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R55. What is forbidden in the third commandment?

A. The third commandment forbiddeth all profaning or abusing of any thing whereby God maketh himself knowne.

Q. 56. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?

A. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, That however the breakers of this commandment may escape

punishTHE LORD THY GOD. ly temple, and praise thy name, for

z Pfal. Ixviii. 4. Sing unto God, thy loving kindness, and for thy fing praises to his name: extol him truth: for thou hast magnified thy that rideth upon the heavens by his word above all thy name. name JAH, and rejoice before him. d Job xxxvi. 24. Remember that

* Rev. xv. 3. And they sing the thou magnify his work, which men song of Moses the servant of God, behold, and the song of the Lamb, saying, 55. Mal. i. 6. A son honoureth Great and marvellous' are thy his father, and a fervant his master : works, Lord God Almighty; just if then I be a father, where is mine and true are thy ways, thou King honour ; and if I be a master, where of faints. v. 4. Who shall not fear is my fear? faith the Lord of hosts thee, O Lord, and glorify thy unto you, O priests, that despise my name? for thou only art holy: for name: and ye fay, Wherein have all nations shall come and worship we despised thy name? v.7. Yc ofbefore thee; for thy judgments are fer polluted bread upon mine altar; made manifeft.

and ye fay, Wherein have we poli Mal. i. 11. For from the rising luted thee? in that ye say, The of the sun, even unto the going table of the Lord is contemptible. down of the same, my name shall be v. 12. But ye have profaned it, in great among the Gentiles, and in that ye fay, The table of the Lord every place incense shall be offered is polluted, and the fruit thereof, eunto my name, and a pure offering: ven his meat is contemptible. Mal. for my name thall be great among ii. 2. If ye will not 'hear, and if y ye the heathen, faith the Lord of hosts. will not lay it to heart, to give glov. 14. But cursed be the deceiver, ry unto my namie, faith the Lord of which hath in his flock a male, hofts, I will even send a curse upon and voweth and facrificeth unto the you, and I will curse your bleslings: Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a yea, I have curfed them already, great King, faith the Lord of hosts, because ye do not lay it to heart, and my name is dreadful among Mal. iii. 14. Ye have laid, It is vain the heathen

to ferve God: and what profit is it, « Pfal. cxxxviii. 1. I will praise that we have kept his ordinance, thee with my whole heart, before and that we have walked mournthe gods will í fing praise unto thee. fully before the Lord of hosts? V.2. I will worship towards thy ho

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punishment from men, yet the Lord our God will not suffer them to escape his righteous judgment f.

Q. 57. Which is the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment is, Remember the fabbathday to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the fabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thon shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy man-fervant, nor thy maid-fervant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the fabbath-day, and hallowed itg.

Q. 58. What is required in the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment requireth the keeping holy to God, such set times as he hath appointed in his word; exprefly one whole day in seven, to be a holy fabbath to himself b.

Q. 59. Which day of the seven hath God appointed to be the weekly fabbath?

A. From 56. f 1 Sam. ii. 12. Now the sons and he restrained them pot. Deut, of Eli were fons of Belial, they xxvii. 58. If thou wilt not observe knew not the Lord. v. 17. Where- to do all the words of this law that fore the sin of the young men was are written in this book, that thou very great before the Lord; for mayest fear this glorious and fearful men abhorred the offering of the name, THE LORD THY GOD; Lord. v. 22. Now Eli was very v.59. Then the Lord will make thy old, and heard all that his fons did plagues wonderful, and the plagues unto all Israel, and how they lay of thy feed, even great plagues, and with the women that assembled at of long continuance, and fore fick. the door of the tabernacle of the nesses, and of long continuance. congregation. V. 29. Wherefore 57.8 Exod. xx. 8, 9, 10, 11, kick ye at my facrifice, and at mine 58. b Deut, v. 12. Keep the faboffering which I have commanded bath-day to fan&tify it, as the Lord in my habitation, and honourest thy thy God hath commanded thee. v. fons above me, to make your selves 13. Six days shalt thou labour, and fat with the chiefest of all the offer- do all thy works: v. 14. But the ings of Israel my people? 1 Sam. seventh day is the fabbath of the iii. 13. For I have told him, that I Lord thy God; in it thou shalt not will judge his house for ever, for do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor the iniquity which he knoweth : be thy daughter, nor thy man-fervant, cause his fons made themselves vile, nor thy maid-servant, nor thine os,

