Page images

(cast out.

The dumb devil)


he, and taketh to him seven other spirits [Omit, and pass to Chap. xii. 13.]

more wicked than himself; and they enter 9 And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall in, and dwell there : and the last state of be given you; seek, and ye shall find; that man is worse than the first. 27 And knock, and it shall be opened unto you. it came to pass, as he spake these things, 10 For every one that asketh receiveth; a certain woman of the company lifted up and be that seeketh findeth ; and to him her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the that knocketh it shall be opened. 11 f womb that bare thee, and the paps which a son shall ask bread of any of you that is thou hast sucked. 28 But he said, Yea a father, will be give him a stone ? or if rather, blessed are they that bear the word he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a of God, and keep it. serpent ? 12 Or if he shall ask an egg, 29 And when the people were gathered will he offer him a scorpion ? 13 If ye thick together, he began to say, This is then, being evil, know how to give good an evil generation : they seek a sign ; and gifts unto your children: how much more there shall no sign be given it, but the shall your heavenly Father give the Holy sign of Jonas the prophet.

30 For as Spirit to them that ask him?

Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so 14 And he was casting out a devil, and it shall also the Son of man be to this gene. was dumb. And it came to pass, when the ration. 31 The queen of the south shall devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and rise up in the judgment with the men of the people wondered. 15 But some of this generation, and condemn tbem: for them said, He casteth out devils through she came from the utmost parts of the earth Beelzebub the chief of the devils. 16 And to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, beothers, tempting him, sought of him a sign hold, a greater than Solomon is here. froin heaven. 17 But be, knowing their 32 The men of Nineve shall rise up iu the thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom judgment with this generation, and shall divided against itself is brought to desola- condemn it: for they repented at the tion; and a house divided against a house preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater Salleih. 18 If Satan also be divided than Jonas is here. 33 No man, when against himself, how shall his kingdom be hath Jighted a candle, putteth it in 8 stand ? because ye say that I cast out devils secret place, neither under a bushel, but through Beelzebub. 19 And if I by on a candlestick, that they which come in Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do may see the light. 34 The light of the your sons cast them out? 'therefore shall body is the eye : therefore when thine eye is they be your judges. 20 But if I single, thy whole body also is full of light; with the bnger of God cast out devils, no but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is doubt the kingdom of God is come upon full of darkuess. 35 Take heed thereyou. 21. When a strong man armed fore that the light which is in thee be not keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace: darkness. 36 If thy whole body there22 But when a stronger than he shall come fore be full of light, having no part dark, upon him and overcome him, he taketh the whole shall be full of light, as when from him all his armour wherein he trusted, the bright shining of a caodle doth give and divideth bis spoils. 23 He that is thee light. 37 And as he spake, a cer. not with me is against me : and he that ga- tain Pharisee besought him to dine with thereth not with me scattereth. 24 When him : and he went in, and sat down to the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, be meat. 38 And when the Pharisee saw walketh through dry places, seeking rest; it, he marvelled that he had not first and finding none, he saith, I will return washed before dinner. 39 And the Lord unto my house whence I came out. said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make 25 And when he cometh, he findeth it clean the outside of the cup and the platswept and garnished. 26 Then goeth ter; but your inward part is full of raven

NOTES—Chap. XI. Con. Ver. 9–13. I say unto you, Ask.—These five verses demon cast out, Matt. ix. 32–34, but the context literally correspond with Matt. vii. 7-11, except that does not so well agree. See also Mark iii. 22-29. in the last verse of Matthew, for “ good things," Ver. 27, 28. And it came to pass, &c.- This ocLuke substitutes " the Holy Spirit;" one of the curred probably when his mother and his brethren best gifts certainly that we can implore, or God came around him. Matt. xii. 46-50, bestow.

Ver. 29–32. And when the people were gathered Ver. 12. A scorpion-Bochart describes the body thick together.-The parallel verses in Matthew, are of a white scorpion as touch resembling an egg, both chap. xii. 38–42. in size and form, as some fishes resemble serpents. Ver. 33–30. No'man, when he hath lighted a Orient. Lit. No. 1297.

candle, &c.-This appears to be a fragment of the Ver. 13. Your heavenly Father give-Campbell, sermon on the mount, Matt. v. 15, 16; vi. 22, 23. “ Your father give from heaven.”

