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ness, and all manner of disease, among for so persecuted they the prophets the people.

which were before you. 24 And his fame went throughout all 13 | Ye are the salt of the earth; Syria; and they brought unto him all but if the salt have lost his savour, sick people that were taken with di- wherewith shall it be salted ? It is vers diseases and torments, and those thenceforth good for nothing but to which were possessed with devils, and be cast out, and to be trodden under those which were lunatic, and those foot of men. that had the palsy; and he healed 14 Ye are the light of the world. A them.

city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 25 And there followed him great i5 Neither do men light a candle, multitudes of people from Galilee, and put it under a bushel, but on a and from Decap'olis," and from Jeru- candlestick; and it giveth 'light unto salem, and from Judea, and from be- all that are in the house. yond Jordan.

16 Let your light so shine before men, Questions. By what shall man live ?

that they may see your good works, What is said of Galilee?

and glorify your Father which is in Of Nazareth ?

heaven. Of Capernaum?

17 | Think not that I am come to Describe the river Jordan. What is a synagogue ?

destroy the law or the prophets; I am Remark. The g in Genes'areth is hard.

not come to destroy, but to fulfil.6

18 For verily I say unto you, Till CHAP. V.

heaven and earth pass, one jot or one 3 Who are blessed. 13 The Apostles tittle shall in no wise pass from the

are the salt of the earth, and light of law, till all be fulfilled. the world.

19 Whosoever, therefore, shall break AND seeing the multitudes, he went one of these least commandments,7 up into a mountain; and, when he was and shall teach men so, he shall be set, his disciples came unto him:

called the least in the kingdom of 2 And he opened his- mouth, and heaven; but whosoever shall do and taught them, saying,

teach them, the same shall be called 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit ;for great in the kingdom of heaven. theirs is the kingdom of heaven.3

20 For I say unto you, That except 4 Blessed are they that mourn ;4 for your righteousness shall exceed the they shall be comforted.

righteousness of the scribes and Pha5 Blessed are the meek ;5 for they risees, ye shall in no case enter into shall inherit the earth.

the kingdom of heaven. 6 Blessed are they which do hunger

21 [ Ye have heard that it was said and thirst after righteousness; for by them of old time, Thou shalt not they shall be filled.

kill; and, whosoever shall kill shall be 7 Blessed are the merciful; for they in danger of the judgment.8 shall obtain mercy. 8 Blessed are the pure in heart; for

6 To destroy the law, &c. Our Lord came they shall see God.

not to abolish the moral law, but to fulfil it; 9 Blessed are the peace-makers ; be a Saviour to all who believe in him and

and thereby to glorify himself, that he might for they shall be called the children obey his precepts. He came to redeem man of God.

from sin, ihat is, to enable man to repent and 10 Blessed are they which are per- live well; and thus to inherit eternal life : but secuted for righteousness' sake ; for he did not come to provide any means for our theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

being happy in the world to come without 11 Blessed are ye, when men shall living well in this world.

7 Commandments, the precepts of the moral revile you, and persecute you, and law. shall say all manner of evil against 8 Judgment, &c. To understand verses 21 you falsely, for my sake.

and 22, it may be observed, that the Jews had 12 Rejoice, and be exceeding glad ; two courts ; one common, called the judgment, for great is your reward in heaven; this court on malefactors was strangling of

which consisted of 23 men; the sentence of

beheading; the other was called the council 11 Decapolis, a district of ten cities. or sanhedrin. This was the supreme court

Disciple, a learner, & follower of Jesus of the Jews; it consisted of 72 judges, by Christ.

whom the highest crimes were tried, which 2 Poor in spirit, of a humble, teachable this court, and this alone, punished with stondisposition

ing; this, in their opinion, was a more terrible 3 Kingdom of heaven, the blessings of the death than the former. The phrase hell-fire, Gospel.

at the close of verse 22, is not here supposed They that mourn for their sin.

