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He will live as a monition to statesmen to trust man less and God more. He will live in all the might of his greatness, and all the eloquence of his lips, as a witness that the Christianity in which he believed is founded upon a rock. Who can detect a fallacy which for forty years escaped the scrutiny of Daniel Webster? Finally, he will live as a witness that no earthly greatness, nor earthly honor, can console the spirit in the dark yalley.
Daniel Webster, in dying, developed great fortitude, calmness, dignity and patience. He spoke, however, of the difficulty of the process of dying; when Dr. Jeffries repeated the verse, “Though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death I will fear no evil, for Thou art with me, thy rod and thy staff, they comfort me.” Mr. Webster said, immediately, “The fact—the fact! That is what I want! Thy rod—thy rod! Thy staff—thy staff!” May his cry to God for help in the dark valley startle us so to live that at death we may hear a voice saying, “Fear not, for I am with thee; be not dismayed, for I am thy God.”
In his best days, we heard from Daniel Webster's lips the following sentiment, which we commend, in closing, to our readers :
“A sense of duty pursues us ever. It is omnipresent, like the Deity. If we take to ourselves the wings of the morning and dwell in the utmost parts of the sea, duty performed, or duty violated, is still with us, for our happiness or our misery. If we say the darkness shall cover us, in the darkness as in the light, our obligations are yet with us. We cannot escape their power, nor fly from their presence. They are with us in this life, will be with us at its close; and, in that scene of inconceivable solemnity, which lies yet farther onward, we shall still find ourselves surrounded by the conciousness of duty, to pain us wherever it has been violated, and to console us, so far as God may have given us grace to perform it.”
1. The History of the Irish Settlers in North America, from the ear
liest period to the census of 1850. By THOMAS D'ARCY M‘GEE, Author of the “Lives of the Irish Writers," “ Art M‘Murrough,"
“ O'Connell and his Friends,” &c. Second edition. Boston, 1852. 2. The Catholic Chapter in the History of the United States. A Lec
ture delivered in Metropolitan Hall before the Catholic Institute, March 8, 1852. By the Most Rev. John Hughes, D. D., Arch
bishop of New York. New York, 1852. 3. Boston Pilot, and New York Freeman's Journal for 1852.
Which of Solomon's counsels shall we adopt in reference to such orators as “the man of many denominations," such editors as those of the Boston Pilot, the New York Freeman's Journal, and the Shepherd of the Valley, and such historians as Archbishop Hughes, and Thomas D'Arcy M‘Gee? Already as wise in their own conceit as they well can be, to answer them after their own manner would be a work of supererogation. To do so, and be like unto them, would be a calamity indeed! On the one hand, we think of Moses at Kadesh-Barnea; on the other, of the man of Uz; and above all, we think of Him who spake as never man spake; “never answering in the manner of his opponents, so as to be like unto them; never declining to repel their folly, so as to abase their self-conceit.”
That our readers may appreciate the difficulty in the premises, we will present a few of the characteristic paragraphs with which the pages of recent Roman Catholic writers have been filled, and the tone of which has at length become so offensive, that we can bear it no longer. “I will be tolerant of every thing else,” said Mr. Coleridge, “but every other man's intolerance.” The solitary feature in this new phase of Romanism that we admire, is its frankness. Followed up so closely and determinedly by the ablest men all over the country, Drs. Murray and Rice of one branch of the Presbyterian
Church, Dr. Beman of our own, Dr. Dowling of the Baptist, Dr. Peck of the Methodist, and Drs. Berg and Schmucker of the Reformed Dutch and Lutheran Churches, that concealment or equivocation is no longer possible even by Jesuits themselves, they have at length resolved to make a merit of necessity, and pass for just what they are. The doctrine of “reserve,” with a people so positive in their institutions as the Americans, may now be considered as well nigh obsolete. The Janus-faced policy of, for or against, just as circumstances may require, (jura, perjura, ne prodere fidem,) does not work well in connection with the steam press and the electric telegraph. Pope Pius IX. having discovered 'the endeavor to engraft liberal opinions on the Romanism of Europe to be a most profound mistake, Archbishop Hughes has arrived at the same conclusion in reference to the Romanism of America. Tired of standing on the defensive, he and all his followers now prefer an aggressive position; the plough having been thrown out of one furrow, they think it wisdom to try another.
