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The duty of]
CHAP. V. [searching the Scriptures. 38 And ye have not his word abiding 44 How can ye believe, which rein you: for whom he hath sent, him ceive hunour one of another, and seek ye believe not.
not the honuur that cometh from God 39 Search the Scriptures ; for in only ? them ye think ye have eternal life: 45 Do not think that I will accuse and they are they which testify of me, you to the Father : there is one that
40 And ye will not come to me, that accuseth you, even Moses, in whom ye might bave life.
ye trust. 41 I receive not honour from men. 46 For had ye believed Moses, ye
42 But I know you, that ye have not would have believed me : for he wrote the love of God in you.
uf me. 43 I am cume in my Father's name, 47 But if ye believe nut his and ye receive me not: if another shall writings, how shall ye believe my come in his uwn name, him ye will words? (P) receive,
EXPOSITION. shall come forth; they that, being ani- evidence. (see Note on ver. 31.) “But there mated by a lively faith, have done good is another who beareth witness,” referring (works, to the resurrection of life" eter. to God his Father, “ and I know (adds he) nal; and “ they that have done evil, unto that his witness is true," and valid, and inthe resurrection of condemnation."
disputable-referring to the witness borne (P) Ver. 31–47. Jesus appeals to his from heaven at his baptism, “ This is heavenly Father, to John the Baptist, to my beloved Son.”'_“Ye sent messengers his own miracles, and to the Scriptures, in unto John the Baptist, and he bare witness evidence of his divine mission.-Our Lord unto the truth.” “ But I receive not," or having before told the Jews, “ The Son can rather take not, “ witness from men." I do nothing of bimself,” now repeats it in look to bigher authority. "The works the first person, I can of mine own self which the Father hath given me to finish" do nothing;” but the two propositions do' -the miracles I perform, the doctrines I not refer exactly to the same point. In the deliver, and the sufferings I am about to former he is speaking of his miracles, all endure-all“ bear witness of me"-all which were wrought in harmony with the testify the divinity of my character and divine operations of the Father. Here he mission. speaks of passing judgment at the last day: But the following verse demands a more “As I hear (says he) I judge;" that is, I particular attention. “The Father himjudge from evidence“ and my judgment self bath borne witness of me: ye have is just, because I seek not mine own will, neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen but the will of the Father which bath sent his shape," or appearance; that is, the me." Nothing so much biases the mind glory of his person. It is true, that Deity in judgment as having some interest in the is invisible, and it is only in a figurative cause, or a will of our own to be consulted. sense that men can be said to hear his The will of Christ is wholly absorbed in voice; yet we so frequently read of Moses that of his heavenly Father. So he prayed, and other prophets seeing the divine glory, when in the scene of his deepest 'mental and hearing the voice of God, that we are agonies, “ Father, not my will, but thine strongly inclined to read the passage in
terrogatively, as is done by several modern In evidence of his mission, Jesus appeals critics and divines, as follows : “ Have ye first to his heavenly Father : “ If I only neither beard his voice at any time, nor bear witness of myself." savs our Lord. seen his appearance? and have ve pot his "my witness is not valid" not admissible in word abiding in (or among) you, that ye
NOTES. Ver. 39. Search the Scriptures. The words may to a lion scogring the plain, to trace the footsteps of be read either imperatively or indicatively: our trans a inan who had robbed his den. See Leigh's Crit. lators prefer the former, both Doddr. and Camp. Sac. the latter. Bat some read this also interrogatively, Ver. 43. If another should come in his own name. *Do ye search,” &o. The term search is noted by --Some think this refers particularly to Barchoche. the critics as remarkably emphatic and expressive. bas, a noted impostor in the succeeding age; but, Some take it as an allusion to miners in search of as Doddr, observes, there were many other false the precious metals : otbers think it refers to hunters Messiahs, scenting their game; but Homer uses it in reference
Jesus feedeth more than] S. JOHN.
