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The death and]


[burial of Jesus was the preparation, that the bodies saith, They shall look on him whom should not remain upon the cross on they pierced the sabbath day, (for that sabbath 38 And after this Joseph of Ariday was an high day,) besought mathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but Pilate that their legs might be broken, secretly for fear of the Jews, besought and that they might be taken away. Pilate that he might take away the

32 Then came the soldiers, and body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him brake the legs of the first, and of the leave. He came therefore, and took other which was crucified with him. the body of Jesus.

33 But when they came to Jesus, 39 And there came also Nicodeand saw that he was dead already, mus, which at the first came to Jesus they brake not his legs :

by night, and brought a mixture of 34 But one of the soldiers with a myrrh and aloes, about an hundred spear pierced his side, and forthwith pound weight. came thereout blood and water.

40 Then took they the body of 35 And he that saw it bare record, Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes and his record is true: and he knoweth with the spices, as the manner of the that he saith true, that ye might Jews is to bury. believe.

41 Now in the place where he was 36 For these things were done, that crucified there was a garden ; and in the Scripture should be fulfilled, A the garden a new sepulchre, wherein bone of him shall not be broken. was never man yet laid.

37 And again another Scripture 42 There laid they Jesus therefore

EXPOSITION-Chap. XIX. Continued. died with him. Jesus now recollecting several vain attempts to pacify the Jews, that there was one prophecy respecting him surrendered him to their fury-pailed to yet unfulfilled said, “ I thirst;" and the the cross at nine-at noon came on the soldiers themselves fulfilled the prediction miraculous darkness, which continued till of the patriarch David, by giving him three, when he expired; and the same vinegar to drink. He now said, ** It is evening, about sunset, was entombed. finished;" and, bowing down his head, Mr. Addison describes the closing scene in gave up the ghost.”

the following few, but striking lines :Thus closes the awful history of our See where they have nailed the Lord and Saviour's sufferings, in which grief rapidly giver of life! How his wounds blacken, follows grief, like as wave follows wave in his body writhes, and his

heart heaves with the agitated ocean. Well, indeed, might pity and with agony! O, Almighty sufthe Saviour cry, “O, my God, my soul is ferer, look down, look down from thy cast down within me. All thy waves triumphant ipfamy! Lo, he inclines his and billows are gone over me.” (Ps. xlii. 7.) head to his sacred bosom! – Hark, he Let us hastily recount bis successive scenes groans !-See, he expires ! - The earth of misery. He celebrated the Passover on trembles ; the temple reods; the rocks the Thursday evening at Jerusalem-at burst; the dead arise -- which are the midnight was arrested in the garden, and quick? – which are the dead ? ---Sure carried before the High Priest, and then Nature, all Nature, is departing with her the Sanhedrim--about six in the morning Creator!” of Friday taken before Pilate, who, after

NOTES-Chap. XIX. Con. Ver. 34. Blood and water.-Blood from the heart been thought incredible ; but the Talmud says, 80jb. itself, and water from the pericardium, or bag which were used at the funeral of Rabbi Gamaliel the elder. contains the heart. See 1 John v. 8.

At the funcral of Herod, Josephus says, soo domesVer. 36. A bone of him shall not be broken.--See tics followed, carrying spices.-Orient. Customs, Exod. xii. 20; also Psalms xxxiv, 20.

No. 1308. Ver. 37. They shall look.-See Zech. xii. 10, and Ver. 40. As the manner of the Jens is to bury Note.

Camp.“ Which is the Jewish manner of embalming." Ver. 39. An hundred pound weight. This has

His resurrection]


[from the dead. because of the Jews' preparation Lord out of the sepulchre, and we day; for the sepulchre was nigh at know not where they have laid him. hand. (H)

3 Peter therefore went forth, and

that other disciple, and came to the CHAP. XX.

sepulchre. THE first day of the week cometh 4 So they ran both together: and

Mary Magdalene early, when it the other disciple did outrun Peter, was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and and came first to the sepulchre. seeth the stone taken away from the 5 And he stooping down, and sepulchre.

looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; 2 Then she runneth, and cometh yet went he not in. to Simon Peter, and to the other dis- 6 Then cometh Simon Peter folciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith lowing him, and went into the sea unto them, They have taken away the pulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie,

