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THE SOUTHERN EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL.

whenever it undertakes to hedge about a teacher with rules and regulations that are hard and unnatural.

No two teachers are alike. Every teacher is unlike every other teacher, not only in size, weight, heighth, complexion, color of hair and eyes, etc., but the dissimilarity is just as marked when we come to study the mental and spiritual characteristics. Iron-clad rules and straight-jackets are just as harmful when applied to the teachers as they are when applied to the children. We never go into a school where the rules are distinctively restrictive and repressive that we do not want the authority that the Saviour had when he said to those about Lazarus, "Loose him and let him go."

In a great many schools in Georgia, both in the cities and in the counties, there are too many prohibitive regulations. The Boards of Education deal with the teachers as the teachers sometime deal with the children; they emphasize too many "Dont's." The teacher can do his best work only when unhindered and free. The best work that is done in this world is the work that comes as the result of the working of a free and natural law. Too many artificial restraints hinder natural development. Any attempt on the part of the Board of Education to confine the teachers within narrow walls of jurisdiction will result disastrously for the teacher and the school. Of course the Boards of Education should be careful in the first place to select the wisest and most experienced teachers that they can command, and when the selection is made, the superintendent of the school should have the authority to say to those teachers: "In this school room teach, command and have dominion in your own way."

The parable of the pounds or of the talents conveys an important pedagogical lesson as well as a scriptural truth. The servant to whom one pound was given, and the servant to whom two pounds were given, and the servant to whom five pounds were given all received the same injunction, "occupy till I come." In the distribution of the pounds the Great Teacher recognizes the difference in the qualifications and the ability of the servants. Each servant was left absolutely free to use the talent or the pound in his own way. There are too many teachers who are like the man with the one pound or one talent, and they are usually the weaker class of teachers, they are

afraid to use their Lord's money lest they may lose it. Too many. teachers are afraid to use the powers that are bestowed upon them by nature, because they are led to believe that the Board of Education, from whom they receive authority, is composed of men who are hard and exacting, and they live under perpetual fear of losing their positions. No teacher can grow professionally and develop naturally who is under the dominion of such a fear as this.

Let the teachers be free to use their own gifts in their own way, and there will not only be a natural and normal growth for the teachers, but a natural and normal development of the children under such teachers.

The New Normal Training School of Bibb County.

This is one of the most important local school movements in education in Georgia. It furnishes additional evidences, if any were needed, to show that Bibb county has a thoroughly wide-awake and progressive Board of Education and an able Superintendent of the schools.

As

The importance of this new feature in Georgia Elucation deserves the attention which we have given it elsewhere in the JOURNAL. will be seen by reference to the Superintendent's account of the new Normal School established in Bibb county, every teacher who will hereafter be employed in the schools of the county, will be required to spend at least one year in the Normal class. Mrs. Alexander, the lady who has been employed by the Board of Education to train the teachers, has held a most important position in the Peabody Normal School in Nashville. Dr. Payne, President of that school, in commending her to the Bibb County Board of Education, declares that she is one of the most capable teachers in the Union. The effect of such teacher-training upon the schools in Bibb county is sure to be a decided and rapid advancement which will result in a permanent growth of the schools. The people of Georgia are beginning to see as never before the value and the necessity of this teacher-training. Before a physician can successfully minister to ailments of the human body he is now required to spend years in the study of every part of

THE SOUTHERN EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL.

the human anatomy, and to know by personal investigation the relation of one bone and nerve to every other bone and nerve. Those who are employed to train horses even, are required to thoroughly understand every bone and muscle in a horse's body. The same is required of those who train pointer dogs.

Modern Education requires of the teacher the same skill in the treatment of the human mind that is required of those who minister to the body. The progress of the world in the last two decades is no where more marked than in the training of those who are to train the children. The teacher of the present day is required to know not only the body of the child and the laws that govern physical development, but he is also required to know the mind of the child and all the laws that govern mental growth.

