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- All things to be done] 1 CORINTHIANS. [decently, and in order. come in one that believeth not, or one 32 And the spirits of the prophets unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is are subject to the prophets, judged of all :

33 For God is not the author of con25 And thus are the secrets of his fusion, but of peace, as in all churches heart made manifest ; and so falling of the saints. down on his face he will worship God, 34 Let your women keep silence in and report that God is in you of a the churches : for it is not permitted truth.

unto them to speak; but they are com 26 How is it then, brethren ? when manded to be under obedience, as als: ye come together, every one of you hath saith the law. a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, 35 And if they will learn any thing, hath a revelation, hath an interpre- let them ask their husbands at home: tation. Let all things be done unto for it is a shame for women to speak in edifying

the church. 27 If any man speak in an un. 36 What ? came the word of God known tongue, let it be by two, or at out from you? or came it unto you the most by three, and that by course; only ? and let one interpret.

37 If any man think himself to be 28 But if there be no interpreter, a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowlet him keep silence in the church; and ledge that the things that I write let him speak to himself, and to God. unto you are the commandments of the

29 Let the prophets speak two or Lord. three, and let the other judge.

38 But if any man be ignorant, let 30 If any thing be revealed to him be ignorant. another that sitteth by, let the first trold 39 Wherefore, brethren, covet

prophesy, and forbid not to speak with 31 For ye may all prophesy one by tongues. one, that all may learn, and all may 40 Let all things be done decently be comforted.

and in order. (Q)

his peace.

EXPOSITION-Chap. XIV. Continued. (2) Ver. 21-40. On the exercise of we venture to remark, 1. That when God miraculous gifts, cont nued.--After some bestows any extraordinary gifts on females, farther remarks and directions as to the there is no human power which has a right conduct of their devotional meetings, the to forbid their exercise, and certaiuly as apostle enters a caveat against females apostle would. Even Anna was allowed to speaking in the church, which it has been prophesy in the temple as well as Simeou; found difficult to reconcile with the direc- Philip, the deacon, had two daughters tions which he gives in chap. xi. 5, &c. as which did prophesy, and the Spirit, to women's prophesying. On this subject day of Pentecost, was doubtless pourel

on the

NOTES-Chap. XIV. Con. Ver. 25. Thus are the secrets of his heart made Macknight thinks it should be, here--" The spiritual manifest.- This refers to the work of the Holy Spi- (gifts) of the prophets are subject to the prophets." rit on men's consciences. Ver. 26. Every one (Mackn.“ each”) of you hath,

Ver. 33. Conjusion.-Marg. " tumult, er

quietness." &c.--This, according to Mr. Harmer, is to be un- Ver 36. What came the word, &c. -Dodd, derstood of extemporary father inspired devotional says, the Scotticism,“ Whether did the word of God


come forth from you alone?" would be the exactes ment, as in the times of Moses and David.

version. This excellent Expositor considers there Ver. 27. Let it be by two, &c.-i. e. according to words as addressed to the church at large; bal Doddr., " two or three" speakers, and one inter- Macknight, as addressed to the women only: 2 preter; but Mackn. renders it, “Let it be two, or much as to say, “ Did Christ employ any of your at most three (sentences), and separately; and let sex as apostles? or did the word only coine to you one interpret."

by the ministry of men ?” Ver. 29. Let the other judge.-Literally, " dis- Ver 37. They are the commandments of the Lord. criminate" between truth and error. Dr. B. Smith. This is a direct assertion of the apostle's inspiratia..

Ver. 32. The spirits of the prophets.-In verse 12, Ver. 38. But if any man be ignorant--i. c. neither where the original is the same, oor translators render it" spiritual gifts,” the noun being supplied, as

a prophet, nor iuspired-let bim remain a. $**

Rev. xxii. 11.

Witnesses of ]

CHAP. XV.: " (Christ's resurrection,

that am not meet to be called an aposCHAP. XV.

lle, because I persecuted the Church of

God, MOREOVER, brethren, I declare 10 But by the grace of God I am

unto you the Gospel which I what I am: and his grace which was preached unto you, which also ye have bestowed upon me was not in vain ; received, and wherein


stand; but I laboured more abundantly than 2 By which also ye are saved, if they all: yet not I, but the grace of ye keep in memory what I preached God which was with me. unto you, unless ye have believed in 11 Therefore whether it were I or vain.

they, so we preach, and so ye believed. 3 For I delivered unto you first of 12 Now if Christ be preached that all that which I also received, how that he rose from the dead, how say some Christ died for our sins according to among you that there is no resurrecthe Scriptures ;

tion of the dead ? 4 And that he was buried, and that 13 But if there be no resurrection he rose again the third day according of the dead, then is Christ not risen: to the Scriptures :

14 And if Christ be not risen, then 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, is our preaching vain, and your faith then of the twelve:

is also vain. 6 After that, he was seen of above 15 Yea, and we are found false five hundred brethren at once ; of witnesses of God; because we have whom the greater part remain unt this testified of God that he raised up present, but some are fallen asleep. Christ: whom he raised not up, if so

7 After that, he was seen of James; be that the dead rise not. then of all the apostles.

16 For if the dead rise not, then is 8 And last of all he was seen of not Christ raised : me also, as of one born out of due 17 And if Christ be not raised,

your faith is vain ; ye are yet in your 9 For I am the least of the apostles, sios.


