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him. Thus Mofes (Lev. xxvi. and. Deut. xxviii.) and the other Prophets frequently gave Warnings of this Nature, thar so the Danger might be prevented. But at present we are treating about the perpetual Expulsion, Captivity and Desolation, in like manner as the perpetual Inheritance was promiled in the Passages beforementioned. Now Moses in the Place just now cited, and elsewhere, (Deut. iv. 30, 31.) promises them a Restauration by Virtue of this primitive Covenant which we have been speaking of, after they should have suffered the most piercing Calamities. For thus he concludes his Discourse about those Punishments which he had been denouncing, (Lev. xxvi. 40, 41, 42.) If they Jhall confess their Iniquity, and ihe Iniquity of their Fathers, with their Trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary to me. And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them into the Land of their Enemies; if then their uncircumcised Hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the Punishment of their Iniquity. Then will I remember my Covenant with Jacob, and also my Covenant with Isaac, and also my Covenant with Abraham wvill I remember; and I will remember the Land. (v. 44, 45.), And yet for all that when they be in the Land of their Enemies, I will not cast them away, nei. ther will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my Covenant with them: For I am the Lord their God. But I will for their Sakes remember the Covenant of their Ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the Land of Egypt, in the Sight of the Heathen, that I might be their God, I am the Lord.
He repeats the Promises given to their Fathers, and says that he will be mindful of them, when che Ifraclites should sojourn in a strange Land. (see allo, Deut. XXX. 10 v. 10)
But perhaps you will say that Mofes makes the Repentance and Conversion to God, of these banished and afflicted Ifraelites, the necessary Qualifications and Conditions of their receiving this divine Mercy: I confess this is true, but these also God will bestow in his appointed Time, as we shall Thew hereafter. He who promises the End, will perform the Means, since he is God Almighty. However this Question seems to grant that upon their Repentance the Children of Israel shall be restored and return into their own Country; therefore we ought not to despair concerning their Fortune, Welfare, and future Restitution. The Fate of the Fews was moving in this Circle; They fin and are punished, they repent and are restored. Examples of which we shall see in the following Differtation.
Hitherto we have considered those Passages which refer (as it were on the first Glance) to this Argument in the Mofaic Writings. But we must farther consult the Oracles of other Prophets, that sa by their Consent and fuller Explication, the preceding Assertions may be strengthened, and a brighter Hope arife concerning the Restauration of the if raelites.
Now it is evident that Isaiah, Jeremiah, and the rest of the Prophets, chiefly creat about the Condition of the Fews, and delineate their prosperous and adverse Fortune, fluctuating like the Waves of the Sea. Now they rejoice in Peace and Plenty, and then they are oppressed by their Enemies, and be ing carried away into foreign Countries, they groan for a while under the Yoke of Captivity: From whence being at length set free by the divine Compallion, they are brought to their ancient Land and Patrimony; and these Revolutions were very frequent. (Deut. xxviii, and xxx.) But among all
these Vicissitudes, one is eminent above the rest, first foretold by Moses, and confirmed afterwards by the succeeding Prophets; by which when the Fews should be dispersed and scattered thro' all the Nations, even to the Ends of the Earth, they were to be gloriously recalled and established in their own Land, attended with an excellent Government and abundance of perpetual Peace and Felicity. Now the chief Question about this principal Restauration of the Jews is, Whether it be already past and accomplished, or not? This is to be learned from those Descriptions which the Prophets have given us of it.
Isaiah in his second Chapter foretels Judah and Jerusalem of the coming of the Mesiah; and describes his righteous. Judgments on the Heathen, and those pacific Times wherewith Ifrael should then be blessed in the following Words. (v. 4.) And be shall judge among the Nations, and shall rebuke many People; and they fall beat their Swords into Plows Shares, and their Spears into Pruning-Hooks; Nation fhall not lift up Sword against Nation, neither shall they learn War
He then describes the terrible Majesty of God when he comes to shake the Earth. (v. 5.) Now we have not as yet seen these peaceable Times among all Nations, nor this dreadful Day, as it is here represented. But since Prophecies of this Nature frequently occur, not only in this but other Prophets also, we shall have an opportunity afterwards of discourfing upon them.
In the mean time we may observe, that as the Prophet here promises and foretels Peace to the Jews, fo in the fourth Chapter he describes the Glory and majestic Presence of God, which shall appear at the same coming of the Messiah; for so I understand these Words of his. And the Lord will create upon
every dvelling Place of Mount Sion, and
upon semblies, a Cloud and Smoke by Day, and the shining of a flaming Fire by Night; for upon All the Glory fail be a Défence. I doubt not but the Prophec here refers to the Schechinah or majestic Presence of God, which he was pleased to afford the Israelites in the Wilderness; and the Chaldee Paraphrast exprefly mentions the Schechinah in this and the following Verse. Now since the Schechinah did not appear in the second Temple after the Babylonish Captivity, this Prophecy seems to have a Reference to future Times.
This Prophet represents the fame Schechinah in a more glorious manner in the sixth Chapter, and nearer to the Appearance of the Schechivah in the Temple, with the Seraphims standing above (v. 2.) and the House being filled with Smoke. (v. 4.) In this Chapter likewise the Prophet foretels that the Hearts of the Jews would be for some time hardened, their Cities wasted (v. 10, 11.) and the People dispersed; and since this Blindness and Obduration, still continues, the Remains of the Jews are at length to return; the Trunk or Root is not cut away, altho' they have been a long time without Fruit or Flower.
Hitherto we have pursued these two Heads or Characters, concerning those peaceable Times, and the Divine Schechinah, which should return to the Ifraelites; and we have given some Tokens whereby the Time of that Peace and Glory may be defined, but there yet remain some which are brighter. For we are taking our Journey towards the rising Sun, and the farther we go, the Shadows will grow lesser, and the Light appear stronger. But to pursue this Subject. 7
In the eleventh Chapter, the Promise is again renewed, concerning the pacific State of Things
which was to arise under the Reign of the Meffiah, and spring from the Righteousness and Fidelity which should exceedingly flourish under the Mer hab's Empire. For thus says the Prophet, (v.5,6.) Righteousness shall be the Girdle of his Loins, and Faith: nlness or Truth) the Girdle of his Reins. The Wolf also shall dwell with the Lamb, and the Leopard Mall lie down with the Kid; and the Calf, and the young Lion, and the Fatling together, and a little Child Mall lead them (v. 8, 9.) And the suckling Child Mall play on the Hole of the Asp, and the weaned Child shall put his Hand on the Adder's Den. They shall not burt (they shall not do any Injury or Detriment) nor destroy in all my holy Mountain, for the Earth all be full of the Knowledge of the Lord as the Waters cover ibe Sea.
The Prophet here promises many and great Things; besides the most diffusive Holiness and Knowledge of God, he hints that all Enmity among brute Animals should cease, at least that they would shew no token of it to Mankind. If we consider well these Chara&ters of the Messiah's Kingdom, I see not how they can posibly be made to point out these present Times. But I leave them to the serious and impartial Consideration of every Reader. The same Prophecies are repeated in the following Chapters, and more fully in the lxv, where, if I mistake not, the Prophet gives us a Key to this whole Mystery.
In the mean time we may observe, that in this Chapter the coming of Christ is prefigured in a twofold manner. As to the former there is no difpute; and the second (besides what has been already faid) seems to be represented in these Words, (v. 4.) He shall (mite the Earth with the Rod of his Mouth, and with the Breath of his Lips shall be say the Wicked. The Chaldee Paraphraft" has it, Aimillum improbum, under which Name the Jews