The authorities in Bibb county have taken a wise step, therefore, in the establishment of a Normal Training class for all the teachers in the county. The class at present, under the direction of Mrs. Alexander, numbers 45, and they will have not only a course in the best methods of teaching, but they will have opportunity of critically testing these methods as they are in actual operation in all the schools of the county. The Normal class will be required to go from time to time on a visit to various grades in the schools, and observe critically the teaching that is done. We trust that the example set by Bibb county in this important matter will be followed by other counties in the State.

School Extension Lectures.

Prof. George W. Smith, principal of the High School at Unadilla, Dooly county, is inaugurating a movement which is sure to be helpful to the school work in his community.

He has arranged to have at least one lecture each month on some phase of education, delivered by some one of the prominent school men of the State. These lectures will not only help those who are directly connected with the schools, but they will reach those on the outside.

Prof. Smith has spent three months recently at Chicago University

and comes back to his work full of a broader and deeper professional spirit.

Other teachers may do well to follow the example set by Prof. Smith in this matter. If the people can be brought to take a deeper interest in the schools by such a course of lectures as Prof. Smith has arranged, the small outlay expended for the expenses of the lecturers will be money well invested. We have no doubt but that the people

of any community in Georgia would be very glad to contribute the small amount for the support of such a course of lectures.

We heartily endorse the plan adopted by the Unadilla High School, and other schools of like character.

Bible Reading in Schools,

Every teacher in Georgia may read the Bible as a portion of the school exercises, the Constitution of the State provides for it. Many do not use it fearing friction. The publication of Scott Foresman & Co., of Chicago, of "Readings from the Bible" does away with any apprehension by the teacher of objection from any source.

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The selections are from Old and New Testament Scriptures, are free from any taint of sectarianism. No intelligent person could find cause for objection to the use of the book. The cost is 25 cents. It need not be formally adopted, but can be used for pupils in any private or public school, and the result will be beneficial. It is in use in Chicago and meets the views of all denominations of Christians, as well as those who are unaffiliated, but who desire ethical teaching in the schools.

Dr. J. L M. Curry.

The name of no living man is dearer to Georgia and to Georgia people than that of Dr. Curry. Every visit that he makes to his native State endears him more and more to those who love him. His recent visit to Atlanta and to Athens, was the occasion of three notable speeches in Atlanta and one in Athens to the Normal School. His first address was to the teachers and to the people of Atlanta,

THE SOUTHERN EDUCATIONAL JOURNAL.

the second to the Boys' High School, the third to the Girls' High School, and the fourth to the Normal School at Athens. Few living men can appeal so powerfully to those who hear him as can Dr. Curry. He is himself a living illustration that the most powerful force in this world is a living personal force. He vitalizes every

thought that he utters, and those who hear him realize that his utterauces come from one who speaks with authority. The power to move people is a personal power. No man can simulate it; no man can acquire it from outside or artificial source. This power must be the speaker's very life. It must be a part of the man himself.

This editor has talked to a great many who heard Dr. Curry's recent addresses, and the unanimous testimony both from young and old, among those who heard him, has been phrased in words like these: "We have rarely heard a man speak as that man speaks." The young gentlemen at the Boys' High School did not take their eyes from his eyes from the moment he began until he closed. The same may be said of those who were in the other audiences that he addressed in Atlanta and in Athens.

This power to move and hold men is the old, old power, older than Demosthenes, older than Socrates. It is a part of that life that came with the breath of the Almighty into the first man. Here and there along through the ages, a man has appeared gifted with this marvelous power that has enabled him to command those who hear him. His message is never to a sect, nor to a party, nor to a faction of the human race, but his message is to men. He inspires hope and courage, and good cheer in the hearts of men. He appeals to the good and the true, and the brave, and the noble that exists in every man. He points to a higher and diviner life. He paints a nobler and truer ideal. He moves men everywhere to think on nobler things. Upon the young especially such a man is sure to make a deep and lasting impression.

Unquestionably Dr. Curry has in a marked degree this rare power to move men. The people hear him gladly. They listen in rapt attention to every word that he utters. Anybody can utter words, but only a great life back of the words can give force to them. Dr. Curry has filled many exhalted stations in his remarkable caHe was for years a member of Congress; has been minister to

reer.

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