[ five thousand.
in the place. So the men sat down, CHAP. VI.
in number about five thousand. AFTER these things Jesus went
11 And Jesus took the loaves; and over the sea of Galilee, which is when he had given thanks, he distrithe sea of Tiberias.
buted to the disciples, and the disci2 And a great multitude followed him, ples to them that were set down; and because they saw his miracles which he lik wise of the fishes as much as they did on them that were diseased. would.
3. And Jesus went up into a moun- 12 When they were filled, he said tain, and there he sat with his disci- untu his disciples, Gather up the fragples.
ments that remain, that nothing be lost. 4 And the Passover, a feast of the 13 Therefore they gathered them Jews, was nigh.
together, and filled twelve baskets with 5 When Jesus then lifted up his the fragments of the five barley loaves, eyes, and saw a great company come which remained over and above unto unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence them that had eaten. shall we buy bread, that these may 14 Then those men, when they had eat?
seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, 6 And this he said to prove him: This is of a truth that prophet that for he himself knew what he would do. should come into the world.
7 Philip answered him, Two hun- 15 When Jesus therefore perceived dred pennyworth of bread is not suffi- that they would come and take him by cient for them, that every one of them force, to make him a king, he demay take a little.
parted again into a mountain himself 8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Si- alone. mon Peter's brother, saith unto him, 16 And when even was now come,
9 There is a lad here, which hath his disciples went down unto the sea, ive barley lwaves, and two small fishes : 17 And entered into a ship, and but what are they among so many? went over the sea toward Capernaum.
10 And Jesus said, Make the men And it was now dark, and Jesus was sit down. Now there was much grass not come to them.
EXPOSITION-Chap. V. Continued. believe not on him whom he hath seut?" catively or imperatively, they contain a The former question is understood to refer
most important duty-the searching of the to the divine appearance which bore wit. Scriptures, which should certainly be diliness to the Saviour at his baptism, as gently attended to, by all who consider above-mentioned, when the Father testi
them as containing eternal life. But the fied from heaven, “ This is my beloved searching here is more than barely reading Son." The latter question relates to the them--more than idly criticising them : the sacred oracles entrusted with them, of Jews did both these, but they did not seek which our Lord speaks distinctly in the fol- for eternal life in thein, or they would have lowing verse: “Search the Scriptures," led them to Jesus for that eternal life ; for or, as some read the text indicatively, “ Ye they spake of him-and to "him gave all (do) search the Scriptures, for in them ye the prophets witness." think ye have eternal life, and they are
" We read the heavenly word, they which testify of me.' (See Note on
We take the offer'd grace; verse 37.)
Obey the statutes of the Lord, But whether these words be taken indi
And trust his promises."
NOTES. CHAP. VI. Ver. 15. To make him a kiny -Dod. land ;-hut, 1. They wished to avoid any of the peo. dridge suggests that his ability of feeding multitudes ple following them. 2. They were sailors, and had by miracle might suggest to them, how easy it might got their boat, and therefore preferred going by be for him to maintain an army!
water; but a storm arising, instead of Bethsaida, Ver. 17. Went over the sea ioward Capernaum.- they were driven farther, even to Capernaum. The Mark says, “ to the other side," as we read it; but term other side, seems equally applicable to the Camp. renders it, "and pass over toward Bethsaida."
other end. Doddr. understands it, of the other side 'ow these places were all on the same side of the a creek, near Bethsaida. e with Tiberias, and might all be travelled by
[on the water. - 18 And the sea arose by reason of a 20 But he saith unto them, It is I; great wind that blew.
be not afraid. 19 So when they had rowed about 21 Then they willingly received him five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they into the ship: and immediately the see Jesus walking on the sea, and draw- ship was at the land whither they ing nigh unto the ship: and they were went. (Q) afraid.