Ver. 36. When the bright shining of a candleVer. 14-26. And he was casting out a devil, &c.-- Marg. " A cardle (or lamp) by its bright shining," This appears to us the same parrative that we have Camp. “ Its flame. considered Matt. xii. 22-30 and 43–45. Oniy there Ver. 37-54. And as he spake, &c.-This passage the subject is said to have been blind as well as very much resembles Matt. xxiii. 23-36, and several dumb. There is another case, however, of a dumb verses agree verbatim.

Woes denounced.]

CHAP. XII. [Whom we should fear, ing and wickedness. 40 Ye fools, did thing out of his mouth, that they might not he that made that which is without accuse him. make that which is within also ? 41 But

CHAP. XII. rather give alms of such things as ye have; TN the mean time, when there were gaand, behold, all things are clean unto you. I thered together an inpumerable multi°42 But woe unto yau, Pharisees! for ye tude of people, insomuch that they trode tithe mint and rue and all manner of

one upon another, he began to say unto herbs, and pass over judgment and the bis disciples first of all, Beware ye of the love of God: these ought ye to have done,

leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. and not to leave the other updone. 43 Woe 2 For there is nothing covered, that shall unto you, Pharisees ! for ye love the up

not be revealed; neither hid, that shall permost seats in the synagogues, and greet- not be known. 3 Therefore whatsoever ings in the markets. 44 Woe unto you,

ye have spoken in darkness shall be heard Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for ye in the light; and that which ye have are as graves which appear not, and the

spoken in the ear in closets shall be promen that walk over them are not aware of claimed upon the housetops. 4 And I thern. 45 Then answered one of the

say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of Lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus them that kill the body, and after that saying thou reproachest us also. 46 And

have no more that they can do. 5 But. he said, Woe unto you also, ye Lawyers! I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear : for ye lade men with burdens grievous to Fear him, which after he hath killed hath be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the

power to cast into hell ; yea, I say unto burdens with one of your fingers. 47 Woe you. Fear him. 6 Are not five sparrows unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of

sold for two farthings, and not one of them the prophets, and your fathers killed them.

is forgotten before God? 7 But even 48 'Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the

the very bairs of your head are all numdeeds of your fathers: for they indeed

bered. Fear not therefore : ye are of more killed them, and ye build their sepulchres.

value than many sparrows. 8 Also I 49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God,

say unto you, Whosoever shall confess me I will send tbem prophets and apostles,

before men, him shall the Son of man also and some of them tbey shall slay and per confess before the angels of God: 9 But secute: 50 That the blood of all the

he that denieth me before men shall be deprophets, which was shed from the founda

nied before the angels of God. 10 And tion of the world, may be required of this

whosoever shall speak a word against the generation; 51 From the blood of Abel

Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto the blood of Zacharias, which pe unto him that blasphemeth against the rished between the altar and the temple : Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven. verily I say unto you, It shall be required 11 And when they bring you unto the of this generation. 52 Woe unto you,

synagogues, and unto magistrates, and Lawyers ! for ye have taken away the key powers, take ye no thought how or what of knowledge : ye enter not in yourselves, thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall and them that were entering in ye hindered. say: 12 For the Holy Ghost shall teach 53 And as he said these things unto them, you in the same bour what ye ought to say. the Scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of mapy things:

13 | And one of the company said

54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch some. unto him, Master, speak to my brother,

NOTES. Ver. 40. Ye fools - Camp. “ Unthinking men!! Ver. 53. To urge him vehemently literally, “ to Doddr. “ Thoughtless creatures." — Did not he mouth him." Some think this an allusion to buntlaat made that which is without make that which is in with dogs; but we conceive it to refer to their Tuhin also Y-that is, Did not he which inade the vulgar and overbearing language, in order to probody, likewise make the soul ? Doddr. and Camp. voke our Lord, and put him off his guard. Mait. xxiii. 25.

Ver. 49. The wisdom of God-perhaps an allusion 102 Cbron. xxxvi. 15, 16.

