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Seth, an apocryphal book quoted in the Imperfect Work,
iii. 65

Sethians, observations concerning them, iv. 647; Epiphanius's
account of them, 648; called themselves the descendants
of Seth, ibid.; from whom they believed Christ descended,
648, 649; by Christ probably they meant the Holy Ghost,
650; ascribed the creation to angels, 649; what books
and scriptures they received, 651
Severian, Bp of Gabala, his time, works, and testimony to
the scriptures, ii, 619, 620

Severus improved the notions of the Encratites, i. 354
Severus Septimius) emperor, bis time, and that for a while
he was favourable to the Christians, iv. 165, 166; the
date of his edict against the Christians, from Spartian, 168;
the severity and duration of his persecution, and the suffer-
ings of the Christians at that time, 166 to 170; they un-
derwent grievous sufferings before the publication of his
edict, 169, 301; an observation of Balduinus upon his
reign, 166, 170, 171

Severus (Alexander) emperor, his time, iv. 177; divers pas-
sages from his life, written by Lampridius, shewing his
regard to Jews and Christians, 177, 178; and see 295;
his mother Mammæa, said to have been a Christian, 179;
he is entitled to commendation for his moderation, and the
justness of his sentiments, 177, 178
Sextus, an ecclesiastical writer of the second century, i. 413
Sharistani, an Arabian author, ii. ¡66
Sharpe (Gr.) quotes the Philosophy of Oracles, as a work of
Porphyry, iv. 238
Sherlock (T.) Bp of London, quoted with respect, ii. 416, 445.

v. 421

Sibylline oracles, used by Christians, rejected by the heathens,
i. 411, 455; when composed, 450 to 452; how quoted
by Clement of Alexandria, 411, 412; by Lactantius, 455;
our collection the same, in the main, which was used by
the ancient Christian writers, 455, 456; their testimony
to divers books of the New Testament, 452 to 454; not
esteemed of sacred authority by Lactantius, ii. 290, 291;
owe their pretended prophecies concerning our Saviour to
our evangelists, iii. 133

Sicarii, or robbers, their character, i. 78
Sign, what sign the Jews required, i. 74

Silas, or Silvanus, his excellent character, iii. 425
Silvanus, Bp of Gaza, a martyr in Dioclesian's persecution,
ii. 119

Simeon, Bp of Jerusalem, his martyrdom in the time of Trajan,
iv. 158

Simeon Beth-Arsam, his time and testimony to Theodore
of Mopsuestia, ii. 528; his reflections upon the same, 531
Simon the Cyrenian, that he being transformed suffered
instead of our Saviour, an absurd story, iv. 538, 539
Simon Magus overcome by the united prayers of Peter and
Paul at Rome, in the time of Nero, ii. 622. See likewise
iii. 76

Simon, son of Gioras, one of the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem,
taken prisoner, and reserved for the triumph, iii. 525; led
in triumph, at Rome, with other prisoners, and then put
to death, according to Josephus, 527; the account of his
death in Josippon, 570; what Tacitus says of him and the
other generals, 613

Simon (R.) his remarks concerning St. Matthew's gospel, said
to be found in India, i. 391; concerning the institutions
of Clement of A. 394

Simplicius, his time and works, and his journey with divers.
philosophers into Persia, and return thence, iv. 427 to 430;
wrote a Commentary on the Enchiridion of Epictetus, 47;
his account of Epictetus, 44, 46; wrote against the Mani-
chees, ii. 159

Siricius, Bp of Roine, ii. 502
Sisinnius, Novatian Bp at Constantinople, ii. 55, 56
Sisinnius, disciple of Mani, ii. 144, 180

Slaves, their condition among the Romans, ii. 431
Socinian writers, their character, v. 388
Socinus, his judgment on the Revelation, i. 649
Socrates, the ecclesiastical historian, was not a Novatian, ii. 57;
his fine passages concerning the Novatians, and the treat-
ment given them by the Bps of Rome and Alexandria,
ibid.; concerning the persecution, which the Novatians
endured from the Arians, in the reign of Constantius, 54;
his passage concerning the Manichees, 140, 141, 234; his
observation concerning the appointment of festivals, 351,
428; his account of the divisions in the church, after the
council of Nice, 352; an account of his History, iii. 92;
his character, 93; his respect for the scriptures, ibid.;
quoted, v. 394
Soldiers, (The Roman) and the Jewish rulers, a sermon, v.180
Solomon, the book of Wisdom quoted as his by Methodius, ii.
103; wrote three books in the canon, according to Gregory
Nazianzen, 470; Amphilochius, 473; Gregory Nyssen,
475; Ambrose, 493; Jerom, 540, 548; Rufinus, 573;
Augustine, 578, 580, and others, iii. 10, 50, 51
Son of God, the meaning of that character, v. 384 note; on
what account Jesus is so, 382 to 384, 390, v. 197 to 200,
322, iv. 678 note *; not because he is of the same essence
or substance with the Father, v. 200; equivalent with
Messiah, 380, 381, 200; Jesus the son of God, a
sermon, 197

