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proached, to be sure, by Virgil in the Aneid, where lie tells us in the first line that he sings of arms and the man, meaning Aneas; and by llomer, who an: nounces his subject as divine wrath in connection with the son of l'elens. : Ruskin (Preterita) tells us that he owes whatever excellence of style he possesses to his familiarity with the Bible. lle gives a list of passages which were as. signed to him by his mother for memorizing: Exod. 15 and 20; 2 Sam. 1. 17-27; 1 Kings 8; Psa. 233, 32, 90, 91, 10:3, 112, 119, 139; Prov. 2, 3, 8, 12?; Isa. 558; Matt. 5, 6, 7; Acts 20; 1 Cor. 13 and 15; James 4; Rer. 5 and 6. Tributes to the beauty of the literary style of the Bible have been written by many of our masters of English. George Saintsbury tells us that he regards the sixth and seventh verses of the cighth chapter of the Song of Solomon as the best example known of ab. solutely perfect English prose:

Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love is strong as death ; jealousy is cruel is the grave: the coals thereof are coals of fire, which hath a most vehement Mame.

Many waters cannot quench love, neither can the Noods drown it: if a man would give all the substance of his house for love, it would utterly be contemned.

Many writers have undertaken to compare the style of the Bible with that of other pieces of literature which were contemporaneous with it. Chateaubriand, for ex: ample, compares the sixteenthı verse of the first chapter of the book of Ruth with a supposed rendering by Homer. While we may not be ready to concede that Chateaubriand has quite done justice to Homer, it is evident that the biblical narrative does not suffer by comparison. The reader should make a study of the passages in the Bible quoted in this book and other striking passages with reference to their literary char. acteristics. In another part of the book is given a list of passages which have been selected for their literary charm. Especial attention is directed to the story of the good Samaritan, which is printed in the chapter on “Short Stories in the Bible."

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CHAPTER XXIII

FIGURES OF SPEECH IN THE BIBLE

BELONGING to Oriental literature, the Bible would naturally contain many figures of speech. A remarkably complete collection has been made by Dr. E. W'. Bullinger (London, Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1898). few representative illustrations are given here: 1. A posiopesis.

Exod. 32. 32: Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin-; and, if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written (compare Saint Paul).

( Virgil, Book 1, line 135: Quos ego--- ! sed motos praestat componere fluctus.

Dante, Canto IX, 8: l'ure, a noi converra vincer. la punga, comincio ci, se non--Tal ne s'offerse.

llowever, it will be proper for us to win the bat. tle, began he. If not-such a one has offered herself

to us. ] Other illustrations will be found in 1 Chron. 4. 10; Dan. 3. 15; Judg. 5. 29-31; Luke 19. 42; John 6. 61-62. 2. Eliipsis.

1 Cor. 10. 24. Let no man seek his own, but every man another's (wealth). 3. The use of "and."

a. “Aud" omitted :
Judg. 7. 27: At her feet he bowed, he fell, he
lay down: at her feet hie bowed, he fell: where he
bowed, there he roll down dead.
6. “Aud" repeated :

1 Sam. 17. :34, 35: Thy servant kept his father's sherp, and there came a lion, and a bear, anol took it lamb out of the Ilock: anrl I went out after him, and smotr him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I canght him by his beard, and smote hini, and slew him.

4. Belittling.

1 Sam. 24. 14: After whom is the king of Israel come out? After whom dost thou..pursue? After a dead dog, after a flea ? See also Gen. 18. 27;. Num. 13, 33; Isa. 22. (); Isa. 10. 10).

6. Sentence Similarity.
a. Beginning I'sa. 115. 12-13:

Ile will bless 08;
Ile will bless the house of Israel;
Ile will bless Ure horise Op Aaron.
Ile will bless than that fear the Lord.

Other illustrations may be found in Jer. 8. 1 and Ilos. 3. 4. b. Ending:

The best illustration of this figure is in l'sal. 1:36, where eachi verse ends with "Ilis mercy en. dureth forever." c. Both beginning and euding:

Judg. 11. 1: Now Jephthali the (iileadite was a mighty man of valor, and hoe was the son of an harlot, and Gilead begat Jephthal.

l'sa. 27. 14: Wait on the Lord; be of good courage, and he shall strengthen thine heart,

wait (1 say) on the Lord. 2 Sam. 9. 12; Neh.
11. 21; Luke 12. j.
d. Ending of one sentence and beginning of the

next:
Gen. 1. 1.2: In the beginning God created the
heaven and the earth. And the earth was with-
out form and void. Exod. 12. 4, J; Nim. 3:2, 3, 4;

2 Sam. 9. 12, 13; Psa. 121, 1, 2; Isa. 122. 2, 3. 6. Climar.

John 1. 1.2: In the beginning was the Word : and the Word was with God: and the Word was God. Rom. 8. 29-30; Rom. 10. 11-1.7; 2 Pet. 1. 37; Isa. 10. 31 (Is this climax or anti-climax?).

Many other peculiarities of sentence construction may be found by the student. 7. Variety of Inflections.

2 Kings 21. 13: And I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a disli, wiping it and turning it upside down. John 17. 20; 2 Cor. 1. 10.

8. Inversion.

Exod. 9. 31: And the flas and the barley. was smitten, for the barley was in the ear, and the flax

was bolled. Isa. 6. 10; 3 John 11. 9. Synonym 8.

Zeph. 1. 15: That day is a day of wrathi, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness. Matt. 12.30; Eph.

1. 20, 21. 10. Parallelism.

a. Synonyms (expressing the same thought):

Psa. 46. 11: The Lord of Hosts is with us;
The God of Jacob is our refuge.

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