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BAKU, a town of Persia, in the province of Schirvan, surrounded by a double wall and deep ditch. It is a place of considerable trade, and the most commodious and safe haven of the Caspian sea. The vicinity produces much rock salt, sulphur, naphtha, and saffron E. of the naphtha springs is a fire temple of the Guebres, nearly a mile in circuit, from the centre of which a bluish flame and sulphurous gas arises; the country around has, at times, the appearance of being enveloped in flames. Baku was taken by the Russians in 1801. It stands on a peninsula, 100 m. E. by N. of Schamachi: Lg. 50.15 E, Lt. 40.30 N.

BALA, a corporate town of Wales in the county of Merioneth, 11 m. sw. of Corwen, 214Nw. of London, with a market on Saturday; it stands on the lake of Bala, or Pemblemere, whence the river Dee issues; and has a trade in woollen stockings, webs, and flannels. Polling place. The lake of Bala is 4 m. long by 1 broad: the near scenery is by no means romantic, though that in the distance, towards the SE, is fine: the Welsh call it Llyn Tegid, as well as Pemblemere.

BALACHEF, a town of Russia, in the government of Saratof, on the left bank of the Khoper, 140 m. s. of Saratof: Lg. 43.40 E, Lt. 52.0 N; P. 1500.

BALACTAVA, a seaport of Russia, in the Crimea, and district of Simphéropol, now fallen into decay; the navigation to it was prohibited in 1796: it is 18 m. SSE. of Sebastopol.

BALAGAUT, a large country of Southern Hindostan, consisting of fertile plains, bordered by a wall of mountains, called the Ghauts. Its form is triangular, the base to the E. 240 m. long, and the two sides about 280 each; bounded on the N. by the rivers Toombuddra and Kissna, which part it from Bejapoor and Hydrabad, E. by the Circars and the Carnatic, s. by Salem and Mysore, and w. (the apex) by Canara. Owing to the elevated surface of this region it has no large rivers except the two that define its N. boundaries; but the soil is generally good: it is divided into many districts; indigo and cotton are the chief products; and diamond miues are found in many parts, especially in the eastern district. This country was ceded by the Nizam of the Deccan to the British in 1800; and is now formed into two collectorships, Cudapah and Balhary, the former containing the eastern, and the latter the western section.

in the gulf of Mexico, with a fort, at the prin cipal mouth of the Mississipi: Lg. 89.20 w, Lt. 29.6 N.

BALAKHNA, a town of Russia, in the government of Nijnii, the chief place of a district, on the right bank of the Volga, 164 m. from Nijnii. It was founded in 1536; and is fortified with earthen ramparts and a deep ditch. It has a trade in wheat; and contains 15 churches and 1 convent; P. 3000.

BALAMBANGAM, an island of Asia, in the China sea, 15 m. long by 3 broad, lying off the N. extremity of Borneo. A settlement was formed here by the British in 1774, who were treacherously expelled by the Sooloos in 1775; it was re-established in 1893, but afterward abandoned: Lg. 117.5 E, Lt. 7.15 N.

BALAPOOR, CHICA, and DODA, or Little and Great Balapoor, Asia; see CHINABALABARAM and PEDDABALABARAM.

BALARUC, a town of France, in the dept. of the Herault, famous for its baths. It is 12 m. from Montpellier.

BALASORE, a town of Hindostan, in Orissa, and a place of considerable trade. It was ceded by the Mahrattas to the British in 1803. It is situated on the Gongaher, 8 m. from its mouth, in the bay of Bengal, 120 sw. of Calcutta: Lg. 86.56 E, Lt. 21,32 N.

BALBASTRO, an episcopal city of Spain, in the province of Aragon, 45 m. ENE. of Saragossa.

BALBEC, the ancient Heliopolis, a town of Asia, in Syria, at the foot of Mount Libanus, near the NE. extremity of the fertile valley of Bocat. On the E. side are magnificent ruins, particularly those of the temple dedicated to the sun. The town was nearly destroyed by an earthquake in 1759, and is now a miserable place: 37 m. NNW. of Damascus.

