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(SUCCESSOR TO M. DOOLADY,)

49 WALKER-STREET.

1863.

KD 494

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

SHELDON FUND
JULY 10, 1940

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1863, by

JOHN BRADBURN,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Sunthern

District of New York,

LANGE & PROTIIER,
Printers and Stereotypers,

270 Grand Street.

INTRODUCTION.

To M. H. X. GARNEAU,

QUEBEC, LOWER CANADA.

Monsieur,- In the second chapter of your excellent History of Canada, “one of the best productions of the human mind,” after having recounted the jealousies which the nephews of James Cartier had to encounter on the shores of the St. Lawrence, you say:

“In order to avoid being exposed any longer to those attacks, they solicited from the crown the renewal of the privileges, which had been accorded to their unclc, namely, the exclusive right of trading with the savages, and to work the mines which they had discovered. In consideration of the services of the great navigator, letters-patent were granted to them in 1588. But as soon as the affair was known, the merchants of St. Malo petitioned the privy council to have those privileges revoked, and they succeeded in doing so; but without profiting much by it themselves; for from 1598, the year of the establishment of peace, the Marquis de la Roche, of the province of Brittany, caused himself to be confirmed by the king in the office of Lieutenant-General of Canada, of Acadia and the adjacent countries, which Henry III. had already granted to him, but which the troubles of the kingdom had prevented him from enjoying, with powers which had the same extent as those of Roberval, and which annihilated the liberty accorded to the

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