Son of man, why our Saviour is so called, v. 193 to 195;
Jesus the Son of man, a sermon, 192
Sopater, a philosopher in the time of Constantine, his history
and works, from Eurapius, iv. 381, 382, 405
Sophronius, his time and writings, ii. 525, 526

Soter, Bp of Rome, i. 291; an excellent custom of that
church in his time, 438

Soul, some of opinion that it died with the body, and would
be raised with it, i. 524. Transmigration of souls held by
the Manichees, ii. 198; who also said, that Christ came to
save souls, not bodies, ikid; two souls in man, according
to them, 195; how they return to heaven, 198
Sozomen, not a Novatian, ii. 57; a fine passage of his con-
cerning a law of Constantine against heretics, 53, 54; an
account of his Ecclesiastical History, iii. 93; his charac-
ter and respect for the scriptures, ibid.
Spanheim, (Fr.) quoted and commended, iii. 328. iv. 189

Spartian, his testimony to the persecution of Severus, iv. 168;
a story told by him, of Caracalla, when young, 166
Spirit, several acceptations of that word in scripture, v. 395 to

to 401, 472, 473

Spirit, (The Holy) said by Eusebius to be made by the Son, ii.
366; according to Victorinus may be styled the Mother of
Jesus, ii. 454; this word often signifies a gift, i. 586, 619;
ii. 479; sometimes good things in general, v. 216. An ex-
plication of those words, the Spirit, the Holy Spirit, and the
Spirit of God, as used in the scriptures, v. 395 to 422. A
Letter on the Personality of the Spirit, 472, 473. Re-
marks on Dr. Ward's assertion that the Holy Ghost in the
New Testament denotes both a person, and a power, 493,
494. See Trinity.

Gifts of the Spirit, ordinary and extraordinary, iii. 73; how
general they were in the times of the apostles, v. 414, 415.
Exhortations to those who were favoured with such gifts,
415, 416

Spoils of the temple delivered to Titus, iii. 523; carried in
triumph at Rome, 527; how long preserved, ibid.; what
Josippon says of these, 569, 570; what the Talmudists
say of their being carried to Rome by Titus, 559
Sprat, (Bp) quoted, v. 333
Spurious, the meaning of that word when applied to books,
ii. 372, 375

Spyridion, Bp in Cyprus, ii. 442
Stairs, leading from the temple to the castle at Jerusalem, i.

Stephen, (St.) his death not legal, but tumultuous, i. 33, 35 ;
the time of it, 54, iii. 252, 254; how long the persecution
lasted which began at his death, iii. 255, i. 54
Stephen, Bp of Laodicea, his history, ii. 79
Stichometries, a description of them, iii. 47; the stichometry
of Nicephorus, 47, 48; a stichometry from Cotelerius,
49; another from the same, 50

488 to 490,

Stilicho, his preferments and death, iv. 411
Stoic principles, a general account of them, iv. 47
Strangers among the Israelites, who they were, v.
491, 497; the same as proselytes, 491
Strategius, respected and employed by Constantine, ii. 162;
and Constantius, iv. 373

Subintroduced women, i. 622, v. 440 to 443
Subscriptions, imposing subscription of speculative articles,
condemned, ii. 352 to 355

Suetonius, his time and works, iii. 618; what he says of
Chrestus, and of Claudius expelling the Jews from Rome,
i.135, iii. 618; and of Tiberius's treatment of the
Jews, i. 63; his testimony to Nero's persecution of the
Christians, iii. 618, 619; to the Jewish war, and to the
desolation of Judea by Vespasian and Titus, 620. And see
532; to Domitian's persecution, 621; the sum of his
testimony, 622

Sufferings, the greatness of Christ in his last sufferings, a
sermon, v. 161; Divine testimonies given in his last suf-
ferings, a sermon, 175

