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imaginary forms will appear in a more pleasant garb, and excite pleasure rather than disgust. The malady proceeds from an insane affection of the nerves, caused by fevers and other diseases; whereby that system, in the construction of the brain, producing or governing the imagination,is irregularly affected: a course of medicine, promoting the purity of the blood, and strengthening the nerves, seems to be the most rational mode of treatment.


Phantasmania. This class of insanity much resembles the fast; except, as the other affeced principally the visual organs of sensation, this affects principally the tactic. The patient imagines himself a different being from what he is, and in a station which does not appertain to him; as a ki, a cobler, &c.-even a different specie as a dog, a cat, a goose or a tree. This malady also proceeds from an irregular action of the nerves, and requires nourishment and care.

Mentalmania is a frenzy arising from a fever, or some other disease, and generally terminates with the complaint which gave rise to it. is, however, sometimes continued. Gentle


treatment, cooling and strengthening regimen, seem to be proper methods in this case.


Philomania proceeds from a too ardent affection of love; which affects, in some degree, not only the organs of imagination, but the whole nervous system; producing nervous fevers, weakness of the stomach, and sometimes death. The best treatment, in this case, seems to be change of place, air, and circumstances, and keeping the mind engaged on pleasant and entertaining subjects.

Zoophamania proceeds from animal venom received into the blood; whereby the nerves become corroded, and the organs of sensation deranged. As these venoms are in their composition different, so their effects on the mind

are various. Some can be cured, others not.


Pyromania is such a derangement of the organs of sensation, that the patient imagines he sees every object on fire; and is in constant dread of being burnt to death. class of insanity is caused from an irregular affection of the nerves, brought on by fevers, or other maladies; whereby the optic organs of sensation become so far affected as to be in the same state as when they receive the idea from the presence of fire. Strengthening aliments and medicines, applied to fevers, seem to be the proper treatment.

Melancholy proceeds from a low and weak state of the nerves, especially those forming the construction of the brain, the organs of which are incapable of performing their proper functions. This case of insanity frequently proceeds from fevers, from too intense thought, grief, and ill treatment. Gentle usage, pleasant objects, entertaining conversation, and nourishing aliments, are proper methods of



Hilarmania proceeds from a too great activity of the nerves, whereby the mind attains a antagonist. greater energy than in a state of perfect health. It is sometimes irregular, but the imagination

strong. In general, however, the mental opera- not as formerly to the whole army, but

tions are perfectly regular, and the mind is of great energy. Nourishing aliments, and medieines adapted to the disease, are the best treatment. This class generally accompanies con

valescence from a fit of illness.

to Dallas, whose name became speeding known to them: and whenever his duty admitted, and his favourite horse was sufficiently fresh, the invitations were accepted, until the Mysoreans became weary of repetition. With a single exception, the result was uniform. On that one occasion the combatants, after several rounds, feeling a respect for eachs other, made a significant pause, mutually saluted and retired.

Onanimania proceeds from onanism; whereby the nerves become deprived of their sufficient quantity of caloric, and of the solids of their construction; are rendered weak, and

those of the brain incapable of performing their regular functions. Nourishing and strengthening dict, gentle exercise, full employment of the mind, medicines inimical to the cause, and preventives of the practice, appear to be the best methods of treatment.

Idiotism. This case principally proceeds from a malformation of the nervous system forming the construction of the brain from the birth: though, sometimes, idiotism proceeds from fevers and other diseases, which destroy the functions of mental construction. Wounds and contusions on the head, obstructions of the blood and fluids necessary to the nourishment of the brain, will frequently occasion idiotism. In old age, when the nerves become rigid, and the necessary caloric and galvanic principles are so far reduced that the necessary functions cannot be performed, idiotism frequently ensues. Few of these cases admit of cure; though they sometimes will yield to medicine and proper treatment.

