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Cuar. VIII.

Apocrypha. ceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see || proudly, and brought them away, and hanged his face no more.

them up toward Jerusalem. 31 Nicanor also, when he saw that his 48 For this cause the people rejoiced counsel was discovered, went out to fight | greatly, and they kept that day a day of against Judas beside Capharsalama :

great gladness. 32 Where there were slain of Nicanor's 49 Moreover, they ordained to keep yearside about five thousand men, and the rest fled ly this day, being the thirteenth of Adar. into the city of David.

50 Thus the land of Juda was in rest a 33 After this went Nicanor up to mount || little while. Sion, and there caine out of the sanctuary

CHAP. VIIT. certain of the priests and certain of the el- || 1 Judas is informed of the power and policy of ders of the people, to salute him peaceably, 1 tbe Romans, 20 and maketh a league with tben. and to shew him the burnt sacrifice that was N OW Judas had heard of the fame of the offered for the king.

TV Romans, that they were mighty and 34 But he mocked them, and laughed at valiant men, and such as would lovingly acthem, and abused them shametully, and spake cept all that joined themselves unto them, proudly,

and make a league of amity with all that 35 And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless came unto them ; Judas and his host be now delivered into my 2 And that they were men of great valour. hands, if ever I come again in safety, I will It was told him also of their wars and noble burn up this house : and with that he went acts which they had done among the Galaout in a great rage.

tians, and how they had conquered them, and 36 Then the priests entered in, and stood brought them under tribute; before the altar and the temple, weeping, and 3 And what they had done in the counsaying,

try of Spain, for the winning of the mines of 37 Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house II the silver and gold which is there; to be called by thy name, and to be a house 4 And that by their policy and patience of prayer and petition for thy people : they had conquered all the place, though it

38 Be avenged of this man and his host, were very far from them; and the kings also and let them fall by the sword : remember that came against them from the uttermost their blasphemies, and suffer them not to part of the earth, till they had discomfited continue any longer.

them, and given them a great overthrow, so 99 So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and that the rest did give them tribute every year: pitched his tents in Bethhoron, where an host 5 Beside this, how they had discomfited out of Syria met him.

| in battle Philip, and Perseus, king of the. 40 But Judas pitched in Adasa with three Citims, with others that lifted up themselves thousand men, and there he prayed, saying, against them, and had overcome them :

41 0 Lord, when they that were sent 6 How also Antiochus, the great king of from the king of the Assyrians blasphemed, Asia, that came against them in battle, havthine angel went out, and smote an hundred ing an hundred and twenty elephants, with four score and five thousand of them. horsemen, and chariots, and a very great

42 Even so destroy thou this host before army, was discomfited by them; us this day, that the rest may know that he 7 And how they took him alive, and covhath spoken blasphemously against thy sanc enanted that he and such as reigned after tuary, and judge thou him according to his him should pay a great tribute, and give wickedness.

hostages, and that which was agreed upon, 43 So the thirteenth day of the month 8 And the country of India, and Media, Adar the hosts joined battle: but Nicanor's and Lydia, and of the goodliest countries, host was discomfited, and he himself was which they took of him, and gave to king first slain in the battle.

Eumenes : 44 Now when Nicanor's host saw that he 9 Moreover how the Grecians had deterwas slain, they cast away their weapons, and mined to come and destroy them; fled.

10 And that they, having knowledge there45 Then they pursued after them a day's of, sent against them a certain captain, and journey, from Adasa unto Gazera, sounding | fighting with them slew many of them, and an alarm after them with their trumpets. carried away captives their wives and their · 46 Whereupon they came forth out of || children, and spoiled them, and took possesall the towns of Judea round about, and clos-sion of their lands, and pulled down their ed them in; so that they, turning back upon strong holds, and brought them to be their them that pursued them, were all slain with servants unto this day : the sword, and not one of them was left. 11 It was told him besides, how they de