sign, in order to spend some time in pri(9) Ver. 1—21. Jesus feedeth five thou- vate prayer, as he was accustomed to do, sand by miracle ; then withdraws from them, both night and morning, in the lonely and walks on the sea to his disciples.-Both solitude of a mouutain. When evening these miracles baving been already brought came on, the disciples, by his previous dibefore our readers, we shall here chiefly rection, took shipping to cross the sea or confine ourselves to incidents, or circum- lake of Galilee, toward Capernaum, while stances, not before mentioned. The mi- the people, finding themselves deserted racle of feeding 5000 men, beside women by Jesus not returning, as they probably and children, with a few loaves and fishes, expected, naturally dispersed themselves is recorded by all the Evangelists : our re- to their several homes. marks have been confined to the narrative 2. We now find the disciples embarked of Matthew (cb. xiv. 14-21). We shall upon the sea, the night dark and stormy, subjoin two or three more.
and, what was worse than all, their Mas1. We observe, that this being just be- ter was not with them. After rowing hard fure Passover time (ver. 4), alınost the for between 20 and 30 furlongs, they at last whole population of the country was now see an object upon the water, at which they gathering together (particularly of the are startled, and, in their agitation, conmales), and that a great part of them were clude it must be a ghost or spirit, which at a distance from home, aud had no oc- adds not a little to their terror. Their fears, cupation here, but to attend the feast; hear- wwever, as often ours do, prove unfounded. ing, therefore, tbat a new prophet was arisen, It was their Master, whose care and symwho had wrought great iniracles, they pa- pathy had brought him to their aid, and imturally thronged to see and hear him; mediately as he stepped into the vessel, the and bis iniracles appeared so extraordinary, storm subsided, and they reached the land, and bis discourses so much superior to On this miracle, which is also related by those of their Rabbies, that they were un. Matthew, immediately after the preceding, willing to separate or leave bim, notwith- we have there offered a few observations, standing the inconveniences of hunger and and shall bere add only a recollection of fatigue. Jesus, however, who felt for the principal circumstances from the Meevery one's sufferiogs but his owo, deter- ditations of the pious Bishop Taylor :mined at once both to satisfy their necessi- “ He that left his Father's kingdom to ties, and to demonstrate his own miracu. take upon him the miseries and infelicities bus powers. He did so; and to make the of this world, fled from the offers of a kingdemonstration more complete, as well as dom, and their tumultuary election, as to exclude all waste, the fragments were from an enemy; and, therefore, sending gathered up, and filled twelve baskets, bis disciples to the ship before towards which showed that the surplus only, far ex. Bethsaila, he ran into the mountains to ceeded the food originally set before them. hide himself, till the multitude should The people were hereby fully convinced scatter to their several habitations; he, in that he niust be the Great Prophet, so long the mean time, taking the opportunity of and so often predicted from the time of that retirement for the advantage of his Moses to that of Malachi; and, therefore, prayers. But when the apostles were far without cousulting him, intended to take engaged in the deep, a great tempest arose, him “ by force," and proclaim him Mes- with which they were pressed to the last siah the King.' ()ur Lord Jesus, however, extremity of danger labouring in sadthose kingdom was of'a very different kind ness and hopelessness till the fourth watch from that which they contemplated, know- of the night, when, in the midst of their ing their design, withdrew from them, pro- fears and labour, Jesus came walking on bably while they were maturing their de- the sea, and appeared to them, which
Many follow Jesus for] S. JOHN. [the loaves and fishes.