EXPOSITION. upou both sexes, as had been predicted. votion. “Let them ask their husbands at (Acts ii. 17, 18.) And Paul's prohibition home" (ver. 35), but, in public, "Let all of a woman's praying or prophesying un- things be done decently, and in order" veiled, was certainly an ackuowledgment (ver. 40), that is, according to Doddridge, of their right under such regulation.- " Let all (your meetings] be conducted in 2. In the present cbapter nothing is said a regular manner, to prevent such disof women as to prophesying or praying; turbances, disputes, and scandals for the but only against their speaking or talking future, as have already arisen in your in the churches, which we humbly con- society, and will proceed to greater evils, ceive regards rather their interference irs if you do not immediately set upon rechurch government, which was unbe- forming them." If women were allowed coming their subjection to the other sex. to prophesy or preach in the public conNeither were they allowed to ask ques- gregation, we conceive it was only on partions, which might interrupt the course of ticular occasions, and under special divine their meetings, either for business or de- influence.

NOTES. CHAP. XV. Ver. 2. If ye keep in memory:

though only ten of them were present, Judas being Marg." hold fast,"What I preached.-Dodds. dead, and Thomas absent. They were called the " those joyful tidingsı" &e.

twelve, as implying their office: so the Romans Ver. 3. First of all that, &c.-Doddr. “ Among spake of the Triumviri and Decemviri, when nie an. the orst [things), that which,” &c.

ing only a part of them. Ver. 4. Rose again the third day, according, &c. Ver. 8. As of one born out of due time.-Marg. He was not to see corruption, which generally oc- ?" an abortive. curred before the fourth day. See Johp xi. 39. Ver. 13. T'hen is Christ not risen.--Doddr." nei. Ver. 6. Then of the twelve. --So they were called, ther is Christ raised." So in verso 14.

Christ the first-fruits] 1 CORINTHIANS.

[from the dead. 18 Then they also which are fallen 21 For since by man came death, asleep in Christ are perished.

by man came alsu the resurrection of 19 if in this life only we have hope the dead. in Christ, we are of all men most 22 For as in Adam all die, even so miserable. (R)

in Christ shall all be made alire. 20 { But now is Christ risen from

23 But every man in his own order: the dead, and become the first-fruits of Christ the first-fruits; afterward they them that slept.

that are Christ's at his coming.


subject already named, and which was not (R) Ver. 1—19. Christ's resurrection, evidently in full view of his mind—the the ground and pledge of ours. The resur- general resurrection, as arising

out of the rection of the body, however ridiculed by fact of Christ's resurrection. To this fact ancient or modern philosophers, is a fun- he, as an apostle, and as one who had bindamental truth of Christianity, constantly self seen Christ after his resurrection, insisted upon in the public preaching of bore unequivocal evidence: and upon it the apostles (as we find in the Book of founding the resurrection of all believers, Acts), as well as in the apostolical epistles. he thus reasons—" If there be no resurBut the general resurrection arises out of rection, then Christ is not risen; then is Christ's resurrection, as we shall presently our preaching vain, and your faith also is see; it was necessary, therefore, to esta- vaja. We are found false witnesses conblish that fact, as the foundation of this cerning God, in saying that he raised his doctrine. Now, as a fact can only be esta- Son, Jesus, from the dead" (Acts ii.24, &c.), blished by testimony, St. Paul here refers and you also are left to perish "in your to the various witnesses by whose testi- sins;" the atovement of Christ being mony it may be established. After his re- no avail if it be not accepted of God, and surrection, our Lord was seen of Cephas the evidence of acceptance resting on his (or Peter), of the twelve,” or body of the resurrection. (Acts v. 31; xiii. 30; Rom. apostles, and afterwards of "five hundred iv. 25.) So important is this doctrine, brethren at once," of whom, says the apos- that on it depends our hopes of another tle, “the greater part remain (alive) unto life, and “if in this life only we have hope," this present (time)." The other appear- that is, if our hope extends not beyond the ances are mentioned by the Evangelists; grave, “then are we of all men most but this is not, though it is thought to be miserable," and to be pitied. As if he referred to in Matt. xxviii. 10.

