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Christ prays for]

S. JOHN

[his disciples. 18 As thou hast sent me into the they may be made perfect in one; world, even so have I also sent them and that the world may know that into the world.

thou hast sent me, and hast loved 19 And for their sakes I sanctify them, as thou hast loved me. myself, that they also might be sanc- 24 Father, I will that they also, tified through the truth.

whoin thou hast given me, be with me 20 Neither pray I for these alone, where I am ; that they may behold my but for them also which shall believe glory, which thou hast given me: for on me through their word;

thou lovedst me before the foundation 21 That they all may be one; as of the world. thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, 25 O righteous Father, the world that they also may be one in us : that hath not known thee: but I have the world may believe that thou hast known thee, and these have known sent me.

that thou hast sent me. 22 And the glory which thou 26 And I have declared unto them gavest me I have given them; that thy name, and will declare it: that they may be one, even as we are the love wherewith thou hast loved

may be in them, and I in 23 I in them, and thou in me,

that

them. (B)

one:

me

EXPOSITION—Chap. XVII. Continued. mourned for him (Zech. xii. 10), and were paraphrased hy Dr. Doddridge—“None of consequently forgiven, and received into them is lost, unless it be counted, as a kind of the bosom of his church; but of the mass exception, that the son of perdition perishes of Scribes, and Pharisees, apd Priests, it by his iniquity—that the Scripture might is much to be feared that, with few excep- be fulfilled.” (See Ps. cix. 8; Acts i. 20.) tions, they died impenitent, and perished. For this man, therefore, Christ offered up “ Our Lord knew (says Dr. Boothroyd) no prayer. that they were to be rejected for their For the faithful eleven, however, and for hardness of heart, impenitency, and unbe- all other sincere disciples associated with lief ; and hence submitted to the will of them, our Lord presents this simple and the Father, in this as on all other occa- earnest petition : “ Holy Father, keep

sions."

through thine own name, those whom thor There is, however, another difficulty in hast given me, tbat they may be one, a this section of Scripture, which, as it is an we are;" united in heart, in object, ang essential part of our plan to obviate diffi- design: but the full import of this prayel culties, we cannot pass unnoticed. Speak- we can never comprehend till we under ing of his Apostles more particularly, our stand the union between the Father and Lord says, "I kept them in thy name," the Son. It is enough that we know, tha and none of them is lost but the son of to be like God, and to be conformed to the perdition, that the Scripture might be ful- image of the Saviour, constitute completi filled. 1. We cannot suppose that this aud eternal happiness. has any reference to the divine decrees, or that any one soul could be lost whom God (B) Ver. 13—26. Our Lord continues ti had predestined to salvation ; nor 2. does pray for his disciples, that they may á it appear that Judas ever gave any proof preserved in peace, and truth, and love.of being drawn by the Father's grace: his Our Lord bere gives his disciples to under character, though artfully concealed, was stand that the reason of his praying fo perfectly consistent, and was most de- them thus audibly was, the comfort ani cidedly that of a worldly-minded man. satisfaction they might derive from hear The text is, therefore, thus judiciously ing the interest which they had in his af

NOTESẠChap. XVII. Con. Ver. 19. Sanctified through the truth.-Marg. Doddridge includes both senses-" I importuostel « truly sanctified :" but we here prefer the text. ask, and in consequence of the mutual transaction

Ver. 24. Father, I will.--Camp. “ I would.” So between us, am bold to claun." It is a petitio Beza, Witsius, &c. and compare Mark vi. 25; x. 35. founded on a previous engagement,

He is betrayed]
CHAP. XVIII.

(and apprehended. CHAP. XVIII.

times resorted thither with his dis

ciples. WHEN Jesus had spoken these 3 Judas then, having received a

words, he went forth with his band of men and officers from the disciples over the brook Cedron, where Chief Priests and Pharisees, cometh tras a garden, into the which he en- thither with lanterns and torches and tered, and his disciples.

weapons. 2 And Judas also, which betrayed 4 Jesus therefore, knowing all him, knew the place : for Jesus oft. things that should come upon him,

EXPOSITION. fections and his prayers; that their joy in The doctrines of Scripture show its nature kim might be complete and perfect. (See and indispensable necessity; the precepts Note ver, 13,)

urge and enforce it on us; the promises The term sanctify, in the following verses animate and encourage us to pursue it ; (17 and 19), as applied to Christ and to his and its histories present us with the purest people, must be somewhat differently ex- and mast instructive examples. David plained. Christ being himself without was sanctified thereby, as he inforıps us at sin, could need not to be sanctified, in the large in the 119th Psalm. 2. How do love usual meaning of the term : but for their aud unity among Christians promote the sakes, who were sinners, as we are, he conversion of the world ? Certainly nothing sanctified, devoted, or (as some express it) has a more direct tendency thereto, if we casecrated himself as an atoning sacrifice consult either reason or matter of fact. to God in tbeir behalf, that, through their Love and union are things in themselves cordial belief in this truth, they might be so estimable, that they are readily acknowsanetified, both in their personal expe- ledged by all men to be divine : and what rience, and in their ministerial character did the heathen say wheu they saw this in be devoted to the circulation of the truth the lives and conduct of the primitive and the conversion of the world.

