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1. "To meet the bridegroom 77 "It is the custom in the east," says Jahn, "for the bridegroom, with his young male friends, to go forth in the evening cheered by music, to seek his bride at her father's house; who returns with him followed by young virgins, lighting the way with flambeaux."


189. 2. "When the Son of Man cometh." These words are omitted by G.



"The first day of unleavened bread, fc.". The following is the order of the incidents at the Last Supper, adopted in the text as most probable. 1. The preparation for the feast on the afternoon of Thursday. 2. The words of Christ at the introduction of the meal, and the giving of the first cup,-mentioned by Luke. 3. The strife among the disciples. 4. The washing of the disciples feet. 5. The charge against Judas, and his going out. 6. The warning of Peter. 7. The Institution of the Supper. The discourses of Jesus in the next chapter were uttered, probably, after the breaking up of the meal, but before they left the room.

194. 2. "He sat down" i. e. reclined. The Jews at their feasts reclined on couches, on their left side, with their feet extending from the table, and so lying that the head of one was against the bosom of another. This was John's position in regard to Jesus.

194. 3. "And he took the cup, fc. fc."-The Paschal Supper was usually celebrated after the following manner. "The master of the house, who officiated as priest, opened with a short prayer, and handed round a cup of wine, mingled with water. After all had drunken and washed their hands, the lamb, with the bitter herbs, the unleavened bread, and some other

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dishes were served. In eating, the son asked the father of the house, what all this meant ; and he replied, that it was done in rememberance of the departure from Egypt. Hereupon, the 113th and 114th Psalms were read. Next came the second cup upon the partaking of which, the master of the house breaks the unleavened bread and divides it among the guests, who eat it in the sauce of bitter herbs Here follows the third cup, called the cup of blessing. and the singing of Psalms 115 to 118. At the fourth cup Psalms. 126 to 137, were sometimes read. The meal ended with the fifth cup."-Extracts from the Commentary of Olshausen, in Western Messenger, for Feb. 1837.

197. 4. "Give a sop❞—i. e, a piece of bread dipped in the


It is probable that our Saviour complied with the custom of the Jews. The third cup is that, generally, supposed to have been taken by Jesus when he instituted the supper.

5. "He that hath no sword "-This passage is probably only a figurative intimation of the dangers that awaited them.

6. "It is enough”— i. e. perhaps, " enough has been said; you do not understand me;-- but other matters press on, and you will soon know my meaning."


201. 1. "Not Iscariot "-This was Lebbeus or Thaddeus. See Matt. x. 3.

207. 2. "Do ye now believe?" "Ye do now believe."-G. 208. 3. 66 Keep through thine own name." "Keep them in thine own name which thou hast given me.' -G.



210. 1. "I will smite the shepherd, &c."-Zech. xiii. 7.

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211. 2. "Being in an agony, &c." The 43d and 44th verses of Luke xxii. are here transposed and inserted at the latter part of the account of the agony; this change seemed to be demanded by the nature of the case.

211. 3. "Sleep on now "-Most commentators make this a question "Do you sleep on now?"


213. 1. "Another disciple "-This was John.

215. 2. "We heard him say, fc." The false witnesses gave neither the words nor the meaning of Jesus. His words were, not "I will destroy" but, "Destroy this temple, &c."

215. 3. "Ye have heard his blasphemy -The first ac cusation brought by the Jews against Jesus was that of blasphemy.

216. 4. "Immediately the cock crew "-It was now about the break of day. The enemies of Christ chose the night for the execution of their de.. signs.

216. 5.

"Art thou the Christ?" "If thou art the Christ."-G.


216. 6. Ye say that I am." "Ye say truth; for I am." -G.

217. 7. "Spoken by Jeremy the prophet, &c." This quotation is not found in Jeremiah. It refers, probably, to Zech. xi. 12, 13—and by some mistake of transcribers the name of the wrong prophet is given.


217. 1. "The hall of Judgment "-i. e. the Prætoriumthe place where the Roman Prætor, or governor heard and decided cases brought before him.

218. 2. "Lest they should be defiled "-The Jews supposed themselves defiled by the touch, or by entering the house of a Gentile.

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218. 4. "Perverting the nation "-The Sanhedrim had no authority to inflict capital punishment. The enemies of Jesus, therefore bring him to the Roman Governor and to secure his destruction they now charge him with treason.

219. 5. "Heard of Galilee, he asked, &c." The kingdom of Herod the Great after his death, was divided among his sons, by the permission of Augustus. Herod Antipas thus became Tetrach of Galilee, and Jesus being a Galilean was subject to his jurisdiction

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3. "Might eat the Passover"-This passage has led some to suppose that Jesus anticipated the time of eating the Paschal Supper; and this may have been the case. Many, however, are of a different opinion and understand the word passover to refer to the whole feast, which con. tinued some days,- or to a solemn_sacrifice, which was made at the end of the first day; the day beginning at six o'clock in the evening.

220. 7.

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"Were made friends "-The cause of the quarrel between Pilate and Herod is not known; it might have been the slaying of the Galileans, by the former, alluded to in Luke xiii. 1, 2.

Willing to release Jesus "-Part of Pilate's reluctance to condemn Jesus, arose from the dream of his wife's. It was not easy to insert the account of this dream in the text, without interrupting the course of the narrative; it is recorded in Matt. xxvii. 19.

8. "The preparation of the Passover " -The first day of the feast was called the preparation.

9. "We have no king but Cæsar"-Observe, this was the answer of the priests, not of the people.


224. 1. "Vinegar to drink. &c." This is supposed to have been a potion meant to stupify.

224. 2. "And he was numbered, &c." Is. liii. 12.

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224. 3. "They parted my raiment." Ps. xxii. 18.

226. 4. "My God, My God." Ps. xxii. 1.

226, 5. "The veil of the temple." Exod. xxvi. 31-33. 227. 6. "Whom they pierced." Zech. xii. 10.



231. 2. "And as they went to tell his disciples." i. e. the women mentioned above. Mark xvi. 5-7.




1. "When the Sabbath was past, &c." There is some difficulty in constructing a Harmony of the accounts of the resurrection that shall be entirely satisfactory. In the text the compiler has endeavored to give an unbroken narrative, and adopted the order of events, which seemed to him the most probable. Luke xxiv. 1-11, has been omitted, because it could not be easily interwoven with other parts of the account of the resurrection, and it may refer to a visit not mentioned by the other Evangelists.


1. "Peace be unto you"-A common form of salutation.

2. "Peter was grieved"—probably because the repetition of the question, reminded him of his denial of Jesus.

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