From La Belle Assemblee, May, 1818. ANECDOTE OF A YOUNG CAVALRY OF


There was in Sir Eyre Coote's body guard in India, a young cavalry officer distinguished for military address; on ordinary service always forex to the verge of prudence, but never. of physical strength, selo

nd it ;


on foot, a figure for a sculptor when mounted


"He grew into his seat,
And to such wonderous doings brought his horse
As he had been incorpsed and demi-natured
With the brave beast."

In common with the rest of the army this officer had smiled at the recital of the Mysore officers' absurd challenges: but while reconnoitring on the flank of the column of march, one of them was personally addressed to himself by a horseman, who, from dress and appearance, seemed to be of some distinction. He accepted the invitation, and the requisite precautions were immediately acceded They fought; and he slew his After this incident the challenges were frequently addressed.


Varieties.-Bellamy's Bible.

A girl forced by her parents into a disagreeable match with an old man whom she detested, when the clergyman came to that part of the service where the bride is asked if she consents to take the bridegroom for her husband, said, with great simplicity, "Oh dear no, Sir; but you are the first person who has asked my opinion about the matter."


From the Monthly Magazine, May 1818.


1 Now it was, when man begun to multiply on the face of the ground and daughters were born to them. 2 When the children of the god admired the daughters of men, because fair: then they took for them women, from all which they chose.

and also after that time, when the sons of God eme 4 The apostates were on the earth in those days; to the daughters of Adam; who bare to them: these

were the mighty, yea of old, men of name.

"The Holy Bible, newly translated from the original Hebrew, with notes, critical and explanatory; by JOHN BELLAMY; Part I." containing the book of Genesis, is, unquestionably, an extraordinary production. Mr. Bellamy has brought to his task considerable learning and industry, and has, in some instances thrown much light upon the meaning of passages hitherto obscure or unintelligible, which, in our present translation has at least some meaning although we are not prepared to say the true one; but it is incumbent upon a new translator to be more correct and luminous than the work which his new translation is designed to supersede; or his labor must be in a great degree, useless. To enable our readers to form some opinion of this very extraordinary production, we shall subjoin some of the passages which Mr.Bellamy has rendered differently from the authorised translation ; in some instances happily, but in others less so.

5 Now Jehovah beheld the great wickedness of man heart, only of evil, ail the day. on earth; for he had formed every imagination of his

6 Yet Jehovah was satisfied that he had made the man on the earth: notwithstanding he idolized himself, at his heart.

7 Then Jehovah said, I will destroy the man whom

have created from the face of the ground: even man with beast, and reptile, also with the bird of the hear


en: yet I am that I made them.

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17 But from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil; thou shalt not eat thereof: for on the day thou eatest thereof, dying, thou shalt die.

21 Now Jehovah God caused an inactive state to fall upon the man, and he slept: then he brought one to his side; whose flesh he had enclosed in her place.

22 Thus Jehovah God built the substance of the

other, which he took for the man, even a woman;

and he brought her to the man.

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8 Moreover they heard the voice of Jehovah God, going forth in the garden, in the spirit that day: when the man covered himseif, with his wife, from the pres ence of Jehovah God, in the midst of the trees of the garden.

and I feared, because I was imprudent: I therefore 10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden; retired.

11 Then he said, Who declared to thee that thos

wast imprudent? because of the tree, of which I com manded thee not to eat of the same, thou hast eaten. ply thy sorrow with thy pregnancy; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children: yet thy desire shall be to thy husband; and he shall rule over thee.

16 To the woman he said, I multi

17 But to Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife; for thou hast eaten from the tree of which I commanded thee saying; Thou shalt not eat of the same; cursed is the ground by thy transgression; in sorrow thou shalt est git, all the days of thy life

24 So he expeiled than: then he tabernacled at the east of the garden of Eden, with the cherulam, and with the burning flame, which turned itself to

continue the way of the tree of life.