47 Afterward they took the spoils and stroyed and brought under their dominion all the prey, and smote öff Nicanor's head, and other kingdoms and isles that at any time his right hand, which he stretched out so | resisted them;


Apocrypba. 12 But with their friends and such as re- 1) mans shall help them with all their heart, lied upon them they kept amity: and that according as the time shall be appointed they had conquered kingdoms both far and || them : nigh, insomuch as all that heard of their name | 28 Neither shall victuals be given to them were afraid of them :

that take part against them, or weapons, or 13 Also that, whom they would help to a money, or ships, as it hath seemed good to kingdom, those reign; and whom again they the Romans; but they shall keep their corwould, they displace : finally, that they were enants, and that without deceit. greatly exalted :

29 According to these articles did the Ro14 Yet for all this none of them wore a mans make a covenant with the people of crown, or was clothed in purple, to be mag the Jews. nified thereby:

30 Howbeit if hereafter the one party or 15 Moreover how they had made for the other shall think meet to add or diminthemselves a senate house, wherein three | ish any thing, they may do it at their please hundred and twenty men sat in council daily, | ures, and whatsoever they shall add or take consulting alway for the people, to the end | away shall be ratified. they might be well ordered :

31 And as touching the evils that Deme16 And that they committed their gov-trius doeth to the Jews, we have written ernment to one man every year, who ruled unto him, saying, Wherefore hast thou made over all their country, and that all were obe thy yoke heavy upon our friends and confeddient to that one, and that there was neither erates the Jews? envy nor emulation among them.

32 If therefore they complain any more 17 In consideration of these things, Judas | against thee, we will do them justice, and chose Eupolemus the son of John, the son of || fight with thee by sea and by land. Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and sent

CHAP. IX. them to Rome, to make a league of amity || 1 Alcimus and Baccbides come again with her and confederacy with them,

forces into Judea ; 7 The army of Judas 18 And to entreat them that they would take from bim, 17 and be is slain. 30 Jonathan the yoke from them; for they saw that the is in his place. kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel TURTHERMORE, when Demetrius heard with servitude.

T that Nicanor and his host were slain in 19 They went therefore to Rome, which battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into was a very great journey, and came into the the land of Judea the second time, and with senate, where they spake and said,

them the chief strength of his host : 20 9 Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, I 2 Who went forth by the way that leadand the people of the Jews, have sent us un- | eth to Galgala, and pitched their tents beto you, to make a confederacy and peace with fore Mesaloth, which is in Arbela, and after you, and that we might be registered your || they had won it, they slew much people. confederates and friends.

3 Also the first month of the hundred 21 So that matter pleased the Romans || fifty and second year they encamped before well.

| Jerusalem : 22 And this is the copy of the epistle 4 From whence they removed and went which the senate wrote back again on tables to Berea, with twenty thousand footmen, of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there and two thousand horsemen. they might have by them a memorial of peace 5 Now Judas had pitched his tents at and confederacy.

Eleasa, and three thousand chosen men with 29 Good success be to the Romans, and him : to the people of the Jews, by sea and by land 6 Who seeing the multitude of the other for ever : the sword also and enemy be far | army to be so great, were sore afraid ; wherefrom them.

| upon many conveyed themselves out of the 24 If there come first any war upon the host, insomuch as there abode of them no Romans or any of their confederates through- || more but eight hundred men. out all their dominion,

7 When Judas therefore saw that his 25 The people of the Jews shall help them, || host slipt away, and that the battle pressed as the time shall be appointed, with all their upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and heart :

much distressed, for that he had no time to 26 Neither shall they give any thing unto gather them together. them that make war upon them, or aid them 8 Nevertheless, unto them that remained, with victuals, weapons, money, or ships, as he said, Let us arise and go up against our it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but enemies, if peradventure we may be able they shall keep their covenants without tak to fight with them. ing any thing therefore.