Suicide practised by the Jews, that they might not come
alive into the hands of the Romans, iii. 489, 509, 528, 563.
Suidas, his time, and a passage from him concerning St. John,
ii. 608; passages concerning Augustus's Cæsar's Census, i.
137, 138

Sulpicius Severus, his time, and works, ii. 621; his charac-
ter, ibid.; his account of Nero's persecution of the
Christians, iii. 612; his history of Priscillian and his fol-
lowers, ii. 498 to 501; did not approve, that civil penal-
ties should be inflicted upon erroneous Christians, 511;
his testimony to the scriptures, ii. 622; select passages
from him, and that he condemned all persecution, 622,
to 624

Son and Moon, the Manichæan notion of them, ii. 188; made
of pure celestial substance, 193; vessels of passage for
souls from heaven to earth, 198

Susanna, the book so called, i. 517, 556
Sykes, A. A. quoted, iii. 418, v. 392, 426
Syllæus, chief minister to Obodas king of Arabia, the dif-
ference between him and Herod, i. 149, 152, 191
Symmachus, author of a Greek version of the Old Testament,
his history and character, and works, i. 446 to 448
Symmachus, a heathen, his preferments, works, and charac-
ter, iv. 465, 466 ; and see also 455, 456
Symphosius, a Priscillianist bishop, ii. 509
Sympronian, a learned Novatian, ii. 50
Synagogue, the worship there, i. 114; the Jews whipped
men in their synagogues, 25

Synesius, Bp of Ptolemais, a great admirer of Hypatia, iv. 427
Synopsis of sacred scripture, ascribed to Athanasius, but not
his, i. 472, ii. 403; mentioned again, i. 371; extracts out
of it, ii. 403 to 406; another Synopsis of Chrysostom, iii.

600 to 602

Syria, the great authority of the president of that province, i.
178, 179

Syrian Christians, their canon of the scriptures of the New
Testament, iii. 488, 490; their versions of the New Tes-
tament, 489, 490
Syrianus, president in the school of philosophy at Athens,
and predecessor of Proclus, iv. 418, 421


Tacitus, (Cornelius) his time and works, iii. 610; his account
of Nero's persecuting the Christians, i. 107, iii. 611; his
testimony to the destruction of Jerusalem by Vespasian and
Titus, 613, 614

TALMUD, the several acceptations of that word, iii. 5475
times of the Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds, 548;
extracts from both, concerning the nativity of Jesus, 553;
concerning our Lord's journey into Egypt, 553 to 555;
concerning his disciples, 555; concerning James in parti-
cular, 154; concerning his last sufferings, 556 to 557;
concerning the power of miracles in Jesus and his disciples,
558; and see 553, 554; concerning the destruction of
Jerusalem and the temple by Vespasian and Titus, 558
to 560
Tarsus, what privileges it enjoyed, i. 123, 124
Tatian, his time, i. 353; his principles, itid.; his Harmony
of the Four Gospels, 354; what Theodoret says of it, ibid.';
a commentary upon it, by Epbrem, ibid.; received the
epistle to Titus and other epistles of St. Paul, 355; re-
ferences to the New Testament in his book against the
Gentiles, 354, 355; wrote a book of difficult questions for
explaining the scriptures, 445; his Harmony still extant,
506; extracts out of it, 508 to 511
TEMPLE at Jerusalem, limits prescribed to foreigners, i. 39,
46; its governors, 21; captain of the temple, 26, 58, 59;
when taken by Pompey, iii. 492; when destroyed by
Titus, 496, 518, 525; its magnificence and great riches,
492, 493, 518, 519, 525, 614; how rebuilt after the re-
turn from the Babylonian captivity, 584, 585; forty-six
years in building, i. 130, 131, 205, 206; the times of the
duration of the two temples, that built by Solomon, and
that built after the return from Babylon, iii. 586

The Temple of Onias in Egypt, demolished by orders from
Vespasian, iii. 528

The Temple of Peace, erected at Rome by order of Vespasian,
after the conquest of Judea, iii. 527
Terebinth: See Buddas
TERTULLIAN, his father's office, i. 416; his time, 417, 418;
his character, 416; whether he was once a heathen, 416;
the causes of his Montanism, 418; ascribes the survey at
our Saviour's birth to Saturninus, i. 178, 187; committed
great mistakes in history, 178, 188; his remarks upon
Trajan's rescript, iii. 29, 31; his pathetic address to