7 Nevertheless the eyes of them both had been opened; thus they understood; but they were subtil: for they had interwoven the foliage of the fig-tree; and had made for themselves enclosures

23 Moreover Lamech said to his wives, Adab and

Zillah hear my voice; wives of Lamech, regard my declaration: if I had slain a man for injuring me;

even a child of my progenitor;

24 If Cain shall be punished seven fold: truly La mech seventy and seven-fold.

11 But the earth was corrupt before the presence of God; yea injustice filled the earth.

12 Now God looked on the earth, and behold it was

depraved; because all flesh had caused the corruption

way on the earth.

13 Then God said to Noah, The end of all flesh i come in my presence; for injustice filleth the earth before their face: now I will cause them to be dés

troyed on the earth.


21 And Jehovah accepted the incense of rest; moreover Jehovah said in his heart, I will neither consume, nor curse again the ground, for the transgression of man: though the imagination of the heart of man be evil from his youth: no, I will neither consume, ner smite again all living, as I have done.


21 Then he drank of the wine, and he was satis fied: for he himself opened the inmost part of the tabernacle.

22 Where Ham, the father of Canaan, exposed the symbols of his father; which he declared to his twe brethren without.

23 But Shem with Japhet had taken the vestment, which both of them set up for a portion: thus they afterwards went, and concealed the symbols of theat father: with their faces backward; but the symbols of their father they saw not. -Altho' we cannot hold out the most

distant hope that Mr. Bellamy's will supersede the present authorised transla tion, we are still of opinion that the

23 And the man said; Thus this time, bone after

my bone: also flesh, after my flesh: for this he will call woman; because she was received by the man. 25 Now they were both of them prudent; the man

and his wife: for they had not shamed themselves. critical labours of this gentleman are

entitled to much attention, and that they will raise him to a high rank among the bibliopolists of the age.

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From the Literary Gazette.


RISE, rise, thou fair star! from thy home Undeviating bends in cohou


As if wish'd that man should see
It hated notoriety!

And enlighten the path of the gentle and brave;
From the mountain's wild summit, and heath-
cover'd fell,

Ne'er did it try its bounds to pass,
Ne'er wander'd o'er a foreign grass,
Still faithful to thy native nook,

Oh, rise! and each phantom, each danger

Thy stream hath ever flow'd, sweet brook.


Oh, rise! the return of the Heroes to hail;
For hark! the glad summons is borne on the

The pibroch's loud triumph sounds sweet from
And the bugle's clear echo's return'd by the



As soft o'er the mountain are pour'd thy pure
Gay waves the lov'd tartan, the light plumage
Oh! await not their march, down the wild
rocky dell,

Ere the eye of true love on its lov'd one may


Oh! Star of the North!--where thy bright beams are spread,

Thy Chieftains thy sons to the battle have led: But ne'er did thy rays shew the field of their shame,

For bright and anfading, like thee, glows their
Dunchurch, April 1.

From the London Literary Gazette.

O e'e,

H! turn again that bonny brow,

An' smile thou dew-ripe rosy mou',
An' cheer the heart sae true to thee!


Lang shall that smile's saft dimply play,
That tender gleam o' tearful light,
Cheer the hot march in sultry day,

Or 'guile the watch in wintry night
Tho' far the faithful soldier roam,

And mickle pain, and hardship dree;
His inmost soul shall live---their home,
His heart of hearts, their mirror be.
Dunchurch, Ap. 1.

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And on its margin oft will rove,
Warbling her sweetest notes of love !---
The streamlet, constant to its source,


From the European Magazine.

[By the Author of Legends of Lampidosa, Lawyer's Port-Folio, &c.]

