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great apostasy. They betrayed and crucified their Saviour, lest the Romans should come and take away their place and nation ; maliciously exclaiming, that they had no king but Cæsar : therefore, these very Romans were the people appointed of God to drive them out of their land; the power of Cæsar, to whom they had given the preference, was turned against them; and they who had sold their Saviour were, themselves, sold into captivity and bondage ; thirty of them, as history saith, for one piece of silver.

Their rejection of the gospel, and the consequent judgment of God upon them, are thus represented in one of the parables of Christ--They took his servants, and entreated them spitefully, and slew them : but when the king heard thereof he was wroth; and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burnt up their city. When the Jews had filled up the measure of their sins, the Roman armies were sent out by the Divine direction, to inflict the vengeance due to them. Their city was burned, their temple levelled with the ground: their land is now possessed by aliens and infidels; themselves are wandering about the world, without any home, and their backs are bowed down under the burthens they carry


upon them; they are mixed with all nations, but incorporated with none; they sojourn with all people, yet still differ from all, in their customs, and even in their looks; they are marked out, like Cain, as vagabonds and murderers, and are miraculously preserved for a lesson to all that behold them: so that a man can hardly look upon a Jew without exclaiming-Thou persuadest me to be a Christian. Sluy them not, said the prophet, lest my people forget it, but scatter them abroad : for thence it will be understood in all succeeding ages, that God is terrible in his judgments; that none can forsake him, without being lost to themselves ; and that obedience to his law can alone secure his protection to any

other nation.

The Jews are held forth as the most striking examples of national sin, and national punishment; but they are not singular : other nations have had their share, when their pride and wickedness have provoked the divine displeasure : and some would grow wise, in time, from the example of others, unless it were found to be true, by fatal experience, that men become infatuated in their understandings, when they are devoted to destructioir.



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If the history of this kingdom were to be written, with all the truth and impartiality of inspiration, and effects compared justly with their causes; we should see how God, at sundry times, and in divers manners, hath interposed to visit us; sometimes raising us to honour, in the sight of those that are round about us, and indulging us with the blessings of peace and plenty ; at other times giving us up to be devoured among ourselves, when a spirit of faction and disobedience has been let loose, to set us at variance, and make us a scourge to one another.

When a sense of past evils shall have lost its effect upon us, then the same turbulent spirit will again prevail, to undermine our greatness, and render us weak and contemptible in the sight of the nations that are round about us.

Upon the whole, so manifest is the power of God in the creation and direction of the natural world; so remarkable the interposition of his providence in the revolutions of kingdoms; that he who cannot thence infer the necessity of fearing him, and the wisdom of being subject to him, has neither the faith of a Christian, nor the understanding of a man. And now, if to the foregoing considerations we add this, the last and greatest of all; that



the same God who visits us here in this life, is to judge us in another; all other fear will resolve itself into the fear of him ; according to that precept of our blessed Saviour, I will. forewarn you whom you shall fear : fear him, which, after he hath killed, hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, fear him. But then you are to understand with all this, that our religion is not intended to make life melancholy and miserable, but rather to make us happier by making us wiser, and to keep us in safety by bringing us nearer unto God. It teaches the necessity of a reasonable fear; the wisdom of a voluntary subjection; a fear which brings security, and a subjection which leads to liberty.

If, after what I have said, there should be any here present, who have not the fear of God, and will not be persuaded to it; I must warn them of one thing, which perhaps they have not considered. I give them to know, then, that no man born into this world can live without fear. If he does not fear God, he shall not escape fearless, as he thinks; for he shall certainly fear something else. The fear of God would do him good, and make him happy: but if he does not fear God, he shall fall into some other fear, which will do



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hiin no good at all, but haunt him like an evil spirit, to make his enjoyments worthless, and his life miserable.

You are to observe, then, that he who does not fear God, shall fear death. When God is banished from the mind, the hope of immortality goes with him, and the fear of death prevails : and death being an enemy whom no man can cheat, or conquer, or avoid ; the mind that is apprehensive of him falls under a sort of bondage, for which the whole world has no remedy. When a man does not fear God, he is

possessed with a servile fear of the world; he becomes the slave of fashion, in his mind, his body, and his morals : he dreads nothing so much as to be thought little and insignificant, by those who give laws to the fashionable part of society. He looks up to the opinion of the world with all that anxious reverence with which a Christian looks to the word of God. How many do we meet with, who are miserable, unless they are seen where the world is, and go where the world goes! How many renounce their judgment, or conceal it, and that with respect to the greatest subjects, if it contradicts the current of the day!


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