Scapula, proconsul of Africa, 77; the time of it,
iv. 165, 168; his accounts of the different behaviour of
governors of provinces to the Christians, 163; the time of
his apology, 169, 301; how he treats the catholics, i.
418; asserts human liberty, iv. 667; his testimonies to
the books of the New Testament, i. 419 to 436; speaks
of the heresies in the times of the apostles as only two,
those of the Docetæ and Ebionites, iv. 512; his accounts
of the Heretics, Apelles, 639, &c. Hermogenes, 665 to
668; Leucius, 626, 629; Marcion, 589; several quota-
tions, 602 to 604, &c. and Praxeas, 676 to 680; shews
that the principal doctrines of the gospel remain certain in
Marcion's gospel, 522; quoted, v. 426. And see the con-
tents of his chapter, i. 460. Additions to Tertullian, quoted,
iv. 662

Tertullus endeavoured to impose upon Felix, i. 39
Testament, the meaning of that word, and Old and New Tes
tament, a common division of sacred canonical books, iii.
140; instead of which Latin authors sometimes use the
word instrument, ibid.

THE OLD TESTAMENT. See Catalogues, and the Canon of the
Old Testament. The canonical books of the Old Testament
written in Hebrew, i. 517, 556; how quoted by the apos-
tles and evangelists, ii. 551, 552, 564, 568, 569; how
canonical and apocryphal books of the Old Testament are
quoted in the Imperfect Work, iii. 65. Order of the books
of the Old and New Testament in the Alexandrian MSS.
45; in the Stichometry of Nicephorus, 47, 48; and other
stichometries, 49, 50. The Old Testament rejected by the
Marcionites, iv. 608 to 611

THE NEW TESTAMENT Consisted of two codes or collections,
called gospels and epistles; or gospels, and apostles, in the
time of Ignatius, i. 322; in the time of Tertullian,
431 to 433; the Acts being in the latter division, 432,
433; so likewise in the time of Cyprian, ii. 28, 29. All
the books of the New Testament written in Greek except
St. Matthew's gospel, ii. 551, 569; their integrity asserted
by Tertullian, i. 430; and their inspiration by the same,

The Order of the books of the New Testament, ii.
488, iii. 453 to 458; that they were early known, 459 to
465; that none of them have been lost, 465 to 470; their
order in Tertullian, i. 433; in Origen, 532; in Eusebius,
ii. 369, 370; in Athanasius, ii. 400; in the Synopsis as-
scribed to him, 403, 404; in Cyril, 409; in the council
of Laodicea, 414, 415; in Epiphanius, 417; in Gregory
Nazianzen, 470; in Amphilochius, 473; in Ebedjesu,
488; in James of Edessa, ibid.; in Philaster, 522, 523;
in Jerom, 548, 549, 567; in Rufinus, 573; in the coun-
cil of Carthage, 574, 575; in Augustine, 578, 579, 588,
589; in Chrysostom, 601, 602; in divers authors, 620,
628, iii. 29, 39, 41, 42, 46, 47, 49, 58, 59, 60, 61, 74, 75,
77, 80, 91; see Canon

The part of the New Testament received by Marcion,
iv. 611, 612; his alterations in the New Testament, 609,
611 to 616
In-the-testament, an expression equivalent to canonical, i.
393. iii. 52, 79, 80, 91

Testaments of the twelve patriarchs, their time, and the cha-
racter of the author, i. 456, 457, iii. 484; their testi-
mony to the books of the New Testament, i. 459 to 465 ;
how quoted by Origen, 459.

Tetrapla of Origen, some account of, i. 447
Thallus, a Syrian author, his time, and whether he has men-
tioned the darkness at the time of our Saviour's passion, i.
515. iii. 66, 67; not quoted by Grotius, or Dr. Clarke, 67
Thamus, an Egyptian pilot, a story concerning him in Plu
tarch, iii. 606, 607

Themison, a Montanist, i. 480

Themistius, philosopher and senator, his time, writings, and
character, iv.350, 351; his account of M. Antoninus's vic-
tory in Germany, 103; extracts out of his oration to Jo-

