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His ascension to His seat at the right hand of GoDt. They pointed Him out as the atonement for the iniquities of the whole of mankindų, and they foretold the increase and the universality of His spiritual kingdom".

The history of Jonah presents a striking figure of the effects of Christ's passion, and it also affords figures of His abode in Hades, and of His resurrection. “ There was a mighty tempest in the sea," and the sailors cast lots to find out for whose cause the evil was come upon them. And the lot fell upon Jonah*. said they unto him, What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us? And he said unto them, Take me up and cast me forth into the sea ; so shall the sea be calm unto

“ So they took Jonah and cast him forth into the sea, and the sea ceased from her ragingz.” It has already been shown that the sea is a figure of the seat of the dominion of Satan and death a; and the wicked are compared to " a troubled sea, whose waters cast up

66 Then


* Psalm Ixviii. 18. Eph. 17, 19. Isaiah, ix. 7. Dan. iv. 8.

ii. 44; vii. 14, 27. Micah, Psalm cx. 1. Acts, ii. iv. 6,7. Zech. ix. 10. Hebr. 33, 34. Hebr. x. 12.

i. 8. Isaiah, liii. 4-6, 8, 10, 11. * Jonah, i. 4—7. Dan. ix. 26. Matt. viii. 17. y Jonah, i. 11, 12. 1 Cor. xv. 3.

- Jonah, i. 15. - Psalm ï. 8; lxxii. 8-11,

a See



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the sea,

mire and dirt b," “raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame." Christ has stilled the waves of the spiritual sea ; for, though “the floods lift up their waves, the Lord on high is mightier than the noise of many waters, than the mighty waves of the sead.” When the sailors were about to cast Jonah into

they cried unto the Lord and said, We beseech thee, O Lord, we beseech thee, let us not perish for this man's life, and lay not upon us innocent blood e;" and when Pilate was about to deliver up Christ to be crucified, “ he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person

f.' “ Now the Lord had prepared a great fish to swallow up Jonah; and Jonah was in the belly of the fish three days and three nights8.” Jonah thus afforded a sign of Christ's abode in Hades : “ for as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth h.” The situation of Jonah in “ the fish's belly," his prayer when there, and his deliverance thence, are recorded in terms precisely similar to those which are applied to Christ's abode in Hades, and to

b Isaiah, lvii. 20.
** Jude, 13.
. Psalm xciii. 3, 4.
e Jonah, i. 14.

I Matt. xxvii. 24.
& Jonah, i. 17.
h Matt. xii. 40.

His resurrection. “ Then Jonah prayed—and said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the Lord, and he heard me ; out of the belly of hell (or the grave) cried I, and thou heardest my voice. For thou hadst cast me into the deep, in the midst of the seas; and the floods compassed me about ; all thy billows and thy waves passed over me. Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight, yet I will look again toward thy holy temple. The waters compassed me about, even to the soul; the depth closed me round about, the weeds were wrapped about my head. I went down to the bottoms of the mountains, the earth with her bars was about me for ever; yet hast thou brought up my life from corruption, O Lord my God. When my soul fainted within me I remembered the Lord, and my prayer came in unto thee into thine holy temple i.” So the Psalmist, speaking in the name of Christ, says, “The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid. The sorrows (or cords] of hell compassed me about, the snares of death prevented me. In my distress I called upon the Lord, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of His temple, and my cry came before Him, even into His ears. He sent from above, He drew me out of many waters!!


i Jonah, ii. 2–7.
k See Hebr. ii. 13.

I Psalm xvii. 4-6, 16.
Hebr. v.7.

“ Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink : let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.”

Thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption n."

Thus it appears, that the first and second chapters of the book of Jonah are applicable to Christ in a figurative sense; and that the space of time during which Jonah was in “ the belly of bell” (a portion of three day-nights, or nycthemeræ), represented that space of time during which Christ was with "the spirits in prison.” As Jonah also voluntarily offered himself to be thrown into the sea, to save the ship and the mariners, so Christ voluntarily offered Himself to be slain for the sins of the whole world.

Christ, having “ yielded up the ghost P," and having thus “ slain the enmity?," "descended into the abode of departed spirits. This place into which Christ went, and in which He remained, while His body lay in the grave, is

m Psalm lxix. 14, 15.

cxvi, 2; cxviii.; CXXX. * Psalm xvi. 10. Acts, ii. • 1 Peter, iii. 19. 25, 27.

See Psalm xl. 2; p Matt. xxvii. 50. xlii. 7; Ixix. 14, 15; lxxi. 20; 9 Eph. ii, 16. xxxvi. 13; lxxxviii. 6, 7;


called, “Hades or hell",” “ the lower parts of the eartho,” “ the pitt," the place of the deado, the abode of those who sleepw.

As Christ, when He quitted the “ earthen vessel," “ the outward man," visited the abode of departed spirits, from which He arose at “ His resurrection ;" so man, when he quits “ the earthly house of this tabernacle,” goes into that abode also, and he there remains until “ the resurrection from the dead,” which will take place in “ the last dayy,” “ the day of the Lord?," “ the day of judgmenta.” “David is not ascended into the heavensb," “ for David after he had served his own generation, by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers c.” The spirit of David, then, is in Hades. Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, are to dwell “ in the kingdom of heavend;" they are yet “living®;" they are in Hades. When Lazarus died, he “was carried by angels into Abraham's bosom,"' in Hades, where he was comforted. Moses and Elias (since the death of whom, several cen

Acts, ii. 31.

Eph. iv. 9.
t Psalm xl. 2; Ixix. 15;
Ixxxviii. 4, 6. Zech. ix. 11.
See Isaiah, xxxviii. 17, 18.

u 1 Cor. xv. 20.

# 1 Cor. xv. 20,51. 1 Thess. iv. 13. See Acts, vii. 60.

* Acts, xxiv. 15.

y John, vi. 39.
? 1 Thess. v. 2.
a Matt. x. 15.
b Acts, ii. 34.
• Acts, xiii. 36.
& Matt. viii. 11.
e Matt. xxii. 32.

Luke, xvi. 22, 23. & Luke, xvi. 25.

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