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Rehearsing the]

CHAP. XIII.

[history of their fathers. Benjamin, by the space of forty 31 And he was seen many days of years.

them which came up with him from 22 And when he had removed him, Galilee to Jerusalem, who are his he raised up unto them David to be witnesses unto the people. their king; to whom also he gave tes- 32 And we declare unto you glad timony, and said, I have found David tidings, how that the promise which the son of Jesse, a man after mine was made unto the fathers, own heart, which shall fulfil all my 33 God hath fulfilled the same untu will.

us their children, in that he hath raised 23 Of this man's seed hath God, up Jesus again ; as it is also written in according to his promise, raised unto the second psalm, Thou art my Son, Israel a Saviour, Jesus :

this day have I begotten thee. 24 Wben John had first preached 34 And as concerning that he raised before his coming the baptism of him up from the dead, now no more repentance to all the people of to return to corruption, he said on this Israel.

wise, I will give you the sure mercies 25 And as John fulfilled his course, of David, he said, Whom think ye that I am? 35 Wherefore"ae saith also in anoI am not he. But, behold, there ther psalm, Thou shalt not suffer thine cometh one after me, whose shoes of Holy One to see corruption : his feet I am not worthy to loose.

36 For David, after he had served 26 Men and brethren, children of his own generation by the will of God, the stock of Abraham, and whosoever fell on sleep, and was laid unto his among you feareth God, to you is the fathers, and saw corruption : word of this salvation sent,

37 But he, whom God raised again, 27 For they that dwell at Jeru- saw no corruption. salem, and their rulers, because they 38 Be it known unto you therefore, knew him not, nor yet the voices of men and brethren, that through this the prophets which are read every sab- man is preached unto you the forgivebath day, they have fulfilled them in ness of sins : condemning him.

39 And by him all that believe are 28 And though they found no cause justified from all things, from which of death in him, yet desired they ye could not be justified by the law of Pilate that he should be slain.

Muses. 29 And when they had fulfilled all 40 Beware therefore, lest that come that was written of him, they took him upon you, which is spoken of in the down from the tree, and laid him in a prophets ; sepulchre.

41 Behold, ye despisers, and won30 But God raised him from the der, and perish : for I work a work in

your days, a work which ye shall in nu

dead :

NOTES. Ver. 25. I am not he-See John i. 19—27. : or just things" (Gr. ta hosia), which the lxx., both Ver. 27. They have fulfilled them.See chap. iii. in Isa. Iv. 3, and other places, use for the Hebrew, 17, and Note.

chasedi," mercies." By these mercies, we underVer. 33. Raised up Jesus aguini.e. from the stand the mercies covenanted to David as a lype of dead, as many understand these words ; but as there the Messiah. is no distinct word for " again” in the Greek, and Ver. 35. Thou shalt not suffer, &c.-See Psalm the original does not necessarily imply it, Witsius xvi. 10; Acts ii. 27. " To see corruption," is to and others understand the words rather as referring experience it; so to see death, to see lire, &c. to the birth of Jesus. See chap. iii. 22; vii. 37. Ver. 36. For David, after he had served, &c.-Yet it is also applied by the apostle Peter to the re- Marg. “ After he had, in his own age, served the surrection from the dead, chap. ii. 24, 30, 32.

will of God, fell asleep," &c. Ver. 31. No more lo return to corruption-i. e. to Ver. 41. Wonder, and perish.-See Habb. i. 5. the place of corruption, namely, the grave.

So Perish.- Doddr. “ Turn pale and disappear," or Beza, Doddridge, &c.

vanish." ibid. The sure mercies of David.-Marg." Holy

Paul preaches]

THE ACTS.

[to the Gentiles. wise believe, though a man declare it and spake against those things which unto you. (C)

were spoken by Paul, contradicting 42 [ And when the Jews were gone and blaspheming. out of the synagogue, the Gentiles 46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed besought that these words might be bold, and said, It was necessary that preached to them the next sabbath. the word of God should first have been

43 Now when the congregation was spoken to you: but seeing ye put it broken up, many of the Jews and re- from you, and judge yourselves unligious pruselytes followed Paul and worthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn Barnabas : who, speaking to them, to the Gentiles. persuaded them to continue in the 47 For so hath the Lord commanded grace of God.

us, saying, I have set thee to be a light 44 And the next sabbath day came of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest almost the whole city together to hear be for salvation untu the ends of the the word of God.

earth. 45 But when the Jews saw the 48 And when the Gentiles heard multitudes, they were filled with envy, this, they were glad, and glorified the