CHAP. XII. Ver. 1. An innumerable multitudeVer. 51. Zacharias, whick perished between the Camp. “Myriads;" i. e. " tens of thousands." citar and the temple. It is said a space of nine feet The learen of the Pharisees.-See Matt. xvi. 12. was left between the altar burnt offerings and the

Ver. 2-9. There is nothing covered, &c. - See * ple (or tabernacle) itself. as an asylum for the parallel passage, Matt. X. 26-33. " criminals, which might not be violated, but in cases Ver. 8. Before the angels.-In Matthew it is “Be

Ver. 8. Before the ang of decided murder. See Exod. xxxviii. 2; 1 Kings fore my Father;" i. e. before the Father, and the 1, 24–34. Dr. Willan. Comp. Matt. xxiji.35, and N. holy angels which attend his presence. See Note on Ver.52. The key of knowledge-we conceive to

Matt, xviii. 10. be, the right of private judgment; i.e. of reading and Ver. 10. And whosoever shall speak, &c. - Comjudging for ourselves. The Scribes took away this pare Matt. xii, 31,32, right by referring the explanation of Scripture wbolly Ver. 11, 12. And when they bring you. See Malta to tradition, as the Papists have since done. Ye x. 18-20. hindered-Marg. “ Forbade."

The parable]


[of the rich fool. that he divide the inheritance with 20 But God said unto him, Thou me.

fool, this night thy soul shall be re14 And he said unto him, Man, quired of thee : then whose shall those who made me a judge or a divider over things be, which thou hast provided. you?

21 So is he thrt layeth up trea. 15 And he said unto them, Take sure for himself, and is not rich toheed, and beware of covetousness : forward God. (Y) a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he pos- [Omit, and pass to ver. 32.] Besseth.

22 And he said unto his disciples, 16 And he spake a parable unto thought for your life, what ye shall eat;

Therefore I say unto you, Take no them, saying, The ground of a cer- weither for the body, what ye shall put on. tain rich man brought forth plentifully: 23 The life is more than 'meat, and the

17 And he thought within him- body is more than raiment. 24 Consi. self, saying, What shall I do, be- der the ravens : for they neither sow nor cause I have no room where to be- barn; and God feedeth them: how much

reap; which neither have storehouse por stow my fruits ?

are ye better than the fowls ? 18 And he said, This will I do: I 25 And which of you with taking thought will pull down my barns, and build

can add to his stature one cubit? greater; and there will i bestow all ye then he not able to do that thing which

is least, why take ye thought for the rest? my fruits and my goods.

27 Consider the lilies how they grow : they 19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, toil not, they spin not; and yet I say unto thou hast much goods laid up for many you, that Solomon in all his glory was not years ; take thine ease, eat, drink, God so clothe the grass, which is to day in


26 If

the field, and to morrow is cast into the

28 If then

and be merry.


business and enjoy his riches. It is wor(Y) Ver. 13-21. The parable of the rich thy of remark , that this man proposed no fool. The occasion of this must be con- plan of aggression against bis neighbours, sidered. A man who had had some dis- nor of oppression of the poor; but merely pute with his brother, relative to an in- a life of ease and indolence, which men heritance, of which he considered him.

generally consider as innocent and harmself intitled to at least a moiety, finding less._He was probably a Sadducee, or Jewour Lord's authority highly respected as a ish Epicurean philosopher, who thought prophet, wished to engage him to ar- he had done enough, and wow looked only bitrate between himself and his brother, in to enjoyment. But how miserable his dis hope to gain his point. Our Lord, who appointment! Instead of enjoyment, the carefully avoided any interference in secu• decree was gone forth which assigned ove lar concerns, replied sharply," Man, who all his property to his heirs; and the sum made me a judge, or a divider over you?" mons which called him to the bar of judg and evidently perceiving that he was ivflu- ment. What a warning this to thousands enced by a principle of covetousness, de- but by how few bas it been attended to livered the following parable to caution bim Had he formed plans of benevolence any agaiost that evil and dangerous disposition. charity; had he said, Soul, bestir thysel A certain great agriculturist had an estate, in the cause of God, or of the poor, per rich and fertile, insomuch that he was haps, as in the case of Hezekiah, fifice distressed for room to bestow the produce. more years might have been added to bi He resolves therefore to pull down his con- life; or if not, the intention would hav tracted barns, and build greater; and in- been accepted for the deed, by him wb stead of labouring in future, to retire from reads the inteotions of the heart.