vian, commending that emperor for his moderation in
things of religion, 351, 352; out of his oration to Valens,
to the like purpose, 358; how he quotes scripture, 351
Theoctetus or Theoctistus, Bp of Cæsarea, an admirer of Ori
gen, i. 493, 494; ordains him, 522
Theodore, Bp of Heraclea in Thrace, ii. 320
Theodore, Bp of Mopsuestia, his time, ii. 526; his works,
particularly his commentaries upon the scriptures, 527 to
528; a fragment concerning the four gospels, with re-
marks, 529; was a great preacher, 530; reflections upon
him after his death, 530 to 531; two select passages from
him, ibid.
Theodoret, his account of Tatian's Harmony, i. 354; his works,
and testimony to the scriptures, iii. 9 to 12; texts ex-
plained by him, 13; select passages from him, 13 to 15;
an account of his Ecclesiastical History, 93; reduced
heresies of the two first centuries to two kinds, iv. 511;
his account of the Heretics, Adamians, 576; censured, 577 ;
of Artemon, 658; of the Carpocratians, 557, 559, 561;
Cerdon, 587; Cerinthus, 567; Elcesaites, 685, 686, 689;
Hermogenes, 664; Marcosians, 579; Marcionites, 611;
Ophians, 655; Prodicus, 573; censured, ibid.; quoted,
v. 427
Theodorus, about whom heathen people had a consultation
in the time of Valens, iv. 449

Theodosius, an Arian Bp at Philadelphia, said by some to
have been the chief conductor of the council of Laodicea,
ii. 415

Theodosius the first, a law of his against Arians and others,
ii. 473, 474; how reflected upon by Zosimus, iv. 406
Theodotion, his Greek version of the Old Testament quoted
by Irenæus, i. 364

Theodotus, reckoned a Montanist, i. 491
Theodotus the Banker, i. 486, iv. 662 : supposed to be the
author of the sect of the Melchisedechians, ibid.; who
are said to have thought Melchisedec to be a greater power
than Christ, 663
Theodotus, of Byzantium, the Tanner, i. 486, 487; his time.
and opinions, iv. 659; accused of denying Christ in a
time of persecution, 650 to 651; received the scriptures
of the Old and New Testament, 661; there were several
of the same name in the second century, 662
Theodotus, a Valentinian, iv. 662

Theodotus, Bp of Laodicea, to whom Eusebius inscribed his
Evangelical preparation; his eminence, and principles,

ii. 80

Theognostus of Alexandria, his history, character and work,
ii. 80 to 82; his testimony to the scriptures, 86; received
the epistle to the Hebrews, 87
Theonas, Bp of Alexandria, his history, and testimony to the
scriptures, ii. 83, 84
Theopemptus, Novatian Bp at Alexandria, ill-treated by
Cyril, ii. 57
Theophilus, to whom St. Luke wrote, who he was, iii.
87, 203
Theophilus, Bp of Alexandria, his character, and conduct
towards some of the most intelligent monks in Egypt, ii.
536 to 538; his character in Zosimus, iv. 410; from
others, 473
Theophilus, Bp of Antioch, his time and works, particularly
his remaining books to Autolycus, i. 383, 384; the Com-
mentary upon the gospels doubtful, ibid.; his testimony
to the books of the New Testament, 388, 389
Theophilus, Bp of Cæsarea, wrote in the controversy about
the time of keeping Easter, i. 446
Theophylact, his opinion concerning the occasion of writing
St. Mark's gospel, i. 395; and the time of writing St.
Matthew's gospel, ii. 388; quoted, 407; his time, works,
and testimony to the scriptures, iii. 85 to 89
Theotecnus, Bp of Casarea, ordained Anatolius, who was
afterwards Bp of Laodicea, ii. 77; meutioned again, 118
Theotecnus, an impostor at Antioch, and curator in that city,

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Tiberius, two computations of his reign, i. 194 to 197; ob-
jections against that supposition considered, 198 to 201;
the date of the first computation, 200, 201; a dilatory
prince, 203, 205; what knowledge he had of Jesus
Christ, iii. 599 to 606
Tiberius Alexander, his moderation toward the Jews at
Alexandria, i. 102