Christiaus? “See how these Christians Oar Saviour then extends his prayers love !" And it is much to be feared that beyond his present disciples beyond the the schisms and animosities among Christlimits of the then present age, and beyond jans have made more infidels than the the boundary of the Jewish church :- writings of all the sceptical philosophers "Neither pray ! for these alone, but for in the world. Few men can argue deeply, them also that shall believe on me through but all meu can read our lives. their word: that they be one—that is, per- But to proceed with our Exposition.-It fectly united in heart and affection, in a may be asked, “ Wbat is tbat glory which like holy and mysterious manner as thou, the Father gave to Christ, and which he in Father, art with me; “ that they also may like manner gave to his apostles. (ver. 22.) be one in os : that the world (Gentile as Some refer this to the miraculous powers well as Jewish] may believe that thou hast with which, as man, Jesus was endued, sent me."

and wbich be conferred on his apostles ; This passage presents some very inte. otbers to that Christian love and unity resting enquiries, which we have only spoken of in the preceding verse, and room to suggest to the meditations of our which, wherever they prevail, are truly the readers. 1. How does the word of God glory of Christianity ; but we are inclined become the means or instrument of our to think it should be understood more litesanctification: Undoubtedly by the pe- rally, of that glory to which Christ himfusal and contemplation of the Seriptures, self was about to be advanced; to which under the influences of the Holy Spirit. he had promised to advance tbem, and [ear of Malchus.

NOTES. CHAP. XVIII. Ver. 1. The brook Cedron-Ke- think, from the blackness of its waters, which some lon, or Kidron, is a rivulet running between Jeru- have compared to the river Fleet (before the erection sales and Mount Olivet, which empties itself into of Blackfriars-bridge), whose waters were always the dead sea. It is a narrow stream, with little black and filthy. See Taylor's Calmet, and Script water, except in the rainy season, when it carried Geog. in Kidron. of all the blth of the city and temple into the dead Ver. 3. A band of men.-Camp, “ The Cohort," 12 The name signifies dark or black, and it was a Roman troop of about 500 men, to guard against a

called, as some suppose, from the darkness of rescue, the baston calley through which it runs; but others

am he.

Peter cuts off the]

S. JOHN. went forth, and said unto them, 12 Then the band and the captain Whom seek ye?

and officers of the Jews took Jesus, 5 They answered him, Jesus of and bound him, Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I 13 And led him away to Annas

And Judas also, which be- first ; for he was father in law to Caiatrayed him, stood with them.

phas, which was the High Priest that 6 As soon then as he had said unto

same year. them, I am he, they went backward, 14 Now Caiaphas was he, which and fell to the ground.

gave counsel to the Jews, that it was 7 Then asked he them again, expedient that one man should die for Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus the people. of Nazareth.

15 And Simon Peter followed 8 Jesus answered, I have told you Jesus, and so did another disciple: that I am he: if therefore

me, that disciple was known unto the let these go their way:

High Priest, and went in with Jesus 9 That the saying might be fulfilled into the palace of the High Priest. which he spake, Of them which thou 16 But Peter stood at the door gavest me have I lost none.

without. Then went out that other 10 Then Simon Peter having a disciple, which was known unto the sword drew it, and smote the High High Priest, and spake unto her that Priests servant, and cut off his right kept the door, and brought in Peter. ear. The servant's name was Malchus. 17 Then saith the damsel that kept

11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, the door unto Peter, Art not thou also Put up thy sword into the sheath : the one of this man's disciples? He saith, cup which my Father hath given me, I am not. shall I not drink it?