to refer primarily to the future punishment of Vapk, of a gentle disposition.

the wicked; but to a punishment by death 14 Cometh of evil, from an evil, wicked disThe general meaning of verses 29 and 30, is, position. that we ought immediately to abandon every 15 Shall smite thee, &c. rather bear injuries thing, however dear it may be to us, which and wrongs patiently, than retaliate and repay entices us to gin,

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22 But I say unto you, That whoso-j : 31 It hath been said, Whosoever ever is angry with his brother without shall put away his wife, 'let him give à cause shall be in danger of the judg- her a writing of divorcement : ment; and whosoever shall say to his 32 But I say unto you, That whosobrother, Raca,' shall be in danger of ever shall put away his wife, saving the council; but whosoever shall say, for the cause of fornication, causeth Thou fool,10 shall be in danger of hell- her to commit adultery; and whosofire.

ever shall marry her that is divorced, 23 Therefore, if thou bring thy gift committeth adultery. to the altar, and there rememberest 33 s Again, ye have heard that it that thy brother hath ought against hath been said by them of old time, thee,11

Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but 24. Leave there thy gift before the shalt perform unto the Lord thine altar, and go thy way, first be recon- oaths. ciled to thy brother, and then come 34 But I say unto you, Swear not at and offer thy gift.

all; neither by heaven, for it is God's 25 Agree with thine adversary, quick-throne : ly while thou art in the way with him; 35 Nor by the earth, for it is his lest at any time the adversary deliver footstool; neither by Jerusalem, for it thee to the judge, and the judge deli- is the city of the great king. ver thee to the officer, and thou be cast 36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy into prison.

head; because thou canst not make 26 Verily I say unto thee, Thou one hair white or black : shalt by no means come out' thence 37 But let your communication be, till thou hast paid the uttermost far- Yea, yea; Nay, nay;13 for whatsothing.

ever is more than these, cometh of 27 [ Ye have heard that it was said evil.14 by them of old time, Thou shalt not 38 | Ye have heard that it hath commit adultery :

been said, An eye for an eye, and a 28 But I say unto you, That who- tooth for a tooth. soever looketh on a woman to lust af- 39 But I say unto you, That ye reter her, hath committed adultery with sist not evil; but whosoever shall smite her already in his heart.

thee on thy right cheek,15 turn to him 29 And if thy right eye offend thee,12 the other also. pluck it out, and cast it from thee; for 40 And if any man will sue thee at it is profitable for thee that one of thy the law, and take away thy coat, let members should perish, and not that him have thy cloak also. thy whole body should be cast into 41 And whosoever shall compel theo heil.

to go a mile, go with him twais. 30 And if thy right hand offend thee, 42 Give to him that asketh thee; cut it off, and cast it from thee ; for it and from him that would borrow of is profitable for thee that one of thy thee turn not thou away. members should perish, and not that 43 | Ye have heard that it hath

thy whole body should be cast into been said, Thou shalt love thy neighhell.

bour, and hate thine enemy : still more awful than the other two, i. e. being enemies, bless them that curse you, do

44' But I say unto you, Love your burnt alive in the valley of Hinnom. This valley of Hinnom, or Tophet, is where Mo- good to them that hate you, and pray loch, the principal idol of the Ammonites was for them which despitefully use you, placed, in whose cruol worship children were and persecute you : burnt in sacrifice. Josiah destroyed this in

45 That ye may be the children of human worship, or as it is said, 2 Kings xxiii. 10, he defiled Tophet, &c.; this he did by your Father which is in heaven; for making it a receptacle for the filth of the city, he maketh his sun to rise on the evil to consume which, fires were kept continually and on the good, and sendeth rain on burning. Hence it is a fit emblein to represent the just and on the injust. that future punishment of the wicked, men- 46 For if ye love them which love tioned in Mark ix. 43, &c.

