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Of Conver Reflection Of Optical

Delusions-Of Anamorphoses.

CHARLES. You cannot, I see, make the same experiment with the candle, and a convex mirror, that you made yesterday with the concave one.

Tutor. Certainly, because the image is formed behind the glass; but it may, perhaps, be worth our while to consider how the effect is produced

in a mirror of this kind. Let al (Plate nir. Fig. 22.) represent a convex mirror, and a f be half the radius of convexity, and take a f, F 0, 0 B, &c. each equal a f. If incident rays flow from 2, the reflected rays will appear to come from behind the glass at

James. Do you mean if a candle be placed at 2, the image of it will appear to be formed at behind the glass?

Tutor. I do: and if that, or any other object, be carried to 3, 4, &c. the image will also go backward to , 4. &c.

Charles. Then, as a person walks towards a convex spherical-reflector, the image appears to walk towards bim, constantly increasing in magnitude, till they touch each other at the surface.

Tutor. You will observe that the image, however distant the object, is never farther off than at f; that is, the imaginary focus of parallel rays.

James. The difference then between convex and concave reflectors is, that the point f in the former is behind the glass, and in the latter it is before the glass as F.

Tutor. Just so: from the property of diminishing objects, spherical reflectors are not only pleasing ornaments for our best rooms, but are much used by all lovers of picturesque scenery

“ Small convex reflectors," says Dr. Gregory, "are made for the use of travellers, who, when fatigued



by stretching the eye to Alps towering on Alps, can, by their mirror, bring these sublime objects into a narrow compass, and gratify the sight by pictures which the art of man in vain attempts to iinitate *.»

Concave inirrors have been used for many other and different purposes; for by them, with a little ingenuity, a thousand illusions may be practised on the ignorant and credulous.

Charles. I remember going with you to see an exhibition in Bondstreet, which you said depended on a concave mirror; I was desired to look into a glass, I did so, and started back, for I thought the point of a

* See Economy of Nature, Vol. I. p. 26,

20 Edition.

dagger would have been in


face. I looked again, and a death's head snapped at me; and then I saw a most beautiful nosegay, :, which I wished to grasp, but it vanished in an instant:

Tutor. I will explain how these deceptions are managed : letE 'F (Plate 11. Fig. 23.) be a concave mirror, 10 or 12 inches in diameter, placed in one room; A B the wainscot that separates the spectator from it; but in this there is a square or circular opening which faces the mirror exactly. A nosegay, for instance, is inverted at C, which must be strọngly illuminated by means of an Argand's lamp; but no direct light from the lamp is to fall on the mirror. Now a person standing at G will see an image of the nosegay at D.

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