Tichonius, a Donatist writer, ii. 300
Tillemont, (L.) censured, ii. 354; his character of Euse-
bius's Ecclesiastical History, 359; his opinion of the
Constitutions, 423; his character of Apollinarius, 453;
quoted, 507, note, and oftentimes elsewhere. His obser-
vations, upon the testimony of Josephus to the destruction
of Jerusalem, iii. 530; upon his paragraph relating to our
Saviour, 540; his remark upon the rescript of Trajan,
iv. 30; his observations upon Phlegon, 66; and upon
Marcus Antoninus's treatment of the Christians, 79, 93
Tillotson, (Abp.) His observations upon the testimony of
Josephus to the destruction of Jerusalem, iii. 530
Timothy, apostle in a lower sense, iii. 37; an objection
against St. Paul's second epistle to him, i. 558; he was
left at Ephesus by Paul in his way to Jerusalem, iii. 304;
was with Paul at Rome, 307, 308; the first epis le to
him, when and where written, 292 to 294; the second
epistle when and where written, 303 to 321
Title, written upon our Saviour's cross, i. 87
Titus, (The epistle to) when and where written, iii. 294 to 296 ;
that he was converted from idolatry to Christianity, 401
Titus, his remarkable speech to the chief leaders of the
people at Jerusalem, iii. 502; his good character from
Josephus and heathen writers, 512; unwilling that the
temple should be destroyed, 518; proclaimed emperor by
the Roman soldiers after taking the temple, 522; his
treatment of John and Simon, 523, 525; his journey
from Judea to Rome, 526; his arch at Rome, 527, 533,
573; did not refuse to be crowned for the conquest of
Judea, 538; an inscription to his honour, ibid.; aspersed
by the Jewish rabbins and Talmudical writers, 559, 573;
commended by Josippon, 573

Titus, Bp of Bostra in Arabia, author of a treatise against
the Manichees, and other works, ii. 146; modern cen-
sures of his principles, 147; his testimony to the scrip-
tures, ibid.; be exaggerates in some things said by him of
the Manichees, 218; how Titus was used by the
Julian, 147

Tobit, how quoted by Origen, i. 556; by Commodian, ii. 73;
not received as a canonical book by Jerom, 540, 541, 542;
nor by Rufinus, 573; nor Chrysostom, 601
Toldoth Jeschu quoted, iii. 553; quoted again, and the cha-
racter of that work, 574, note

Toledo, a council there in the cause of the Priscillianists,
ii. 500, 509

Tollius, (J.) quoted, iii. 338

Tongue, the difficulty of governing, a sermon, v. 147

Tostatus, (Alphonsus) quoted, v. 499

Traitors of the scriptures and sacred vessels, in Dioclesian's
persecution, ii. 293, 294

Trajan, his Rescript to Pliny concerning the Christians, iv. 15;
rehearsed, with notes and observations, 29, 30; Eusebius's
account of the persecution in his reign, 15; whether
Trajan did, by an edict, put an end to the persecution, 30;

his character, 37, 38; was worshipped as a god in his
lifetime, 21; his edict against the Christians was in force,
as long as heathenism subsisted in the empire, 34, 52,
190, 300, 301


Transmigration of souls held by the Manichees, ii. 197, 198;
and Marcionites, iv. 628, 629
Transubstantiation not countenanced in the Imperfect Work,
iii. 67

Travels of the apostles, an account of that apocryphal book,
ii. 230

Tribes, the twelve, in being in the times of the apostles, i. 61
Tribonian, his eminence; but his Christianity doubtful,
iv. 497
TRINITY, the Manichees believed a consubstantial Trinity,
ii. 188; see also 177; on account of that doctrine heathens
supposed that Christians held a plurality of gods, 399;
not made known to the Jews, ii. 13

Two Schemes of a Trinity considered, and the Divine
Unity asserted, in Four Discourses on Phil. ii. 5 to 11, vol. v.
309 to 331; the Scheme commonly received, 311, 312;
the distinction of persons, 310, 311; difficult to apply the
commonly received opinion concerning Christ to this text,
312; the Arian Scheme, 312 to 315; objections to it, 315
to 316; the Nazaræan, or Unitarian doctrine of one God the
Father according to the New Testament, 318 to 324; our
blessed Saviour was a man with a reasonable soul and
human body, born of a virgin, conceived by the Holy
Ghost, and especially favoured of God, 320 to 323; the
Holy Spirit, God himself, or his power, gift, influence, or
manifestation, 323, 324; the Text explained, 326 to 329;
application of the subject, 329 to 331

Trophimus, when left by Paul at Miletus, iii. 307
Tryphon, a Christian writer, and a scholar of Origen, i. 581
Turbo, disciple of Mani, his history, ii. 144
Turitius, Bp of Astorga, in Spain, ii. 512
Turkestan, where situated, ii. 166, 167

Turner, (R.) his account of the Sibylline oracles, i. 450;
quoted and commended, i. 612, note; his judgment
concerning the Constitutions, ii. 422; his work against
them, 427; quoted again, 375, note b; and 427, 432;
iv. 512, 515, 518

