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® F THE
N the Ninth Chapter of our Treatise De Statu
MILLENIUM, we have said little or nothing concerning the State of the Jews in the future Kingdom of the Messiah, that fo the Thread of thac Discourse might not be interrupted. But this Matter is of too great Moment to be passed by untouched, or treated or in a cursory Manner. Many are of Opinion, that the Wife of the Lamb (Ifa. iv. 5.) which in the Revelation of St. John, made her self ready for the Marriage before the End of the World, with a solemn Pomp, denotes the People of the Jews. For when the great Woore of Babylon was judged, (Rev. xix. 1. &c. Dan. vii. ir, 13, 14.) condemned, and burned, there were many Voices heard in Heaven and on Earth, singing Hallelujah to God: The Voices of four and twenty Elders, four Beasts, and all the Servants of God, boch small and great. There were Voices like the Noise of many Waters, and like mighty Thunderings (v. 7, 8.) saying Hallelujah; for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. And then it follows: Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him ; for the Marriage
of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself rendy. And to her was granted that the pould be arrayed in fine Linen, clean and white; for the fine Linen is the Righteousness of the Saints. Then the Angel said to me, write (v. 9.) blessed are they who are called to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb. And he said unto me, these are the true Sayings of God. True altho' wonderful, and to be committed to writing that Pofterity may be certified of the Reality of them.
In this Marriage of the Lamb there is pointed out fome future notable Change or Reftauration of Things. And since the fame Bride of the Lamb is afterwards called the Holy City, the great, the new Jerusalem, descending out of Heaven from God, (xxi. 2, 9, 10.) the Kingdom of the Mesiah seems to be aimed at in this Description, under the Name of a City, and the new and holy Jerusalem, namely that fame Kingdom which the most High will give to the Messiah in his own Time, and to his holy People, or the Jews, as Daniel says. (c. vii. 27.) There is a remarkable Passage also to this purpose in St. Luke's Gospel, (e. i. 3.) and many other places of Scripture, which we ihall insert in the Progress of this Work, in their proper Order. For I am not desirous that the Reader should form a Judg. ment from what has been thus briefly hinted, as to what particular Parts the Jews, are to bear in this Marriage of the Lamb, or that Kingdom of the Mesiah. This Argument must take a much larger Compass, and must be drawn from the very Originals of that Nation. Moreover it seems proper when we are entering on a Discourse about the future Condition of the Jews, to begin from Abrahana their Father, and the everlasting Promises made to him and his Seed. When Abraham by the Command of God having left his Country, and came
into the Land of Canaan, the Lord appeared to him and said, (Gen. xii. 7.) Unto thy Seed will I give this Land: and Abraham builded there an Altar unto the Lord who appeared unto him. And when he returned from Egypt (having been compelled to go thither by reason of the Famine) God renewed his Promise, and said unto him, after he had looked round about, (c. xiii. 15.) All the Land which thou feest, to thee will I give it, and to thy Seed for ever. Afterwards, when Abraham desired a Sign for the Confirmation of his Faith, God gave him an extraordinary one ; and then immediately by way of Covenant, repeated the Promise, saying, (c. xiv. 8, 18.) Unto thy Seed have I given this Land, from the River of Egypt unto the great River, the River Exphrates.
Farther, when he changed his Name from Abram to Abraham, (c. xvii. 5.) God made a perpetual Covenant with Abraham, concerning the Things promised, saying, (v. 7., 8.) I will establish my Covenant between me and thee, and thy Seed after thee in their Generations, for an everlasting Covenant, to be a God unto thee and to thy Seed after thee: And I will give unto thee and to thy Seed after thee, the Land wherein thou art a Stranger, all the Land of Canaan for an everlasting Poffesion; and I will be their God.
Moreover Circumcifion was instituted as a Token of the Covenant, to be observed on the Part of Abraham and his Seed; (Gen. xvii. 10.) and God on his Part promised Abraham (when he was then an old Man, and his Wife well ftricken in Age) a Son Ifaac, whom hejoyfully received at the appointed time. Thus we have taken a brief Survey of the Promise which was made to Abrahanz and his Seed, concerning their perpecual Inheriting of the Land of Canaan.
The fame Promise was renewed to Ifaac, which God had before made to his Father. For when Ifaac was preparing to go into Egypt to avoid the Famine, God appeared to him, and forbidding him to take that Journey, commanded him to abide in the Land of Canaan : And left Ifaac, who was then fearful and destitute of Provision, should make any Hesitation in this Matter, God repeated that Promise which he had already made to Abraham, and distinguished it with the Solemnity of an Oath (c. xvi. 3.) Sojourn in this Land and I will be with thee, and will bless thee, for unto thee, and unto thy Seed, I will give all these Countries, and I will perform the Oath which I fware unto Abraham thy Father.
Ifaac transmitted this Promise to Jacob and his Seed, (c. xxxv. 11, 12.) and God himself confirmed the fame to Jacob, when having changed his Name into Ifrael, he said unto him, I am God Almighty, (c. xlviii
. 3, 4.) the Land which I gave Abraham, and Ifaac, to thee will I give it, and to thy Seed after thee will I give the Land. This promised Inheritance was afterwards transferred with the same Right and Title, in the Name of the omnipotent God, to Joseph and his Seed for a perpetual Poffelsion. And lastly Joseph when he was dying delivered and handed down this Gift of God to his Children and Brethren, the Heads of the Tribes of Ifrael. (Gen. i. 24.)
Thus this Promise was gradually confirmed at divers Times, and by various' Repetitions. God obliged himself to perform these things by the Force of a Promise, Covenant and Oath, (Chron. xx. 7. Pf. cv. 8. cxxxii. 11, &c.) than which nothing is esteemed more sacred or inviolable. A Promife is a Security for private Faith, and a Covenant for that which is public; but an Oanh (Heb. vi. 13, 17.) comprehends whatsoever can be imagined necessary for either, be it human or divine.
Hitherto we have discourfed about the Promises of God formerly made to the Patriarchs, (as well feparately as jointly) (Exod. vi. 4, 8 Deur. i. 8.) and their Sons, of their possessing the Land of Canaan. It is to be observed, that the Ifraelites afterwards poffeffed the Land, and so far these Promises were fulfilled, but they were often driven from thence and restored again, till the last and most terrible Expulsion which they have sustained for near seventeen Ages, and which they still groan under. Now since the Land of Canaan was given to the Israelites for a perpetual Inheritance, this Question necessarily arises, Whether they shall at last be restored to their ancient Country, that so che Promises of God may not be void?
Indeed the Prophets often foretold the Captivi, ties and Restaurations of the Children of Ifrael; and the Event of Things was answerable to their Prophecies; and so the divine Promises remained unhurt and entire.
For the Nature of the Promise did not require that the Israelites should at all times possess that Land for a continual and never interrupted Series of Years, but only that they should at least, after long Captivity, return to the Heritage abovementioned. And so they should always have a just Title to that Land whosoever a&ually possessed it. I say always and to the last, by Virtue of the divine Donation, which can never be extinguished With God there is no Time, no Prescription.
God no where promised that he would never punish the Ifraelites, either at home or abroad (by Wars, Banishment and Caprivity) on the contrary he threatened them with all sorts of Punishments, as often as they should presumptuously rebel against