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own country. The temple of the Lord was rebuilt, and it was dedicated with great joy and with large and repeated sacrifices, and the Passover was celebrated ; the priests and Levites being all set in order “ as it is written in the book of Moses i.”

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The descendants of the patriarch Jacob [or Israel] were comprehended under twelve tribes; and they were, collectively, called “ the children of Israel,or “ Israel a.” Thus, the patronymic Israel was adopted as a generic appellation, to denote all the descendants of the patriarch Jacob.

After the death of Solomon, the children of Israel were divided into two kingdoms : whereof one consisted of the tribes of Judah and Benjaminb; while the other kingdom was composed of the ten remaining tribes. That kingdom. which consisted of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, derived its appellation from the principal of those two tribes; it was called the kingdom of Judah, or Judahd. So that Judah, which was the specific appellation of one tribe, became the common appellation both of Judah and of Benjamin. The other kingdom, which consisted of ten tribes, was styled the kingdom of Israel, or

d i Kings, xii. 27; xv. 17. 2 Chron. xi. 17.

a Exod. xiv. 29, 30.
b 1 Kings, xii. 20, 23.
< 1 Kings, xii. 20.


Israele. So that the patronymic Israel, which, in its generic application, comprehended all the descendants of Jacob, was made use of as the specific appellation of the ten associated tribes.

As the tribes of Judah and Benjamin were descended from Jacob, the patronymic Israel, in its generic application, belonged to them, as well as to the ten other tribes to whom that name was applied as a specific distinction. Thus the patronymic Israel, if employed in a generic sense, belongs equally to all the descendants of the patriarch Israel ; while, in its specific sense, it denotes, exclusively, the ten tribes which separated themselves from Judah and Benjamin.

The capital of the kingdom of Israel was Samaria'; while Jerusalems was the capital of the kingdom of Judah.

The tribe of Ephraim was the chief b among the ten tribes which constituted the kingdom of Israel ; and in the division of country occupied by this tribe, was situated the capital Samaria. Hence it is, that Ephraim', and Samariak, are each employed to denote the kingdom of Israel.

e 1 Kings, xv. 17. 2 Kings, xvii. 6, 13, 23.

1 1 Kings, xvi. 29. 8 1 Kings, xiv, 21.

h i Chron. v. 1, 2. Gen. xlviii. 20.

i Isaiahı, vii. 2. Jere. vii. 15. Ezek. xxxvii. 16. Hosea, vii. 1.

* Isaiah, vii. 9; ix. 9. Ezek. xvi. 46. Hosea, vii. 1.


The people of the kingdom of Judah were called Jews.

The kingdom of Judah comprehended not only the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, but also the Levites m, who were not reckoned as one of the twelve tribes ; and it also comprehended a great many Israelites who belonged to the ten other tribes". So that, as the appellation Jews denoted all the people of the kingdom of Judah, some persons of every tribe were comprehended under that appellationo.

The kingdom of Israel was dissolved, and its people were carried captive into Assyria P, whence they never returned ; and nothing is known respecting their descendants. The kingdom of Judah has long ceased to exist; but the people of Judah, the Jews, still exist, scattered over the globe.

After the dissolution of the kingdom of Israel, then, there was no longer an Israelitish people distinct from the Jews (or the people of the kingdom of Judah); so that, after that event, the patronymic Israel was frequently employed to denote the latter people. The Jews being the only Israelitish people then remaining, the name Israel was no longer applicable, in a

' 2 Kings, xvi. 6.

• See Acts, xxvi. 7. James, m 2 Chron. xiii. Ezra, i. 5. ^. 1.

• 1 Kings, xii. 17. 2 Chron. P 2 Kings, xvii. 6, 18, 23. xv. 9.

9 Jere. v. 15. Ezek. vii. 2.

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specific sense, to any of the seed of Jacob; it was therefore employed, in its generic sense, to denote the only Israelites then existing as a people, namely the Jews ; to whom the name Israel had, in this lutter sense, always been applicable.

The name Israel is employed in its generic sense, figuratively, to denote the members of Christ's Church, who are styled by the Apostle “ the Israel of God.”. “ They which are of faith, the same are the seed of Abrahams."

Jerusalem, the capital of the kingdom of Judah, is employed,

y, throughout the prophetic writings, as Mount Zion also is, to de note the spiritual kingdom of Christ Ye are come unto Mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the first-bornu

The church of Christ is also called "new Jerusalemw," and Jerusalem which is above *, "

bove ea in opposition to “ Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage, with her childreny.". Thus, spiritual Jerusalem is opposed to temporal Jerusalem.

r Gal. vi. 16. See Rev. vii. 4.

. Gal. iii, 7.

t Isaiah, xxiv. 23; xxxiii. 20; lii, 1, 2. Jere. xxxi. 4. Joel, ü. 32; iii. 16, 17. Zech.

ii. 10, 12. Rev. xiv. 1. u Hebr. xii. 22,

23. " Rev. iii. 12; xxi. 2. x Gal. iv. 26. ✓ Gal. iv. 25.

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