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has succeeded, by means of powerful heat, in obtaining regulus of Manganese with great facility. It promises to become highly useful in the arts.
EDMUND DAVY, Chemist, and Secretary to the Cork Institution, has made experiments on the Composition of the Atmospheric Air in the most infected Wards of the Fever Hospital of that City. It contained precisely the same quantity of oxygen gas, 21 per cent. as enters into the constitution of the most exposed and free air.
ART. 11. RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
THE Rev. Dr. Steinkopff, one of the secretaries of the British and Foreign Bible Society, writes to his correspondent in this city" lately we received highly pleasing letters and accounts from seveveral Roman Catholic Clergymen. One of them has distributed since last March, (1817) forty-thousand new Testaments."
The following extract of a letter from the treasurer of the British and Foreign School Society, to Thomas Eddy of NewYork, is highly interesting, and may fitly be introduced under this head, inasmuch as the Lancasterian system of education seems destined to become the most efficient coadjutor of Christianity in meliorating the condition of man. Under date of March 27th, 1818, the treasurer writes:
Professor BERZELIUS, of Stockholm, has discovered a new metal, which, from its resemblance to tellurium, he has called selenium. It possesses some properties of tellurium, and also of sulphur.
ARVEDSON, a young Swedish chemist, has discovered a new fixed alkali, in a new mineral, called pelalite. In its great capacity for saturating acids, it surpasses magnesia.
Dr. WEIGEL, of Dresden, has undertaken a journey into Italy, for literary purposes.
"We have got the Lancasterian system adopted among the Protestants in the south of France, whom I visited last summer, and the result has been truly gratifying, so that I am constantly receiving letters from them, announcing the establishment of new schools; two years ago the great mass of poor children of Protestants in France, were without any education at all; but if things go on as they do at present, there is reason to hope that in two years more most of them will be receiving instruction. We have just established the system at Madrid with the sanction of the king of Spain; also on the continent of Europe pretty generally.They now have it also in Christophe's part of Hayti, and I find by recent letters from Thomas Bosworth, a young man whom we sent to Petion, that it is now likely to be established on that side of the Island.
In the East and West Indies it is making great progress, and in short it appears to be a great work of Divine Providence to prepare the way for an amelioration of the state of man-any details of the progress of this cause among you, will interest us very much.
"We should be glad to have every new account which is published of the state of your prisons; the public attention among us is at length roused to this most interesting and important subject. Our committee is now presenting plans to government for a Reformatory for 600 boys, which we think combines all the excellencies of the very best constructed prisons in any part of the world. The cost of the building would be about 50,000.-the expence of each prisoner about 201. per head, without any reference to earnings, which would make a considerable deduction.— What does each prisoner cost the state with you?
"Since Senegal and Goree have been ceded to the French, the slave trade, in all its horrors, has been revived on that part of the coast, and several cargoes have been dispatched. We have remonstrated with the French government, and the commandant of Goree has been recalled. We are in hopes of prevailing with the French to concede the right of search, as the Spaniards and the Dutch have done; and seeing that this would be reciprocal, I should think that America would not object; the best of all would be for the great powers to declare it piracy, for as long as it can be covered by any flag, this murderous business will be carried on."
Now night begins to spread her solemn veil
O'er earth, intent to hide the deeds, the day,
That lingered on the hills, but spared, in ire,
O fearful night! when tempests, leagued with
Conspire to bind October's chilly brow
Oh! fast and deathly-cold the torrents flow.
Four stalworth warriors lent their General aid,
While, from the silver fife and muffled drum,
Save when the pious chaplain broke the gloom,
* The wives of Gen. Reideset and Maj. Ack
Nor wanting was the full and bold salute
Just tribute to the brave, the warrior's due-
O sad and sickening sight, when even the grave,
On unsuspecting worlds, with hostile glare, From ordnance, mortar, gun and bursting bomb, Throwing their deathful gleams on night's tre mendous gloom.*
ART. 13. MONTHLY SUMMARY OF POLITICAL INTELLIGENCE.
GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND.
prison, where he has been languishing for eighteen months, a brave and meritorious officer, Colonel Fernando, solely for being supposed a free-mason.
THE duke of Clarence has determined to persevere in marrying the princess of Saxe Meinungen, notwithstanding the refusal of the House of Commons to grant him an annual stipend, provided the princess does not decline the connexion.
Mr. Meade has been released from prison by the Spanish government.
