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Mr. Watts, as a Member of the 240,000


Ditto, as a private donation


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Memorandum-the sum of two lacs to Lord Clive, as Commander-in-Chief, must be deducted from this account, it being included in the donation to the army

Mr. Sumner

Mr. Holwell

Mr. M'Guire
Mr. Smyth
Major Yorke

General Caillaud

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Resolution in favour of Causim in 1760.

Mr. Vansittart, 1762, received seven lacs, but the two lacs to Gen. Caillaud are included; so that ofily five lacs must be accounted for here

Mr. McGuire 5,000 gold morhs

Stipulation to the Army
Ditto to the Navy

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Rupees. £

1,040,000 117,000 240,000 27,000

300,000 33,750

240,000 27,000

240,000 27,000

600,000 68,000 500,000 56,250 200,000 22,500 50,000 5,625

100,000 11,250 600,000


Resolution in favour of Jaffier in 1763.








130,300 15,354

134,000 15,354 200,000


500,000 58,333




2,500,000 291,666 1,250,000 145,833


Major Munro, in 1764, received from Bulwant


Ditto, from the Nabob

The Officers belonging to Major Munro's family from ditto

The Army, from the merchants at Benares

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Mr. Johnstone

Mr. Leycester

Mr. Senior

Mr. Middleton

Mr. Gideon Johnstone

Nudjeem ul Dowla's Accession, 1765.

East India Company



General Carnac received from Bulwant Sing, in 1765

Ditto from the king

Lord Clive received from the Begum, in 1766

Restitution.-Jaffier, 1757.

Mr. Spencer


Messrs. Pleydell, Burdett, and Grey, one lac each 300,000





122,500 14,291

50,000 5,833


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Jaffier. 1763.


Peace with Sujah Dowla.












80,000 9,333

200,000 23,333 500,000 58,333











5,000,000 583,333

East India Company

Total of Presents, £2,169,665. Restitution, etc., £3,770,833.
Total amount, exclusive of Lord Clive's Jaghire, £5,940,498.

These are pretty sums to have fallen into the pockets of the English, chiefly douceurs, in ten years. Let the account be carried on for all India at a similar rate for a century, and what a sum! Lord Clive's jaghire alone was worth 30,000l. per annum. And, besides this, it appears from the above documents that he also pocketed in these transactions 292,3337. No wonder at the enormous fortunes rapidly made; at the enormous debts piled on the wretched nabobs, and the dreadful exactions on the still more wretched people. No man could more experimentally than Clive thus address the Directors at home, as he did in 1765: "Upon my arrival, I am sorry to say, I found your affairs in a condition so nearly desperate as would have alarmed any set of men whose sense of honour and duty to their employers had not been estranged by the too eager pursuit of their own immediate advantages. The sudden, and among many, the unwarrantable acquisition of riches (who was so entitled to say this?) had introduced luxury in every shape, and in its most pernicious excess. These two enormous evils went hand in hand together through the whole presidency, infecting almost every member of every department. Every inferior seemed to have grasped at wealth, that he might be enabled to assume that spirit of profusion which was now the only distinction between him and his superiors. Thus all distinction ceased, and every rank became, in a manner, upon an equality. Nor was this the end of the mischief; for a contest of such a nature amongst our servants necessarily destroyed all proportion between their wants and the honest means of satisfying them. In a country where money is

plenty, where fear is the principle of government, and where your arms are ever victorious, it is no wonder that the lust of riches should readily embrace the proffered means of its gratification, or that the instruments of your power should avail themselves of their authority, and proceed even to extortion in those cases where simple corruption could not keep pace with their rapacity. Examples of this sort, set by superiors, could not fail being followed, in a proportionate degree, by inferiors. The evil was contagious, and spread among the civil and military, down to the writer, the ensign, and the free merchant."-Clive's Letter to the Directors, Third Report of Parliamentary Committee, 1772.

The Directors replied to this very letter, lamenting their conviction of its literal truth.-"We have the strongest sense of the deplorable state to which our affairs were on the point of being reduced, from the corruption and rapacity of our servants, and the universal depravity of manners throughout the settlement. The general relaxation of all discipline and obedience, both military and civil, was hastily tending to a dissolution of all government. Our letter to the Select Committee expresses our sentiments of what has been obtained by way of donations; and to that we must add, that we think the vast fortunes acquired in the inland trade have been obtained by a scene of the most tyrannic and oppressive conduct that was ever known in any age or country!"

But however the Directors at home might lament, they were too far off to put an end to this "scene of the most tyrannic and oppressive conduct that was ever known in any age or country." This very same grave and eloquent preacher on this oppression and

corruption, Clive, was the first to set the example of contempt of the Directors' orders, and commission of those evil practices. The Directors had sent out fresh covenants to be entered into by all their servants, both civil and military, binding them not to receive presents, nor to engage in inland trade; but it was found that the governor had not so much as brought the new covenants under the consideration of the council. The receipt of presents, and the inland trade by the Company's servants went on with increased activity. When at length these covenants were forwarded to the different factories and garrisons, General Carnac, and everybody else signed them. General Carnac however delayed his signing of them till he had time to obtain a present of two lacs of rupees (upwards of 20,0007.) from the reduced and impoverished Emperor. Clive appointed a committee to inquire into these matters, which brought to light strange scenes of rapacity, and of "threats to extort gifts." But what did Clive? He himself entered largely into private trade and into a vast monopoly of salt, an article of the most urgent necessity to the people; and this on the avowed ground of wishing some gentlemen whom he had brought out to make a fortune. His committee sanctioned the private trade in salt, betel-nut, and tobacco, out of which nearly all the abuses and miseries he complained of had grown, only confining it to the superior servants of the Company and he himself, when the orders of the Directors were laid before him in council, carelessly turned them aside, saying, the Directors, when they wrote them, could not know what changes had taken place in India. No! they did not know that he and his

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