BALBRIGGEN, a town of the county of Dublin, in Ireland, with a small harbour, defended by a pier, 20 m. N. by E. of Dublin.

BALDOCK, a town of England, in Hertfordshire, with a market on Thursday; seated among hills, 9 m. wsw. of Royston, and 37 NNW. of London; P. 1704.

BALDONE, a small town of Russia, in the government of Courland, near Mittau; famed for its mineral springs.

BALE; Sce BASIL.

BALEARES, or BALEARIC ISLANDS, a number of islands lying to the E. of Spain, in the Mediterranean sea. The principal are Majorca, Minorca, and Ivica, which are pepulous; but those of Formentera, Cabrera,

BALAGNA, a town of Corsica, in the NW. of Dragonera, and other smaller ones, have few the island.

BALAGUER, a town of Spain, in Catalonia, with a strong fort that defends a difficult pass from Tortosa to Tarragona. The fort was taken from the French by the British in 1813. It stands on the Segra, at the foot of a craggy rock, 20 m. sw. of Tarragona, and 28 NE. of Tortosa.

BALAISE, a small island of North America,

inhabitants: they belong to Spain.

BALECUNDA, & town of Hindostan, in Hydrabad, near the right bank of the Godavery, 94 NNE. of Warangol.

BALFRUSH, a town of Persia, in Mazanderan, meanly built. The bazaar, which forms the principal street, denotes an active traffic. It lies in a low valley, near the Caspian sea, 40 m. NW. of Sari.

BALGA, a town of Prussia, on the Frisch population is also dispersed in small societies, Haff, 24 m. sw. of Konigsberg.

BALHARY, a fort and town of Hindostan, the capital of the w. portion of Balagaut, with a hill fort. It stands on the Hoggry, 186 m. N. of Seringapatam: Lg. 76.59 E, Lt. 15.5 N. BALIZE, a town of North America, in Yucatan, at the mouth of the Balize, in the bay of Honduras. The houses are built of wood, raised on piles; it is the principal settlement of the English on this coast. The river is navigable for above 200 m, but vessels of burthen cannot approach the town, on account of a bar. The chief trade is in logwood and mahogany: Lg. 87.40 w, Lt. 17.30 N. BALK, a city of Usbec Tartary, Asia, the capital of a province lying E. of Chorasan. It is the chief seat of the commerce between Bokharia and Hindostan. The khan's castle is a magnificent structure, built of marble from the neighbouring mountains. It is seated on the Dewash, which flows into the Amu, 260 m. SE. of Bokhara, and 310 NE. of Herat Lg. 65.16 E, Lt. 36.28 N.

BALLANTRAE, a town of Scotland, in Ayrshire, near the mouth of the Stinchar, 24 m. ssw. of Ayr; P. 1506.

BALLASORE, or BALISORE, Hindostan, on the coast of Coromandel, a town and road in Lt. 21.20 N, Lg. 55.1 E, in the bay of Bengal ; the road is off the mouth of the river Gongehar, up which the town lies, 20 m. from the sea by water, but only 4 by land.

BALLIMONEY, a town of Ireland, in Antrim, 7 m. ESE. of Colerain, and 28 NNW. of Antrim.

BALLIMORE, a town of Ireland, in West Meath, 13 m. NE. of Athlone.

BALLIMOTE, a town of Ireland, in Sligo, with an extensive linen manufacture, 14 m. s. of Sligo.

BALLINA, a town of Ireland, in the county of Mayo, on the Moy, 19 m. N. by E. of Castlebar.

BALLINASLOE, a town of Ireland, in Galway, where the greatest wool and cattle fairs in the island are held. It is seated on the Suck, 9 m. WNW. of Clonfert.

BALLINROBE, a town of Ireland, in Mayo, where the assizes are held alternately with Castlebar. It is seated on both sides of the Robe, 18 m. s. by E. of Castlebar.

BALLINTOY, a town of Ireland, on the N. coast of Antrim, with a tolerable good bay, and a trade in coal, 4 m. w. by N. of Ballycastle.