For the benefit of our readers who have not observed the recent phases of the infallible Church, we will take the liberty of “ defining her position,” and now propound, on the basis of the publications named at the head of our article, the following as the AMERICAN ROMAN CATHOLIC CREED.
For the beney think it wisdom.gh having been the
ARTICLE I. There shall be no freedom of conscience in matters
“ If the Catholics ever gain, as they will do, though at a distant day, an immense numerical majority, religious freedom in this country is at an end. So say our enemies; so we believe.” Shepherd of the Valley.
“Freedom of conscience means simply freedom to worship God according to the law which God himself has established, without any let or hinderance from the state, or any human power whatever.” Brownson's Review, p. 443, Oct. 1852.
The Church, of course, is to determine what that law is, and the carbonaria fides is to be the only one we shall be permitted to exercise.
ARTICLE II. These United States belong to the Catholic Church
by right of discovery.
“Catholics should control and sway the destinies of the far west. * * * The church has a right to claim the immense valley of the Mississippi, of which the Jesuit missionaries were the first explorers; the lands that bank the Ohio, and the Illinois, and those adjoining the great lakes.” Boston Pilot, June, 1852.
ARTICLE III. Catholic Institutions are the procuring cause
of the prosperity of the United States.
“God blesses this noble country of ours, as he blessed of old the house of Obed-Edom, because that the ark of the Lord returning from its captivity and the place of its neglect, has found within her borders a way-side harbor, and an untroubled protection.” Freeman's Journal, Aug. 8, 1848.
“So far from the Catholics being new comers, who enter the field at the eleventh hour, they have been here from the earliest dawn of the morning. They have shared in your sufferings, taken part in your labor, contributed to the common glory and prosperity of your country and theirs, and neither the first page, nor the last page, nor the middle page of your history, would have been where, and what it is without them.” Catholic Chapter in the history of the United States.
“The Catholic Church having already given us every institution here that is free, to the same religion must we look for all our security in the future.” Dr. Brownson, Boston Pilot, June 26, 1852.
ARTICLE IV. Catholic Institutions are the true foundations of
our national prosperity.
“The foundations of our country's prosperity are indeed, we are persuaded, being laid. As is always the case with an edifice of vast dimensions, and especially when the ground is not firm, the work commences slowly. For a time the labor that is expended seems lost in the uncertain earth, but presently it will emerge. What has been done will appear above ground, and
the work will henceforward go on more joyously, and faster. But what are these foundations of our future national prosperity, which we speak of as just now beginning to appear ? They are Catholic Institutions of all kinds, so being that they are truly and purely Catholic. Every Catholic Church, every Catholic school, every convent, every Catholic asylum, is a foundation stone of this precious building of our country's greatness.” Freeman's Journal.
“In this age, and in this country, the call on Catholics is to spread the external frame-work of the church, to dot all the villages of the land with churches, and to supply them with priests, to multiply these in all our cities. * * * Our part as laymen is to co-operate with our pastors in all that they propose for the accomplishment of this great work, and not to grow weary, or to think it too hard that the call for contributions for church buildings, and for the other purposes of religion are continually heavy upon us." Ib.
“Catholic principles are the foundation of American Institutions.” Bishop Connor, 1851.
prevail."he (Dr. Browomplished. As
ARTICLE V. Catholic Institutions are our only sure Palladium.
“It is only by the Catholic Church, it (that is, the maintenance of liberty,) can be accomplished. As a patriot, as well as a Christian, he (Dr. Brownson) would say, let the Catholic Church prevail.” Boston Pilot.
“God blesses this country, but if this benediction is to be perpetuated, it must be by the effecting a great change in the political character of the country. The best friends of the republic have the gloomiest misgivings as to its continuance. * * * And what then is the remedy? If we are to have any future, and if our country is not to sink among her accumulated corruptions, it is Catholic faith, Catholic life, Catholic self-mastery that is to save it." Freeman's Journal.
ARTICLE VI. The United States is not more a Protestant than
a Catholic Country. “It is equally out of place, and altogether untrue, to assert