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of that pious, and very respectable nobleman, the Earl of DARTMOUTH, the King condescended to patronize it, by a royal donation of two hundred pounds sterling. Several noblemen and gentlemen followed the example of his Majesty. About seven thousand pounds sterling, were collected in England, and between two and three thousand in Scotland.
The success of the mission must, in a great measure, be attributed to Mr. Occum. He presented himself to the British nation, a living sample of well directed endeavours to christianize the Indians. He was in other respects well calculated to conciliate the esteem of respectable and religious persons, and the love of mankind in general. His features and complexion bore every characteristic mark of an American Indian ; but his deportment in the pulpit commanded attention and respect. His compositions were easy, figurative, and impressive. With a modest assurance, he appeared impressed with the importance of his subject. He usually wrote his sermons, but could extemporize with readiness. He was devout and solemn in
in private life, agreeable and exemplary; easy and unassuming in conversation, his thoughts were expressed in pertinent and laconic language.
A great number of very respectable civilians and divines, both of the established and presbyterian churches in England, satisfied with the goodness of the design, and fully convinced of its importance, published an ample testimonial in its favor. The Right Hon. Lord Dartmouth, and several gentlemen of the highest character, in and near London, were constituted a Board of Trustees of the monies contributed for the school, to be drawn by Mr. Wheelock, as he should have need.*
The following is an extract from a declaration published by the Trustees in England, dated London, January 28th, 1767.
“We, whose names are underwritten, being appointed Trustees, and to receive the monies that have been or shall be collected, &c. for the use of the Rev. Mr. Wheelock's Indian Charity School, &c. do warmly recommend this pious and useful institution to the benevolent and charitable of all denominations in this Kingdom, &c.
The monies collected in North Britain, were placed under the care of the Hon. Society in Scotland, for propagating christian knowledge.
The University of Edinburgh, as a testimonial of their high respect for the character of Mr. Wheelock, conferred on him the degree of Doctor in Divinity.
By the smiles of Providence, on his application for charity, in Great Britain, Doctor Wheelock saw his means of advancing in his arduous work increasing, he accordingly, without delay, enlarged his plans of usefulness.
The school, although wisely regulated, was not furnished with endowments and privileges, sufficient to afford the students such a course of studies as was thought necessary for preachers of the gospel. Several of them had already been placed in distant colleges to finish their education. As it was necessary the school, as such, should be continued for instruction in lower branches, it was therefore thought best, that a college, in connection with it, should be founded, that the extended design of the institution might be more perfectly accomplished. The place where the school was situated, was not eligible for this purpose. It was nearly central to the colony of Connecticut, in which was early planted a college,* then in a flourishing condition. By removing to some remote part of the new forming settlements, large tracts of land might be more easily acquired, the improvement and rising value of which, would yield a permanent fund for its future support. A more expeditious and less expensive intercourse with the missionaries and school masters, in the country of the Indians, and the prospect of its great and extensive utility, in the education of gentlemen from various parts in its vicinity, were contemplated as reasons for its removal.
* The appointment and declaration of this Board, may be found in a School Narrative, of 1769.
Dr. Wheelock, the Board of Correspondents concurring, after deliberation, resolved to reinove the school, and, in connection with it to found a college. With this view, he organized it as such, in 1768, and employed a tutor,t for those who were of college standing. The place for its new establishment, was for some time a subject of deliberation Generous offers were made to ina duce the removal of it to different and distant towns. General Lyman, who was then in England, soliciting a government and lands on the Mississippi, for himself and the officers of the American army, in the late French war, which he finally obtained, was very desirous it should be removed within the limits of his grant; but the death of the worthy General put an end to the progress of his plan.
* Yale College, founded Anno 1700.
+ The late Hon. Bezaleel Woodward, was then appointed tutor in the college department, and employed as an assistant in the care of the external concerns of the school. He accompanied it afterwards to Jlanover, and continued his useful and important exertions for the welfase of the institution, in various offices under it, until his death, in 1804.
His Excellency Francis Barnard, Governor of Massachusetts, and two other gentlemen, offered a considerable tract of land for its establishment in the county of Berkshire.* A generous subscription was made for it, by the inhabitants of Stockbridge, and other towns in the vicinity:t A still larger subscription, was offered by the city of Albany, to induce its removal to that place; but the most inviting prospects were in the western part of New Hampshire, on the river Connecticut. His Excellency Governor John Wentworth, generously offered a valuable location for the proposed college and school, consisting of five hundred acres, in the town of Hanover, and a charter of a township of twenty four thousand acres, and also his agency to procure a royal charter for a college. Lands and monies were subscribed by individual gentlemen in New Hampshire and the adjacent parts of Vermont.
Doctor Wheelock transmitted to the Earl of Dartmouth, and the other trustees of the school in England, a representation of the different places proposed, and the various proposals re
* Two thousand eight hundred acres.
† Eight hundred pounds sterling.
Two thousand three hundred pounds,
ceived, and desired their advice on the subject. They recommended the western parts of New Hampshire, leaving with him the election of the particular site.
His next object was to obtain the necessary charter of a college ; such as would be reputable for the youth, who might receive an education, with a view to their public service in the churches of Christ. He applied, by an agent, to Governor Wentworth, informing him of his purpose, to remove the college and school into his province, requesting his patronage, and a charter of incorporation for a college, as proposed. This information was pleasing to the Governor, and a full compliance with the request accompanying it, was grateful to the generous mind of Governor Wentworth, and he cordially gave it all possible encouragement. His uncle, and immediate predecessor in the government, his Excellency Benjamin Wentworth, had given a valuable tract of five hundred acres, in the southerly part of Hanover, if the proposed college should be established in New Hampshire. The proprietors of Lebanon also gave about fourteen hundred acres, contiguous to that tract.
Towards the close of 1769, a charter was issued by Gov. John Wentworth for a college, which was endowed with ample privileges, and all the honors and immunities of any university within the British realm. Doctor Wheelock was created its president. A charter of Landaff was also given to the college, a township containing twenty four thousand acres, situated a few miles easterly of Connecticut river, and forty northerly of Hanover.
The principal gentlemen of the province, and also of the western section of Vermont, then cal