« PreviousContinue »
hath appointed them unto salvation d.
Q. 33. Was the covenant of grace always administred af. ter one and the same manner?
A. The covenant of grace was not always administred after the same manner, but the administrations of it under the Old Testament were different from those under the Newe,
Q. 34. How was the covenant of grace administred under the Old Testament?
A. The covenant of grace was administred under the Old Testament, by promises f, prophecies g, facrifices h, circumcifion i, the passover k, and other types and ordinances; which did all foresignify Christ then to come, and were for that time sufficient to build up the elect in faith in the promised Mefliahl, by whom they then had full remission of sin and e
ternal to themselves, but unto him who the fathers. died for them, and rose again. g Aets iïi. 20. And he shall fend Je
d Eph. ii. 10. For we are his sus Christ, who before was preachworkmanship, created in Christ Je ed unto you. v. 24. Yea, and all the sus unto good works, which God prophets, from Samuel and those hath before ordained that we should that follow after, as many as have walk in them.
spoken, have likewise foretold of 33.62 Cor. iii. 6. Who also hath
these days. made us able ministers of the new b Heb. x, 1. For the law having a teftament, not of the letter, but of shadow of good things to come, and the fpirit: for the letter killeth, but not the very image of the things,. the fpirit giveth life. v. 7. But if can never with those facrifices which the ministration of death written they offer year by year continually, and engraven in stones, was glori. make the comers thereunto perfect. ons, so that the children of Israel i Rom. iv. 11. And hereceived the could not stedfastly behold the face sign of circumcision, a seal of the of Moses, for the glory of his coun- righteoufnels of the faith which he tenance, which glory was to be done had yet being uncircumcised, that away.v.8. How shall not the mini- he might be the father of all them itration of the spirit be rather gloric that believe, though they be not ous? v.9. For if the ministration of circumcised; that righteousnefs condemnation be glory, much more might be imputed unto them also. doth the ministration of righteous ki Cor, v.7. Purge out therefore ness exceed in glory.
the old leaven, that ye may be a new 34. f Rom. xv.8. Now I say, that lump, as ye are unleavened. For eJesus Christ was a minister of the ven Christ our passover is sacrificed circumcision for the truth of God, for us. to confirm the promises made unto |(Heb. viii. ix. and x, chapters.)
ternal salvation m.
Q. 35. How is the covenant of grace administred under the New Testament?
A. Under the New Testament, when Christ the substance was exhibited, the same covenant of grace was and still is to be administred in the preaching of the word n, and the adminiftration of the sacraments of baptism ó, and the Lord's supper p; in which grace and falvation are held forth in more fulness, evidence and efficacy to all nations q.
Q. 36. Heb. xi. 13. These all died in faith, ed of the Lord, that which also I not having received the promises, delivered unto you, that the Lord but having seen them afar of, and Jesus, the same night in which he were perfwaded of them, and em was betrayed, took bread: v. 24. braced them, and confessed that And when he had given thanks, he they were strangers and pilgrims on brakę it, and said, Take, eat; this the earth.
is my body which was broken for m Gal. ii. 7. Know ye therefore you: this do in remembrance of me, that they who are of faith, the fame v. 25. After the fame manner also are the children of Abraham, v. 8. he took the cup, when he had fupAnd the scripture foreseeing that ped, saying, This cup is the new God would justify the heathen thro' testament in my blood: this do ye, faith, preached before the gospel as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance unto Abraham, saying, In thee Thall of me. all nations be blessed. v. 9. So then 92 Cor. iii. 6. to the end. Who they who be of faith, are blessed also hath made us able ministers of with faithful Abraham.v. 14. That the new testament, not of the letter, the blessing of Abraham might come but of the Spirit: for the letter kilon the Gentiles thro' Jesus Christ, leth, but the Spirit giveth life. v.7. that we might receive the promise But if the administration of death of the Spirit through faith. written and engraven in stones, was
35. n Mark xvi, 15. And he said glorious, v. 8. How shall not the unto them, Goye into all the world, ministration of the Spirit be rather and preach the gospel to every crea- glorious ? v. 9. If the ministration ture,
of condemnation be glory, much • Mat. xxviii. 19. Goye therefore more doth the ministration of righand teach allnations, baptizing them teousness exceed in glory, &c. * in the name of the Father, and of Heb. viii. 6. But now hath he obthe Son and of the Holy Ghost: v. tained a more excellent ministry, by 20. Teaching them to observe all how much also he is the mediator things whatsoever I have command of a better covenant, which was eed you: and lo, I am with you al. ftablished upon better promises. V. way, even unto the end of the 10. For this is the covenant that I world.