EXPOSITION_Chap. XIII. Continued. (C) Ver. 13–41. Paul preaches to the time of the Exodus to that of David, from Jews.-Following Barnabas and Saul, who whose loins God had “raised unto Israel is henceforth called Paul, we now trace a Saviour even) Jesus." Paul then adthem from Paphos to Perga in Pamphylia; verts to the witness of John the Baptist in where, for some cause with which we are his favour, states the abominable conduct not well acquainted, John Mark deserted of their brethren at Jerusalem towards them and returned back to Jerusalem, their Messiah, and the indubitable witness while they persevered in their mission. It that God himself had given to him, in his is generally supposed that his desertion resurrection from the dead. He quotes on was occasioned by versatility of temper, this vccasion nearly the same Scriptures of or perhaps the dislike of an itinerant life, the Old Testament that Peter had done on either of which circumstances would ren- former occasions, and then gives them der bim unfit for missionary work. From this beautiful epitome of the way of salPerga, however, the apostles proceeded tu vation by Jesus Christ. “Be it known Antioch in Pisidia, where they went into unto you, men and brethren, that through the synagogue on the sabbath-day, and sat this man is preached unto you the remisdown, as usual, during the reading of the sion of sins : and by him all that believe law. After service, understanding that are justified from all things from which they were preachers of popular talents, YE (bringing the matter bume to their own and having had intimation, perhaps, that cases and bosoms—from wbich ye) could they wished to address the people, the not be justified by the law of Moses,"– rulers of the synagogue invited them to which indeed forms the text of his Epistle speak.

to the Romans. Paul, who on all occasions was "the The discourse concludes with warning chief speaker,” and was doubtless a man his hearers agaiost copying the infidelity of distinguished talents, now stood for- of their brethreu at Jerusalem, and bringward, and, soliciting the attention both of ing on themselves the same judgments that Jews and pious proselytes, gave a brief were hanging over their heads. abstraet of their pational history from the

NOTES-Chap. XIII. Con. Ver. 42. The next sabbath.-Marg.“ In the sab- termined for;" which is taking a middle path bebath between :" perhaps on some intermediate holy- tween the Calvinists, as Gill, who refers it to God's day; but Doddr. prefers our version. See ver. 44. predestination ; and the Arminians, who, with Ham

Ver. 43. When the congregation was broken up.-- mond, refer it to men's own self-determination; for This explains the preceding verse--" When the which we see no ground. But we have no objection Jews were gone out," then the Gentiles came about to understand it in harmony with the language of the apostles and sought, &c.

our Lord and of St. Luke. 'Our Lord" gives eter. Ver. 48. As many as were ordained to eternal life nal life to all whom the Father gives him by the believed. For " ordained to," Doddr. reads, " de operations of his grace.” Compare John avii. '

Persecution raised ]
CHAP. XIV.

[by the Jews. word of the Lord : and as many as the Jews, and also of the Greeks, bewere ordained to eternal life believed. lieved.

49 And the word of the Lord was 2 But the unbelieving Jews stirred published throughout all the region. up the Gentiles, and made their minds

50 But the Jews stirred up the de- evil affected against the brethren. vout and honourable women, and the 3 Long time therefore abude they chief men of the city, and raised per- speaking boldly in the Lord, which secution against Paul and Barnabas, gave testimony unto the word of his and expelled them out of their coasts. grace, and granted signs and wonders

51 But they shook off the dust of to be done by their hands. their feet against them, and came unto 4 But the multitude of the city was Iconium.

divided : and part held with the Jews, 52 And the disciples were filled with and part with the apostles. joy, and with the Holy Ghost. (D) 5 And when there was an assault

made both of the Gentiles, and also CHAP. XIV.

of the Jews with their rulers, to use

them despitefully, and to stone them, AN ND it came to pass in Iconium, 6 They were ware of it, and fled

that they went both together into unto Lystra and Derbe, cities of Lythe synagogue of the Jews, and so caonia, and unto the region that lieth spake, that a great multitude both of round about:

con

EXPOSITION, (D) Ver. 42–52. Paul and Barnabas “they were glad, and glorified the word of preach the same doctrine to the Gentiles on the Lord :” and as many as were ordained the following sabbath."Now, when the (or appointed) to eternal life believed. congregation was broken up, many of the And (thus) the word of the Lord was pubJews and religious (or devout) proselytes lished throughout all the “region," or followed Paul and Barnabas" for farther country round about. instruction, who exhorted them to “

The unbelieving Jews, however, became tique in" the exercise and profession of more and more incensed, and stirring up "the grace of God,” which had now heen certain devout and honourable women who preached to them. The Gentiles also hear had hitherto listened to the apostles, by ing what doctripes had been published, and false reports and artful insinuations, drew that they were equally interested in them, them to their side ; and, at the same time, requested that the same might be preached gaining the magistrates of the city in their to them also on the following sabbath. support, raised such a persecution as comThen “almost the whole city,” both Jews pelled the apostles to leave the city; and, and Gentiles “ came together, to hear the as their Lord had directed them to do, Word of God.” But when the unbelieving they shook off the dust of their feet as a Jews “saw the multitudes" that were at- testimony against their persecutors. tracted by this new doctrine (as they con- This, though it may appear to us a trisidered it), “ they were filled with envy, fing ceremony, is always mentioned by contradicting, and blaspheming."

our Lord as a matter of serious alarm to Upon this the inspired preachers address them. It shall be more tolerable for Sodom themselves exclusively to the Gentiles, and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, quoting their authority for so doing from than for those who treat with bostility and the prophecy of Isaiah (chap. xlix. 6). contempt the message of salvation to And the Gentiles no sooner heard this than mankind.

