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Among other things Mrs. Heard said:

The story of achievement is always the same. It is thought and effort working energetically and persistently in the line of evolutionary development.

The trend of the age is progress; there is a stretching out in every direction. The movement seems simultaneous in the line of science, art, religion and literature, and the librairies of to-day are pregnant with the impulse of progress. Education, in the true sense of the word, lies at the bottom of all real progress. Some one has called the library 'the people's college.' That is a high ideal, but not an impossible one. The library must take the people where the common school leaves them; it must be high school and college and university for the boy and girl who cannot go to high school and college and university.

Now comes the question, how to reach the isolated homes of the farming population of Georgia? The plan is thorough and far-reaching. It is comparatively inexpensive. With the libraries made up with careful exercise of the ripe judgments of experienced librarians the benefits to be derived are incalculable.

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The work achiev ed in New York State is doubtless familiar to all members of the Georgia Library Association. It is only five years since New York began to send out its libraries of 100 volumes to various parts of the State. The first traveling library went out in February, 1893, and as many as 15,358 volumes were taken out by readers in six months, thereby giving an average of 2,290 readers to each 100 volumes. Seven States-Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Vermont, Wisconsin, Ohio, and New Jersey-have already established library commissions and offer aid in money, advice or other assistance to new libraries. California, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, and Georgia have bills establishing library commissions before their legislatures this winter.

The president then asked for a discussion of the paper, which brought out able talks from Mrs. W. B. Lowe, Mr. D. Q. Abbott, Mrs. Mallory Taylor and others.

Mrs. Jno. King Ottley of Atlanta, then moved that a petition be made to the Georgia legislature asking for an early and favorable consideration of the bill to create a library commission for Georgia. The motion was carried and the chair appointed the following committee to draft the resolution: Mrs. Jno. K. Ottley, Atlanta; Mrs. Nora L. Barbrey, Macon; Mr. Hughes Reynolds, Rome.

The meeting adjourned.


The second session of the Georgia Library Association was held in the historic chapel of Wesleyan College. A delightful musical program was rendered by Miss Louden, Mrs. Clifford Williams, and Signor Randegger.

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In presenting the program Miss Wallace said:

LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:-I thank you in behalf of the" Georgia Library Association" for your presence here tonight, and for the very kind treatment we have received at your hands during our stay in Macon.

The modern library movement which we are here to discuss is of such comparatively recent origin that we are just beginning to feel the influence of this mighty force which has revolutionized library ideas of the last generation. During the last twenty-five years the South has not been accumulating fortunes with which to endow edu

cational institutions, but has been kept busy making bread and butter, and for this reason libraries and, in fact, all educational forces, have not received the impetus that they have in other sections.

Now that the librarians of the State have made an effort to improve local conditions, and to enlarge the library facilities in Georgia, success is sure to follow.

The addresses which this program provides represent the best talent of the State, and while each speaker, owing to the short time allowed him, can only touch on the subject which has been assigned to him, yet a good idea will be given of the scope of the work to be accomplished by the Georgia Library Association.

In brief fashion it may be arranged to obtain:

The necessary library legislation to permit taxation for the support of free libraries.

The appointment of a public library commission, whose duty will be the supervision of the library interests of the State.

The establishment of a library training school for the purpose of instructing library economy.

The establishment and support of more and better equipped libraries. The co-operation of librarians and the interchange of ideas so necessary to the advancement of any profession.

Owing to the absence of any vacation, the starvation salaries, the lack of proper assistants to leave in charge, the Georgia Librarian has been conspicuous by her absence from the national meetings. It is to be hoped that attendance at the State meetings will supply that feeling of co-operation and mutual aid which characterizes the modern library spirit.

In conclusion, it will be the object of every member of the Georgia Library Association to advocate, in and out of season, free public libraries, to provoke discussion and to create a public sentiment which will ultimately make library legislation possible. And in the meantime to foster the Association Library as it now exists; to study library methods; to read library literature, and to infuse into the daily routine of library details such enthusiasm and earnestness as will place library work on the highest plane of altruistic philanthropy.