Notes-Chap. XII. Con. Ver. 19. Much goods-Doddr. " An abundance of 'These sentiments are parallel to those of our Lord

sermon on the inount, Matt. vi. 25-31. Ver. 20. Thy soul shall be required-Marg.“ Do Ver. 24. Consider the ravens - Matt. “ Fowls, they require thy soul:"i. e. the angels, or messen- or birds. If these sentiments were repeated at di gers of death. See chap. xvi. 9.

ferent times, probably our Lord might have differe Ver. 21. Rich towards God - that is, in faith and kinds of birds within his view. Ravens live charity. The expression is forcible, and seems to flesh, which inight make the argument more strikin imply that God is the good man's banker.

See Job XXXVII. 41; Ps. cxlviii. 9. Ver. 22–31. And he said unto his disciples, &c.


The duty of servants] CHAP. XII.

[to wait and watch. oven; how much more will he clothe you, 40 Be ye therefore ready also : for Oye of little faith? 29 And seek not the Son of man cometh at an hour ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither he ye of doubtful mind.

when ye think not. 30 For all these things do the nations of 41 Then Peter said unto him, the world seek after : and your father Lord, speakest thou this parable unto knoweth that ye have need of these things. us, or even to all ? 31 But rather seek ye the kingdom of God; and all these things shall be added

42 And the Lord said, Who then upto you.

is that faithful and wise steward, 32 f Fear not, little flock; for it is whom his lord shall make ruler over your Father's good pleasure to give his houshold, to give them their poryou the kingdom.

tion of meat in due season? 33 Sell that ye have, and give 43 Blessed is that servant, whom alms ; provide yourselves bags which his lord when he cometh shall find so wax not old, a treasure in the heavens doing. that faileth not, where no thief ap. 44. Of a truth I say unto you, that proacheth, neither moth corrupteth. he will make him ruler over all that

34 For where your treasure is, there he hath. will your heart be also.

45 But and if that servant say in 35 Let your loins be girded about his heart, My lord delayeth bis comand your lights burning;

ing; and shall begin to beat the men. 36 And ye yourselves like unto servants and maidens, and to eat and men that wait for their lord, when he drink, and to be drunken ; will return from the wedding ; that 46 The lord of that servant will when he cometh and knocketh, they come in a day when he looketh not may open unto him immediately. for him, and at an hour when he is

37 Blessed are those servants, not aware, and will cut him in sunder, whom the Lord when he cometh shall and will appoint him his portion with find watching : verily I say unto you, the unbelievers. that he shall gird himself, and make 47 And that servant, which knew them to sit down to meat, and will his lord's will, and prepared not him. come forth and serve them.

self, neither did according to his will, 38 And if he shall come in the shall be beaten with many stripes. second watch, or come in the third 48 But he that knew not, and did watch, and find them so, blessed are commit things worthy of stripes, shall those servants.

be beaten with few stripes. For unto 39 And this know, that if the good whomsoever much is given, of him man of the house had known what shall be much required : and to whom hour the thief would come, he would men have committed much, of him have watched, and not have suffered they will ask the more. (2) his house to be broken through.

EXPOSITION. (Z) Ver. 32–48. The duty of watchfuls for bim, with lights in their hands, and ness enforced by two short parables.-In their loins girded, ready to attend him; in the first of these, the lord is represented which case he is pleased to intimate, as having gone to a marriage, the time of that they shall find the kindest returns his return from which is quite uncertain: when he shall come. (ver.37.) his servants are therefore required to wait Peter, upon this, enquires whether the

NOTES. Ver. 32. Fear not, little flock-Gr." little, little;" Ver. 39. And this know.--See Matt, xxiv. 43, a double diminutive. Perhaps the allusion may here Ver. 42-46. That faithful and wise steward. be to a flock of birds.

This parable bears a close analogy to that in Matt. Ver. 33, 34. Sed that ye have.-See Matt. xix. 21; xxiv. 45-51, which therefore see. vi. 19-21.

Ver. 46. Cut him in sunder-Marg, “Cut him off.» Ver. 35, 36, Let your loins be girded, &c.—This Compare Note on Matt. xxiv. 61. seems to refer to the parable of the marriage, Matt.

Ver. 48. He that knew not. - See John ix, 4); xxv. 1-13.