9 Raca. A silly, foolish fellow. 10 Fool. An impious, profane person., 13 Vea, yea ; Nay, nay. Let your words 11 Ought against thce, reason of complaint. express simply the truth, without deception,

12 Offend thee, be the occasion of thy sin- without profane oaths, and without idle forms ning. The word offend in this case means to of assertion. cause to offend.

them with revenge.


you, what reward have ye? do not even(ye; Our Father which art in heaven; the publicans16 the same ?

Hallowed be thy name. 47 And if ye 'salute your brethren 10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will only, what do ye more than others ? be done in earth, as it is in heaven: do not even the publicans so ?

11 Give us this day our daily bread, 48 Be_ye, therefore, perfect, even 12 And forgive us our debts, as we as your Father which is in heaven is forgive our debtors. perfect.

13 And lead us not into temptation; Questions. Who are blessed ?

but deliver us from evil ; For thine is What is meant by the poor in spirit ? the kingdom, and the power, and the Those who mourn ?

glory, for ever. Amen. The meek?

14' For if ye forgive men their Repeat the note on verse 17.

trespasses, your heavenly Father will What is said of verses 21 and 22?

also forgive you: What is the meaning of Raca? What is the meaning of offend in v. 29 ?

15 But if ye forgive not men their Is it right to hate, or desire to injure our trespasses, neither will your Father enemies?

forgive your trespasses.

16 [ Moreover, when ye fast, be CHAP. VI.

not, as the hypocrites, of a sad coun1 Of alms, 5 prayer, 14 forgiveness. tenance; for they disfigure their faces, 15 Our treasure. 24 God and mam- that they may appear unto men to

fast. Verily I say unto you, They TAKE heed that ye do not your have their reward. almsl before men, to be seen of them; 17 But thou, when thou fastest, otherwise ye have no reward of your anoint thine head, and wash thy face; Father which is in heaven.

18 That thou appear not unto men Therefore, when thou doest thine to fast, but unto thy Father which is alms, do not sound a trumpet. before in secret; and thy Father, which seeth thee, as the hypocrites do in the syna- in secret, shall reward thee openly. gogues, and in the streets, that they 19 | Lay not up for yourselves may have glory of men. . Verily I say treasures upon earth, where moth and unto you, They have their reward.? rust doth corrupt, and where thieves

3 But when thou doest alms, let not break through and steal : thy left hand know what thy right 20 But lay up for yourselves treahand doeth;

sures in heaven, where neither moth 4 That thine almis may be in secret; nor rust doth corrupt, and where and thy Father, which seeth in secret, thieves do not break through nor himself shall reward thee openly. steal.

5 And when thou prayest, thou 21 For where your treasure is, there shalt not be as the hypocrites are; for will your heart be also. they love to pray standing in the syna- 22° 1 The light of the body is the gogues, and in the corners of the eye; if, therefore, thine eye be single, streets, that they may be seen of men. thy whole body shall be full of light. Verily I say unto you, They have 23 But if thine eye be evil, thy their reward.

whole body shall be full of darkness. But thou, when thou prayest, en- If, therefore, the light that is in thee ter into thy closet; and, when thou be darkness, how great is that darkhast shut thy door, pray to thy Father ness! which is in secret; and thy Father, 24 11 No man can serve two masters; which seeth in secret, shall reward for either he will hate the one, and thee openly.

love the other; or else he will hold to 7 But when ye pray, use not vain the one, and despise the other. Ye repetitions, as the heathen do ; for cannot serve God and mammon.3 they think that they shalt be heard for 25 Therefore I say unto you, Take their much speaking.

no thought4 for your life, what ye shall & Be not ye, therefore, like unto eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet them; for your father knoweth what for your body, what ye shall put on. things ye llave need of before ye ask is not the lifé more than meat, and him.

the body than raiment? 9 After this manner, therefore pray 26 Behold the fowls of the air; for

they sow not, neither do they reap, 16 Publicans, Tioman tax-gatherers, who nor gather into barns; yet your heawere noted for their oppression and injustice. 1 Alms, your acts of charity.

