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petual, is of about the same standing as the Crimson it is a True Perpetual, and a good rose. Panaché de Girardon, or the Striped Perpetual, is a pretty variegated rose. In some seasons its flowers are much more striped than in others; but it is not a True Perpetual. Palotte Picotée, a name without meaning, as it is not spotted, is much like the Queen of Perpetuals; in fact, it cannot be distinguished from that rose; and like that, its flowers seldom or ever open. Portlandica carnea is an exceedingly pretty bright rose, something like Rosa Pæstana in habit, with flowers of a paler colour, and a True Perpetual. Portlandica alba, or Portland Blanc, is a new white rose of great beauty: a True Perpetual Rose like it would be invaluable. In rich soils it will, perhaps, give a second series of flowers; but it cannot be depended upon as a constant autumnal bloomer. Prud'homme is a new and beautiful rose, brightcoloured, fragrant, and a True Perpetual. The Royal Perpetual is a seedling from the Four Seasons Rose; its flowers are very double and perfect, of a fine vivid rose-colour, and the plant a True Perpetual. Sisley's Perpetual, like De Neuilly, is hybridised with the Bourbon Rose; and, like that fine variety, it has lost but little of the fragrance of the Damask: this is a large and beautiful autumnal rose. The Stanwell Perpetual, I believe, was raised from
seed in Mr. Lee's nursery at Stanwell. It is in habit something like the Scotch Perpetual, but it blooms with more constancy, and with greater freedom. In the autumn its flowers are also larger; in short, it is a much better rose of the same family, and one of the prettiest and sweetest of autumnal roses. The Sixth of June, so named by the French in commemoration of one of their numerous political changes and glorious days," is a miniature variety of La Mienne, and a pretty vivid coloured rose. Triomphe d'Anvers, or La Magnanime, is a new rose, very large and distinct, and, apparently, a free autumnal bloomer.*
Volumineuse is a magnificent rose, very large and finely shaped; but, though it often blooms finely in autumn, it must not be depended upon as a True Perpetual. Vaubiard is a new rose, very double and fragrant, and a good autumnal bloomer.
To Perpetual Roses some valuable additions have been made, chiefly of Hybrid Bourbons, which partaking of the fragrance and hardiness of the Damask rose are very desirable, as well as from their blooming so abundantly in the Autumn. These roses are termed "Hybrid Perpetuals" in some catalogues. Clémentine Duval is a very pretty pale rose-coloured variety
Now proved to be the same as Grande et Belle.
of this class, of compact growth, and giving abundance of flowers. General Merlin, of the same origin, also raised by Monsieur Duval, is quite a new variety, with rose-coloured flowers, rather bright, and elegantly shaped. Queen Victoria is of a very deep reddish rose, tinged with purple: this is a fine and robust rose. Fulgorie, like the above, is also a hybrid Bourbon, with flowers of a deep purplish crimson, very double and perfect, blooming freely all the autumn, and growing most luxuriantly. This is certainly one of the best roses of its class and colour. Marshal Soult is a robust and free growing rose, but rather dull in colour when compared with Fulgorie. Princesse Helène is also a robust and free-growing deep rosecoloured rose: in moist weather, and sometimes in autumn, its flowers do not open freely. Coquette de Montmorency, a bright red rose, is one of the most delightful varieties yet introduced its growth is so compact, and its flowers are produced in such abundance, always opening freely, and always elegantly shaped, that it cannot be too much recommended. Madame Laffay is perhaps a rose of equal merit, and if it had made its appearance before La Coquette, Monsieur Laffay would have reaped more advantage from it; its habit is robust, and its flowers a little larger than those of the latter: this was raised from General Allard, a hybrid
Bourbon rose blooming generally but once in the season. Monsieur Laffay, by persevering through two or three generations of seedlings, has at last obtained his object in getting a Perpetual Rose of the same brilliant colour. This information will, I trust, be an incentive to amateurs in this country. Roses of distant
affinities cannot be brought together at once: thus a Yellow Ayrshire Rose must not be expected from the first trial, but probably a climbing rose, tinged with yellow or buff, may be the fruit of the first essay. This rose must again be operated upon, and a second generation will, perhaps, be nearer the end wished for: again the amateur must bring perseverance and skill into action; and then if, in the third generation, a bright yellow climbing rose is obtained, its possession will amply repay the labour bestowed; but these light gardening operations are not labour, they are a delightful amusement to a refined mind, and lead it to reflect on the wonderful infinities of nature. I ought, perhaps, to mention, among new Perpetual Roses, a "Striped Crimson Perpetual," or Rose du Roi panachée which has been introduced from the south of France. The attractive descriptions of this new rose are qualified with the word "inconstant."
As the culture of this class of roses is at present but imperfectly understood, I shall
give the result of my experience as to their cultivation, with suggestions to be acted upon according to circumstances. One peculiar feature they nearly all possess-a reluctance to root when layered; consequently, Perpetual Roses, on their own roots, will always be scarce: when it is possible to procure them, they will be found to flourish much better on dry poor soils than when grafted, as at present. Perpetual Roses require a superabundant quantity of food: it is, therefore, perfectly ridiculous to plant them on dry lawns, to suffer the grass to grow close up to their stems, and not to give them a particle of manure for years. Under these circumstances, the best varieties, even the Rose du Roi, will scarcely ever give a second series of flowers. To remedy the inimical nature of dry soils to this class of roses, an annual application of manure on the surface of the soil is quite necessary. The ground must not be dug, but lightly pricked over with a fork in November; after which, some manure must be laid on, about two or three inches in depth, which ought not to be disturbed, except to clean with the hoe and rake, till the following autumn. This, in some situations, in the spring months, will be unsightly in such cases, cover with some nice green moss, as directed in the culture of Hybrid China Roses. I have said