will make with the house of Israel pi Cor. xi. 23. For I have receiv. after those days, faith the Lord; }
Q. 36. Who is the Mediator of the covenant of grace?
A. The only Mediator of the covenant of grace is, the Lord Jesus Christr, who being the eternal Son of God, of one substance and equal with the Fathers, in the fulness of cime became mant, and so was and continues to be God and man in iwo entire distinct natures, and one person for ever v.
0:37. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
A. Christ the Son of God became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soulw, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary; of het substance, and born of her x, yet
will put my laws into their mind, the power of the Highest fhall overand write them in their hearts: and shadow thee: therefore allo that hoI will be to them a God, and they ly thing which shall be born of thee, shall be to me a people. v. 11. And shall be called the Son of God. Rom. they shall not teach every man his ix. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of neighbour, and every man his bro- whom as concerning the flesh Christ ther, saying,,Know the Lord: for came, who is over all, God blessed all shall know me, from the least to for ever. Amen. Col. ii. 9. For in the greatest. Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye him dwelleth all the fulness of the therefore and teach all nations, bap. Godhead bodily. Heb. vii. 24. But tizing them in the name of, &c. this man, because he continuerh e.
36., 1 Tim. ii. 5. For there is one ver, hath an unchangeable priestGod, and one Mediator between hood, v. 25. Wherefore he is able God and men, the man Christ Jesus, , also to save them to the uttermoit,
S John i. 1. In the beginning was that come unto God by him, seeing the Word, and the Word was with he ever liveth to make interceflion God, and the Word was God. v.14. for them. And the Word was made Aesh, and 37. w John i. 14. And the Word dwelt among us (and we beheld his was made Resh, and dwelt among us glory, the glory as of the only be- (and we beheld his glory, the glory gotten of the Father) full of grace as of the only begotten of the Faand truth. John x. 30. I and my Fa- ther) full of grace and truth. Mat. ther are one. Phil. ii. 6. Who being xxvi. 38. Then faith he unto them, in the form of God, thought it not My soul is exceeding forrowful, erobbery to be equal with God. ven unto death: tarry ye here and
• Gal. iv. 4. But when the fulness watch with me. of the time was come, God sent forth * Luke i. 27. To a virgin espouhis Son made of a woman, made un- fed to a man whose name was Joder the law.
seph, of the house of David; and 1, v Luke i. 35. And the angel an- the virgin's name was Mary. V. 3!.
fwered and said unto her, The Ho. And behold thou shalt conceive in ly Ghost shall come upon thee, and thy womb, and bring forth a Son,
Q. 38. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be God?
A. It was requilite that the Mediator should be God, that he mighe sustain and keep the human nature from finking under the infinite wrath of God, and the power of death z: give worth and efficacy to his sufferings, obedience, and intercession ai, and to satisfy God's justice b, procure his fa
vour, and shalt call his name Jesus. v. 35. fed again for our justification. Heb. And the angel answered and laid ix. 14. How much more shall the unto her, The Holy Ghost Thall blood of Christ, who through the come upon thee, and the power of eternal Spirit offered himself with, the Highest shall overshadow thee: out spot to God, purge your con-. therefore also that holy thing which science from dead works to serve shall be born of thee, thall be called the living God? the Son of God. v. 42. And (Elisa a Acts xx. 28. Take heed therebeth) spake out with a loud voice, fore unto yourselves, and to all the and said, Blessed art thou among fock, over the which the HolyGhost women, and blessed is the fruit of hath made you overseers, to feed the thy womb. Gal.iv. 4. But when the church of God, which he hath purfulness of the time was come, God chased with his own blood. Heb. sent forth his Son made of a woman, ix. 14. How much more shall the made under the law.
