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styled the Son of David 5), was himself a strong figure or type of our Redeemer. He was of the town of Bethlehem", in which town “ Jesus was borni." He was the keeper of his father's sheep when Samuel anointed him; and, after he received the holy unction', he resumed his office of shepherdm. Christ is announced as a Shepherd", under the name of David", and aš & Shepherd who is the fellow of the Lord of hosts"; “ He shall feed his flock like a shepherd P," says Isaiah ; and our Saviour calls himself, “ the good Shepherd 9." As Christ is called David in the prophetic writings, it is evident that David the son of Jesse, was a representative of our Redeemer ; and accordingly we find, not only that there are several leading particulars in the history of this son of Jesse, which are illustrative of the character and history of “the Son of God," but that the several passages throughout the Psalms of David which are applicable to the history and character of the Messiah, are, by the writer of those Psalms, applied to himself"; so that he makes himself the
8 Matt. ix. 27; xv. 22 ; xx. • Zech. xiii. 7. Matt. xxvi. 30, 31; xxi. 9, 15; xxii. 42. 31. h 1 Sam. xvi. 1, 4.
p Isaiah, xl. 11. i Matt. ii. 1.
9 John, x. 14. k i Sam. xvi. 11, 19.
< Psalm i. 2, 6–9; ix. ; 1 1 Sam. xvi. 13.
xviii. 50; xxi.; xxii.; xxxi.; m 1 Sam. xvii, 15.
xxxv.; xl.; xli.; xlii.; liv.; n Ezek. xxxiv. 23, 24 ; Ixi.; lxix.; lxxii. ; lxxxix. ; Xxxvi. 24, 26. John, xü. 34. cii.; cix.; cxlii.
representative of Christ, of whom he speaks, when he appears to be relating his own personal character and afflictions.
When Saul was possessed by an evil spirit, David played before him, and “the evil spirit departed from him $;" so, with authority, Christ “commanded the unclean spirits, and they obeyed him t." David slew the beasts that came to devour his lambų, and, when the second David was to appear, it was foretold, that “the evil beasts” should “ cease out of the land w;" for, where His kingdom is established, “ no lion
. shall be there, nor any ravenous beast”;" “ the beast of the field shall honour mey,” saith the Lord. David delivered the Israelites from their enemies; the second David was to break the bands of His flock and to deliver them?;" He was to “ prevail against His enemies." David destroyed the Amalekites and rescued his two wives b; Christ has defeated the spiritual Amalekites', and has rescued His two wivesd, the spiritual Israel and the spiritual Judah, Aholah and Aholibah, “ the daughters of one mother,"
8 1 Sam. xvi. 23.
Mark, i. 27.
* Isaiah, xlii. 13.
e Ezek. xxiii. 2, 4. See PART III.
which mother is "the Jerusalem which is abovef." David was anointed king several years before he assumed the kingly office; and the second David, the Anointed of God, had established His kingdom for His people, several ages before He appeared as their King. David was acknowledged by Judah as her king, several years 8 before the rest of Israel submitted to his authority; but at length he reigned in Jerusalem, over all Israel and Judahh. So Christ has established His kingdom of the new and heavenly Jerusalem ; and although many as yet refuse to acknowledge Him as King, yet, in the fulness of time, shall “ the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together and appoint themselves one head'," “ one king shall be king to them all, and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all—and David shall be king over them *;" “ there shall be one fold under one Shepherd'.” And all the tribes of Israel came unto David, and said, “Behold, we are thy bone and flesh m;" so the members of Christ's kingdom are “ members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones n.” And David made a covenant with the elders of Israel before the Lordo; so Christ : shall establish His covenant with those who make Him their King. David obtained possession of the strong hold of Zion, and he dwelt in it, and called it the city of David P; and the seat of Christ's kingdom is called, “ the strong hold of the daughter of Zion?," " the city of the Lord, the Zion of the Holy One of Israeli." Jerusalem was the seat of David's empire, and the seat of Christ's kingdom is every where spoken of under the names of Jerusalem and Zion.
Gal, iv. 26. 8 2 Sam. ii. 10, 11. h 2 Sam. v. 5.
Hosea, i. 11.
| John, x. 16.
Eph. v. 30. 1 Cor. vi. 15; xii. 27. Rom. xii, 5.
The Lord said unto David, “I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish its kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. Thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee, thy throne shall be established for ever." This promise of the Deity had a two-fold signification: it related immediately to the temporal greatness of David's son Solomon, who erected a house for the Lord; but it related principally to Christ, “the Son of David," to whom the words are applied by the Apostles .
• 2 Sam. v. 3. 1 Chr. xi. 3. p 2 Sam. v. 7, 9,
Micah, iv. 8.
Isaiah, Ix. 14. • 2 Sam. vii. 12-16. + Acts, ii. 30, 31. Hebr.i. 5.
David brought up the ark of the Lord to Jerusalem with great pomp b; and, when Uzza put forth his hand to support the ark, when the oxen which drew it stumbled, “ the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzza, because he put his hand to the ark; and he died before GOD." This holy symbol of Christ's covenant had long been neglectedd; God; therefore, in order to recall the attention of the people to the respect and veneration which were due to it, made of Uzza a signal example. David therefore, when his terror at this awful manifestation of God's anger had subsided, brought the ark
after the due ordere;” and they set it, with great shouting, in the midst of a tent which David had pitched for itf; and they offered “ burnt offerings and peace offerings before God 8.” And David appointed ministers to minister before the ark continually, and priests to offer sacrifices, “ according to all that is written in the law of the Lord, which he commanded Israel h.” And he gave instructions to Solomon respecting the temple which Solomon was to erect for the Lord, giving him patterns of the building, and of the courts, chambers, and vessels of ministry, and of all instruments of all
2 Sam. vi. 1 Chr. xiii.
11 Chr. xv. 28.