nor

A. From the beginning of the world to the resurrection of Christ, God appointed the seventh day of the week to be the weekly sabbath; and the first day of the week, ever since, to continue to the end of the world, which is the Christian fabbathi,

Q. 60. How is the fabbath to be fanctified?

A. The fabbath is to be fanctified, by a holy refting all that dayk, even from such worldly employments and recreations as are lawful on other days l; and spending the whole time in

the nor thine afs, nor any of thy cattle, day is a fabbath unto the Lord: to nor thy stranger that is within thy day ye shall not find it in the field. gates; that thy man-fervant and y. 26. Six days ye shall gather it; thy maid-servant may rest as well but on the seventh day which is the as thou.

fabbath, in it there shall be none. 59. i Gen..ïi. 2. And on the fe. v. 27. And it came to pass, that venth day God ended his work there went out some of the people which he had made: and herestedon on the seventh day for to gather, the seventh day from all his work and they found none. v. 28. And which he had made, v. 3. And God the Lord said unto Moses, How blessed the seventh day, and fancti- long refuse ye to keep my comfied it: because that in it he had mandments and my

law? rested from all his work, which God Neh. xiii. 15. In those days faw created and made. I Cor. xvi. I. I in Judah some treading wine-prefNow concerning the collection for fes on the fabbath, and bringing in the saints, as I have given order to heaves, and lading asses; as also the churches of Galatia, even fo do. wine, grapes, and figs, and all manye. v. 2. Upon the first day of the ner of burdens, which they brought week, let every one of you lay by into Jerusalem on the fabbath-day: him in store, as God hath prospere and I testified against them in the ed him, that there be no gatherings day wherein they fold victuals. v. when I come. A&s xx. 7. And up- 16. There dwelt men of Tyre also on the first day of the week, when therein, which brought fish, and all the disciples came together to break manner of wares, and sold on the bread, Paul preached unto them, fabbath unto the children of Juready to depart on the morrow, dah, and in Jerusalem. v. 17. Then and continued his speech until mid- I contended with the nobles of Ju. night.

dah, and said unto them, What e60.. Exod. xx. 8. Remember the vil thing is this that ye do, and fabbath-day, to keep it holy. v. 10. profane the fabbath-day? v. 18. But the seventh day is the fabbath Did not your fathers thus, and did of the Lord thy God: in it thou not our God bring all this evil upon Analt not do any work, thou, nor us, and upon this city? Yet ye bring thy son, &c. Exod. xvi. 25. And more wrath upon Israel by profanMoses said, Eat that to day; for to ing the sabbath. v. 19. Audit came

the publick and private exercises of God's worshipm, except so much as is to be taken up in the works of necetlity and mercy n.

Q. 61. What is forbidden in the fourth commandment?

A. The fourth commandment forbiddeth the omillion or careless performance of the duties required o, and the profaning the day by idlenessp, or doing that which is in it