9 But they dehorted him, saying, We shall 27 In the same manner also, if war come never be able: let us now rather save our first upon the nation of the Jews, the Ro- lives, and hereafter we will return with vor


Apocrypha. brethren, and fight against them : for we are 29 Since thy brother Judas died, we have but few.

no man like him to go forth against our en10 Then Judas said, God forbid that i emies, and Bacchides, and against them of should do this thing, and flee away from our nation that are adversaries to us. them ; if our time be come, let us die manfully 30 q Now therefore we have chosen thee for our brethren, and let us not stain our this day to be our prince and captain in his honour.

stead, that thou mayest fight our battles. 11 With that the host of Baccbides removed 31 Upon this Jonathan took the govern. out of their tents, and stood over against ance upon him at that time, and rose up in them, their horsemen being divided into two stead of his brother Judas. troops, and their slingers and archers going 32 But when Bacchides gat knowledge before the host, and they that marched in the thereof, he sought for to slay him. fore ward were all mighty men.

33 Then Jonathan, and Simon his broth12 As for Bacchides, he was in the right er, and all that were with him, perceiving wing: so the host drew near on the two that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and parts, and sounded their trumpets.

pitched their tents by the water of the pool 13 They also of Judas' side, even they Asphar. sounded their trumpets also, so that the earth 34 Which when Bacchides understood, he shook at the noise of the armies, and the bat- || came near to Jordan with all his host upon tle continued from morning till night. the sabbath day.

14 Now when Judas perceived that Bac 35 Now Jonathan had sent his brother chides and the strength of his army were on Fobn, a captain of the people, to pray his the right side, he took with him all the hardy friends the Nabathites, that they might leave men,

with them their carriage, which was much. 15 Who discomfited the right wing, and 36 But the children of Jambri came out pursued them unto the mount Azotus. ll of Medaba, and took John, and all that he

16 But when they of the left wing saw | had, and went their way with it. that they of the right wing were discomfited, | 37 After this came word to Jonathan and they followed upon Judas and those that || Simon his brother, that the children of Jamwere with him hard at the heels from behind : bri made a great marriage, and were bring

17 Whereupon there was a sore battle, ing the bride from Nadabatha with a great insomuch as many were slain on both parts. train, as being the daughter of one of the

18 Judas also was killed, and the remnant Il great princes of Chanaan. fled.

38 Therefore they remembered John their 19 Then Jonathan and Simon took Judas | brother, and went up, and hid themselves their brother, and buried him in the sepul under the covert of the mountain : chre of his fathers in Modin.

39 Where they lifted up their eyes, and 20 Moreover they bewailed him, and all looked, and behold, there was much ado and Israel made great lamentation for him, and great carriage : and the bridegroom came mourned many days, saying,

forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet 21 How is the valiant man fallen, that de them with drums, and instruments of musick, livered Israel !

and many weapons. 22 As for the other things concerning Ju 40 Then Jonathan and they that were das and his wars, and the noble acts which with him rose up against them from the he did, and his greatness, they are not writ place where they lay in ambush, and made a ten: for they were very many.

slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell 23 Now after the death of Judas, the down dead, and the remnant fled into the wicked began to put forth their heads in all mountain, and they took all their spoils. the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all 41 Thus was the marriage turned into such as wrought iniquity.

mourning, and the noise of their melody into 24 In those days also was there a very lamentation. great famine, by reason whereof the country 42 So when they had avenged fully the revolted and went with them.

blood of their brother, they turned again to 25 Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, the marsh of Jordan. and made them lords of the country.

43 Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he 26 And they made inquiry and search |came on the sabbath day unto the banks of for Judas' friends, and brought them unto | Jordan with a great power. Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and 44 Then Jonathan said to his company, used them despitefully.

Let us go up now and fight for our lives, for 27 So was there a great affliction in Is- | it standeth not with us to-day, as in time rael, the like whereof was not since the time past : that a prophet was not seen among them. 45 For, behold, the battle is before us and

28 For this cause all Judas' friends came || behind us, and the water of Jordan on this together, and said unto Jonathan,

| side and that side, the marsh likewise and


Apsrt wood, neither is there piace for us to turn 63 Which thing when Bacchides knew te aside.

gathered together all his host, and sesi www 46 Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven. | to them that were of Judea that ye may be delivered from the hand of 64 Then went he and laid siege against your enemies.