The marriage of the duke of Kent with the princess dowager of Leinengan, is announced in the Frankfort Gazette of the 18th, in an authentic shape, as being positively decided upon. It is added, privy counsellor baron Von Schonitz is gone to Stutgard, in order to make some arrangements on this subject, as has also the British ambassador to the court of Wirtemberg."
The duke of Cambridge was married to the princess of Hesse Cassel, on the 7th of May.
For the fourteen years previous to the suspension of specie-payments by the Bank of England, there were but four prosecu tions for forgeries of the notes of the Bank; but during the fourteen years immediately succeeding, there were 496: the reason is traced to the great issue of small notes, consequent upon the suspension.
A great public work is going on at Plymouth, called a Break-water, the object of which is the protection of vessels in port from the storms of the Atlantic. On this work $2,000,000 have been expended, and $700,000 more are requisite for its comple
The extracting of pot-ash from potatoestalks has commenced in Ireland, and promises to become a most valuable article of trade in that part of the United Kingdom. It is calculated that 350,000 acres of land are amually cultivated with potatoes there. These would produce 46,875 tons of pot-ash, which at 20. per ton, would amount to 937,500l. per annum.
The amount of sovereigns issued last year was 3,224,0251.; half sovereigns, 1,037, 2951. Total, 4,261,8207.-Silver: half crowns 1,125, 6307; shillings 2,458,566l.; sixpences 657,1621. Total, 4,241,258.-Grand total of gold and silver, 8,502,6781.
An ancient law has been revived in the electorate of Hesse, denying to self-murderers the privilege of burial, and delivering up their bodies for dissection, on account of the frequency of suicide at the present time.
The following are the persons chosen to form the military committee of the German diet:-The Imperial Austrian minister, president of the diet, count Buol Schauenteen; the Prussian minister, count Vander Coltz; the Bavarian minister, baron Van Aretin; the Hanoverian minister, M. Von Matens; the Wertenberg minister, baron Wangensheine; the Danish minister for Holstein and Lauenberg, count Gyben; and the minister of Mecklenburgh, baron Van Plossin.
Recent papers from France state that the king of Prussia is daily expected at Paris, where, it is said, he intends to marry Madamoiselle Dillon, a beautiful girl of 19, whose mother was a creole of Martinique, and was married to count Dillon, the minister of Louis XVIII. in Saxony. By the Prussian laws, a wife thus married is entitled to the dignity of queen, but her issue cannot inherit the crown.
No political intelligence of much interest has come to hand from this quarter since our last.
The imports into St. Petersburg, during the year 1817, amounted to 100,704,113 rubles, and the exports to 106,483,309 rubles.
1704 vessels cleared from St. Petersburg to various parts of the world, of which, to Great Britian 737; to the United States 60; to other parts and places 917; total 1704.
THE IONIAN ISLES.
Gibraltar papers received at Boston, mention, that in pursuance of the peace at Paris, the first legislature of the United States of the Ionian Isles, had been convened and had unanimously agreed upon a constitutional form of government for their republic.The same was to have gone into operation the first day of the current year-public notice had been given at Corfu, that the commercial flag of the country was lodged at a place convenient for the inspection of those concerned, and all vessels belonging to the country were required to conform their flag to this model.
A letter from St. Thomas', dated 26th
IT is said a very large proportion of the veteran claimants of military pensions under the late law of the United States are of Massachusetts. Of 283,137 men, regulars and militia, engaged in the glorious war of independence, 83,162 were furnished by Massachusetts-making nearly three-tenths of the whole army.
A gentleman of Boston has purchased and presented to the University in Cambridge, the very large and valuable library of the late professor Ebeling, of Hamburg. Besides being very full and rich, in other departments, it is said to contain the best collection in the world, of American works, and works relating to America.
An Egyptian Mummy has been recently brought to Boston, taken from the cata
combs of Saccara.
A law passed during the last session of the legislature of this state, granting the right of suffrage to all who pay taxes, and do military duty. By a resolution, during the same session, it is recommended "to
ART. 14. DOMESTIC OCCURRENCES.
the several towns in that state to meet on
the 4th day of July next, to elect as many delegates as they now send representatives, to a convention to be held in the city of Hartford, on the third Wednesday in August, for the purpose of forming a constitution of civil government for that statewhich constitution, when ratified by such a majority of freemen as said convention shall direct, is to become the supreme law of the state."