BALLOGISTAN, or BELOOCHISTAN, a country of Asia, comprehended between Lg. 59 and 68 E, and Lt. 25 and 30 N; but its political limits are frequently changed; it has Candahar and Cabul to the N, Hindostan to the E, the Arabian sea on the s, and Persia on the w; and is divided into several provinces. It is composed of lofty mountains, arid plains, and a few fine valleys. The Ballogese are so adverse to all the arts of civilized life, that they have few commodities suited for trade; the

generally hostile to each other, and yielding but a nominal obedience to any chief.

BALLON D'ALSACE, France, one of the loftiest of the Vosges, 4500 feet high it is in the dept. of the Vosges: Lg. 4.49 E, Lt. 47.54 N.

BALLSTON, a town of North America, in the United States, state of New York, and Saratoga county. It is famous for medicinal springs; 29 m. N. of Albany, 406 of Washington; P. 2113.

BALLY, an island of the East Indies, 75 m. long by 40, separated from the E. end of Java by a channel called the strait of Bally. It is populous, abounds in rice and fruit, and furnishes checkered cloth, cotton yarn, and pickled pork. Toward the w. end is the peak of Bally, a volcano. At the foot of this mountain, and near the strait of Lombock, is Carang Assem, the principal town: Lg. 115.30 E, Lt. 8.28 s.

BALLYCASTLE, a town of Ireland, on the N. coast of Antrim. It has some good collieries, and stands at the mouth of the Glenshesk, 35 m. N. by w. of Antrim.

BALLYCONNEL, a town of Ireland, in the county of Cavan, on the Woodford, 11 m. nw. of Cavan.

BALLYMENA, a town of Ireland, in Antrim, on a branch of the Maine, 12 m. NNW. of Antrim.

Ireland, in

BALLYNAHINCH, a town of Down. Near this place, in 1798, the rebels were defeated; and the greater part of the town was burnt. It is 26 m. NE. of Newry.

BALLYNAKILL, a borough of Ireland, in Queen's county: here are some woollen manufactures, and the ruins of a castle. It is 18 m. Nw. of Kilkenny.

BALLYSHANNON, a borough and seaport of Ireland, in Donegal, with an extensive linen manufacture. It stands near the mouth of the Erne, over which is a bridge of 14 arches; and a little above is a cataract, deemed the greatest salmon leap in Ireland. It is 11 m. ssw. of Donegal, and 110 NW. of Dublin; P. 7316.

BALMERINO, a town of Scotland, Fifeshire, which has a trade in corn and salmon, and a manufacture of coarse linen. The ruins of its once magnificent abbey are much admired. It is seated on the frith of Tay, 10 m. nw. of St. Andrew.

BALRUDERY, a town of Ireland, in the county of Dublin, near the sea, 18 m. N. of Dublin.

BALTA, a small town of Russia, in the government Podolie, the chief of a district; the small river Codéma runs through it. It is 56 m. w. of Doubossar.

BALTIC, an inland sea, in the NW. of Europe, between the coasts of Sweden, Russia, Prussia, and Denmark. It includes the sea and gulfs of Bothnia and Finland; and a great number of islands, the principal of which are Aland, Dago, Oesel, Gothland,

Oland, Bornholm, Rugen, and Laaland; and the islands of Seland and Funen, or Fyen, separate it from the Categat, by which it communicates with the ocean. The Baltic receives 240 rivers, besides a vast number of torrents and rivulets formed by the melting of the snow and ice. It has no tide, and a current always sets through the sound into the ocean. Yellow amber is found on the coast. BALTIMORE, a borough of Ireland, in Cork county, on a headland which runs into the sea, and forms a good harbour, 5 m. NE. of Cape Clear. It has the ruins of an abbey, and is 50 m. sw. of Cork city: Lg. 9.14 w, Lt. 51.18 N. BALTIMORE, a city of the United States of North America, in the state of Maryland, the capital of a county, in which are numerous iron works. It is seated on the Patapsco, near its entrance into Chesapeak bay; a creek divides the city from a town called Fellspoint, which are connected by bridges. At Fellspoint the water is deep enough for ships of 600 tons, but small vessels only go up to the town. The harbour is one of the finest in America, with a narrow entrance defended by a fort; and the commerce is considerable. It has one of the most splendid hotels in the world, which makes up 200 beds. It is 30 m. N. of Annapolis, and 38 NE. of Washington: Lg. 76.36 w, Lt. 39.17 N; P. 80,625.