NOTES. and Exposition. All those " believe onto eternal CHAP. XIV. Ver. 3. Speaking boldly.~ Doddr. life" whose " hearts the Lord opens," as he did “ freely;'' i. e. without privacy or reserve. Lydia's, Acts xvi. 14. If we refer our conversion Ver. 5. When there was an assault made.-Doddr. bolly to the grace of God, it secures to him the explains this of a joint attempt about to be made by bomour, and io us the certainty of our salvation. the bigotted Jews and unbelieving Gentiles, wbich Nevertheless, God does nothing but

what be ever coming to the ears of Barnabas and Paul, they fled intended to do. “I

am the Lord : I change not." farther, eren to Lystra and Derbe.

Paul heals a lame]

THE ACTS.

[man at Lystra. 7 And there they preached the which made heaven, and earth, and Gospel.

the sea, and all things that are therein: 8*And there sat a certain man at 16 Whu in times past suffered all Lystra, impotent in his feet, being a nations to walk in their own ways. cripple from his mother's womb, who 17 Nevertheless he left not himself never had walked :

without witness, in that he did good, 9 The same heard Paul speak : who and gave us rain from heaven, and stedfastly beholding him, and perceiv- fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with ing that he had faith to be healed, food and gladness.

10 Said with a loud voice, Stand 18 And with these sayings scarce upright on thy feet. And he leaped restrained they the people, that they and walked.

had not done sacrifice untu them. 11 And when the people saw what 19 And there came thither certain Paul had done, they lifted up their Jews from Antioch and Icnium, who voices, saying in the speech of Lyca- persuaded the people, and, having onia, The gods are come down to us stoned Paul, drew him out of the city, in the likeness of men.

supposing he had been dead. 12 And they called Barnabas Ju- 20 Howbeit, as the disciples stood piter ; and Paul Mercurius, because round about him, he rose up, and came he was the chief speaker.

into the city: and the next day he de13 Then the priest of Jupiter, which parted with Barnabas tu Derbe. was before their city, brought oxen and 21 And when they had preached garlands unto the gates, and would the Gospel to that city, and had taught have done sacrifice with the people. many, they returned again to Lystra,

14 Which when the apostles, Bar- and to Iconium, and Antioch, nabas and Paul, heard of, they rent 22 Confirming the souls of the distheir clothes, and ran in among the ciples, and exhorting them to continue people, crying out,

in the faith, and that we must through 15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye much tribulation enter into the kingthese things? We also are men of dom of God. like passions with you, and preach 23 And when they had ordained unto you that ye should turn from them elders in every church, and had these vanities unto the living God, prayed with fasting, they commended

NOTES-Chap. XIV. Con. Ver. 9. Had faith to be healed.-See Matt. ix. choseu to the apostleship. Some think that Barna27-29. The man had probably heard that the bas and Paul are here so called, as messengers of apostles had wrought miracles, and might show in the churches, chap. xiii. 1-3. Yet as Paul was an his countenance and manner (perhaps in words also) apostle in the highest sense, we can hardly think a desire to be bealed ; or Paul might have an imme- Luke would name Barnabas before him, bad he diate suggestion by the Spirit of inspiration.

been only a messenger of the churches. One thing Ver. 11. T'he speech of Lycaonia-Not Greek, is remarkable, that Matthias, who was chosen to but a dialect perhaps approaching the Syriac. replace Judas, is heard no more of after bis election; (Doddridge.) - In the likeness of men. — The yet Barnabas is one of the most conspicuous chaGreeks supposed that their gods often rendered racters in the book of Acts. It is most certain, that themselves visible in human form.

we bave only an abstract of the transactions of the Ver. 12. And Paul, Mercurius.-Mercury was apostles, as well as of the Lord Jesus. Is it sot considered as the god of eloqueace.