EXPOSITION. (H) Ver. 31-42. Circumstances which " He trusted on the Lord that he would followed the death of Christ, including his deliver him: let him deliver him, seeing entomoment. — We confine our remarks he delighteth in him'.... For dogs have here to the circumstances related by St. compassed me: the assembly of the wicked John : for those related by the other Evan- have enclosed me: they pierced my hands gelists, see our remarks on Matt. xxvii. and my feet. They part my garments and Luke xxiji. It was not only by a spe- among them, and cast lots upon my vescial Providence, for the fulfilment of pro- ture.” (Ps. xxii, 1, 6,7,16—18.) “ They phecy, that the legs of Jesus were pre- gave me gall for my meat; and in my served unbroken, and his side pierced, but thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.” there seems also a mystical design, as our But the most important words of Jesus Evangelist afterwards explains it in his in this part of the narrative, and nearly first epistle (ch. v. 6); “ This is he that the last which he uttered, were, “ It is came by water and blood;" on which we finished "-meaning, not only that his sball only at present remark, that we prophetic and mediatorial work, but the conceive the fact had a figurative allusion whole series of types and prophecies reto those two great doctrines of the Christ. specting him, was accomplished. So Dr. ian system-atonement by the blood of Hugh Blair. Christ, and the washing of regeneration

« In this hour the long series of propheand the renewal of our nature hy the in- cies, visions, types, and figures, was acfluences of the Holy Spirit. So good Dr. complished; this was the centre in which Watts explains it :

they all met; this the point towards which

they had tended and verged throughout « Var Saviour's pierced side

the course of so many generations. You

behold the law and the prophets standing, Pour'd out a double flood .

if we may speak so, at the foot of the cross, By water we are purified,

and doing homage. You behold Moses and And pardon'd by the blood.”

Aaron bearing the ark of the covenant;

David and Elijah presenting the oracle of We bave already hinted at the many pro- testimony. You behold all the priests and phetic allusions accomplished in this great sacrifices, all the rites and ordinances, all

“ To him give all the prophets the types and symbols, asseinbled together witness” (Acts x. 43); and none more

to receive their consummation. Without copiously than the patriarch David, who the death of Christ, the worship and cerehy the prophetic spirit clearly anticipated monies of the law would have remained a this day of sorrows, when he cried, “ My pompous, but unmeaning institution. In God, my God, why hast thou forsaken ihe hour when he was crucified, the book me?" and when he speaks of bimself as with the seven seals' was opened. Every exposed to public scorn and ridicule—“I rite assumed its significancy, every pream a worm and no man; a reproach of diction met its event, every symbol dismen, and despised of the people. All they played its correspondence.” (Blair's Serthat see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot mons, vol. i. Ser, 5.) out the lip, they shake the head; saying,



Jesus appears]


[to Mary Magdalen, 7 And the napkin, that was about she turned herself back, and saw Jesus his head, not lying with the linen standing, and knew not that it was clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself.

15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, 8 Then went in also that other dis- why weepest thou? whom seekest ciple, which came first to the sepul- thou? She, supposing him to be the chre, and he saw, and believed. gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou

9 For as yet they knew not the have borne him hence, tell me where Scripture, that he must rise again thou hast laid him, and I will take him from the dead.

away. 10 Then the disciples went away 16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. again unto their own home,

She turned herself, and saith unto 11 But Mary stood without at the him, Rabboni; which is to say, sepulchre weeping; and as she wept, Master. she stooped down, and looked into 17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me the sepulchre,

not; for I am not yet ascended to my 12 And seeth two angels in white Father : but go to my brethren, and sitting, the one at the head, and the say unto them, I ascend unto my Faother at the feet, where the body of ther, and your Father; and to my Jesus had lain.

God, and your God. 13 And they say unto her, Woman, 18 Mary Magdalene came and why weepest thou ? She saith unto told the disciples that she had seen them, Because they have taken away the Lord, and that he had spoken my Lord, and I know not where they these things unto her, (I) have laid him.