22 T The day following, when the perisheth, but for that meat which enpeople which stood on the other side of dureth unto everlasting life, which the the sea saw that there was none other Son of man shall give unto you: for boat there, save that one whereinto his him hath God the Father sealed. disciples were entered, and that Jesus 28 Then said they unto him, What went not with his disciples into the shall we do, that we might work the boat, but that his disciples were gone works of God? away alone;
29 Jesus answered and said unto 23 (Howbeit there came other boats them, This is the work of God, that ye from Tiberias nigh unto the place where believe on him whom he hath sent. they did eat bread, after that the Lord 30 They said therefore unto him, had given thanks :)
What sign shewest thou then, that we 24 When the people therefore saw may see, and believe thee? what dost that Jesus was not there, neither his thou work? disciples, they also took shipping, and 31 Our fathers did eat manna in the came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus. desert; as it is written, He gave them
25 And when they had found him on bread from heaven to eat. the other side of the sea, they said unto 32 Then Jesus said unto them, Vehim, Rabbi, when camest thou hither ? rily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave
26 Jesus answered them and said, you not that bread from heaven; but Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek my Father giveth you the true bread me, not because ye saw the miracles, from heaven. but because ye did eat of the loaves, 33 For the bread of God is he which and were filled.
cometh down from heaven, and giveth 27 Labour not for the meat which life unto the world.
EXPOSITION—Chap. VI. Continued. turned their fears into affrightments ; for the ship, when his fears began to weigh they supposed it to have been a spirit: but him down, and he cried, “ Lord, save me. he appeased their fears with his presence, Jesus took him by the hand, reproved the and the manifestatiou who he was ; wbich timorousness of his faith, and went with yet they desired to have proved by a sign. him into the ship; where, when they had For Simon Peter said, “ Lord, if it be thou, worshipped him, and admired the diviuity bid mecome unto thce on the water." (Matt. of his power and person, they came .... xiv. 28.) The Lord did so, and Peter, throw- to their (desired) port immediately.". ing himself upon the confidence of his Mas- (Life of Christ, Pt. iii. $ 14.) ter's power and providence, came out of
NOT ES-Chap. VI. Con. Ver. 22. None other boat -The same vessel is in our parts .... we are obliged to eat, and therefore ver. 17 called a ship, which shows what humble we work.' .... Pardon me, father, 1 perceive my ships these were. It is evident they had both sails mistake.'- I do,' subjoined the old man ; but reand oars.
member, Martha is as necessary a Christian as Ver. 23. Tiberias was a fort, near the south-west Mary."-Claude's Essay, vol. ii. 145. N. corner of the lake or sea of Tiberias-otherwise called Ibid. Him hath God ihe Father sealed-That is, the lake of Gennesareth, Cinnereth, and Galilee. ratified his mission by the power of working miracles.
Ver. 27. Labour (Marg. work) not for the meat Ver 32. Moses gave you not that bread from that perisheth.- This is a precept very liable to heaven.-Camp., “not the bread of heaven." He be abused by idle people us in the following in- observes-" Here, though the difference in ex. stance from an ancient writer:"A certain brother pression is but small, the difference in meaning is came to the Convent of Mount Sinai, and finding the considerable.” The expression, “ bread from Monks all at work, shook his head, and said to the heaven,'' seems to “point only to the place from Abbot, • Labour not for the meat that perisheth, which the manna came. The pronoun that, which Mary chose the good part.'-Zachary,' said the is quite unwarranted, conduces much to this apold Abbot to his servant, give the brother a book, pearance.” and show him into a cell.' There sat the Monk alune Ver. 33. He which cometh down from heaven.all day long. At night, wondering that nobody had Doddr, and Camp. “ That which descendeth from called him to dinner, be goes to the Abbot. Father heaven." The latter says, “ Let it be observed, (says be), don't the brethren eat to-day?-_-0 yes,' that (ho artos) to which this participle (descendeth) replied the Abbot, they have eaten plentifally refers, is of the masculine gender, and, by conse. And why (added the Monk) did you not call me?' quence, susceptible of the interpretation I have giren • Because, brother (replied the Abbot), you are a spi- it..... The request in the next verse shows that he ritual man, and have no need of carnal food. For
was not yet understood, as speaking of a person."
Christ the true]
[bread of life. 34 Then said they unto him, Lord, not to do mine own will, but the will evermore give us this bread. • of him that sent me.