BALTINGLASS, a town of Ireland, in Wicklow, with extensive manufactures of linen and woollen; seated on the Slaney, 35 m. sw. of Dublin.

BAMBA, a town of Africa, in the kingdom of Congo, in the rich province of Bamba, on the Loze, 160 m. sw. of St. Salvador. It carries on a traffic in slaves; Lg. 13.52 E, Lt. 7.2 s.

BAMBAKOO, a town of Nigritia, in Bambara, on that part of the Niger where it begins to be navigable, 220 m. w. by s. of Sego, in Africa: Lg. 3.45 w, Lt. 12.42 N.

BAMBARA, a large kingdom of Nigritia, lying to the sw. of that of Timbuctoo. The cultivation of corn is here carried on to a great extent. Sego is the capital.

BAMBERG, a city of Bavaria, in the province of Ober Mayn, with a university. The palace is a large pile of building, and the cathedral a vast Gothic edifice. It was taken in 1758 and 1762 by the Prussians, and in 1794 by the French. It is seated on the Regnitz, near its conflux with the Mayn, 30 m. N. of Nuremberg: Lg. 11.10 E, Lt. 49.55 N.

BAMBERG, a town of Bohemia, 47 m. N. of Brunn.

BAMBOROUGH, a village of England, in the county of Northumberland, on the seacoast, 14 m. N. of Alnwick. It was once a borough, and gave name to a tract called Bamboroughshire. It has a castle, on a high rock, inaccessible on all sides except the s, said to have been built by King Ida, about 560; it was purchased, with the manor, after the rebellion of 1715, by Lord Crewe, bishop of Durham, who left it for many benevolent purposes,

particularly that of ministering instant relief to seamen and vessels that happen to be cast on the dangerous coast; P. 3949.

BAMBOUK, a kingdom of Nigritia, in Africa, between the rivers Senegal and Gambia, with a capital of the same name. It is said to be very populous, and fertile on the borders of the rivers, but in other parts sandy and barren. The most remarkable animals are a species of white apes, white foxes, and the giraffe, or cameleopardalis. There are mines of gold, silver, tin, lead, and iron. The inhabitants are Mandingos; they profess the Mahomedan religion, but disregard its rigorous laws: Lg. 9.18 w, Lt. 14.28 N.

BAMFF, or BANFF, a seaport on the shore of Murray frith, in Scotland, at the mouth of the river Deveron : 37 m. NNW. of Aberdeen, in Lt. 57.40 N, Lg. 2.12 w; P. 3811.

BAMIAN, a city of Usbec Tartary, in Asia; the capital of a district in Balk, near the Bamian, 170 m. ssE. of Balk. Here are a great number of apartments and recesses cut out of a mountain: some of which, from their ornamental work and extraordinary dimensions, are supposed to have been temples: Lg. 66.57 E, Lt. 34.30 N.

BAMOO, a town of Asia, on the N. borders of the Burman empire, with a fort; seated on the Irrawaddy, 20 m. w. from the frontiers of the province of Yunan in China, and 170 NNE. of Ummerapoor: Lg. 96.58 E, Lt. 24.0 N.

BAMPTON, a town of England, in the county of Oxford, and parish of BAMPTON, or BAMPTON IN THE BUSH; 16 m. w. by s. of Oxford, and 70 w. by N. of London, with a market on Wednesday. Some remains of its ancient castle yet exist; and it has a trade in leather articles; P. 2514.

BAMPTON, or BALHAMPTON, a town of England, in Devonshire, 20 m. N. of Exeter, and 162 w. by s. of London, with a market on Saturday, a chalybeate spring, and a manufacture of serges; P. 1961.

BAMRAGUR, a town of Hindostan, in Orissa, near which to the s. are iron mines and forges. It stands on the left bank of the Braminy, 52 m. sw. of Konjeur.