19 ( Then the same day at evening, 14 And when she had thus said, being the first day of the week, when


mist over the eyes of their minds, that (1) Ver. 1–18. Jesus appears to Mary they might fall under no suspicion of actMagdalene at the sepulchre - Besides Marying a part to deceive others. Had they Magdalenc, Matthew mentions another hut suspected that he were riseu, they Mary (nieaning, most probably, Mary the would not have carried spices to embalm wife of Cleopas, who stood with her at the bim, nor would they have been under any foot of the cross, chap. xix. 25), and Mark anxiety about rolling away the stope ; mentions other women ; so that it appears much less would they have been alarmed there were at least three : but John's nar. when they found the stone removed, lest rative concerns one only, though at the the body should have been stolen. Nor same time her language implies that there does even Mary Magdalene, with all her was at least another; for she says, verse 2, sanguine attachment to him, seein to have “We know pot," &c. Notwithstanding entertained an idea of his resurrection, till all that Jesus had intimated about rising Jesus spoke to her; and then, though she from the dead, it does not appear that any did not recollect his person (perhaps not one of his disciples, male or female, anti- being dressed as usual), she ¡n a moment cipated such an event; and how they in- recognized his voice, the well known sound terpreted his language on such occasions, of which vibrated with rapture on her ear, is to us incomprehensible. It should seem and perhaps she was eager to embrace him; as if Providence had cast, as it were, a but he desires her not to stop at present,

NOTES—Chap. XX. Cop. CHAP. XX. Ver. 8. Saw and believed-Were con- says, “ The verb (hapteşthai) in the use of the vinced that he must indeed be risen from the dead. 1xx., denotes not only to touch, but to cleave to,

Ver. 10. Unto their own home.- Doddr. and Camp, as in Job xxxi. 7; Ezek. xli. 6,' and other places." "To their companions."

The sense here plainly is. . Do not detain me at Ver. 17. Touch me not.-Sherlock, “ Hang pot present ..., Luse not a moment in carrying the joy. about me." Doddr. “ Embrace me not." Campbell ful tidings of my resurrection to my disciples.'

And to his]

[Apostles. the doors were shut, where the disci- and put my finger into the print of ples were assembled, for fear of the the nails, and thrust my hand into his Jews, came Jesus and stood in the side, I will not believe. midst, and saith unto them, Peace be 26 And after eight days again his unto you.

disciples were within, and Thomas 20 And when he had so said, he with them: then came Jesus, the shewed unto them his hands and his doors being shut, and stood in the side. Then were the disciples glad, midst, and said, Peace be unto you. when they saw the Lord.

27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach 21 Then said Jesus to them again, hither thy finger, and behold my Peace be unto you;- as my Father hands; and reach hither thy hand, hath sent me, even so send I you. and thrust it into my side : and be

22 And when he had said this, he not faithless, but believing. breathed on them, and saith unto 28 And Thomas answered and said them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost : unto him, My Lord and my God.

23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they 29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, are remitted unto them; and whose because thou hast seen me, thou hast soever sins ye retain, they are re- believed : blessed are they that have tained.

not seen, and yet have believed. 24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, 30 And many other signs truly did called Didymus, was not with them Jesus in the presence of his disciples, when Jesus came.

which are not written in this book : 25 The other disciples therefore 31 But these are written, that ye said unto him, We have seen the Lord. might believe that Jesus is the Christ, But he said unto them, Except I shall the Son of God; and that believing ye see in his hands the print of the nails, might have life through his name. (K)


for he was not yet ascended, nor about im- Lord Jesus shows the utmost anxiety to mediately to leave them. Shortly, how- satisfy his own disciples of the reality of ever, he should “ ascend to bis father and his resurrection, by repeated appearances their father-to his and their God." The and conversations, accompanied by cirtext does not say that she did not touch cumstances decidedly miraculous, as in him ; her laying hold of him might be the the present instance, he does not in any reason of his desiring her not to hold him one instance appear to his enemies, the at the present; but it appears (from Matt. priests and unbelieving Jews. This bas xxviii. 9, 10), that on a second appearance been objected to by infidel writers as a to the same woman, in the latter part of suspicious circumstance: it should be conthe same day, that our Lord did suffer sidered, however, that he had in his lifeher to embrace his feet, and probably to time, and even at his death, wrought a adore him.

great number of miracles, the which,

when they could not deny their reality, (K) Ver. 19–31. Jesus again appears they perversely attributed to demons, to his disciples, and afterwards to Thomas, though at the same time they were of the and shows them his hands and his feet.- most benevolent character: and, after all It is worthy observation, that while our this, not only refused to credit them, but


Ver. 23. Whose sorver sins ne remit, &c._* In

Reformers) Tetained none but the declaratory, or precatory forms of absolation, and in the elaborate Apologies of Jewell and Hooker, it was unequiVocally asserted, that the ministerial sentence of absolation, except when it relates to the removal of ecclesiastical censures, is no more than a declara.

tion of what God has done." - Essay on the absolving Power of the Church, by the Rev.I.H. Lowe, M.A. Vicar of Grimsby, &c. p. 21, 22.-1825.