Acts xvii. 31); James iv. 17.

[of the times.

The signs]

S. LUKE. [Omit, and pass to Chap. xiii.] with thine adversary to the magistrate, 49 I am come to send fire on the earth; as thou art in the way, give diligence that and what will I, if it be already kindled? thou mayest be delivered from him; lest 50 But I have a baptism to be baptized he hale thee to the judge, and the judge with; and how am I straitened till it be deliver thee to the officer, and the officer accomplished ! 51 Suppose ye that I cast thee into prison.

59 I tell thee, am come to give peace on earth ? I tell thou shalt not depart thence, till thou hast you, Nay; but rather division : 52 For paid the very last mite. from henceforth there shall be five in one house divided, three against two, and two

CHAP. XIII. against three. 53 The father shall be divided against the son, and the son against THER

HERE were present at that seater , and the daughter against the mother; Galileans, whose blood Pilate had

son some that told them of the the mother in law against her daughterin law, and the daughter in law against her mingled with their sacrifices. mother in law. 54 And he said also to the 2 And Jesus answering said unto people, When ye see a cloud rise out of the them, Suppose ye that these Galileans west, straightway ye say, There cometh a shower; and so it is. 55 And when ye

were sinners above all the Galileans, see the south wind blow, ye say, There because they suffered such things? will be, heat; and it cometh to pass. 3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye 56. Ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face repent, ye shall all likewise perish, of the sky and of the earth ; but how is it that ye do not discern this time?

57 Yea,

4 Or those eighteen, upon whom and why even of yourselves judge ye not

the tower in Siloam fell, and slew what is right?, 58 When thou goest them, think ye that they were sinners

EXPOSITION—Chap. XII. Continued. parable was intended for them (the apos- can alone remove the fear of death, by retles) only, or for all his followers. This moving guilt from the conscience, and by question is answered by another parable, giving us a good hope through grace.' still more alarming, because a severe But without a heavenly mind, our prepapunishment is attached to the neglect,' ration is not complete; that is, we cannot especially of those who knew their lord's

long to depart, and to be with Christ,' as will, and were warned of his approach, far better than any portion in the present

which is both their case and ours. To world. be prepared for our Lord's coming implies “: All this is implied in that watchfulness two things : 1. To he truly and cordially which our Lord Jesus Christ here inculengaged in his service; and, 2. To be con- cates. The argument which he urges to stantly on the look out, as expecting his arrival. Christian watchfulness, remarks is, the uncertainty of life: o Be ye also

enforce the necessity of being thus ready a pious writer," implies that the person is ready, for in such an hour as ye think not, careful to have his affections happily loos- the Son of man cometh.' ened from the world; for without this, he The apostle (Peter) speaks of it as will not be willing to leave it. Bound by the posture of mind common to the primithose ties in their full strength, he must be tive Christians, that they continued • looktorn piece-meal from the earth; and iu ing for, and hastening to the day of God,' such a case, how unfit eitber to meet death, like persons pressing 10 a desired object. or to enter upon the joys which are at God's O that this may be my frame! May I not right hand !

act like those who say, ' Where is the pro** It further implies, that there is no mise of his coming? but like those who guilt oppressing the conscience; but that consider him at the very door: and in this the persou has washed his garments, and posture may I say with David, “Now, made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Lord, what wait I fór? Truly ny hope is in It is faith in the Redeemer .... which thee.'" (Ward's Reflect. p. 123, 124.)

NOTES. Ver. 49–53. I am come to send, &c. - Camp." I the garden and on the cross. Both verses express, came to throw fire on the earth : and what would I

in the strongest manner, our Lord's desire for the acbut that it were kindled?” That is, “ since the

complishment of his mission, whatever might be advancement of true religion, which is the greatest the consequences. blessing to mankind, must be attended with such unhappy divisions, i even long till they take place." CHAP. XIII. Ver. 3. All likewise perish-Dojdi.

Ver. 60. I have a baptism, &c. and how am I “Thus perish,” implying a similarity between their straightened—Marg. and Camp." Pained." This fate and that of the whole nation, as intimated in baptism refers doubtless to our Lord's sufferings, our Exposition. in which he was literally bathed in blood, both in Ver. 4. Sinners-Marg. " debtors."

« PreviousContinue »