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STATEMENT OF THE VARIOUS SLAVE MELIORATING PROVISIONS,

prosecute.-$ 26. If any owner or manager shall, of himself or with his knowledge, wantonly or cruelly whip, maltreat, beat, bruise, cut, wound, or imprison, or confine without sufficient support, any slave, he shall suffer fine of 1501., or 12 months' imprisonment, or both, for each ottence: and the court are empowered to declare the slave absolutely free, assigning hinn an annuity of 15l. for life.

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GRENADA. ('The latest of these Acts is dated 24th November, 1828.) Religious Instruction, and Observance of the Sabbath. Baptism and Marriage. § 1. Sunday markets are absolutely prohibited: penalty 51.–54. All owners or managers are required to have their slaves instructed in the Christian religion: to cause every infant to be baptized within 6 months of its birth, and all such adults as can be made sensible of religious duty! which ceremony, as well as attendance on such as require spiritual aid, the parish clergyman is required to perform gratis.-5. Provides for the solemnization of matrimony, where parties belong to the same owner, and have his consent; if they appear to be sensible of the obligation of the marriage vow.—$ 8. No manner of field labour shall be performed on Sundavo, excepting the potting of sugar, and that not after 8 o'clock in the morning: and no mill shall be put about between 10 on Saturday night, and 4 on Monday morning. Penalty 10l.

Food-Clothing-Lodging: General Treatment. § 2. Every slave shall be allowed a sufficient portion of land, for the growth of provisions

, adequate to his support; and allowed 28 full working days in each year to cultivate the same; or where no land can be had, “ good and ample provision” in lieu thereof. Any justice of peace upon information that “ the true intent and meaning of this act is not complied with," shall proceed to the spot, examine parties upon oath, (who are required to answer, under penalty of 50!. and on proof of the fact, to order to each slave, weekly, 4s. 6d. in money, salt, and ? pounds of salt fish, under penalty of 100l. on owner refusing to supply the same. Each slave shall also he provided with a“ good and comfortable house,” with one or more beds, raised at least one foot from the ground; and shall receive sufficient and decent clothing and blankets, suitable t sex, age, and condition: under penalty of 101. for every omission.—$ 6. There shall be on ever estate a proper hospital, and a book in which surgeon shall record all cases coming under

Labour and Holidays. $7. Each field slave shall have half an hour for breakfast, and 2 ho'irs for dinner, each working-day; and, except during crop, shall not work before day-break, or after sun-set - 8. Every mother of 5 children living, shall be allowed 52 days in each year, under penalty of 51. for each day omitted.

Punishment. § 10. Restricts punishment by owner or manager to 15 lashes, or, in presence of another free person, to 25; any greater punishment to be intlicted by a magistrate only. Under penalty of jol. and imprisonment for excess, or for repetition of the specified nuinber during the same day. Record to be kept, and submitted to magistrates.--- 12. No superintending slave shall carry any whip, cat, or like instrument, as a mark of authority in the field, under penalty as for mis demeanour.

Separation of Families ; and Sale of Slaves detached from Estates. Manumission. $ 50. Any sale shall be null and void, if it separate father, mother, and child or children under 12 years of age.-$ 51. Facilitates manumission, by providing that where there are mortgagees whose consent to it cannot be procured, another slave may be substituted.- No. 139. 1. Slares manumitted by will are authorised to institute suit by next friend, for establishment of freedom.

Evidence. - Trial, and Defence. $6 The evidence of slaves shall be admitted and received, in all cases civil and criminal, precively as that of free persons.- 37. Counsel are to be assigned to slaves capitally indicted.$ 53. No slave shall be prevented by his owner from giving evidence, where required : under penalty of 501.

Right of Property, and Right of Action. $ 52. Secures to the slave the possession of personal property, and imposes a penalty of 101

, over and above the full value on such as infringe upon it.

ENACTED IN THE BRITISH WEST INDIA COLONIES,

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Legal Protection. > 3. Empowers justices of peace to visit estates, and listen to complaints.-$ 9. No sick or irm slave shall be discarded or suffered to roam about, but be maintained upon the estate, pplied with wholesome food, decently clothed, comfortably lodged, and furnished with other cessaries, under penalty of 501: the slave to be maintained in the interim by the public at the 'ner's expense.—$ 13. If any owner, manager, or other person, shall cruelly cut, wound, maim, inutilate, or confine without suiticient support, any slave or slaves, he shall be fined from 1001 500l., and imprisoned 12 months: and the court may pronounce the slave free, and assign him annuity for life, out of the fine upon the offender. Justices, upon information of such offence,

take immediate charge of the slave, until investigation can be had.--% 48. In all cases of puted freedom, the proof of slavery shall lie on the person alleging it.