18 And the servants and officers

ye seek

EXPOSITION-Chap. XVII. Continued. concerning which he thus speaks in the dation of the world.” This most intenext verse : “ Father, I would that they resting prayer concludes with requesting whom thou hast given me be with me that the love which the Father had shown where I am (going], that they may behold to him, as Mediator, might also be shown (and participate] my glory.” For wher- to them, and that they might enjoy the ever our Lord speaks of his disciples indwelling residence both of the Father beholding his glory, it is, we believe, al- and of the Son-according to his former ways with the understanding that they promise : “If any man love me he will were to participate in the glory wbich they keep my words; and my Father will love beheld : and this glory is here expressly him, and we will come unto him, and make stated to be that which our Lord himself our abode with him.” (ch. xiv. 23.) enjoyed with the Father “before the foun

NOTES-Chap. XVIII. Con. Ver. 5. Judas .... stood with them.--Judas was Ver. 15. The palace-(Gr. aulen), which means probably aware of Peter's roshness, and thought it

an open court or hall; which the late Mr. Taylor safest to shelter himself among the officers,

understood of a part of llie temple appropriated to Ver. 9. Have I lost none. This shows that Judas his use. Compare our Notes on Matt. xxvi. 38; and was not one whom the Father had really given to Luke xxii. 55. Christ. See Note on chap. xvii. 12.

Ver. 16. Her that kept the door.- Among the anVer. 11. Put up thy sword.-See Matt. xxvi. cients and probably the Jews), women were often ver. 52, 53,- - The cup. See Note on Matt. xxvi. 39. employed as door-keepers. Orient. Lit. 1372. Or

Ver. 12. The captain.- The Greek (Chiliar kos) perhaps it was one of the door-keeper's family, in his is properly the commander of 1000 men, and answers absence, to our term Colonel. The Romans called them Mi. Ver. 18. A fire of coals-Not pit-coal, we suplitary Tribunes.

pose, but wood or charcoal. Camp. reads, “ Now Ver. 13. And led him away, &c.-In the margin the servants and officers stood near a fire which they of our larger Bibles, verse 24 is here introduced, which had made, because it was cold,” &c. The nights at seems to be its natural place, with the omission this season were osten very cold, though the days only of " had."

were hot.-Harmer.

Jesus taken]
CHAP. XVIII.

[before Caiaphas. stood there, who had made a fire of 19 | The High Priest then asked coals; for it was cold : and they Jesus of his disciples, and of his docwarmed themselves : and Peter stood trine. with them, and warmed himself. (C) 20 Jesus answered him, I spake

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XVIII.

more especially to religious zealots, who, (C) Ver. 1-18. Jesus betrayed, and car- like Saul of Tarsus, “ breathe out threatried before the High Priest.--Our Lord had ening and slaughter" against all who difno sooner concluded bis address to his dis fer from them in religion. It is “ the sword ciples, and the prayer which followed, than of the Spirit” only, which becomes the he crossed the brook Kidron, and entered hand of an apostle, or Christian minister. his favourite retreat, the garden of Geth- Our Lord adds these memorable wordssemane, which probably belonged to une « The cup which my Father giveth me, of his disciples (see Note on Matt. xxvi. shall I not drink it?" This was the dread36); and as Judas might have heard, or at ful “ cup” from which our Saviour prayed least strongly suspected, that Jesus was to be, if possible, delivered : but if he had going thither, he thither came with the not drank it, the whole human race must Jewish officers, who were appointed to ap- have drank it to the dregs, and have drank prehend him, and with the Roman guard. it in everlasting misery. But what a lesson Jesus, knowing that his hour was now is this to us, in our comparatively tastecome, instead of withdrawing, as on for- less cup of woe? Whatever portion of afmer occasiops, now came forward and de- fliction Providence may present to us, shall manded, Whom seek ye? and when they we not drink it from our Father's, and espeanswered Jesus of Nazareth, he immedi- cially from our Saviour's hand, who drank ately replied, “I am he.”' Upon this, for us that cup of wrath which our sins had whether confounded by the courage and merited? We inay pray submissively to majesty with which our Saviour expressed have the cup removed, but it is base inhimself, or whether alarmed by suddenly gratitude to refuse it. recollecting the conduct of Elijah, who, Peter, it should seem, now put away his when Abab sent to arrest him, suddenly sword for ever, and followed his Master in struck the men dead with lightning-so disguise, as though he had been a stranger, it was, that upon hearing these words, with another disciple, who being known at “they drew back, and fell to the ground the palace, procured admission, but Peter before him.” Jesus then repeating his stood without till that other disciple (supavowal, that he was the person they sought, posed to be John himself) interceded for added, “ If ye seek me, let these go their bis admission with the woman who kept way." This, it should seem, was acceded the door, and who, upon his admission, to, when Peter rashly drew his sword, and directly challenged him with being a discut off the ear of Malcbus, one of the High ciple; but Peter promptly denied this, and, Priest's servants. This was immediately no farther notice being taken for the prerestored by the miraculous power of our sent, he stood and warmed himself with Lord; but the incident probably occa the servants, at a fire which they had sioned some confusion, when the Roman kindled for the occasion. soldiers, who had remained hitherto in It is mentioned that the officers first took the back ground, came forward to assist Jesus to Annas, who had been previously the Jews, and our Saviour suffered him- High Priest, and perhaps still acted occaself to be bound by them, and led away, sionally in that vffice for his son-in-law, first to Annas, and theu tu Caiaphas, who had on whom the office had been since conferalready predicted that he should die for red; but Avnas seems to bave the people, and who was now active to cognizance of the affair, but sent him immefulfil his owo prediction.