Ver. 26. And after eight days-i.e, on the eighth day, or the first of the following week. So after three days," Matt. xxvii. 63; Mark viii, 31, means evidently on the third day. See Note on the former text.

Jesus appears again]


[to them at Tiberias. CHAP. XXI.

2 There were together Simon Pe

ter, and Thomas called Didymus, AFTER these things Jesus shewed and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee,

himself again to the disciples at and the sons of Zebedee, and two the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise other of his disciples. shewed he himself.

3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I

EXPOSITION_Chap. XX. Continued. persecuted him to death on account of inspect his wounds. “A spirit bath not them. What claim could these men have Aesh and bones, as ye see me have;" and, to more miracles ?

for their farther conviction, he did eat In the next place it should be considered before them (Luke xxiv. 42, 43) : for it that this is in harmony with the conduct of must be recollected that, though our Lord God, as respects the principles of what is was raised from the dead as Lazarus and called natural religion. On the doctrine others had been, his body, probably, did of a future state, for instance, though not undergo its final change, so as to bereason furnishes a variety of arguments come spiritual and glorified, till the time sufficient to convince men who are not un- of his ascension into glory. Then, as St. willing to believe it, yet is the evidence Paul says of those who shall be found alive not of that overwhelming nature as to pre- at the sounding of the last trumpet, “in a clude the possibility of doubt, or to coun- moment, in the twinkling of an eye,” that terbalance the influence of the corrupt pas- mysterious change might be induced. sions of mankind. As it is hard in secular On the same occasion our Lord breathed things to convince a man against his will, upon them, as indicative of the gift of the so is it difficult to convince a libertine that Holy Spirit, which, not many days after he will be called to account before the bar this, they were to receive, and whereby of God, when his hopes, his wishes, his they were qualified to “discern spirits," passions, all say–No! Those who would or to read the hearts of men, and to annot be convinced, were justly lest to perish nounce their pardon or otherwise, as the in their sins.

case might be. But this clearly refers to But let us consider the incidents here miraculous powers, and is confined to related. The evening of the same day on apostolic times, farther than as every miwhich our Lord had appeared early in the nister of God's word is authorised to demorning to Mary Magdalen and others, nounce his judgments against all sin, he appeared to the body of his disciples, and promise pardon to all penitent hewho were assembled with closed doors, on lievers. The Church of Roine, iodede, account of the Jews. A report had been claims much higher powers; but the Church raised that these disciples had stolen the of England, as her doctrine is expounded body of their Master, and it was natural to by the highest and best authorities, offers expect that the Jews would prosecute them no more than a declaration of God's mercy with the same virulence as they bad done to the penitent. “ The pardon that we him. The doors being fastened, however, give in the name of God (says Bp. Burnet), seems mentioned for the purpose of show- is only declarative of his pardon, or sup: ing that our Saviour's entrance among plicatory in a prayer to him for pardon." them was miraculous; and the exhibition (On Art. xxv.) of his wounds was evidently designed to But to return to our history.-Thomas densonstrate the identity of his person. not being present ou the above occasion, The Salam he pronounced, “Peace be was so incredulous as to protest against unto you!" was in perfect barmony with the truth of what was stated to him by his farewell discourse (chap. xiv. 27), in the other apostles; but Jesus, knowing his which he promises them peace and happi- objection did not arise from infidelity of ness. At first, however, Luke informs us heart, but from a fear that the news was (as (ch. xxiv, 37) they were much alarmed, we sometimes say) too good to be true, was under the idea that it was his ghost, till pleased to appear to them again on that day he allowed them to handle his limbs and week, when Thomas himself was present;

NOTES. CHAP. XXI. Ver. I. After these things.--Grotias from the apostle. But Dr. Mill has refuted this ns. and Le Clerc bave a strange notion, that this chap- tion, which seems sufficiently contradicted by verse ter was written by some elders of the Church of 24 of the text itselt.--After these things, does not Ephesus, .from a verbal relation they bad received mean immediately, but some days after.

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