DOMINICA. (Received the Royal Assent the 3rd April, 1827.) Religious Instruction, and Observance of the Sabbath. Baptisin and Marriage. $ 6. Slaves to be encouraged to receive baptism, and afforded “every reasonable facility to teud divine worship;" penalty 51.—$ 7. No market or shop shall be open during the hours of iurch service, under penalty of 101.- 2. No slave shall be put to any labour on a Sunday, kcepting domestic duties, or in case of accidents.

Food-Clothing-Lodging : General Treatment. 3. Where owner allots provision-ground instead of food, each slave shall have half an acre or his or her share, and be allowed one day in every week to cultivate it; except during crop, hen the owner shall distribute food in lieu of each day; still not less than 26 clear days in each ear shall be allowed, under penalty of 10l. for each omission. Every owner required, under enalty of 501., annually to make oath that he has strictly complied with all and each of the rovisions contained in clauses 1, 2, and 3.- 1. Every owner or manager shall provide for his laves a sufficient quantity of good and wholesome food, dry and comfortable lodging, suitable lothing and medical aid and advice; and comfortably maintain all old, infirm, and diseased laves on his estate,” the whole under penalty of 1001. for each omission.

Labour and Holidays. § 2. Each slave shall be allowed half an hour for breakfast, and, out of crop, 2 hours for dinner, uring crop 1 hour and a half: no slave shall be required to work before 5 in the morning, nor fter 7 in the evening, except during crop, and then not later than 9. Good Friday, Christmas ay and the day following, and New Year's Day, shall be allowed as holidays; and if either of hese fall on a Sunday, then the next Wednesday in lieu of it. Penalty 501. for breach of any of hese provisions.

Punishment. § 18.“ The Whip,” commonly called the cart-whip, shall never hereafter be employed either s an instrument of punishment, or an emblem of authority; the only instrument of correction hall be the cat used in the British army.-$ 33. Rest ets punishments to 6 stripes by inferior, o by an overseer, 20 by a manager, and 39 by an owner under grave circumstances; prohibits he infliction until the effects of any former punishment be thorougbly cured; and permits no punishinent to exceed 10 stripes at ihe time of the offence, or during that day; guards punishnent of females against any indecent exposure. Penalty 5l. to 301,- 34. Prohibits the use of ollars, or chains ; excepting upon notorious runaways, when such may be applied, provided hey in no case exceed four pounds in weight: penalty 201.

Separation of Families ; and Sale of Slaves detached from Estates Manumission. § 15. No slave under the age of 12 years, shall be sold separate from its mother._§ 1. And by n'act passed in 1829, it has been decreed that no slaves shall in future be suld separate from the states to which they belong.

Evidence. Trial, and Defence. $ 17. The trial of slaves for capital offences shall be in all respects similar to that of free persons.-Admits evidence of baptized slaves understanding the nature of an oath : two slaves examined separately, to agree in consistent testimony.

Right of Property, and Right of Action. $ 13, 16. Protect the property of slaves, by penalty of 201. on any person infringing it, or cefusing to pay them any just debt. Right of action vested in master.

Legal Protection. $ 10. Wilful murder of a slave is capital, without benefit of clergy; and manslaughter able precisely as in England. - 11. Any person wbatever who shall mutilate, wantot cruelly whip, or cause to be whipped, beat, bruise, cut, wound, or imprison, or contine T. sufficient nourishment, any slave or slaves, shall on conviction suffer fine of 2001. or in ment for 6 months, or both : and the slave be transferred to another master-12. Any wantonly beating or striking the slave of another, to forfeit 501.

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ST. CHRISTOPHER.

(Received the Royal Assent 18th March, 1829.) Religious Instruction, and Observance of the Sabbath. Baptism and Marriage. § 1. Limits Sunday markets to 11 a. m.: penalty, forfeiture of the goods, and fine

3. Prohibits all kind of labour on Sundays, excepting domestic affairs, and the porc sugar; no mill shall be put about between 10 on Saturday night and daylight on. morning: under penalty of 501.—$ 5. All owners and managers to instruct their slares: Christian religion; to have all children baptized within six months of their birth, and all a who can be made sensible of religious duty; which ceremony the parish clergynan shai cases perform, and register, and give to each slave a certificate thereof; and shall also a spiritual consolation when required; in each particular, gratis : penalty 10l.– 8. Cler shall solemnize matrimony betiveen slaves applying with their owners' consent; and if refuse, the slave may, through the Attorney-General, move the Court of King's Bench, F. the owner failing to shew just cause of objection, shall grant the application.

