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-On a moment's consideration he revoked this sentence, as being too lenient, and condemned him to drag on the remainder of a long life, under the pressure of those diseases of which he had sown the seeds in reducing this theory to practice; bereft of the assistance of his former friends who would shun him in affliction, and without any of those kind offices and consolatory attentions, which in the time of sickness and old age operate as refreshing cordials to the drooping soul, when administered by the hands of filial or conjugal duty and affection...

The next whose case came under consideration, pleaded as an excuse for his conduct, that he had acted upon principles of universal benevolence. An eminent, writer, some years ago, had shewn what distress must ensue among mankind, if the principle of population was suffered to operate unchecked. To ward off this evil as much as possible, he had hitherto remained a bachelor. Besides, he was the fellow of a college, and the statutes of the university forbade his marriage, under the penalty of losing his fellowship. On further examination it appeared, that he was the father of two illegitimate children. This circumstance Lycurgus observed, proved the falsity of his former plea; and with regard to the latter, the regulations of the University, according to

his own confession, did not compel him to retain his fellowship. If any advantages were conferred upon a single life, under such institutions, it could only have been with a view of encouraging ingenious youth in their first outset in the world; and not for the purpose of counteracting the laws of nature, and encouraging a life of idleness and dissipation. He was therefore ordered to be deprived of his fellowship, and brought up again for sentence in six months from that time.

A variety of other cases were heard, the particulars of which have escaped my memory. The excuses brought forward were many of them highly ludicrous and absurd. One man, with great assurance pleaded his intolerable bad temper ; but Lycurgus observed, that whether the plea was true or merely feigned, the person who had recourse to it ought to be punished. Perhaps the evil complained of might have originafed in a life of celibacy; and at any rate, he remarked, (while his features relaxed a little from their accustomed severity) that marriage might have proved an effectual remedy for it ; in proof of which he alluded to the case of Socrates, who confessed that he himself was naturally choleric, and that he owed the subjection of his passions to the discipline of his wife Zantippe. I could

not help noticing that among the punishments inflicted by Lycurgus, he never had recourse to that alluded to in the commencement of this paper, of making the offenders openly ridicule themselves; but this appeared to me to arise from the difference in the state of public opinion in Sparta and this country, by which conduct that in the former was held to be truly contemptible, in the latter is considered as far from disreputable. To the same cause I thought I might fairly attribute some little apparent variation from the principles formerly adopted at Sparta.

Whilst my attention was deeply engrossed by the scenes before me, I was suddenly accosted by a person whom I had before observed to be very busy in taking delinquents to the bar, and who, calling me by my name, ordered me to follow him. The terror which I underwent, on receiving such an unexpected summons, was so great, that methought I was deprived of all sense and motion; when to my agreeable surprise, my servant entered my chamber, and informed me that the printer's devil was waiting for No. 9, of the INSPECTOR, and in his eagerness had knocked at my door until he had almost broken it to pieces. I felt so thankful for the relief which this rudeness had unintentionally conferred upon me, by. awakening me in such a critical situation, that I

heartily forgave him ; and as my predecessors have frequently exercised the privilege of dreaming for the amusement of the public, I thought I could not do better, in the absence of other matter, than present my readers with the result of my own visions. I hereby protest against all sneers and cavils, on account of my dreaming, from those small wits who are apt to jingle words as children do bells, merely for the sake of making a noise; and who, out of their abundant charity, are

Sleepless themselves, to give their readers sleep."


“ Alas! regardless of their doom,
“ The little victims play;
“ No sense have they of ills to come,
“ No care beyond to-day.” -GRAY.

WHENEVER I see a number of “ playful children just let loose from school,” capering and frisking about with all the wild thoughtless joy that the season of youth naturally inspires, I feel a melancholy gloom, prophetic of the difficulties

which they will have to contend with in their progress through life. Without pretending to any superior sagacity, and setting aside despondence on the one hand, and vain expectation on the other, one may safely foretel, that but very few of these youths will rise to eminence; that many, hurried by impetuosity of temper, will launch into the stormy ocean of life, without ballast, chart, or compass, and will perhaps be shipwrecked the first adventure ;-some of a more thoughtful and calculating turn, timorous; and fearful of miscarriage, will sit quiet spectators of the bustle, afraid to engage in a scene that presents so many difficulties, and thus doze away

their lives in idle or frivolous inactivity ;—whilst others, by attempting to perform parts for which they are not qualified, will close a life of long struggling and adversity, just where they began. Perhaps the principal reason of the many disappointments and miscarriages in human undertakings, is the foolish vanity of parents, who place their children in situations for which they are unfit; and fix upon a mode of life opposite to the bent and force of their genius. For my part, when I consider how easy it is for a man to succeed in any undertaking for which nature and genius have fitted him, I never witness any great disappointment in human affairs without

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