Bethbasi; and they fought against it a long 47 With that they joined battle, and Jon- season, and made en ides of war. athan stretched forth his hand to smite Bac Có But Jonathan leit his brother Simon in Cuides, but he turned back from him.

the city, and went forth himseif inso the cous 48 Then Jonathan and they that were try, and with a certain number wen: be with him Icaped into Jordan, and swam over forth. unto the farther bank : howbeit the other 1 66 And he smote Odonarkes and his passed not over Jordan unto them.

brethren, and the children of Plasiron in 49 So there were slain of Bacchides' side their tent. that day about a thousand men.

67 And when he began to smite them, and 50 Afterward returned Baccbides to Jeru. || came up with his forces, Simon and his cosalem, and repaired the strong cities in Ju- | pany went out of the city, and burned up dea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and the engines of war, Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, 68 And fought against Bacchides, who Pharathoni, and Taphon, there did be strengths was discomfited by them, and they atžlicied en with high walls, with gates, and with bars. him sore: for his counsel and travail was in

51 And in them he set a garrison, that vain. they might work malice upon Israel.

69 Wherefore he was very wroth at the 52 He fortified also the city Bethsura, and wicked men that gave him counsel to come Cazara, and the tower, and put forces in into the country, insomuch that he slew them, and provision of victuals.

many of them, and purposed to return into 53 Besides, he took the chief men's sons || his own country. in the country for hostages, and put them Il 70 Whereof when Jonathan had knowl. into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept. 1 edge, he sent ambassadors unto him, to the

64 Morcover in the hundred fifty and end he should make peace with him, and de third year, in the second month, Alcimus liver them the prisoners. commanded that the wall of the inner court | 71 Which thing he accepted, and did ac. of the sanctuary should be pulled down; he || cording to his demands, and sware unto him pulled down also the works of the prophets. that he would never do him harm all the

65 And as he began to pull down, even days of his life. at that time was Alcimus plagued, and his 1 72 When therefore he had restored unto enterprizes hindered : for his mouth was | him the prisoners that he had taken aforestopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so time out of the land of Judea, he returned that he could no more speak any thing, nor and went his way into his own land, neither give order concerning his house.

came he any more into their borders. 56 So Alcimus died at that time with | 73 Thus the sword ceased from Israel : great tormcnt.

| but Jonathan dwelt at Machmas, and began 57 Now wlien Bacclides saw that Alcimus | to govern the people, and he destroyed the was dead, he returned to the king : whereup- ungodly men out of Israel... on the land of Judea was in rest two years.

CHAP. X. 58 Then all the ungodly men held a coun- || 2 Demetrius maketb large offers to bave peace cil, saying, Bchold, Jonathan and his compa with Fonatban : 25 bis letters to tbe Jews. ny are at case, and dwell without care : now In the bundred and sixtieth year Alexantherefore we will bring Bacchides hither, I der, the son of Antiochus, surnamed Epiwho shall take them all in one night. ll phanes, went up and took Ptolemais : for

59 So they went and consulted with him. || the people had received him, by means where

60 Then removed he, and came with a | of he reigned there. great host, and sent letters privily to his 2 Now when king Demetrius heard thereadherents in Judea, that they should take of, he gathered together an exceeding great Jonathan and those that were with him : | host, and went forth against him to fight. howbeit they could not, because their coun- S Moreover, Demetrius sent letters unto *sel was known unto them.

Jonathan with loving words, so as he magni61 Wherefore they took of the men of || fied him. the country, that were authors of that mis. 4 For, said he, Let as first make peace chic, about fifty persons, and slew them with him, before he join with Alexander

62 Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and against us : they that were with him, got them away to 5 Else he will remember all the evils that Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and we have done against him, and against his they repaired the decays thereof, and made | brethren and his people. it strong

6 Wherefore he gave him authority to

Chap. X.