diately to Caiaphas, from whom he had the We must not, however, pass over our first hearing. Ju our next section we shall Lord's reproof of Peter - Put up thy follow them into the hall, and see the Lord sword;" which applies, not only to mili- of life and glory arraigued before a timetary heroes, who delight in blood; but, serving Jewish priest.

NOTES Ver. 20. I spake openly. The Gemera of Babylon executed, and that this was done forty days before mentions proclamation being made by a public crier the death of Jesus ; but we know this to be false. for any one who could witness the innocence of a See our Nole on Isa, liii, 8 prisouer to come forward, before punishment was

[his Master,

Peter denies)

S. JOHN. openly to the world; I ever taught in of his disciples? He denied it, and the synagogue, and in the temple, said, I am not. whither the Jews always resort; and 26 One of the servants of the High in secret have I said nothing.

Priest, being his kinsman whose ear 21 Why askest thou me? ask them Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee which heard me, what I have said in the garden with him? unto them : behold, they know what I 27 Peter then denied again : and said.

immediately the cock crew. 22 And when he had thus spoken, 28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaone of the officers which stood by phas unto the hall of judgment: and struck Jesus with the palm of his it was early; and they themselves hand, saying, Answerest thou the went not into the judgment hall, lest High Priest so?

they should be defiled; but that they 23 Jesus answered him, If I have might eat the Passover. (D) spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: 29 | Pilate then went out unto but if utell, why smitest thou me? them, and said, What accusation bring

24 Annas had sent him bound ye against this man? unto Caiaphas the High Priest.

30 They answered and said unto 25 And Simon Peter stood and him, If he were not a malefactor, we warmed himself. They said there- would not have delivered him up unto fore unto him, Art not thou also one thee.

EXPOSITION—Chap. XVIII. Continued. (D) Ver. 19–28. Jesus examined before probably because the other evangelists Caiaphas.--Of this previous examination had related the process of our Lord's trial the only account is here given by the evan- before the Sanhedrim, which immediately gelist John, and this merely states that he followed. was questioned, by the High Priest, of his But Peter is here again brought before disciples and his doctrine; in answer to us, and we see the danger of running un. which he appealed to those who had heard called into the way of temptation. Had bim, denying that he had taught any Peter boldly come forward as a wituess to secret doctripes (as the Greek philosophers justify his Master, he might probably have were known to do) or formed any private died for him, as he proposed (chap. xiii. faction. But speaking, as the Messiah, 37); and he would have anticipated Stephen with more freedom than the under officers in the honour of being the first Christian of the Court thought becoming the rank martyr; but for this he disqualified bim. of their master, one of them presumed to self by his rash attack on Malchus. Had strike our Saviour, with this reproof – he then staid without, and waited the “ Answerest thou the High Priest so?" issue of his Master's trial, he might bave The reply of our Lord may, perhaps, be avoided the temptation to deny him, which thus paraphrased :-"If now, or on any he was not able to resist, and saved himself other occasion, I have spoken what is con- from many bitter tears. Having, however, trary to the law, bear witness against me, remarked pretty fully on the cowardice of (as I just now said); but if not, why strikest Peter, we shall not repeat our observations, thou me uncondemned?” (See Acts xvi.37.) but refer back to our Exposition of Matt. Here John closes this part of his narrative; xxvii. 69–75.

" the

NOTES-Chap. XVIII. Con. Ver. 22. Struck Jesus with the palm of his hand. prevented from eating the Passover;" i. e. the sacri. - Some explain this word (rapisma), or a blow with fices which followed the paschal supper, during the a staff or stick; so Beza; but Doddr. says,

feast of unleavened bread. word is used apparently for any blow. So Camp. Ver. 30. If he were not a malefactor, &c.-" These

Ver. 26. Being his kinsman-i. e. the kinsman of words import, l. If the crime he is charged with Malchos. See ver. 10.

were not capital, we should have punished him Ver. 28. The hall of Judgment.-Camp. " The ourselves, and not have come to yon. 2. If he Pretoriam."--Les: they should be defiled; but that, were not guilty, we should not have accused hit." &c.-Doddr. “ Lest they should be polluted, and Lard. Cred. vol. i. 334.

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