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Do's and Dont's for the Teacher.

Do be punctual. Get to your room in the morning in time to have everything in readiness.

Do be systematic. Plan your work ahead and keep a plan-book. It gives conscious strength.

Do be agreeable. Nothing is more disastrous to one who would win children than to be capricious and uneven. If you cannot control yourself, how can you expect to control your pupils. In quietness shall be your strength.

Do be cheerful. Children, like flowers, must have sunshine. These little human sensitive plauts stand in need of your smiles.

Do be sympathetic Enter into the children's interests, study each pupils individuality. Try to get at their point of view.

Do be loving. Love man and beast, love tree and flower, love rock and river, love forest and sea, love field and sky, but most of all love the children. Love is the great magnate which will draw the

children to itself.

Don't complain of your hard work. A teacher's life is one of the happiest on earth.

Don't talk "shop." It is narrowing, uninteresting and sometimes dangerous.

Don't spend every moment of the evening over the next day's program, so that you have no time for self-development.

Don't feel angry at criticism. It will help you if you will let it. Don't forget to call upon and make friends of the parents whenever possible.

Don't think you are in the schoolroom to teach arithmetic and grammar. You are there to help make true noblemen and women. Govern by saying "do" rather than saying "don't".

"I do just as good work as I am paid for. Do you suppose I'm going to do any more for thirty-five dollars a month? No, indeed!" There is only one way for a scantily paid teacher to keep her head clear and her eye steadfast-to think of the children. That incentive never wavers. Salary or no salary, appreciation or no appreciation, ebb tide or high tide, their needs remain the same. And that teacher who can even think of dollars and cents in connection with the quality or degree of effort she puts forth for the children, who can gauge that effort by the amount of her salary, is worth less than she already receives-Sel.


Kindergartners in Washington.

Miss Mary C. McCulloch, St. Louis, Mo
Miss Jenny B. Merrill, New York, N. Y.
Miss Mary F. Hall, Milwaukee, Wis..


Subject-Kindergarten Ideals.

President. Vice-President.


1. Address of welcome-B. Pickman Mann, Washington, D. C. Response by the President.

2. Froebel's Mother-Play songs; the ideals suggested by themMiss Elizabeth Harrison, Chicago, Ill.

3. Children's gardens-Dr. Jenny B. Merrill, Kindergarten Supervisor, New York City Public Schools.

4. A child's song--Miss Mari Ruef Hofer, Chicago, Ill.

5. The kindergarten games-Miss Susan Pollock, Washington, D. C.

6. Report from the International Kindergarten Union. 7. Business-Appointments of Committees.


Subject-The Influence of the Kindergarten Idea.

1. The development of the inner life of the child-Mrs. Maria Kraus-Boelte, New York City.

2. A kindergarten message to mothers-Mrs. James L. Hughes, Toronto, Ont.

3. The influence of the kindergarten idea upon the schoolsF. Louis Soldan, Superintendent of Instruction, St. Louis, Mo. 4. Business-Reports of committees, election of officers. Local Committee--B. Pickman Mann, Chairman.

Of the twenty-three thousand teachers who made pilgrimage to the National Educational Association at Washington this summer, the kindergartners held their proportion, and it was an audience representing the east and west, the north and south, which greeted Mr. B. Pickman Mann, son of the Rev. Horace Mann, of educational fame, as he came forward to deliver the address of welcome.

The president of the department, Mrs. Mary C. McCulloch, holds the position of superintendent of kindergartens in St. Louis, as successor to one of our most noted workers, Miss Susan Blow,

under whose influence, together with that of Commissioner W. T. Harris, then superintendent of public schools in St. Louis, kindergartens were first introduced into the public school system.

The papers read before the department were written by those of recognized authority in the line of the special topics assigned them.

Miss Jenny B. Merrill awoke a determination in every kindergartner to allow no obstacle to prevent her from the possession of the earth, in such portion at least as shall allow the children in her charge the benefit of contact with nature, and hence the study of rather than about nature.

The appreciation of Miss Hofer's rendition of child's song was shown by repeated applause, to which Miss Hofer kindly responded to the number of four or five. Still we wished for more.

The subject of "Kindergarten Games," ably treated by Miss Susan Pollock, was practically illustrated in the evening of the same day at a garden party, arranged by the local committee for the pleasure of the kindergartners. On the spacious, lanterndotted lawn kindergartners gray and kindergartners gay joined hands in a circle of unity "large and wide" and a hundred voices blended in familiar songs while the participants gave practical evidence of the possibility of that sympathetic interest with a child's play which makes the ideal game possible.