3 Mammon, earthly treasures. 2 Their reward ; the applause of men, but 4. Take no thought. The meaning of the the displeasure of God.

original is-Be not an.cious.

rend you:

venly Father feedeth them. Are ye beam out of thine own eye ; and then not much better than they?

shalt thou see clearly to cast out the 27 Which of you, by taking thought, mote out of thy brother's eye. can add one cubit unto his stature? 6 Give not that which is holy unto

28 And why take ye thought for the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls raiment? Consider the lilies of the before swine, lest they trample them field, how they grow; they toil not, under their féet, and turn again and neither do they spin;

29 And yet I say unto you, That 7. Ask, and it shall be given you; even Solomon, in all his glory, was seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it not arrayed like one of these.

shall be opened unto you: 30 Wherefore, if God so clothe the 3 For every one that asketh, regrass of the field, which to-day is and ceiveth; and he that seeketh, findeth; to-morrow is cast into the oven, shall and to him that knocketh, it shall be he not much more clothe you, Oye of opened. little faith?

9 Or what man is there of you, 31 Therefore take no thought, say- whom, if his son ask bread, wil he ing, What shall we eat? or, What give him a stone ? shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall 10 Or if he ask a fish, will he give we be clothed ?

him a serpent ? 32 (For after all these things do the 11 If ye, then, being evil, know how Gentiles seek ;) for your heavenly to give good gifts unto your children, Father knoweth that ye have need of how much more shall your Father all these things.

which is in heaven give good things to 33 But seek ye first the kingdom of them that ask him? God, and his righteousness; and all 12 Therefore all things whatsoever these things shall be added unto you. ye would that men should do to you,

34 Take, therefore, no thoughts for do ye even so to them; for this is the the morrow ; for the morrow shall law and the prophets. take thought for the things of itself. 13 1 Enter ye in at the strait gate; Sufficient unto the day is the evil for wide is the gate, and broad is the thereof.

way, that leadeth to destruction, and

many there be which go in thereat: Questions. What instructions did our Lord 14 Because straitz is the gate, and give respecting praying!

narrow is the way, which leadeth unto Where should we lay up treasures ?. What should we seek first?

life, and few there be that find it.

15 5 Beware of false prophets, which

come to you in sheep's clothing, but CHAP. VII.

inwardly they are ravening wolves. 1 Jesus, ending his sermon on the 16 Yë shall know them by their mount, reprodeth rash judgment, 6 fruits. Do men gather grapes of forbiddeth to cast holy things to dogs, thorns, or figs of thistles ? 7 exhorteth to prayer, 13 to enter in 17 Even so every good tree bringeth at the straight gate, 15 to beware of forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree false prophets, 21 and not to be hear- bringeth forth evil fruit. ers only, but doers of the word.

18 A good tree cannot bring forth JUDGE not, that ye be not judged. evil fruit; neither can a corrupt tree 2 For with what judgment ye judge,bring forth good fruit. ye shall be judged ; and with what 19 Every tree that bringeth not forth measure ye mete, it shall be measured good fruit is hewn down, and cast into to you again.

the fire. 3 And why beholdest thou the mote

320 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall that is in thy brother's eye, but con- know them. siderest not the beam that is in thine 21 | Not every one that saith unto own eye?

4. Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of and religious duties before profane persons,

2 Give not, &c. Perform not your pious thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in lest they deride you, and make sport of relithine own eye?

gion to its injury. 5 Thou hypocrite, first cast out the

This verse is translated according to the Greek construction. The true meaning is bet

tėr expressed thus : Give not that which is 5 See note 4th.

holy unto the dogs, lest they turn and rend 6 Is the evil thereof, are its own cares and you; neither cast ye your pearls before swine, troubles, 1 Mete. Measure or give.

lest they trample them under their feet.
3 Strait, close, narrow.

