, give: for the labourer is worthy of his sitting in sackcloth and ashes. hire. Go not from house to house 14 But it shall be more tolerable for

8 And into whatsoever city ye enter, Tyre and Sidon at the judgment, than and they receive you, eat such things for you. as are set before you :

15 And thou, Capernaum, which 9 And heal the sick that are therein, art exalted to heaven, shalt be thrust and say unto them, The kingdom of down to hell. God is come nigh unto you.

16 He that heareth you heareth 10 But into whatsoever city ye me; and he that despiseth you despisenter, and they receive you not, go eth me; and he that despiseth me your ways out into the streets of the despiseth him that sent me. same, and say,

17 And the seventy returned again 11 Even the very dust of your city, with joy, saying, Lord, even the dewhich cleaveth on us, we do wipe off vils are subject unto us through thy against you : notwithstanding be ye name.

EXPOSITION. strangers. He who made all things, lives nitely superior to those which regard only upon the benevolence of his own crea- the body and the present transitory life. tures!

To the other professed disciple, our Lord Others, who had been called to follow applies a kind of proverbial saying, inti. Jesus excused themselves, on the ground mating, that as he who put his hand to the of their secular concerns, and those too pluugh, must drive straight forward his the offices of humanity, “Lord (said furrows, and not look bebind him ; so he one), let me first go and bury my father:" who has once engaged in the gospel minisand another, « Lord, let me first go and try, must bend all his attention to fulfil its bid them farewell that are at home.To duties. He whose heart is in his work, the former our Lord replies, “ Let the will not look behind him; and he whose dead bury their dead :" let those who are heart is not in this work, had far better absorbed in secular concerns, and thus never enter on it. To look back is the first spiritually dead, let them attend to ser- step to go back; indifference to the cause vices of this nature : but there are in of Christ is the prelude to apostacy; and Christianity, duties paramount to all the “ If any man draw hack (saith the Lord), obligations of civil life, even as the con- my soul shall bave no pleasure in him." cerns of the soul and of eternity rise infi- (Heb. x. 38.)

NOTES. Ver. 4. Salute no man by the way.-Tbis direction Ver. 6. If the son - Camp. "A son ;' the Greek evidently implies haste: not that they were to re- article being wanting in many MSS, the best nounce the courtesies of civil life; but the Eastern editions, and the comments of several fathers. A salutations were formal, and often accompanied son of peace, means a friendly, hospitable man; but with impertinent enquiries, which, leading to what " the sun of peace” has been explained (though we call gossipping, occasioned great hinderances. improperly) of the Son of man himself. The paNiebuhr, Horneman, and other travel'ers particii. allel text of Matthew x. 13 says, “ If the house be larly complain of this among the Arabs. Orient. woriby;" i. e. fit, suitable, and wiliing to receive you. Cust. No: 443, 1262.

The terin "house" is frequently used for family. Ver. 5. Peace be to this house When a Persian Ver. 10, But into whatsoever city, &c. --Compare enters en assembly (having left his shoes without) Matt. x. 14, &c. he makes the usual salutation, Peace be unto you! Ver. 13. Woe unto thee, Chorazin-See Matt. xi. whieb is addressed to the whole assembly, as it 21, &c.--These woes are rather to be considered in wete, saluting the house,Morier's 2d Journey, the light of lamentations, as when Christ wept orer p. 143.

Jerusalem, than as curses denounced against ihem.

arts comp 443, 126. this ho lest his

ven.

Jesus rejoices in the will] S. LUKE.