A Steam-boat Company has been founded at Hartford, on the basis of the privileges held by Zohn L. Sullivan, Esq. of Boston.A handsome boat is to be begun immediately, and will commence running between Seabrook to Hartford, in October. She is to be propelled on the principles lately discovered by Mr. C. A. Busby, of New-York, from which an immense saving in the cost of the engine, and consumption of fuel, will necessarily accrue.
By the annual census of the humane and criminal institutions in the city of New. York, it appears that there are
Leaving balance in treasury of
In the orphan asylum
Alms house, including children out at
Total last year 3249, decrease 228
It must be recollected, however, that the above statement does not give the exact proportion of paupers and convicts for the city, there being very many transient persons and foreigners included in the above number. The proportion of those, dependent upon public charity in the city, is estimated at oneeightieth of the population.
The rice fields in Georgetown District, 268 have been assailed, within the last few 650 weeks, by a new and heretofore unknown enemy-the rats-who have made serious inroads upon this important staple of our country in its infant state. It appears that they have taken up their habitations in the adjacent banks, from whence they sally out at night, and commit the most destructive ravages. No effectual expedient has yet been devised for destroying them; it is said that they are so numerous in some fields, that thirty have been destroyed by a single discharge of a musket.
The comptroller of the city of New-York, reports the accounts of the corporation, for the year ending May 11, 1818, to amount In receipts, to $862,128 77 860,278 43 In expenditures, to
The commissioners of the report for the same period, a vour of the corporation, of
there had been inspected at Petersburg, this
$1,850 34 sinking fund, balance in fa$4,636 45
In 1804 the county of Genesee, then including Niagara, Chataugue and Cattaraugus, gave only 300 votes for governor. This year it has, though much reduced in extent, given more senatorial votes than any other County in this state, exceeding by 500 the votes of Ontario, and by 800 those of the eity of New-York. The number of votes which it gives for members of congress, 4391, is also greater than that of any other county, or of any single congressional district. In 1804, the counties composing the 21st congressional district, gave 1781 votes for governor; this year they gave 6445, and more than 10,000 for members of congress. Again, in 1790, the present counties, Ontario, Steuben, and Genesee, contained only 960 souls, according to Morse: in 1814, the same territory contained a population of 91,986-and at this day it probably exceeds 130,000.
The crops in this state are likely to be much better, in consequence of the continuance of warm weather since it set in, than it was apprehended they would be early in the season.
The stocks of the "Savannah Steam Ship Company" and the "Savannah River Navigation Company," are rapidly subscribed for, and the books closed for a short time, to give the citizens generally a chance to subscribe.
The Nashville papers of the 28th February, says that two large deposits of Gypsum have lately been discovered in Overton county, Tennessee, about 80 miles east of Nashville, and near the Cumberland river. It is supposed that these deposits contain Gypsum enough to supply all America. This county also abounds with stone coal, iron ore, copperas, plastic, clay and salt springs. It is said a company in this county in boring for salt brine, have penetrated more than 100 feet through a dense salt rock.
By order from the navy department, the keel's of two seventy-four gun-ships have been laid at Philadelphia.
A draught horse belonging to Mr. Hesler, of Easton, after having taken a powerful cathartic, voided a stone weighing one pound. The figure of this stone was that of a kidney bean, with a smooth surface, its colour that of a common gray lime stone, which abounds in this neighbourhood. On fracturing it transversely, it was found to contain a crooked piece of iron, probably a horse shoe nail, its centre surrounding this iron nucleus, appeared to be less solid than its circumference, interspersed here and there with particles of straw, oats, hay, &c.
It is stated, under date of may 29, that
The following curious publication in a Louisville paper, will doubtless amuse many of our readers.
North-America, April 10, A. D. 1818. TO ALL THE WORLD!
I declare the earth is hollow, and habi table within, containing a number of solid concentric spheres, one within the other, and that it is open at the poles 12 or 16 degrees; I pledge my life in support of this truth, and I am ready to explore the hollow, if the world will support and aid me in the undertaking.
JNO. CLEEVES SYMMES, Of Ohio, late Captain of Infantry, N. B. I have ready for the press, a treatise on the principles of matter, wherein I show proofs of the above positions, account for various phenomena, and disclose Doctor Darwin's Golden Secret.
My terms are the patronage of this and the new worlds.
I dedicate to my wife and her ten chil dren.