Twells, (Dr.) a remark of his examined, i. 483, 484;
quoted, 484, 642, 645, 647, and elsewhere.
Tyrannio, Bp of Tyre, and martyr in Dioclesian's persecu
tion, i. 100


Valens, deacon at Ælia, his excellent character and martyr-
dom, ii. 119

Valentinian, emperor, his moderation in things of religion com-
mended by Ammianus, iv. 378, 441

Valentinians, used St. Luke's gospel, i. 367; received all the
books of the New Testament, iii. 132, 461.462; argued
from the several parts of the Old and New Testament,
ii. 373; said to have composed a new gospel, 376, 377;
and to have corrupted the scriptures, 430, 563; Hippo-
lytus and others wrote against them, 496; as did Pro-
culus, 580

Valerian, emperor, his time and character, iv. 194; kind to
the Christians in the beginning of his reign, 195; his per-
secution of the Christians, i. 610; general accounts of it
from several writers and how long it lasted, iv. 194; an
account of his persecution from Dionysius, Bp of Alex-
andria, 194 to 196; from Cyprian, Bp of Carthage, who
also suffered martyrdom in that persecution, 197 to 199;
his son Gallienus by edict gave peace to the churches,

Valesians, an obscure sect, i. 587

Vandale, (A.) his judgment upon a work ascribed to Por-
phyry, iv. 241

Variety of opinions, no just objection against the truth of

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Christianity, but in the event serviceable to the interest of
truth, as has been observed by Origen, Augustine, and
Clement of Alexandria, ii. 236, 237; iv. 527 to 529
Varus, (Quintilius) when he came president into Syria,
i. 187
Vegetius, his account of the military oath in his time,
iv. 380
Venema, (H.) iii. 342
Vercelli, an ancient Latin version of the gospels there,
ii. 448

Verres, prætor of Sicily, steals images of the gods, i. 95; his
government unrighteous and infamous, 103
Versions of the Scripture, (Greek) of the Old Testament, i.
446; ii. 474; a Latin version of the New Testament in
Tertullian's time, i. 434; the ancient Latin version, and
that made by Jerom, ii. 594; iii. 18, 60, 72; the scrip-
ture said by Augustine to have been translated into many
languages, 594; and by Chrysostom, 611; and Theo-
doret, 14; See Latin translation of the Old Testament.
Vespasian, appointed general in the Jewish war by Nero,
iii. 508; proclaimed emperor in Judea and at Alexandria,
511, 512; miracles ascribed to him, but not really such,
512, 513; his treatment of Sabinus and Epponnina, with
remarks, 513; his good character, 512, and see 508,

note b

Vestal virgins, their number, office, and privileges, iv. 463
Vettius Epagathus, a martyr at Lyons, iv. 83
Victor of Antioch, his Commentary upon St. Mark's gospel,
ii. 625, 626

Victor of Capua, his time and character, i. 327; what he
writes of Tatian's harmony, 354

Victor, Bp of Rome, i. 445
Victor Tununensis, his story, that the gospels were corrected
in the time of Anastasius, considered, iii. 67, 68
Victorinus, (C. M.) his history, particularly his conversion
from heathenism to Christianity, the character of his
writings, and his testimony to the scriptures, ii. 453, 454
Vincentius Lirinensis, his character of Tertullian and Origen,
i. 417; his works and time, and testimony to the scrip-
tures, with remarks, iii. 23 to 29; and see the contents of
his chapter, 23
Virtue recommended under the similitude of white raiment,
a sermon, v. 242

Vitellius, president of Syria, displaceth Pilate and Caiaphas,
i. 49, 79, 202; his expedition to the Euphrates, 53, 203;
at the request of the Jews forbids his forces to pass through
Judea, 53, 98, 202; puts the keeping of the high priest's
vestment into the hands of the Jews, and does divers other
things at Jerusalem, 202, 203; see likewise 50, 53, 100
Vitellius, a Donatist writer, with a remark to the advantage
of their authors, ii. 300

Vitringa (C.) quoted, iii. 444, 451, 452; iv. 532; his judg-
ment concerning the passage in Josephus relating to Jesus
Christ, iii. 542

Vives, Ludovicus, his character of Jerom, ii. 539
Ulphilas, Bp of the Goths, his eminence and usefulness to
that people, ii. 321

Ulpian, (D.) his time, iv. 179; his character, ibid.; his
description of the power of the presidents, and the power
of the sword, i. 42; in his book of the Duty of a Procon-
sul he made a collection of Imperial edicts against the
Christians, ii. 68, iv. 179; fragments of his work, in the
Pandects, 180
Unitarians, Archelaus said to speak like one, ii. 138; Uni-
tarian Christians called Jews, i. 626; their sentiments de-
fended from scripture by Praxeas, iv. 680. The Unitarian
doctrine of one God the Father, according to the New
Testament, v. 318 to 324

Unity of God asserted, v. 394, 423 to 425; how held by the
Jews, 423, 425; acknowledged by all the ancient Here-
tics, iv. 519; but they are charged with believing that
the world was not made by him, ibid.