ID fairies on

D Unseen in cobweb chariots sail,
Or in the velvet rose-bud dwell,
Or feast beneath the cowslip's bell,
My prayer should be from gem to gem
To glide invisible like them:
Or wing'd like summer's painted fly,
To skim o'er vales and mountains high;
Then safe on cluster'd roses rest,
A brief, but gay and welcome guest!
The royal insect heard, and said,
Couch'd on a tulip's dappled bed,
" Vain suppliant !-asks thy feeble pride
These wings in gold and azure dyed,
These diamond eyes, this feathery crown,
This vesture fring'd with shining down ?
Ab!---rather let thy fate be blest
For pomp and beauty unpossest!
Hadst thou this crest of downy gold,
This spangled wing's enamell'd fold,
Like mine, thy transient joy had been
To grace one brief and busy scene;
To rove from fading flow'r to flow'r,
The gaudy empress of an hour;
One winter-day's relentless storm
Had crush'd to dust thy tender form,
Or tyrant hands in wanton strife
Had wreck'd thy liberty and life.
Such is the FLUTTERER's doom !---art thou
Less blest, less free, than I am now ?
Thy doom is in a downy cell
Amidst thy honied store to dwell,
Or on the calm and healthful breeze
Of life's mild noon to float at ease:
Unenvied and unchain'd to stray
O'er ev'ry flow'r in Pleasure's way.
For thee her purest dew distills,
Her rosy hand thy banquet fills,
And Faucy's pinions, soft and bright,
May far as mine exalt thy flight:
But if a guardian sylphid's aid
Can raise to bliss a peevish maid,
Behold my power!"---then back he threw
His filmy wings of rainbow hue,
And stood reveal'd in form and grace,
The Monarch of the elfin race.
"Now ask what woman's whim requires,
Ere Ariel's transient pow'r expires !
Does purple pomp enchant your eyes?
A witless peer shall be your prize,
A chariot and three pair of bays,
A gold-fring'd chair for gala-days.
If rural joys your fancy charm,
Your lot shall be a lowland farm

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"Ariel!---a modest supplant know--Thy bounty may a boon bestow : She only asks of pow'r divine A cap invisible like thine; A magic cap, to hide the wearer From critick, 'quisitor, or starer, When freckles rise, or dimples fail, Or when the fading cheek is pale, Or stubborn curls refuse to twine, Or hollow eyes no longer shine."

The sylph replied---" My magic treasure, My cap, invisible at pleasure, No mortal wears---but mortal skill May make thy faults invisible: The power my magic can supply Good-nature lends to Friendship's eye. When Friendship's precious veil is near, Thy graceless curls shall disappear, Thy cheek shall bloom, thy freckles fade, And thy best dimples be display'd: No faults of form or face are seen, When Candour lends her crystal screen--Go!--seek Enchantment's aid no more, For hark!---a friend is at the door!"

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All is silent around save the dash of the oar,
And the echoes at intervals wafted from shore;
Save the note of the sea-birds as onwards they


And the pebbles that whisper when touch'd by the tide.

Above us the sails almost motionless lie,
So faint is the summer-breeze murmuring by ;
The billows,disturb'd by our boat,gently move,
Like the soft waving down on the breast of a


From" Epistles from Bath," by Q in the Corner.

H woman! by nature ordain'd to bestow Evry joy that enlivens us pilgrims below; Through life ever hovering near to assuage The ills that assail us from boyhood to age: In every affliction man's surest relief,--In sickness his nurse, and his solace in grief; When his spirit is clouded by error and shame, Her tenderness still may the truant reclaim: And he whom no threats and no terrors could

move. Will bow to the milder dominion of Love.

In the realms of the gay we behold her ad

Where the rays of the sun are reflected most bright,

The vessels seem launch'd on an ocean of light;
While some on the distant horizon appear,
Like meteors illumined and floating in air.
When we gaze on the waters how little we

Of the floods that unfathom'd are frowning be-

Or who that now looks on this glittering form,
Would dream of its terrors in whirlwind or


How many, encouraging visions of bliss,
Have embark'd when the day seem'd as tran-
quil as this,

And thought not of storms or of dangers to


All lightness and loveliness joining the dance; But the revellers gone, in seclusion she moves, Regardless of all save the one that she loves. Enchantress! adorn'd with attractions like these,

In mind and in person created to please ;
Oh! why will you sully the charms you possess,
Jnstructing mankind how to worship you less?
Thus perfect by nature, can fashion impart
One additional charm with the finger of Art?
No,fruitless the search for fresh beauties
must be,
While all that is beautiful centres in thee."


