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CHAPTER I.

Church of the Holy Sepulchre-Description of it by Deshayes-
Composed of Three Churches-Its Architecture-Its Origin
and History-Visit to the Chamber of the Holy Sepulchre-
Effect produced on the mind by the Sacred Edifice The Via
Dolorosa-Pilate's House-The Crown of Thorns-Sentence
pronounced by Pilate-Church of our Lady of Grief-Houses
of the Rich Man and of Lazarus-Veronica-Calvary-Other
places of Devotion in Jerusalem.

mans were sent to Abdallah, who flew into a passion, shouted, threatened, but at last thought fit to lower his demands. I am sorry that I cannot insert the copy of a letter written by Father Bonaventura de Nola to General Sebastiani, which copy I received from Bonaventura himself. Besides giving a history of the pacha, it states facts not less honourable to France than to General Sebastiani. This letter I should not venture to publish without the permission of the person to whom it is addressed; and, unfortunately, the General's absence deprives me of the means of obtaining such permission.

Nothing but the strong desire which I felt to be of service to the fathers of Palestine, could for a moment have diverted my attention from a visit to the Holy Sepulchre. About nine the same morning I sallied from the convent, attended by two friars, a drogman, my servant, and a janissary. I repaired to the church which encloses the tomb of Jesus Christ. All preceding travellers have described this church, the most venerable in the world, whether we think as philosophers or as Christians. Here I am reduced to an absolute dilemma. Shall I give an accurate delineation of the sacred scenes? If so, I can but repeat what has been said before: never was subject less known to modern readers, and never was subject more completely exhausted. Shall I omit the description of those places? In this case should I not leave out the most important part of my travels, and exclude what constitutes their object and their end? After long hesitation, I determined to describe the principal stations of Jerusalem from the following considerations:

1. Nobody now reads the ancient pilgrimages to

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