Volusian's correspondence with Augustine A.D. 412; vol. iv.
483 to 489

Vopiscus, (Fl.) one of the Augustan writers, his character,
and his account of a Letter of Aurelian to the senate, in
which the Christians are mentioned, iv. 207, 251
Vossius, (J.) his opinion concerning Hagiographal books, ii. 543
Vow of the Nazarite, i. 114 to 116

Upton's, (J.) edition of Epictetus, quoted, iv. 49, notes
Urbanus, Roman president in Palestine, his cruel treatment
of the Christians in Dioclesian's persecution, ii. 118
Usher's, (Jam.) judgment upon the book called the Doctrine
of the Apostles, ii. 386, 387; his character of the Com-
piler of the Constitutions, 437; an observation of his upon
them, 441


Wagenseil, (J. C.) his accounts of the time of the Mishna,
and of Jehudah, the composer of it, iii. 547, 548, 552;
his remarks upon a passage in the Talmud, 555, 556;
upon the Toldoth Jeschu, 574 note c

Wake, (Alp.) his opinion of the Responsiones ascribed to
Polycarp, i. 327; his translation of a passage in Ignatius's
epistles corrected, 320 note

Wall, (Dr. W.) his opinion of Clement of Rome, i. 550; his
interpretation of Phil. ii. 6. 572; quoted, iii. 307, 382,
387, 416; v, 387, 406, 410, and elsewhere; his observa-
tions upon John viii. at the beginning, iv. 140

War condemned by Archelaus, ii. 138; and some think by
the Manichees, 197

War with the Romans, (Jewish) its time and duration, iii.
496; events preceding it, and the siege of Jerusalem, 496
to 501; the cccasion of it, according to Josephus, 501 to
505; the history of it and the siege of Jerusalem from
Josephus, 505 to 528; from other histories of it, besides
that of Josephus, 531 to 533
Warburton, (Dr.) Bp of Gloucester, quoted, ii. 247 ; iii. 542;
iv. 108, 110, 326, 327, 331

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Ward, (Dr. John) commended, i. 153 note a; his observa-
tion concerning the Egyptian impostor, 227; a critical ob-
servation of his, ii. 327 note ; his advice to the author con-
cerning Libanius's oration for the temples, iv. 359 note a;
his remarks upon that oration, 360 note ', 365 note &;
passages of the sacred scriptures, v. 475 to 521
Waterland, (Dr.) his opinion of the Constitutions, ii. 424
Wesselingius, (P.) quoted, iii. 68

West, (Gilbert, Esq.) iii. 145 note a

Weston's Inquiry into the rejection of the Christian miracles,
by the heathens, referred to, i. 250
Wetstein (J. J.) quoted, i. 505, 508, 512, 563; ii. 17, 18,
123, 577; iii. 3o, 33, 34, 62, 162, 165, 181, 191, 199,
239, 246, 328, 338, 343, 347, 421, 451; an inaccurate
quotation of Isidore of Pelusium, in his Greek Testament,
iii. 173

A DISSERTATION upon the two EPISTLES ascribed to
CLEMENT of ROME, lately published by Mr. Wetstein, v.
432 to 446
Wetstein, (J. Rodolph), quoted, i. 514

Wharton, (H) his opinion concerning the author of the
Testaments of the twelve patriarchs, i. 457; quoted
again, 465

Whiston, (W.) his supposition that the Jews were enrolled
at the request of Augustus, i. 145, 146; his solution of a
difficulty concerning the assessment of Cyrenius, 163 to
165; his opinion, concerning the time of Pilate's removal,
204; concerning the time of Herod's death, considered,
231; he defends the larger epistles of Ignatius, 314; his
opinion of the Sibylline oracles, 455; of the Testaments
of the twelve patriarchs, 456, 457, 458; of the author of
the Recognitions, 467; of the work itself, 468; a mistake
of his, ibid.; his opinion of the Constitutions, ii. 425; his

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