had said, our Christian profession exposes The modest manner in which St. Paul us to all the miseries of the present life, speaks of himself, as one of these wit- and even death itself; where, then, cai nesses, is very remarkable. He calls him- we look for consolation or reward, but to self an abortive" one born out of due "another and a better world ?" time," and too insignificant to deserve It may be said, this might be sought for in notice : because, though an apostle, and the intermediate state, and this state ve especially so to the Corinthians (chap. ix. do not deny; but it must necessarily be 2), he had been a persecutor of the Church both temporary and imperfect, since it of God: yet since he had been born again, extends only to the mind, and will termiaud become a child of God, and a servant nate with the day of judgment. Indeed, of Christ, he had been indefatigable in this state, though repeatedly referred to in serving the great cause in which he was the New Testament as a state of rest, and now engaged. This he mentions, how- peace, and happiness, is never mentioned ever, not to praise hiinself, but to honour as the final hope and reward of Christians, his divine Master. "It was not I (says which is always placed beyond the day of he), but the grace of God, which was wiih judgment, as in Matt. xxv. 34. “Then me;" and to that grace he gives all the shall the King say unto them on his glory.

right hand, Come, ye blessed of my After this exordium, he adverts to the Father, inherit the kingdom," &c.

NOTES—Chap. XV. Con. Ver. 18. Are perished. This verse implies, that Ver. 23. Aflerward they that are Christ's–This all who had been saved, were saved through Christ's plainly shows that the resurrection of believers will death and resurrection.

be distinct, and precede that of the wicked. Ver. 19. Most miserable.--Doddr. "Pitiable." Ibid. Al his coming-i. e. at his second coming Ver. 20. Become the first.fruits. This is said in to raise the dead, and judge the world. allusion to the law, Levit. xxiii, 10, 11,

and power.

Christ presents the]

CHAP. XV. [kingdom to his Father. 24 Then cometh the end, when he are baptized for the dead, if the dead shall have delivered up the kingdom to rise not at all? why are they then bapGud, even the Father; when he shall tized for the dead ? have put down all rule and all authority 30 And why stand we in jeopardy

every hour ? 25 For he must reign, till he hath 31 I protest by your rejoicing which put all enemies under his feet.

I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die 26 The last enemy that shall be de- daily. stroyed is death.

32 If after the manner of men I 27 For he hath put all things under have fought with beasts at Ephesus, his feet. But when he saith, All things what advantageth it me, if the dead are put under him, it is manifest that rise not? Let us eat and drink; for tohe is excepted, which did put all things morrow we die. under him.

33 Be not deceived : evil communi28 And when all things shall be cations corrupt good manners. subdued unto him, then shall the Son 34 Awake to righteousness, and sin also himself be subject unto him that not; for some have not the knowput all things under him, that God ledge of God: I speak this to your may be all in all.

shame. (S) 29 Else what shall they do which 35 [ But some man will say, How

EXPOSITION. (S) Ver. 20–34. The doctrine of the We now come to contemplate the meresurrection farther considered, in relation diatorial kingdom of the Lord Jesus, its to Christ's mediatorial character and king- completion, and the surrender here spoken dom.- The conclusion from the preceding of: "Then cometh the end," &c.-" The reasoning is, not only that Christ is risen, end of which Paul speaks (says Mr. And. but also that he is risen as a public cha. Fuller) does not mean the end of Christ's racter-risen as an earnest and security to kingdom, but of the world, and the things. bis people, that they also shall be raised - thereof. The delivering up the kingdom he is the first fruits of the great harvest to the Father will not put an end to it, but of the general resurrection of the just; eternally establish it in a new and more for it is to them, and to them only, we glorious form. Christ shall not cease to think, with Doddridge, St. Paul refers reign, though the mode of his administhroughout this chapter. It may be well tration be different. As a divine person, here to turn back to the Epistle to the he will always be one with the Father ; Romans, chap. v., in which we have seen and though his mediatorial kingdom shali Adam and Christ described as respectively cease, yet the effects of it will remain for the representatives of those connected with ever. There will never be a period in them : Adain as the head of all mankind, duration in which the redeemer of sinners proceeding from him by ordinary gene- will be thrown into the shade, or become ration; and Christ as the head of all his of less account than he now is; or in chosen and regenerated people. As in which“ honour, and glory, and blessing," virtue of the former relation all mankind will cease to be ascribed to him by the were involved in sin and death through whole creation. Rev. v. 12–14. (Harm. of the first Adam, so, through their relation Scrip. p. 35.) to the second Adam (Christ), all believers Upou the same passage the learned Bp. become intitled to the high privilege of a Pearson remarks" When all the enemies resurrection to eternal life.