35 And Jesus said unto them, I am 39 And this is the father's will the bread of life: be that cometh to which hath sent me, that of all which me shall never hunger; and he that he hath given me I should lose nothing, believeth on me shall never thirst. but should raise it up again at the last
36 But I said unto you, That ye day. also have seen me, and believe not. 40 And this is the will of him that
37 All that the Father giveth me sent me, that every one which seeth the sball come to me; and him that cometh Son, and believeth on him, may have to me I will in no wise cast out. everlasting life: and I will raise him
38 For I came down from heaven, up at the last day. (R)
EXPOSITION. (R) Ver. 22–40. Many of the people fol- in the desert-as it is written, « He gave low Jesus to Capernaum, who reproves them them bread from heaven." (Ps. Ixxviii. 24.) for their improper motive, and recommends That is, manna was rained upon them himself to them as the bread of life.-Among from the clouds; but this true “ bread of the multitudes which followed our Lord, it heaven” was from a higher source. “Our must be expected that they were influenced Lord's declaration, as I imagine (says Dr. by different motives, as are doubtless most Campbell), imports, that it is in a subornumerous congregations in the present day dinate sense only, that what dropped from Those who had formed a plan of aggran- the clouds, and was sent for the nourishdizement, and who thought of being made ment of the body, still mortal, could be ministers of state, by making him a king, called the bread of heaven; being but a were probably so much disappointed, that type of that which descended from the heathey followed him no farther. Those, how. ven of heavens, for nourishing the inmorever, who were gratified by being feasted tal soul unto eternal life, and which is with the loaves and fishes, at free cost, fol- therefore, in the most sublime sense, the lowed him to Capernaum, probably ex- bread of heaven.” pecting to be fed again in like mauner. To But sume of the Jews, for we must not these our Lord now addresses himself, ex- suppose they were all of the same class, horting them to labour and strive, not for demand a miracle to support their faith. the food that perisbes, but for that which Perhaps these had not been at the mira. endureth unto eternal life, and which the culous feast on the preceding day, but had Sou of man alone could give them. They subsequently joined the party. If they bad now enquire, and our Lord explains, what heen, it conórms our Lord's assertion, that that work or labour is, which he recom- they followed him “fur the loaves and iends; and what that food is, which en- fishes," and therefore wished for another dures unto eternal life.
miracle of the same nature; which is the The work of God is faith. By “ the work more likely, if, as we may reasonably supof God," it is evident that the Jews meant, pose, the miraculous bread and fishes of the work, or duty, which God required of which they had partaken, were of the same them; and, by our Lord's answer, this is superior flavour as the miraculous wine of stated to be faith in him, and a cordial re Cana. (Chap. ii. 10.) ception of him, as the Messiah. This faith But to return to our Lord's discourse. is explained as receiving him, and living He tells them, that the true “ bread of upon him spiritually, as we do upon bread heaven" had not only the power of mainand animal food, naturally. The mention taining, but also of giving life-" The of bread naturally enough reminded the bread of God is he (or rather that) which Jews of the manna which their fathers ate cometh down from heaven, and giveth life
NOTES. Ver. 37. Shall come to me.- Doddr. renders it, is omitted by Mills, and other critics. He therefore " will come;" because (adds he)" would not lead reads, “ This is the will of him that sent me;" as any, in mere dependance on a translation, to build a in the next verse- Lose nothing-Doddr. and weak argument on the word shall, which it is well Camp. " Lose none," referring to persons. known has sometimes been done." I will in no Ver. 40. Every one which seeth the Son.-Camp. wise,Doddr." By no means." The original is very “recognizeth." Doddr. " who views the Son with emphatical.
an attentive eye." But both are foreign to the Scrip. Ver. 39. This is the Father's will which hath sent ture style : we should rather render it, “who me.-Camp. remarks the word patros (father is looketh to the Son," alluding perhaps to the brazen wanting in several MS. versions and fathers, and serpent. See ch. iii. 14, 15.