me, Lord,4 Lord, shall enter into the 3 And Jesus put forth his hand, and kingdom of heaven; but he that do- touched him, saying, I will ; be thou eth the will of my Father which is in clean, And immediately his leprosy heaven.

was cleansed. 22 Many will say to me in that day, 4 And Jesus saith unto him, See Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied thou tell no man; but go thy, way, in thy name? and in thy name have shew thyself to the priest, and offer cast out devils? and in thy name done the gift that Moses commanded, for a many wonderful works?

testimony unto them. 23 And then will I professunto 5 . And when Jesus was entered them, I never knew you ;8 depart from into Caper'naum, there came unto me, ye that work iniquity.

him a centurion, beseeching him, 24 s Therefore, whosoever heareth 6. And saying, Lord, my, servant these sayings of mine, and doeth them, lieth at home sick of the palsy, grieI will liker him unto a wise man, vously tormented. which built his house upon a rock : 7 And Jesus saith unto him, I will

25 And the rain descended, and the come and heal him. floods came, and the winds blew, and 8 The centurion answered, and said, beat upon that house ; and it fell not ; Lord, I am not worthy that thou for it was founded upon a rock. shouldest come under my roof; but 26 And every one that heareth these speak

the word only, and my servant sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be healed. shall be likened unto a foolish man, 9 For I am a man under authority, which built his house upon the sand: having soldiers under me; and I say

27 And the rain descended, and the to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to foods came, and the winds blew, and another, Come, and he cometh; and beat upon that house; and it fell; and to my sérvant, Do this, and he doeth great was the fall of it.

it.3 28 | And it came to pass, when 10 When Jesus heard it, he marvelJesus had ended these sayings, the led, and said to them that followed, people were astonished at his doc- Verily I say unto you, I have not trine;

found so great faith, no, not in Israel. 29 For he taught them as one hav- 11 And I say unto you, That many ing authority, and not as the scribes. shall come from the east and west,

Questions. What caution is given against and shall sit down with Abraham, and judging our neighbour

Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of What encouragement is given that we may heaven: become virtuous and happy by employing such 12 But the children of the kingdom meáns as are afforded us?

shall be cast out into outer darkness; What is tlie golden rule ? Who will be adınitted lixo the kingdom of

there shall be weeping and gnashing

of teeth. CHAP. VIII.

13 And Jesus said unto the centu2 Jesus cleanseth the leper, 5 healeth rion, Go thy way; and as thou hast bethe centurion's scrtani, 14 Peter's his servant was healed in the self

lieved, so be it done unto thee. And mother-in-law, 16 and many other discased; 18 shcuocth how he is to be

same hour. followe:1 ; 23 stilleth the tempest or into Peter's house, he saw his wife's

14 | And when Jesus was come the sea; 28 driveth the devils out of mother laid, and sick of a fever. the two mon possessed, 31 anil suffereth them to go into the swine.

15 And he touched her hand, and WHEN he came down from the the lever left her; and she arose and mountain, great multitudes followed ministeredó unto them. him. 2 And, behold, there came a leper,

1 For a testimony unto them, that the cure and worshipped him, saying, Lord, it is really performed.

2 Centurion, a Roman officer, who comthou wilt, thou canst make me clean. manded a hundred men..

3 As the centurion had power to control 4. Not cvery one, &c. that calls himself a those who were under him, so he doubted not Christian shall be admitted to the joys of hoa-that our Lord could control even the evil ven; but he only, who vieles a sincere and spirits which caused diseases. cheerful obedience to the will of Go:i.

4 Children of the kingdom, the Jews, who 5 Here kingdom of heaven

signifies the en- had hitherto been the favoured people of God; joyment of God in another life.

but now for their obstinacy, unbelief, and re6 Never knew you, never acknowledged and jection of the Saviour, they themselves were approved as mine such negligent and slothful about to be rejected.

See v. 8 and Il.

v. 12,


5 Ministered, waited upon or served.


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