Though they lurk'd in the breeze that seem'd wafting them home!

From the Literary Panorama, May, 1818.


From Rhododaphne, or the Thessalian Spell. There is considerable grace and beauty in the following reflections on the decay of that "creed sublime" which invested all the forms of external nature with attributes of the mind:


From the same.

HE ocean is calm, and the winds are

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THE asleep,

There is not a wave on the face of the deep, And the water all gilded with sun-beams appears

Like the dimples of infancy smiling thro' tears;

Y living streams, in sylvan shades,



Sweet melody, the youths and maids
No more with choral music wake
Lone Echo from her tangled brake,
On Pan, or Sylvan Genius, calling,
Naiad or Nymph, in suppliant song;
No more by living fountain, falling
The poplar's circling bower among,
Where pious hands have carved of yore

Rude bason for its lucid store
And reared the grassy altar nigh,
The traveller, when the sun rides high,
For cool refreshment lingering there,
Pours to the Sister Nymphs his prayer.
Yet still the green vales smile: the springs
Gush forth in light: the forest weaves
Its own wild bowers; the breeze's wings
Make music in their rustling leaves;
But 'tis no spirit's breath that sighs
Among their tangled canopies :
In ocean's caves no Neriad dwells;
No Oread walks the mountain-dells:
The streams no sedge-crowned Genii roll
From bounteous urn: great Pan is dead:
The life, the intellectual coul

Of vale, and grove, and stream, has fled
For ever with the creed sublime
That nursed the Muse of earlier time.”

See Ath. vol. 3. p. 176.

NO. 10.]



Published semi-monthly, by Munroe and Francis.

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BOSTON, AUGUST 15, 1818.



Extracted from the Eclectic Review, April 1818.



THIS work warrants us to congratu- renewed vigour of the one element, and late the adventurers that the novelty the never-to-be-subdued firmness of the of their track was exceedingly far from other; this is a combination which, for being its only recommendation. The power of impression on a contemplative series of natural scenery through which mind, defies all rivalry of any inland it led them, presented incomparably a succession of natural scenery, in the greater number of striking aspects than island. There are to be added to the they could have beheld in the same picture the monuments and vestiges of length of course in any other direction on departed generations, in the ruins of British ground. They had a prodigious castles, frowning on the verge of the advantage in constantly beholding the cliffs, or the relics of ecclesiastical or watery element in its magnitude, and sepulchral structures in some of the now without their being, as in the case of solitary recesses; with a reinforcement, persons far out at sea, put by that mag- in some instances, of the impression of nitude out of sight of every thing else, such spectacles, by tragical memorials, but the sky. This element they con- related, or even presented to the eye, of templated in its tranquillity, and in its the fate of mariners cast away on the endless diversities of action in its assault rocks of the shore. The travellers conon the land.. Indeed, the whole line of fess, too, that on some occasions, they their journey might be regarded as the had the benefit and luxury of an aggrascene of interminable battle between vation of such impressions, by a certain the flood and the stable and defying degree of the sense of personal danger. element; the effects, however, on which element, in the warfare of so many ages, are presented in a front of ruin, but sublime in that ruin. Fallen in the track, distinguished by the most masses of rocks, thrown in the wildest romantic wildness of nature, and the disorder, stupendous craggy precipices, one spot exhibiting the most forlorn view dark caverns, deep chasms cut into the of the condition of the people, we could land, at the less invulnerable points, a not, perhaps, do better than refer to the solemn air of desolation over the whole, descriptions of Boscastle harbour, and and an aspect of fated, relentless, eternal the village of Bossiney, two places within persistence in the conflict, by the ever- an hour's walk of each other. Of the

If we were to look back along the whole line of the amphibious expedition, for the purpose of naming the one spot

2Y ATHENEUM. Vol. 3.

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