(of his heavenly Father. 18 And he said unto them, I be- you ; but rather rejoice, because your held Satan as lightning fall from hea. names are written in heaven. (R)

21 [ In that hour Jesus rejoiced in 19 Behold, I give unto you power spirit, and said, I thank thee, o Fato tread on serpents and scorpions, ther, Lord of heaven and earth,

that and over all the power of the enemy: thou hast hid these things from the and nothing shall by any means hurt wise and prudent, and hast revealed you.

them unto babes : even so, Father; 20 Notwithstanding in this rejoice for so it seemed good in thy sight. not, that the spirits are subject unto 22 All things are delivered to me

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. X.

may well say as the apostle Andrew did

of the five loves and two fishes, which fed (R) Ver. 1—20. Jesus sends forth his the 5000, “ What are these among so seventy disciples. - We have already seen many ?” What, indeed ? but he wbo mul. our Lord send forth his twelve apostles, tiplied that food, can easily multiply, bis probably about a year before this period, missionaries to a full adequacy of their with instructions very similar to those pow work. He can fill the world with them ; before us, as may be seen by turning to let us pray the Lord of the harvest, that Matt, chap. X. ver. 1 to 16. The object of he will so do! both missions seems to have been, like The first mission of the seventy seems that of John the Baptist, to excite publie to have been very short, and immediately attention, and to prepare the way of their on their return, it is probable that they Master. He sent them therefore, “ two accompanied their Master in his last cirby two, before his face, into every city and cuit through Galilee, which Doddridge place, whither he himself would come.” thinks must have been between the feasts This increase of labourers seenis to indi- of Tabernacles and the Dedication ; that is, cate the enlargement of the work before about the beginning of the winter. them ; aud here is no prohibitiou, as in But let us attend to their report: “ Lord Matthew, of visiting either Samaritans or (say they), even the devils (or demons) Gentiles; and a farther increase of labour are subject to us through thy name!" is strongly iutimated, when our Lord says This seems to have been uttered with sure to these, as well as to the apostles (Matt. prise, as well as joy, probably recollecting ix. 37), « The harvest truly is great, but that a short time before, some of their the labourers are few : pray ye therefore brethren had failed in their attempt to the Lord of the harvest to send forth la eject a demon (Matt. xvii. 16), and debourers into the harvest." Indeed several lighted that no similar disappointment had circumstances seem to indicate that though occurred to them. Jesus, while he admits their first labours were to be restrained to the fact, represses their exultation; "True ! the land of Israel, yet this was but for a (as if he had said,) I saw Satan, with all short period; for, immediately after Christ's his subject demons, fall, as lightning from resurrection, their commission was indefi- the skies; and I shall employ you in still nitely extended; and the Acts of the Apos- farther victories over the old serpent and tles contain the travels of many of the his agents : but triumph not in this. You seventy (of whom Luke probably was oue), may cast out devils, and do many wonas well as of the twelve, throughout the derful works, and yet be for ever banished then known world. At the present period from my presence. (Matt. vii. 22.) Rethe number of preachers is vastly increased; joice, rather, that you bave a name and a yet if we contemplate the work before them, place in my kingdom above, and shall namely, the conversion of the world, we reigo for ever with me."

NOTES—Chap. X. Con. Ver. 18. I beheld Satan, &c. - See John xii. 31; Ver. 21. That thou hast hid.-The ground of our xvi. 11; Rev. xii. 8, 9. This is generally under Lord's rejoicing here, is eridently not so properly stood to refer to the sudden and precipitous fall of that the gospel was concealed, or not revealed to Satan's kingdom by the preaching of the gospel ; any, as that it was revealed to some, and those the but Erasmus understands it as a caution to the dis- inost insignificantand unworthy. Camp. renders it, ciples against spiritual pride, as if our Lord had " Because, baving hidden these things from sages warned thern of Satan's fate. Comp. I Tim. iii. 6. and the learned, thou hast revealed them to babes;"

Ver. 20. Rather rrjoice--the word rather, accord- and Doddr, though he retains the common version, ing to Camp. is wanting in almost all the MSS, inserts in his parapbrase the word while; "(While) Editions, Versions, &c., and is therefore rejected by thou hast hid these things." &c. perhaps the conmany crítics. But the context seems to favour it, junction although would be still better. See Rom. and Doddr. Boothroyd, &c. retain it. Either way xi. 17. . See our Exposition of the parallel text, the sense remains the same.

Malt. xi. 25-27.

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