BANAGHER, a borough of Ireland, in King's county, on the Shannon, over which is a bridge into Galway, 33 m. wsw. of Philiptown; P. 1814.

BANAUL, a town of Hindostan, in Cashmere, in a mountainous district, 43 m. sɛ. of Cashmere.

BANAWARA, a town of Hindostan, in Mysore, with a mud fort, and the ruins of an extensive palace. It is 68 m. Nw. of Seringapatam.

BANBURY, a borough of England, in Oxfordshire, on the Charwell, 73 m. NNW. of London, governed by a mayor, with a market on Thursday; it returns 1 M.P. It has a manufacture of plush, and is noted for its cakes and ale: P. 5906.

BANCA, an island of Asia, lying off the SE, coast of Sumatra, from which it is sepa

rated by the strait of Banca. It is 130 m. long. by 35, covered with wood, and celebrated for rich mines of tin. The British took possession of the island in 1812, it having been ceded to them by the sultan of Palambang. The capital is Mintao, near the w. point of the island: Lg. 105.18 E, Lt. 2.4 s.

BANCALIS, a scaport of Asia, on the coast of Sumatra, where the Dutch have a settlement: Lg. 101.7 E, Lt. 0.35 N.

BANCAFOOR, a town of Hindostan, in Bejapoor, and formerly a place of importance. The fort was dismantled by Tippoo in one of his campaigns against the Mahrattas. It is 6 m. NE. of Shanoor.

BANCOAT, OF FORT VICTORIA, a town and fortress of Hindostan, on the coast of Concan, with a good harbour, and a trade in salt. It was taken by the British in 1755, and stands near the mouth of the river Bancoot, 73 m. s. by E. of Bombay: Lg. 73.32 E, Lt. 17.56 N.

BANCOK, a town of Asia, in the kingdom of Siam, with a fort. It is the principal place of trade, and the king is the chief merchant; for no other, without his permission, can export the produce. It is seated near the mouth of the Menan, 40 m. s. of Siam: Lg. 100.48 E, Lt. 13.44 N.

BANDA, the chief of the Banda, or Nutmeg islands, in the Indian ocean. The group coinprises this isle and 9 others, which are all high. The nutmeg tree grows principally on these islands; they have been subject to the Dutch ever since 1609, when they expelled both the English and natives. They are all small, the largest being narrow and only 20 m. in circuit. Banda was taken by the English in 1796, restored in 1802, taken again in 1810, and restored in 1814: Lg. 129.58 E, Lt. 4.36 s.

BANDA, a town of Hindostan, in Allahabad, capital of the district of Bundelcund. It was recently a village, but is now become large and populous, with a grand mart and other public edifices. It is seated on the Cane, 90 m. w. of Allahabad: Lg. 80.20 E, Lt. 25.30 N.

BANDER CONGO, a seaport of Persia, on the gulf of Persia, 80 m. w. of Gombroon: Lg. 55.8 E, Lt. 27.10 N.

BANDOLS, France, dept. of the Var, seated on the Mediterranean, 4 leagues w. of Toulon; P. 1640.

BANDON, a borough of Ireland, in the county of Cork. It is a military station; it sends 1 M.P.; here are manufactures of cotton, camblets, and ticking. It is seated on the Bandon, 17 m. sw. of Cork.

BANDORA, a town of Hindostan, on the s. side of the island of Salsette, which is separated from that of Bombay by a narrow channel. It is 6 m. N. of Bombay.

BANFF, a county of Scotland, bounded on the N. by the ocean, s. and E. by Aberdeenshire, and w. by Elginshire. Its greatest length is 50 m, and its extent along the coast 22, but the mean breadth is not more

than 16. It contains 649,600 acres, and is divided into 23 parishes. The s. part is very mountainous, but the northern district is level and fertile. The principal rivers are the Deveron and Spey, which form a part of its E. and w. boundaries; P. 48,604.