Food-Clothing--Lodging : General Treatment. $ 19. Prohibits any owner or manager from turning away a siave disabled by sickus. infirmity; and requires that such shall be maintained upon the estate, and provided wholesome food, and decent comfortable clothing and lodging, and other necessaries penalty of 501.; and, in cases of neglect, requires recognizance and sureties amounting to ihat such slave shall for the future be well treated, lodged, fed, and clothed. See also ANTIGUA, p. 12.

Punishment. $ 4. No person shall use, for the purpose of impelling or coercing labour, or carry emblem of authority, the instrument called the cari-whip: under penalty of 1001., or imprisonment, or both.—$ 11. Limits punishment of slaves to 25 stripes in any one day, but offence whatever; forbids any punishment until offender be recovered from any furt chastisement; restricts to 12 stripes on the day when any offence is committed, and to the number unless in the presence of another free person : under penalty of fine and imprisotze And prohibits any, indecent exposure of females under punishment.

Record to be bept! inspection of magistrates, of all punishments exceeding 12 stripes, or 48 hours' con fines penalty 51. to 501.

See also ANTIGUA.

Separation of Families ; and Sale of Slaves detached from Estates. Manumission. $16. Prohibits the separation of families by sale under judicial process. See also ANTIGUA.

Evidence. Trial, and Defence. Slave evidence admissible in civil and criminal cases, except against owner or his repreieis tive: slave to have a certificate from clergyman that he understands the nature of an oath. See also ANTIGUA,

Right of Property, and Right of Action, $ 9, 17. Slaves may acquire, hold, enjoy, and dispose of property, viz. money, cattle, housebold goods, and the like; and may bring, prosecute, or defend suits or action in respect of the game. persons invading it to pay 101. over and above its full value.- 18. Slaves money, to the extent of gl. at one time, or in any one week, in the public treasury, at interest o

Like event of intestacy, to the next of kin. See also ANTIGUA.

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See also ANTIGUA,

slavery.

(Passed in October, 1828 : and confirmed by the Royal Assent.) Religious Instruction, and Observance of the Sabbath.-Baptism und Marriage. IV. Sunday markets and shops to be closed at 11 a. m., excepting druggists', and for the f articles of perishable food, out of church-hours, as in England. No person shall einploy

in any kind of labour, cxcepting domestic affairs, or in cases of arcident or emergency, upon abbath day, under penalty of il. to 101. for each offence.-Act III. “ An act for regulating lemnization of marriages among slaves, and for declaring such marriages valid and effectual ,:Clergymen to celebrate, without fee or reward. Owner refusing or neglecting to give ission, or not giving sufficient reasons, Ordinary may direct solemnization of marriage.

Punishment. t of 1826 : $. 16. Prohibits the carrying “the cart whip," either as an emblem of authority, istrument of punishment; allowing only some “ moderate and innoxious" substitute. · No female slave shall be otherwise chastised than with a bunch of rods, not exceeding 20 es, over back and shoulders : indecent exposure of person prohibited.

Separation of Fumilies; and Sale of Slaves detached from Estates.--Manumission. :t VI. “An Act to prevent the separation of slaves by sale or transfer, &c.” Father and er, and child or children under 12 years, shall on no account be sold under any legal process rwise than together, unless with their own free will and consent. Any sale to the contrary ese provisions is null and void, and the offender punishable by fine of 501. and imprisonment.

VII. “An act more effectual to facilitate the inanumission of slaves :" § 1. If a manumitted e be likely to become chargeable to the public, from inability to support himself, his owner I enter into suitable recognizance to defray his maintenance.—5 2. Island secretary shall ster manumissions.—ş 3. Provides relief in case of obstacles to manumission, where granted vequest; of difficulty raised by executors; or of incapacity of minors.

Evidence. Trial, and Defence. 25. Slaves accused of felony, shall be tried in all respects as free persons.-Slave evidence hissible as in cases of free persons, except on capital charges against owner or his representative,

Right of Property, and Right of Action. ict V. “ An act to enable slaves to acquire, possess, and alienate property;" also, " to bring, ntain, prosecute, and defend any suit or action in respect thereof, as fully and amply, and to intents and purposes, as if such person were of free condition:” such property, in cases of estacy, shall go to next of kin.-7. (1826.) Establishies savings banks, to receive deposits from ves to any annount not exceeding 101. at one time, to bear interest at 6l. per cent. : interest to be Bed to, and become, principal.

Legal Protection. Act I. Establishes and vests in the magistracy of the island the protection and guardianship of ves: requiring of each to hear and investigate all complaints made by slaves, to issue warrant inst and prosecute offender, under penalty of 2001.- Act VII. § 8. If any person be excepted in or out of court, as being a slave, onus probandi shall lie on the challenger.