of Christ shall be subdued, when all the

NOTES Ver. 27. He is ercepted-i. e. God the Father. elliptical, and reads it, “Baptized for (the resurrec. Ver. 29. Baptized for the dead.-Nearly twenty tion of] the dead." different explications have been given of this text, Ver. 31. I protest by your rejoicing.-Macknight, the far greater part of which are not worth enume- “ By the boasting (which I have) on account or rating. We have alluded to the two which we con- Christ Jesus," &c. sider most probable. Doddr. (who follows Sir Rd. Ver. 32. If .... I have fought, &c.-Dr. Lardner F.llys ) translates the text, “ Baptized in the room of understands this hypotheticalls—"If I had"-and the dead;" but Macknight considers the passage as pot that he literally did so.

The resurrection]

1 CORINTHIANS. [compared to a harvest. are the dead raised up? and with what 37 And that which thou sowest, body do they come ?

thou sowest not that body that shall 36 Thou fool, that which thou sow- be, but bare grain, it may chance of est is not quickened, except it die: wheat, or of some other grain :

EXPOSITION-Chap. XV. Continued. chosen of God shall be actually brought am I, and these are the children thou didst into his kingdom, when those which re. give me to redeem and save,' " Thine fused him to reign over them shall be they were, and thou gavedst them to me, slain ; that is, when the whole office of and none is lost save the son of perdition, the mediator shall be completed and ful- that the Scripture might be fulfilled." filled, then every branch of the execution Thus said the Saviour when he had finished shall cease. As, therefore, there shall no his work on earth. (See Johu xvii. throughlonger continue any act of the prophetical out.) And something like this may be his part to instruct us, nor any act of the language when all bis mediatorial office is priestly part to intercede for us, so there fulfilled in heaven. Then “God sball be shall be no further act of this regal power all in all :"—that is, the universe shall be of the mediator necessary, to defend and governed as before the mediatorial system preserve us. The beatifical vision shall was introduced. No more sacrifice for sin succeed our information and instruction, being needed, no more intercession for a present fruition will prevent oblation and sinners will then be offered, nor will there intercession, and perfect security will need remain any enemies to be subdued. Peace no actual defence and protection. As, there- and harmony will be restored to our creafore, the general notiou of a mediator tion, and God alone will reign (as Macceaseth when all are made one, because knight renders it) “over all things, in all 'a mediator is not a mediator of one' places" of his dominion. We are not to (Gal. iii. 20); so every part or branch of suppose, however, that their obligation to that mediatorship, as such, must also the Saviour will ever be obliterated from cease, because that unity is in all parts the hearts of the redeemed, or that he will complete. Then cometh the end,' &c. ever forget or neglect the purchase of his

“Now, though the mediatorship of blood. Christ be then resigned, because the end If this were not the case, says the apos. thereof will then be performed ; though tle, “What shall they do who are baptized the regal office, as part of that mediator- for [in hope of] the resurrection of the ship, he also resigned with the whole; dead? and to fill up the ranks in the yet we must not think that Christ shall Christian army which are broken hy death cease to be a king, or lose any of the power and martyrdom ?" Or why do we stand and honour which before he had.' The continually exposed to the same dangers ? dominion which he hath (as mediator) was -in jeopardy every hour, and daily living given him as a reward for what he suffered: in the expectation of being called to die and certainly the reward shall not cease If, speaking after the manner of men, I when the work is done. He hath pro- have fought with beasts at Ephesus, "when mised to make us kings and priests, wbich I was assaulted by the savage fury of Dehowever we expect in heaven, believing metrius and his mob" (Acts xix. 24)-or we shall reign with him for ever, and if I even had encountered wild beasts in therefore for ever must believe him king," the theatre-whether I had escaped, or (On the Apostles' Creed, Art. vi.)

been destroyed, what reward would there By the resignation of the kingdom to remain for me, if the dead rise not? the Father, we do not understand the In concluding this part of his subject, giving up rank, authority, or power; but the apostle seems to intimate that the rather a submitting of all bis mediatorial Corinthians had suffered, both in principle goverument to the Father's public appro- and practice, from their connexion with bation, and presenting the subjects of his Epicurean philosophers and their disci, les ; kingdom before the throne. So St. Paul this he insinuates in quoting a saying from (Heb. ii. 13) represents Messiah as saying, a Greek poet, which had probably become « Behold I, and the children which God a proverbial saying with them, as the hath given me:" as if he had said, 'Here translation has long been with us~"Evil

NOTES-Chap. XV. Con. Ver. 36. Thon fool.-Doddr. “Thoughtless crea- of the seed rots, and becomes food to the surviving ture,''Except it die.-Mackn. “ rol." Doddr. germ. “(appear to) die." The fact is, that the outer coat

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