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THE RESURRECTION OF SATAN (REV. 20:7-9) And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, and shall go out to deceive the nations that are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city; and fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them.” This will be a very strange and unusual thing that will be witnessed in that late period of the world's affairs, such as will never have transpired before, which will be nothing less than a body of wicked men, who, after sleeping in the prisonhouse of the grave, bound with chains of death for a thousand years, will then be loosed from their fetters and brought forth from their prison-house by resurrection from the dead, to enter again for a short time upon the same deceitful and rebellious career in which they were engaged before the thousand years began, when they were cut short and cast into the bottomless pit. But these transgressors will be raised from the dead in their mortal bodies as they died, to again die the second death, for the second death hath power over all these. To die and sleep a thousand years will in no wise change the character of these wicked rulers and people of Israel.

THE REVOLT OF NATIONS

When the iron rule is slackened at the end of the thousand years, which Christ and his brethren has maintained over the nations, by which they have been kept in subjection for that period, they quickly revolt again and rise up in rebellion against the king of Israel and against the power enthroned there which has held them under such rigid surveillance for so long a time. Therefore they marshal their forces and come up against Jerusalem at evening, and surround the city, as it is written of them in the fifty-ninth Psalm (verse 6), “ They return at evening (the evening of the reign of Christ and the saints) : they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city. Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips, for who, say they, doth hear? But thou, O Lord, shalt laugh at them; thou shalt have all the heathen in derision."

And again it is said (verses 13-15), “ Consume them in wrath, consume them, that they may not be; and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah. And at evening let them return, and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city. Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.” But the testimony of Jesus says, “Fire came down from heaven and devoured them." These facts go to substantiate what we have already written touching the feigned obedience of nations during the reign of Christ. They submit themselves, while the just and righteous iron rule is maintained over them, and rebel as soon as it is relaxed. These things should suggest to the minds of thinking men what the condition of things will be among the nations during the reign of Christ and his saints, of which we will speak again more particularly.

THE DESTINY OF THE DEVIL (Rev. 20: 10) “ And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.” It is said above

It is said above, "where the beast and false prophet are.” This word "are" is supplied, and is in Italics, and conveys the sectarian idea that this lake of fire and brimstone had been burning during the thousand years since the beast and false prophet were cast into it, and that the beast and false prophet were still alive and burning when the Devil was cast therein. But this is a great sectarian error. The wicked are not immortal as the sects teach, but on the contrary they are but mortal beings and therefore it does not require a thousand years to burn them up so that they cease to be, as it is spoken in the Revelation of the wicked that come up around Jerusalem after the thousand years are finished, saying, “And fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them ”; or as it is said in the fifty-ninth Psalm (verse 13), “ Consume them in wrath; consume them that they may not be.”

The fires of God's wrath will burn day and night upon the wicked in the form of the judgments that he will inflict upon them until they are utterly destroyed, when the wrath of God will be satisfied and the fires will die out, and be no more, even as the Lord himself says by the hand of his Prophet Ezekiel (5:12-13) after speaking of the manner of the judgments by which they will be consumed, saying, “Thus shall mine anger be accomplished, and I will cause my fury to rest, and I will be comforted.” Again the Lord says, “So will I make my fury toward thee to rest, and my jealousy shall depart from thee; and I will be quiet, and will be no more angry” (16: 42).

The same thing is also affirmed in the Revelation touching the seven last plagues, as John testifies of them, saying, “ For in them is filled up the wrath of God." These plagues as they are poured out upon the rebellious house, while they last, constitute the lake of fire burning with brimstone in which the wicked of God's evil and idolatrous family will writhe in pain as the various judgments contained therein are being poured out upon the worshippers of the beast and his image, even as it is spoken of by the third angel, saying, “And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone, in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb. And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up forever and ever, and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name” (Rev. 14:9-11).

Now these are punishments inflicted upon the idolaters of the house of Israel in the present life for paying divine honors to the head of this great confederation of nations, called the beast, and also for worshipping the image that has been made and dedicated to him. And the plagues which are inAicted upon them and which constitute the lake of fire burning with brimstone, are set forth in the sixteenth chapter of this book as we have before pointed out in the interpretation of the seven last plagues. And although these punishments are said to continue day and night for ever and ever, yet the time of their continuance will be short, for it is written, “A short work will the Lord make upon the earth.” They are said to continue for ever and ever in the sense that they will continue until the wicked are consumed. When the work of judgment is accomplished, and the wicked are consumed out of the land and are no more, then the fires of judgment, like other fires, go out because there is nothing more to burn upon. Therefore the Lord himself says when these judgments are consummated, “Thus shall mine anger be accomplished, and I will cause my fury to rest upon them, and I will be no more angry.

Therefore the passage in the twentieth chapter of the Revelation (verse 10) should read, “ And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet were cast, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever." The beast and false prophet, and the kings of the earth and their armies, were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone upon the mountains of Israel, and were there consumed; and afterwards their bones were gathered up and buried in the valley of Hamon-gog, in the city of the dead, called Hamonah (Ezek. 39: 11-16).