It was indeed a genuine pleasure to see, hear and meet the dear woman who is the one survivor of the three pioneers to introduce kindergartens in America. Mrs. Kraus-Boelt's attendance upon these meetings in years past has been rare, on account of the ill health of her husband, but she has ever stood at the head of the more conservative element of the kindergarten profession in the United States, a staunch supporter of the earlier interpretations of Froebel's philosophy.

Mrs. Hughes is a familiar, but ever welcome face at the N. E. A., and her words of counsel are always helpful.

It was gratifying to hear the present superintendent of the St. Louis schools speak with such unqualified praise of the influence of the kindergarten idea upon the schools-especially since St. Louis has given it longer trial than any other city.

The kindergartner at Washington did not, however, gain her only help from the meetings of her own department. She might easily have imagined that at least three of the sessions each day were planned to meet her especial needs.

The leaders in child study are making rapid progress in their discovery of the serious results of errors committed by parents

and teachers in the treatment of children. The address of W. O. Krohn on The mental disintegration in children, occasioned by erroneous school methods," was full of suggestion as to what to avoid. Though a feeling of impatience may follow the conviction of mistakes because of the impossibility, as yet, of receiving infallible rules for future guidance, yet it is far better for the teacher personally, and for the child as well, that she must still puzzle over him a little, study him a great deal and solve her own. problems, with the help of the light which is constantly coming to her.

The meetings of the Elementary Department were an inspiration to all who hold the highest interests of childhood at heart.

The enthusiastic work of the National Herbart Society in studying the natural interests of the child and the Herbartian plan of relating each school study closely to this interest and correlating it with the others, is encouraging to the kindergartner, as it forms in a general way a combination of her work in this line even though there be an essential point of difference between the basis of the philosophies of Herbart and Froebel.

In all the departments mentioned, as well as in many discussions of the general sessions, a significant feature was the emphasis laid upon the necessity of regarding the physical condition, the natural tendencies and interests of the child paramount to every consideration of mere knowledge-getting. Many of the ends heretofore thought to be sufficient in themselves are to become means to higher ends.

Many regrets were expressed by kindergartners that the impaired health of Mrs. W. N. Hailmann, Kindergarten Training Teacher of Washington, D. C., should prevent her from attending the N. E. A. and from pursuing the work she made so eminently successful. As many of her alumnæ as were present in the city met and spent a most delightful evening at her beautiful home in Cleveland Park.

Moral Suasion.

Old Gentleman-" Do you mean to say that your teachers never thrash you?"

Little Boy-"Never.

"What's shat?"

We have moral suasion at our school."

"Oh, we get kep' in, and stood up in corners, and locked out, and locked in, and made to write one word a thousand times, and scowled at, and jawed at, and that's all."-Good News.

Library Department.

"The best reading, for the largest number, at the least cost.”—-A. L. A. motto.

The library outlook for Georgia is most promising. The annual meeting of the Georgia Library Association, which takes place the 27th of October, will most probably be held in Atlanta, as this is the only invitation yet received.

The program is now under consideration, and will cover practical library questions.

It has been suggested that the Georgia Library Commission hold its initial meeting at the same date, as the out-of-town commissioners will thus be enabled to attend both meetings.

A great deal of interest is being manifested in the Congress of Librarians in conjunction with the Trans-Mississippi Exposition to be held September 29-30 and October 1 at Omaha. The Georgia Library Association will be represented by its President, Miss Wallace, who has been invited to read a paper, and who also goes in the interest of the A. L. A. meeting to be held in Atlanta in May, 1899.

The program of the Omaha meeting is given, subject to change : 1. Thursday Evening

Short addresses; informal reception.

2. Friday Morning

(1) Library Legislation and Library Commissions. A discussion of the question of library support and control by the State.

(2) Library Extension.

a Traveling libraries.

b Home libraries.

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a Its material value.

b Social and political value.

c Intellectual and spiritual value.

4 Saturday Morning.

(1) Special Training for Library Work.

(2) Relation of the Library to Other Formal Educational Work,

a To the public school.

b To the college.

That the South will be the next meeting place of the national gathering of librarians is a matter of congratulation to the whole section. The presence in Atlanta of so many of the best-informed library workers of the country cannot help to attract the attention of the thinking public. That the South is far behind in the march of library progress is to be regretted, and it is to be hoped that new interest will be infused into the subject by this representative body of men

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