BANGALORE, a city of Hindostan, in the Mysore. It has a strong fort, the bulwark of Mysore, towards Arcot: it was taken by the English in 1791, and restored the next year to Tippoo, who destroyed it; but it has since been renovated. The palace is composed of mud, yet not without some degree of magnificence; and there are two extensive gardens. The principal articles of trade are the betel nut, black pepper, and sandal wood; and the chief manufactures are silk and cotton cloth, muslin, leather, and oil. It is 70 m. NE. of the city of Seringapatam. Lg. 77.38 E, Lt. 12.57 N.

BANGOR, a city of Wales, in Carnarvonshire, with a market on Wednesday, at the N. end of the strait of Menai, 36 m. w. of St. Asaph, and 245 Nw. of London. It was once considerable, and defended by a castle; but is now a small place, though increased since a new harbour was made. The principal buildings are the cathedral and the bishop's palace; P. 4751: Lg. 4.12 w, Lt. 53.12 N.

BANGOR, a borough and seaport of Ireland, in Downshire, on the s. side of the bay of Carrickfergus, opposite the town of that name, and 11 m. NE. of Belfast.

BANGOR, a town of North America, in the United States, state of Maine, Penobscot county, at the head of the navigation, on the w. side of the Penobscot, 25 m. N. by E. of Belfast; P. 2868.

BANINOVITCHI, a town of East Russia, in the government of Mohilef, between two small rivers and a lake, 68 m. w. of Mohilef: Lg. 31.11 E, Lt. 54.47 N.

BANJALUKA, a town of European Turkey, in Bosnia, at the conflux of the Verbania with the Verbas, 70 m. Nw. of Serai, and 155 w. of Belgrade; P. 18,000: Lg. 18.5 E, Lt. 44.44 N.

BANJERMASSIN, a kingdom of Asia, in the s. part of the island of Borneo, the capital of which is Negara. The country produces great quantities of pepper; also gold-dust, diamonds, canes, iron, bird's-nests, wax, and dragon's-blood. The chief town is Banjermassin, with a good harbour, near the mouth of the Banjer, where the Dutch have a factory: Lg..114.50 E, Lt. 3.0 s.

BANJOWANGY, a town of Asia, at the E. end of the island of Java, on the narrowest part of the strait of Bally. The fort stands on a river, which is separated from the sea by a narrow sand bank that terminates half a mile below. The town is populous, the country well cultivated, and the climate healthy. Cattle are imported from the opposite coast of Bally for the supply of ships. It is 130 m. SE. of Sourabaya: Lg. 114.17 E, Lt. 8.7 s.

BANKAPORE, a town and fort of Hindostan,

in Mysore, on the Buddra, 41 m. ESE. of Bed- gallia, between the Mouchi and the Nemen, nore. The chief produce is opium.

BANKS ISLAND, an island in the Pacific ocean, about 100 m. in circuit, lying on the E. side of New Zealand: Lg. 174.0 E, Lt. 43.30 s.

BANKS ISLAND, an island in the Pacific ocean, near the w. coast of North America, of about 60 m. long by 5 broad: Lg. 130.0 w, Lt. 53.30 N.

BANNALEC, France, dept. of Finisterre, 4 m. WNW. of Quimperte; P. 4400.

BANNOCKBURN, a village of Scotland, on the Bannock, 3 m. s. of Stirling. It has manufactures of cotton cloth and tartan, and an extensive colliery. This place is noted for a battle between Edward II. and Robert Bruce in 1314, in which the former was defeated. Here also James III., in 1487, was defeated by his rebellious subjects, wounded, and soon after murdered by a priest, who was called in to receive his confession.

BANNOW, a borough and seaport of Ireland, in the county of Wexford, on the E. side of Bannow bay, 20 m. sw. of Wexford.

BANSTEAD, England, in Surrey, between Dorking and Croydon, 3 m. se. of Ewell: near this place is the Oaks, a scat of the Earl of Derby, that gives the name to the stakes at Epsom races; P. 991.