This lake of fire and brimstone will be rekindled and reproduced again at the end of the thousand years to consume Gog and Magog and their vast hosts which will be as the sand of the sea. When they invade Israel's land for the last time and come up around the camp of the saints and beloved city, then the fires of God's wrath will quickly consume them; and then the great red dragon, that old serpent, the Devil and Satan, and all his legions of crooked serpents like himself who have, with him, been engaged, since they were raised from the dead and released from their prison-house in deceiving the nations thinking to overthrow the camp of the saints, and the beloved city,— then the Devil and his body will be cast alive into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and his legions and the false prophet were cast a thousand years before, and will be tormented day and night until they are consumed and cease to be, - that is, for ever and ever.

CHAPTER XI

THE PASSING AWAY OF THE OLD HEAVENS AND EARTH,

ESTABLISHING OF THE NEW

(Rev. 20-22)

Great white throne Those to be judged -- Feast for all nations - Sure mercies of David- Veil enshrouding all nations to be destroyed - Coming of Christ in glory with all his saints " Every eye shall see him- Remnant of Israel taught of God - Remnant of nations - Original strength - How far in future Escaped of Gog's army instructed in truth Jesus, Savior and ord Nations instructed Lifting of veil "New heavens and earth- Second manifestation under old covenant ended Israelitish remnant constitute new nation - Wonderful blessings - Righteous supreme.

A GREAT WHITE THRONE (REV. 20:11-15) “And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away, and there was found no place for them.” The person whom John sees sitting upon this great white throne is the Father himself. It is he who came down upon Mount Sinai when he gave to Israel the law which constituted them a kingdom with heaven and earth. The ruling classes, consisting of kings, princes, priests, prophets and wise men, formed their heaven; and the people of Israel, who were made subject to them, constituted the earth. This heaven and earth continues under various vicissitudes of fortune until the latter days, when they will have waxed old and will pass away before the face of him who first founded them at Mount Sinai.

When the judgments contained in that law are executed, the heavens and earth will be no more, and in the end of that world the righteous and the wicked will be raised from the dead, the righteous to enter into life eternal and the wicked to die the second death in the lake of fire and brimstone which will consume them root and branch, when they will be as though they had not been. Utter destruction is their end, therefore John continues saying, “And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God, and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life, and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and hell (the grave) delivered up the dead which were in them, and they were judged, every man according to their works. And death and hell (the grave) were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire."

This throne of judgment sits in the end of the Mosaic world in the latter days, before the new heaven and the new earth appear, and before the thousand years' reign begins. This is evident from the fact that after the new heaven and earth are made, it is said (21:5), “ And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold I make all things new." The wicked that have been manifested in ages past in connection with the righteous, will be raised from the dead and will appear before this throne and him who sits thereon, and they whose names are not written in the book of life will be delivered into the hand of the Father's executioners, Christ and the saints, and cast into the lake of fire, the fire of God's wrath where they will be punished according to their works. These torments and punishments will terminate in the second death, from which there is no resurrection, and which will consist in eternal extinction of existence. But from the words of Jesus before they are destroyed, they will see the righteous in the kingdom of God and they themselves thrust out. And among the righteous who will then be immortal, possessing angelic powers, they may recognize many that they formerly knew in the flesh and persecuted, but now they see the righteous clothed upon with immortality while they are raised mortal, clothed upon as before, only with their bodies of death, and cast out into outer darkness where there is no hope. The harvest is past, the summer is ended, but they are not saved and must die the second death and disappear forever.

THE PEOPLE WHO WILL BE RAISED FROM THE DEAD AT THE

RESURRECTION

Paul says (Rom. 14: 10), “For we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ." But to whom did he say this ? Not to mankind at large by any means, but only to those who had believed and obeyed the Gospel that he taught; this was written to the church at Corinth. Few of the human, family will ever be raised from the dead, and therefore but few, comparatively, will ever appear before the judgment-seat; few people in the world have ever heard Paul's Gospel, and he says, “If our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost."

Touching the sectarian errors in regard to the resurrection of all men, and the arraignment of all men before a judgment-seat, we may remark that the whole human family without a single exception sinned in Adam, were arraigned, condemned, and sentenced in the garden of Eden; and the sentence pronounced was death, and a return to the dust of the earth whence they were taken. Even in our courts a man who has been tried, condemned, and sentenced to death, is regarded as and said to be already dead from the time the sentence of death is passed upon him. Even so the whole human family is regarded and spoken of in the Scriptures as being dead. Paul says, “We thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead"; again, Jesus said, "Let the dead bury their dead, but go thou and preach the kingdom of God." Again it is written in the Psalms concerning Israel who mingled with the heathen and ate of the sacrifices that they offered to their idols, saying, “ They ate the sacrifices of the dead” (Ps. 106:28).

Therefore the whole human family is dead; they are all born into the world under sentence of death, live out their days under that sentence, and die under and in conformity with it, and return again to dust; that is the end of the generations of men from the beginning to the end, with comparatively few exceptions. There is no resurrection for the masses of the human family who live and die in ignorance of the Gospel, which is the glad tidings

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