« PreviousContinue »
his labors, and his virtues. His monument will exist in the hearts of his acquaintance; and in the future respect of those, who shall derive advantage from his exertions.
In the immense loss, which his dear family sustain, they have saved a precious legacy; his example, and lessons of social and religious duties. The church with mournful regret, will retain the tenderest affection for their venerable pastor. What shall I say of this seat of science, , now covered with cypres ? Those, who have trod its hallowed walks, will never forget his instructions, nor the benevolent effusions of his heart. Where, in the ranges of cultivated society, is one to be found, qualified with those rare endowments, which can supply the chasm made by his death ?”
It has often been justly remarked, that the situation of Dartmouth College is peculiarly favorable to study and the preservation of morals. Circumstances conducive to these objects, in addition to establishments wisely arranged for the pursuits of literature, are found in the salubrity of the situation; the uniform temperature of the climate; the pleasantness of the village around the college, neither too populous, nor too solitary. Though a considerable resort of company, and mart of trade, the steady attention of the students is not distracted with new objects, nor are they allured from the fair paths of sicence and virtue.
The inhabitants, consisting of about fifty families living iound the beautiful and spacious green before the college are generally respectable, and enjoy the pleasures of friendly society among themselves and with the college. The country affords abundance of provision; commons are established on a plan very agreeable to the stu
dents; the expence of board is not more than one dollar twenty five cents a week.
The long continued flourishing state of the college ; the peace and order, which seem to be permanent residents there; the diligence of the students, the pure morals and amiable manners, so general among them, evince the wisdoin of its administration, and show that the labor of instructing, and the still more difficult task of governing such a collection of youth from different States, of different habits and prejudices, are prudently and wisely directed.
The advantages for literary improvement at Dartmouth college are quite respectable. If the students do not make progress in science it must be owing to want of diligence or genius. The library contains about four thousand volumes of value, besides many of inferor rank. It is kept in a projected chamber of the college edifice. The philosophical apparatus, chiefly from the munificence of liberal friends in England, is kept in another chamber, and is very adequate for the most useful experiments. The museum contains a pleasing collection of natural curiosities. The legislative government of the college is in a Board of Twelve Trustees. The immediate instruction and govenment of the students is with the Pres sident, who is also professor of civil and ecclesiastical history; and a professor of the Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Oriental Languages; a professor of Mathematics and natural Philosophy; a professor of Divinity; and two Tutors. The medical establishment is under a professor of Chemistry, and Medicine, who regularly exhibit à course of lectures in each of these branches. (m)
Lands in the vicinity belonging to the institution, are sequestered for the use of the different
professorships: Generally about one hundred and fifty resident students belong to college ; and forty or fifty to the school. (n.) The whole expence of education, exclusive of clothing, is about one hundred dollars a year. The Commencement exercises are exhibited on the third Wednesday of August, in a large and handsome congregational meeting house, built by the
people of the vicinity. In the same house the students attend public worship on the Sabbath. About twelve hundred have received the hon-ors of Dartmouth College ; two hundred and eighty of whom have been ordained to the work of the gospel ministry.
The qualifications for admission into the Freshman class are, a good moral character, a good acquaintance with Virgil
, Cicero's select orations, the Greek Testament, knowledge to translate English into Latin, and an acquaintance with the fundamental rules of Arithmetic. Every student is obliged to attend the various recitations, disputations, and other exercises of his class. The members of the classes in rotation declaim before the officers in the chapel, every Wednesday, at two o'clock, P. M.
The Senior, Junior, and Sophomore classes, successively pronounce such orations and other compositions, written by themselves, as the President and Professors shall direct, on the last Wednesday of November; the second Wednesday of March; and third Wednesday of May. Tragedies, plays, and all irreligious expressions and sentiments are sacredly prohibited.
The languages, the arts, and sciences, are studied in the following order: the Freshman class study the Latin and Greek classics, arithmetic, English grammar and rhetoric.
The Sophomore class study the Latin andGreek classics,logic,
geography, arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry, algebra, conic sections, surveying, belle letters, and criticism.
The junior class study the Latin and Greek classics, geometry, natural and moral philosophy, and astronomy. The senior class read metaphysics, theology, natural and political law. The study of the Hebrew and the other Oriental languages, as also the French language is recommended to the students. Every week some part of the classes exhibits composition according to the direction of the authority. All the classes are publicly examined at stated periods ; those, who are found deficient lose their standing in the class. It is a fixed rule that the idle and vicious shall not receive the honors of college. The punishments inflicted on offenders are, admonition, suspension, and expulsion. The president attends morning and evening prayers with the students in the chapel, and often delivers lectures to them on ecclesiastical history, on the doctrines of the christian religion, or other important subjects. He hears the recitations of the senior class; his fund of general science renders this an interesting part of collegiate life ; he is unwearied in their instruction; and constantly watchful for the improvement and felicity of all his pupils. The classes are taught with the greatest accuracy by the worthy professor of the learned languages, who has with ability and acceptance taught these, and other branches of science, in several respectable seminaries, for many years previous to his election to this office, in 1809. The professor of philosophy has long been employed in the instruction of youth. His amiable manners, his discriminating genius, and familiar acquaintance with the sciences ensure improvement to all the diligent pupils under his care. The orthodox and evangelical instruc
tions, given by the professor of divinity, excite the pleasing hope, that morality and piety will long be the glory of this seminary.
Two tutors are employed to assist the professors in the instruction of the students. These are young gentlemen, distinguished for their science and talents.
About seventy students generally attend the interesting and useful lectures delivered by the professor of medicine and chemistry. The vacations are, from the commencement four and a half weeks; and from the first Monday in January, eight and a half weeks.
To the most philosophic, contemplative observer, it must appear evident, that the smiles of divine providence have remarkably attended the establishments for science and religion, founded by Dr. Wheelock. Nor shall we be chargeable with superstition in supposing, that signal success has followed, as the reward of his faith, his zeal, his prayer, his labors for God; and as the reward of thousands of the christian church, who were in their prayers and contributions united with him in the advancement of religion, and the happiness of mankind; but however great the blessings are, which we enjoy by his pious and indefatigable labors, they may be lost by unfaithfulness in those who come after him, or by a departure from that orthodox faith, for which he earnestly contended. The original design of Dr. Wheelock, was the promotion of the christian religion and human science, for the glory of God, and happiness of mankind. Many friends of the united institutions, not only ardently desire, but confidently believe, that the gracious Providence, which founded them, and from small beginnings has raised them up to so much respectability, in answer to prayer, and by the exertions of pious