BAHAMAS.

(Passed the 11th January, 1830.) Religious Instruction, and Observance of the Sabbath. Baptism and Marriage. § 10. Requires all owners and managers to instruct their slaves in the Christian religion, to fit em for baptism, and cause it to be performed as soon as inay be.--$72. Prohibits the holding

any market, or opening of any shop, on Sunday, under penalty of total forfeiture of the pods; excepting that butcher's meat, tish, milk, &c., may be sold between sun-rise and 9 o'clock the morning, but no later, under penalty of 5l. on persons frequenting, and 201. un clerk not osing, the said market.- 75. Absolutely prohibits labour of slaves on Sundays (domestic fairs excepted): penalty 501.-$ 11-15. Provide for the solennization of matriinóng between aves, or slave and free person, owner consenting.

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Legal Protection. § 10. Wilful murder of a slave is capital, without benefit of clergy; and manslaughter punishable precisely as in England.—5 11. Any person wbatever who shall mutilate, wantonly or cruelly whip, or cause to be whipped, beat, bruise, cut, wound, or imprison, or confine without sufficient pourishment, any slave or slaves, shall on conviction suffer fine of 2001. or imprisonment for 6 months, or hoth: and the slave be transferred to another master-12. Any person wantonly beating or striking the slave of another, to forfeit 501.

ST. CHRISTOPHER.

(Received the Royal Assent 18th March, 1829.) Religious Instruction, and Observance of the Sabbath. Baptism and Marriage. § 1. Limits Sunday markets tu 11 a. m.: penalty, forfeiture of the goods, and fine of 98.

3. Prohibits all kind of labour on Sundays, excepting domestic affairs, and the potting of sugar; no mill shall be put about between 10 on Saturday night and daylight on Monday morning : under penalty of 501.—$ 5. All owners and managers to instruct their slaves in the Christian religion ; to have all children baptized within six months of their birth, and all adults who can be made sensible of religious duty; which ceremony the parish clergyman shall in all cases perform, and register, and give to each slave a certificate thereof; and shall also administer spiritual consolation when required; in each particular, gratis : penalty 101.-$ 8. Clergyman shall soleionize matrimony betiveen slaves applying with their owners' consent; and if owners refuse, the slave may, through the Attorney-General, move the Court of King's Bench, which, the owner failing to shew just cause of objection, shall grant the application.

Food— Clothing-Lodging : General Treatment. $ 19. Prohibits any owner or manager from turning away a siave disabled by sickness or infirmity; and requires that such shall be maintained upon the estate, and provided with wholesome food, and decent comfortable clothing and lodging, and other necessaries : under penalty of 501.; and, in cases of neglect, requires recognizance and sureties amounting to 2006. ihat such slave shall for the future be well treated, lodged, fed, and clothed. See also ANTIGUA, p. 12.

Punishment. $ 4. No person shall use, for the purpose of impelling or coercing labour, or carry as an emblem of authority, the instrument called the cari-whip: under penalty of 1001., or 6 months imprisonment, or both.—$ 11. Limits punishment of slaves to 25 stripes in any one day, for app offence whatever; forbids any, punishment until offender be recovered from any former chastisement; restricts to 12 stripes on the day when any offence is committed, and to the like number unless in the presence of another free person : under penalty of tine and imprisonment. And prohibits any indecent exposure of females under punishment. Record to be kept for inspection of magistrates, of all punishments exceeding 12 stripes, or 48 hours' confineinent: penalty 51. to 501.

See also ANTIGUA.

Separation of Families; and Sale of Slaves detached from Estates. Manumission, $ 16. Prohibits the separation of families by sale under judicial process. See also ANTIGUA.

Evidence. Trial, and Defence. Slave evidence admissible in civil and criminal cases, except against owner or his representa. tive: slave to have a certificate from clergyman that he understands the nature of an oath. See also ANTIGUA,

Right of Property, and Right of Action. $ 9, 17. Slaves may acquire, hold, enjoy, and dispose of property, viz. money, cattle, household goods, and the like; and may bring, prosecute, or defend suits or action in respect of the same. persons invading it to pay 101. over and above its full value.- 18. Slaves may deposit their money, to the extent of 91. at one time, or in any one week, in the public treasury, at interest of 51. per cent. per annum; and bequeath such property at discretion; the same descending, in the event of intestacy, to the next of kin. See also ANTIGUA.

Legal Protection. $ 10. A party claiming or alleging any person to be a slave, shall be required to prove the slavery.

See also ANTIGUA,

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