possible, therefore (though not recorded), that MatVer. 13. The priest of Jupiter, &c.-Doddridge thias might have died, and Barnabas bave been remarks (alter Eisner), that it was customary for ch sen in his stead? the Greeks to build temples to their tutelar deities, Ver. 21. Had taught many.-Gr. “ Had made in the suburbs of the cities, and to set up their many disciples.” Compare Matt. xxviij. 19, Marg. images before the city, at the gates. According to -Antioch-namely, in Pisidia. Chap. xiii. 14. this practice, the priest of Jupiter, who was esteemed Ver. 23. And when they had ordained them elders the titular deity of the place, and whose image was in every church.- Almost every word in this sbort placed in a temple erected to him before the gates of passage bad afforded ground for controversy, of a ihe city," brought oxen and garlands" (or chap- nature which we purposely avoid. We shall only lels), with which they crowned botla gods and sacri- remark on the word elder (Gr.

presbuteros), that it is fices on such occasions.

agreed, Ist, to refer to age; and 2dly, to official Ver. 14. The apostles, Barnabas and Paul.-It is character; and that consequently it may, in difplain, both here and in verse 4, that Barnabas is ferent texts, refer to persons reverend either in age called an apostle ; yet we hear nothing of bis being or office. See Parkhorst.

Paul and Barnabas]
CHAP. XIV.

[come to Antioch. them to the Lord, un whom they be- mended to the grace of God for the lieved.

work which they fulfilled. 24 And after they had passed 27 And when they were come, and throughuat Pisidia, they came to Pam- had gathered the church together, phylia.

they rehearsed all that God had done 25 And when they had preached with them, and how he had opened the the word in Perga, they went down into door of faith unto the Gentiles. Attalia :

28 And there they abode long time 26 And thence sailed to Antioch, with the disciples. (E) from whence they had been recom

EXPOSITION.
CHAP. XIV.

and earth. 3. We see the superiority of (E) Ver. 1-28. The persecutions and Christian ministers to heathen philososuccess of Paul and Barnabas, and their phers. The latter believed as little of the return to Antioch." When ye are perse- Pagan theology as the Christians; but cuted in one city (said our Lord), flee unto Done of them had the fortitude to avow it, another” (Matt. x. 23). The apostles being or declaim against idolatry ; ou the condriven from Antioch iu Pisidia, flee unto trary, they all occasionally conformed to Icooium, and thence to Lystra, both in it, not excepting Socrates himself. 4. God, Lycaonia : and thus persecution in one in many 'instances, suffers what he does country has uniformly proved the means not approve. Thus (chap. xiii. 18) he of spreading the Gospel into others. At “ suffered" the manners of Israel in the the former nothing particular is recorded, wilderness and in Canaan, and thus did he but, at Lystra, the healing of a cripple oc- “ suffer, all nations to walk in their own casions a very unexpected incident. The ways." Yet, 5. God lest not himself withpoor beathens, when they saw the man out witness to his being and providencewhom they knew to have been born lame, to his power and goodvess. Yet, with all leaping and walking, they directly lifted these just and temperate observations, up their voices and exclaimed, “ The gods scarcely could these poor Pagans be reare come down to us in the likeness of strained frm rendering them divine men !" Then Barnabas, who was much honours. But, alas! how changeable is the elder and more reverend-looking per

man ! son, they called Jupiter, “the father of The disciples are treated as their Lord; gods and men;" and Paul Mercurius, and as it was in the case of Jesus, many because he was "the chief speaker." And of the same voices that pronounced “Ho80 much were they in earnest, that the sanna,” also shouted “Crucify him!” So priest of Jupiter brought oxen and gar- likewise here. Certain Jews, distinguished lands unto the gates, and would, with for their bigotry to Moses and batred to the people, have offered sacrifices to them, the Lord Jesus, followed the apostles even bad not the apostles exerted all their energy bither, and persuaded the multitude that to restrain them.

they were impostors and perhaps vecroThe address delivered on this occasion mancers; they therefore joined with them is quite in the masterly and energetic style in stoning Paul, in a riotous and tumulof St. Paul, and may afford us some useful tuvus manner, till they supposed him to observations. 1. Ministers of the Gospel, have been killed. The providence of God, even Apostles, are but men; subjects of however, wonderfully preserved him; and the same buman passions and infirmities while the brethren were collecting round with other men ; and therefore should not him, probably with a view to his interbe idolized.

2. Ministers should abase ment, he rose up in the midst of them, and themselves, that they may exalt bim that next day was so far recovered as to be able sends them: “We are (say they) as you to proceed with Barnabas to Derbe. There are, and as your imagined gods were, weak they made many disciples, and then “reand frail creatures ; but we come to teach turned to Lystra, and Iconiam, and Anyou to turn from these lying vanities, and tioch, confirming the believers and encouworship the true God, the maker of heaven raging them to persevere, notwithstanding

NOTES.
Ver, 27. With them.- Doddr. “ By them.". privilege of believing.
Dser of faith: that is, bad given them also the Hos. ii. 15.

So “ Door of bope,”

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