Professor D. Q. Abbott, Superintendent of Bibb's public schools, was introduced as master of ceremonies. He extended a cordial welcome to the visitors, and remarked that the church, the school and the library are the successful foundations of all character-building,and are needed for the making of good citizens. The library is not, said he, a place, as many suppose, for musty books to be kept upon dusty shelves, but is a place to take up the work of education where the schools leave off. He then introduced Mrs. J. K. Ottley, that gifted

and entertaining speaker of whom all Georgia is proud, and who, as a worker in good causes, has done much to upbuild and improve the social and intellectual condition of the masses.

Mrs. Ottley took as her theme:


The very spinal cord of our system of government is the idea which inspires it of government not by the one, not by the few, not by the many, but government of all, by all. A government, that is, where each citizen is as important (in the eye of the State) as every other citizen.

This is democracy. Now, a government of all must involve an education of all. To expect intelligent citizenship of an ignorant man is about as reasonable as to demand of a juror that he make up his mind without putting him in possession of the facts in the case. It is this broad, democratic principle, my friends, this idea that all the things of the State are for the use of all the people of the State, that has brought into life the conviction that a State library is not a State library so long as it consists of a collection of books shut up within the four walls of one building in one city of that State! This conviction is spreading all over the United States and taking form in the tremendous traveling library system of which you have already heard to-day.

I want it to spread until it reaches Georgia and says open sesame to those old stone walls of the capital yonder in Atlanta, and sends the State's books to every village and hamlet throughout the length and breadth of the State, where the State's citizens want them. Yes, my friends, I want it to strike Georgia, and that pretty quick! We're so far behind with our State university, barred to women, we must try to strike an average with a State library open to the people! It is for this reason that I have chosen to spend the time allotted me this evening to a few hasty words along the line of: What a State library may be!

It should be the State library in that it is used by all the people of the State, and not simply because it is supported by their money! To this end it must leave its cloistered seclusion and go, in sections, all over the State, wherever books are needed by the State's citizens. But why? Because in this immense labor of self-education which our States have undertaken, the free access to the best books by all the people all the time will produce a result paralleled only by the work of our tremendous public school system!

The public school is trying to educate the State's child, but who is going to educate the State's man and the State's woman, without whose education the State is shipwrecked? Let the money spent

upon the State library fill this gap. Good books are a man's best counselor, and in the times of storm and stress which are coming to America, and from which general intelligence alone can extricate us, the State will find it has served itself well by putting these wise counselors into the hands of its humblest citizens.

Do you think the 46,000 well-chosen books sent out by New York's State library during two years have not done a leavening work? Do you realize, my friends, that this is almost the only suggestion of this suggestive age which proposes to bring any light and help to the country people?

We have realized so fully that the "problem of the city is the problem of the age," that we are on the verge of forgetting that the country holds its problem quite as serious if not so hydra-headed!

Social settlements and slum work absorb us. Homes for the fallen and the friendless are springing up by the hand of private charity everywhere, while jails, alms-houses, asylums, schools of correction and reformatories (and even Georgia will have reformatories in time), dot the face of the earth, and evince the State's sense of responsibility to dependent, defective and delinquent! Go crazy or kill your neighbor and the State owes you a living and will amply furnish it, but does it owe nothing to the relief of that awful monotony which rises up and lies down with the thousands of its citizens who tread their dull lives out up in the "hills of Habersham" or "down in the valleys of Hall?" Does it owe nothing, I say, to the tremendous rural population who will never be in reach of any local library?

Why, this problem of the country is our problem! Ask these distinguished educators if this is not true. It is not the city school, but the country school which is pressing on us to day. By God's blessing we are an agricultural people and will always be so, even after, by man's industry, we shall have become a manufacturing people as well.

In no part of the world is it more literally true that the "farmer feedeth all," and we may go farther and say the "farmer governeth all"! Well, what about that farmer? What are you going to do with him?

Let your State library carry out to him and his wife and his children, his neighbor and his kith and kin, the best books on every subject in which he may be interested, and see if your State does not make a great forward bound towards progress and prosperity that will pay you for the outlay!

"What will it cost?" is the inevitable next question.

Well, that's right. The men of Georgia work hard to pay its taxes, and so do some of its women to the same good end. So when

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