blood of Chrilt, who through the Heb. iv. 15. For we have not eternal Spirit offered himself withan high priest who cannot be touch out spot to God, purge your coned with the feeling of our infirmi science from dead works, to serve ties; but was in all points tempted the living God? Heb.vii.25. Wherelike as we are, yet without sin. Heb. fore he is able also to save them to vii. 26. For such an high priest be the uttermolt, that come unto God came us, who is holy, harmless, un by him, fecing he ever liveth to make defiled, feparate from finners, and interceflion for them.v.26.For fuch made higher than the heavens. an high priest became us, who is
38. A&tsii. 24. Whom God hath holy, harmless, undefiled, separate raised up, having loosed the pains of from finners, and made higher than death; because it was not pollible the heavens; v. 27. Who needeth that he should be holden of it. v. not daily, as those high priests, to 2;. For David speaketh concerning offer up sacrifices, firit for his own him. I foresaw the Lord always be- fins, and then for the people: for fore my face, for he is on my right this he did once, when he offered up hand that I should not be moved.' himself. v. 28. For the law maketh Rom. i.
And declared to be the men high priests who have infirmiSon of God with power, according ty; but the word of the oath which to the Spirit of holiness, by the re was since the law, maketh the Son, furrection from the dead. Compa who is consecrated for evermore. red with Rom. iv. 25. Who was de b Rom. iii. 24. Beingjustified freelivered for our offences, and was rai ly by his grace, through theredemp
tour c, purchase a peculiar people d, give his Spirit to themes conquer all their enemiesf, and bring them to everlasting salvation g.
Q.39. Why was it requisite that the Mediator should be man?
A. It was requisite that the Mediator should be man, that he might advance our nature h, perform obedience to the lawi,
tion that is in Jesus Christ. v. 25. without fear. Whom God hath set forth to be a g Heb. v. &. Though he were å propitiation thro' faith in his blood, Son, yet learned he obedience by to declare his righteousness, for the the things which he suffered. v.9. remission of fins that are past, thro' And being made perfect, he became the forbearance of God; v. 26. to the author of eternal salvation unto declare, I say, at this time his righ- all them that obey him. Heb. ix, teousness; that he might be just, and 11. But Chriít being come an high the justifier of himn who believeth in priest of good things to come, by a Jesus.
greater and more perfect taberc Eph.i.6. To the praise of the nacle, not made with hands, that glory of his grace, wherein he hath is to say, not of this building; v. 12. made us accepted in the beloved. neither by the blood of goats and Mat. iii. 17. And lo, a voice from calves, but by his own blood he enheaven, saying, This is my beloved tered in once into the holy place, Son, in whom I am well pleased. having obtained eternal redempti
Tit. ii. 13. Looking for that on for us. v. 13. For if the blood of blessed hope and the glorious ap- bulls, and of goats, and the allies of pearing of the great God, and our an heifer, sprinkling the unclean, Saviour Jefus Chrift: v. 14. Who fanctitieth to the purifying of the gave himself for us, that he might fleth; v. 14. How much more shall redeem us from all iniquity, and the blood of Christ, who through purify unto himself a peculiar peo- the eternal Spirit offered himself ple, zealous of good works.
without spot to God, purge your «Gal. iv. 6. And because ye are confcience from dead works to serve fons, God hath sent forth the Spirit the living God? v. 15. And for this of his Son into your hearts, crying, cause he is the Mediator of the new Abba, Father.
testament, that by means of death f Luke i. 68. Blessed be the Lord for the redemption of the tranfgrefGod of Israel, for he hath visited fions that were under the first testaand redeemed his people.v.69. And ment, they who are called might hath raifed up an horn of salvation receive the promise of eternal in her for us, in the house of his fervant ritance. David. v.71. That we should be 39. h Heb. ii. 16. For verily he faved from our enemies, and from took not upon him the nature of anthe hand of all that hate us. v. 74. gels; but he took on him the seed of That he would grant unto us, that Abraham. we being delivered out of the hands i Gal iv. 4. But when the ful. of our enemies, might serve him ness of the time was come, Ged sent