Apocrypba. gather together an host, and to provide wea- 1 25 He sent unto them therefore to this pons, that he might aid him in battle: he effect : King Demetrius unto the people of commanded also that the hostages that were the Jews sendeth grecting : in the tower should be delivered him.

26 Whereas ye have kept covenants with 7 Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and us, and continued in our friendship, not joinread the letters in the audience of all the ing yourselves with our enemies, we have people, and of them that were in the tower : heard hereof, and are glad.

8 Who were sore afraid, when they heard il 27 Wherefore now continue ye still to be that the king had given him authority to faithful unto us, and we will well recompense gather together an host.

you for the things ye do in our behalf, 9 Whereupon they of the tower deliver 28 And will grant you many inmunities, ed their hostages unto Jonathan, and he de and give you rewards. livered them unto their parents.

29 And now do I free you, and for your 10 This done, Jonathan settled himself in sake I release all the Jews, from tributes, and Jerusalem, and began to build and repair the from the customs of salt, and from crown city.

taxes, 11 And he commanded the workmen to 30 And from that which appertaineth unbuild the walls and the mount Sion round to me to receive for the third part of tbe about with square stones for fortification ; seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees, I and they did so.

release it from this day forth, so that they 12 Then the strangers, that were in the shall not be taken of the land of Judea, nor fortresses which Bacchides had built, fled of the three governments which are added away ;

thereunto out of the country of Samaria and 13 Insomuch as every man left his place, Galilee, from this day forth for evermore. and went into his own country.

31 Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, 14 Only at Bethsura certain of those that with the borders thereof, both from tenths had forsaken the law and the commandments and tributes. remained still: for it was their place of ref 32 And as for the tower which is at Jeuge.

rusalem, I yield up my authority over it, and 15 Now when king Alexander had heard give it to the high priest, that he may set in what promises Demetrius had sent unto Jon- | | it such men as he shall choose to keep it. athan: when also it was told him of the bat-| 33 Moreover I freely set at liberty every tles and noble acts which he and his breth- | one of the Jews that were carried captives ren had done, and of the pains that they had out of the land of Judea into any part of my endured,

kingdom, and I will that all my officers re16 He said, Shall we find such another || mit the tributes even of their cattle. man ? now there ore we will make him our 34 Furthermore I will that all the feasts, friend and confederate.

and sabbaths, and new moons, and solemn 17 Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent days, and the three days before the feast, and it unto him, according to these words, saying, the three days after the feast, shall be all

18 King Alexander to his brother Jona days of immunity and freedom for all the than sendeth greeting :

Jews in my realm. 19 We have heard of thee, that thou art 35 Also no man shall have authority to a man of great power, and meet to be our meddle with them, or to molest any of them friend.

in any matter. 20 Wherefore now this day we ordain 36° I will further, that there be enrolled thee to be the high priest of thy nation, and among the king's forces about thirty thou-to be called the king's friend ; (and there sand men of the Jews, unto whom pay shall withal he sent him a purple robe and a be given, as belongeth to all the king's forces. crown of gold :) and require thee to take our 37 And of them some shall be placed in part, and keep friendship with us.

the king's strong holds, of whom also some 21 So in the seventh month of the hun- ||

|| shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom, dred and sixtieth year, at the feast of the tab- || which are of trust : and I will that their ernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and overseers and governors be of themselves, gathered together forces, and provided much and that they live after their own laws, even armour.

as the king hath commanded in the land of 22 Whereof when Demetrius heard, he Judea. was very sorry, and said,

38 And concerning the three governments 29 What have we done, that Alexander that are added to Judea from the country of hath prevented us in making amity with the Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that Jews to strengthen himself?

they may be reckoned to be under one, por 24 I also will write unto them words of bound to obey other authority than the high encouragement, and promise them dignitics and priests, gifts, that I may have their aida

99 As for Prolemais, and the land portait

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