leif to pass, that when the gates of Je- day through the corn, and his dirufalem began to be dark before the sciples were an hungred, and began fabbath, I commanded that the gates to pluck the ears of corn, ani to should be shut, and charged that eat. v. 2. But when the Phari.ces, they should not be opened till after &c. v. 12.-It is lawful to do well the fabbath: and some of my fere on the sabbath-days. vants fet I at the gates, that there 61. . Ezek. xxii. 26. Her priests should be no burden brought in on have violated my law, and have the fabbath-day. v.21. Then I te- profaned mine holy things: they Ntified against them, and said unto have put no difference between the them, Why lodge ye about the holy and profane, neither have they wall? If ye do so again, I will lay shewed difference between the unhands on you. From that time forth clean and clean, and have hid their came they no more on the fabbath. eyes from my fabbaths, and I am V. 22. And I commanded the Le- profaned among them. Amos viü. vites, that they should cleanse them- 5. Saying, When will the newselves, and that they should come moon be gone, that we may fell and keep the gates, to fan&tify the corn? and the fabbath, that we fabbath-day: Remember me, O my may set forth wheat, making the eGod, concerning this also, and spare phah small, and the thekel great, me according to the greatness of and falsifying the balances by dethy mercy,

ceit? Mal. i. 13. Ye faid also, Bem Luke iv. 16. And he came to hold, what a weariness is it and Nazareth, where he had been ye have înuffed at it, faith the Lord brought up: and, as his 'custom of hosts; and ye brought that which was, he went into the fynagogue was torn, and the lame, and the fick; on the fabbath-day, and stood up thus ye brought an offering should for to read. Acts xx. 7. And upon I accept this of your hands, iaith the first day of the week, &c. (See the Lord? letter i.) Pial. xcii. Title. A pfal p Acts xx. 7. And upon the firft or fong for the fabbath-day. Ifa. day of the week, when the disciples lxvi. 23. And it Thall come to pass, came together to break bread, Paul that from one new-moon to another, preached unto them, ready to deand from one fabbath to another, part on the morrow, and continued shall all fiefh come to worship before his ipeech until midnight. v.9. And me, faith the Lord,

there fatina window a certain young n Mat. xii, from ver. 1. to 31. At man named Eutychus, being fallen that time Jesus went on the fabbathe into a deep sleep: and as Paul was

long

self sinfulq, or by unnecessary thoughts, words or works, about our worldly employments or recreations r.

Q, 62. What are the reasons annexed to the fourth commandment?

A. The reasons annexed to the fourth commandment are, God's allowing us fix days of the week for our own employments), his challenging a special propriety in the seventh, his own example, and his blessing the fabbath-day t.

Q. 63. Which is the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commandment is, Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee v.

Q. 64. What is required in the fifth commandment?

A. The fifth commaudment requireth the preserving the honour, and performing the duties belonging to every one in their several places and relations, as superiors w, inferiors x,

or

long preaching, he funk down with from the mountains, and from the fleep, and fell down from the third fouth, bringing burnt-offerings and loft, and was taken up dead. sacrifices, and meat-offerings, and

Ezek. xxiii. 38. Moreover, this incense, and bringing facrifices of they have done unto me: they have praise unto the house of the Lord. defiledmy sanctuary in the fame day, Ifa. lviii. 13. If thou turn away thy and have profaned my fabbaths. foot from the fabbath, from doing

Jer. xvii. 24. And it shall come thy pleasure on my holy day, and to pass, if ye diligently hearkcu un- call the fabbath a delight, the holy to me, faith the Lord, to bring in of the Lord, honourable, and shalt no burden thro' the gates of this ci- honour him, not doing thine own ty on the fabbath-day, but hallow ways, nor finding thine own plea. the fabbath-day, to do no work sure, nor speaking thine own words. therein: v. 25. Then shall there 62./Exod. xx. 9. Six days shalt enter into the gates of this city, thou labour, and do all thy work. kings and princes, fitting upon the Exod. xx. 11. For in six days the throne of David, riding in chariots, Lord made heaven and earth, the and on horses, they and their prin- fea, and all that in them is, and restces, the men of Judah, and the in- ed the seventh day; wherefore the habitants of Jerusalem; and this ci. Lord blessed the fabbath-day, and ty shall remain for ever. 2. 26. And hallowed it. they shall come from the cities of 63. v Exod. xx. 12. Judah, and from the places about 64. w Eph. v. 21. Submitting Jerusalem, and from the land of yourselves one to another in the fear Benjamin, and from the plain, and of God.

: 1 Pet.

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