BANTAM, a town of Asia, on the N. coast of Java, capital of a province or kingdom of Bantam, at the w. end of the island. It is divided into two parts by a river, and only fortified on the land side. The king resides in a kind of palace, within an old fort; and contiguous to it is the Dutch fort; but they are both now in ruins. Bantam, once populous and flourishing, and rich in pepper plantations, is now a poor place; the harbour being inaccessible to vessels of burden, and the climate more pestilential than that of Batavia. It has, therefore, been deserted by the European establishment for Sirang, an elevated and healthy station, 5 m. further inland to the s. of Bantam. It is 53 m. w. by x. of Batavia: Lg. 106.8 E, Lt. 6.2 s.

BANTRY, a town of Ireland, in the county of Cork, on the E. side of Bantry bay, which is one of the most capacious and secure harbours in the world: the town is small, with little trade, 40 m. wsw. of Cork; P. 5109: Lg. 10.10 w, Lt. 51.26 N.

BANWELL, a village of England, in Somersetshire, 4 m. NNW. of Axbridge. Here was a raonastery, founded by one of the Saxon princes, which was destroyed by the Danes. On its site an episcopal palace was erected, some remains of which are to be seen near the church, as also a curious cave with antediluvian remains of animals; P. 1623.

BANYA, a town of Hungary, famous for gold and silver mines of great produce, and where money is coined; it is 32 m. ESE. of Szathonar.

BAOUSK, a small town of Russia, in the government of Courland, and duchy of Semi

which unite just below the castle, and form the Aa. The castle stands on elevated ground, and is called Baouskenbourg. It was taken from the Poles by the Swedes in 1625, retaken by Peter the Great of Russia in 1705, and restored to Poland. It was annexed to Russia in 1795.

BAPAUME, a town of France, dept. of Pas de Calais, 12 m. sE. of Arras: also a village near Rouen.

BAR, a small town of Russia, in the government of Podolia, on the Cova: it has a stone castle on a high hill containing the college of the Jesuits. It was the place where the noted confederation was commenced in 1798: Lg. 28.40 E, Lt. 49.15 N.

BAR, a town of Hindostan, in Bahar, of considerable extent and trade, on the Ganges, 34 m. ESE. of Patna.

BAR, or BARROIS, a former duchy of France, lying on both sides of the Meuse, between Lorraine and Champagne. It now forms the dept. of the Meuse.

BAR LE DUC, a town of France, capital of the dept. of the Meuse, with a castle, on the side of a hill, by the river Orney, 30 m. w. of Toul, and 138 E. of Paris.

BAR SUR AUBE, a town of France, in the dept. of the Aube, noted for its wines, at the foot of a mountain, 18 m. sw. of Joinville.

BAR SUR SEINE, a town of France, in the dept. of Aube, on the Seine, at the foot of a mountain, 20 m. sw. of Bar sur Aube.

BARA, one of the Hebrides of Scotland, to the s. of South Huist, 12 m. long by 4 broad. It is mountainous, but the soil in many parts is fertile. Great quantities of cod and ling are caught on the coast; and shellfish, especially cockles, are found in abundance; on the NE. side is a good harbour: Lg. 7.27 w, Lt. 57.2 N.

BARABINSKAIA, a steppe of, or desert of, Siberia, in the government of Tobolsk,' extending between the Oby and Irtych, from mount Altay to the Tonia and Toura. Colonised by Russia in 1767.

BARACOA, a town of North America, on the NE. coast of the island of Cuba, with a good harbour for small vessels, 90 m. ENE. of St. Jago de Cuba: Lg. 74.42 w, Lt. 10.30 N.

BARAHAT, a town of Hindostan, in Gurwal, among the mountains, 56 m. WNW. of Serinagur.

BARAICHE, a town of Hindostan, in Oude, the capital of a district, on the left bank of the Baharee, 63 m. NNW. of Fyzabad.

BARANCA, a town of Colombia, in South America, and in the province of Carthagena, with a good harbour, at the mouth of the Magdalena, 60 m. NE. of Carthagena: it has a great trade in salt.

BARANTCHINSKOI ZANOD, in Russia, in the government of Perme, and district of Eentherinbourg; it has government iron-works yielding from 25 to 60 per cent. profit.

BARAQUICEMITO, a town of South America,

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