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Puritanism Revived, or Methodism

The Remonstraint, by G. Hodson, 1s. as old as the Great Rebellion. In a Series of Letters from a Curate

The Penitentiary defended,' by J. to his Rector.

Clarke, Is. 60. Tars anonymous pamphlet, which 4 Letter to W. Hale, Esq. by Dr. consists chiefly of quotations froin

Marker, ls, 6d. Grey's edition of Audibras, Bishop In our last Number we advanced Lavington's' Enthusiasm of Metho. what we conceive to be a sufficient dists and Papists compared, and answer to Mr. Hale ; enough to Nightingale's Portraiture of Melho- convince in st of our candid readers dism, is intended to expose the for- that the London Female. Penitenmidable numhers of these enthusi- tiary has no dangerous tendency asts; their antipathy to the church ; whalever; but is, on the contrary, their ignorance, bigotry, and pride; an Insiitution calculated, by the and to shew that they are wonder- blessing of God, to lessen the sum of fully like the good old Puritans' prostitution, and to reform many who murdered the king, overthrew of our unhappy fellow-creatures. It the monarchy, and abolished the was impossible, however, in the liecclesiastical establishment.

mits of our Review, to do justice The pious object of the author is either to the subject, or to the seobvious. By rendering the Metho- veral authors who have defended the dists odious, and representing them Institution from the unadvised opas a dangerous body, he seems to position of Mr. Hale. We must, aim at reviving the spirit of perse- therefore, refer {o these pamphlets cution, that they may be treated for arguments more at large in falike their prototypes, the Puritans, vour of the Penitentiary. in the reigns of the Stuarts.


It would be difficult, and, perhappily, however, for such well- haps, invidious,' to decide on the disposed persons, that intolerable act, comparative merits of the several

- the act of tolerat:ou, stands in writers ; each of whom has displayed the way; and, what is worse, the ability as well as zeal. House of Brunswick occupies the British Throne; and while they con

Juvenis first appeared on the tinue so to do, no hope of persccu

slage. His pamphlet is not deeply tion can be reasonably entertained. argumentative ; but it

contains But to be serious. We are con

many useful bints, and is a forcible cerned to witness so many attempts, appcal to the feelings of the bioby infiammatory pamphlets, to ex

volont reader, it opposition to ri cite religious animosity among the Hale's strain of reasoning, which, professors of Christianity. This is

we think, was too severe, and destiau evil greatly to be lamented; and

tute of Christian philanthropy. those who maintain evangelical sen

Mr. Shrubsole's Letter was pext timents will do well not to answer

in order. Had he allowed hiinself railing by railing; but rather return

a little more time in the composiblessing for cursing; and pray for them who speak all inanner of evil tion, it would certainly have been

more full and satisíacíosy: but there against them falsely for Christ's

is much good sense and weight in his sake!

observations; and he particularly

dwells on the singularity of Mr. H.'s Answers to Mr. Ilale's Pamphlet. conduct, in making the New insti

tution at Pentonville, corducted by [Continued from page 122.]

persons according will: Mr. Hale in Cursory Remarks, by Juvenis, ls. religious views, lne object of iis at. A Defence of the London Female tack, rather than the Magdalen,

wbich has been established 50 years. Penitentiary, by W. Shrubsole, Is. 6d.

From the records o ibat useful In

slitution, he derives many importProstitutes Reclaimed, &c. by W. ant facts; and quotes the following Blair, Esq. 2s.

passage from Dr. Dodd, which is,

A a

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, alone a sufficient resulation specting the best methods to prevent, Biri Ilalt's reasonings, or rather or, at least, to lessen, in future, the speculations :

growing evil of prostitution. Most * To suppose that a woman would sincerely do we wish that the Legiscommence prostitute because there lature may turn iheir attention to is a possibili; of her being received this important object, which is, uninto an hospital, after the loss of doublediy, of great national import. her healili, peace, and reputation, ance; for, should the crimes of would be just as abeurd as to suppose fornication and adultery continue that a misoo would be careless how

to increase, as they have lately done, he mouled a ladder, and indifferent the uller ruin of our counéry will be whether he should or should not fall inevitable. These are the enemies down and break his limbs; because, we have to fear; far more formidaif he is not killed on the spot, there ble than those of France. is an hospital, in which he may possibly be cured.'

Mr. Hodson's is also a very acute Mr. Blair's publication next ap

and sensible performance.

The aupeared. From the office he sustains, thor combats, at large, the chief aras the gratuilous Surgeon of the gument of Mr. Hale's book, viz. Asylum, and his having long been that this Institution operates to dione of the Surgeons of the Lock_minish the dread of shame and puHospital, he was certainly .more

nishment, and so encourages vice. competent than most other genile. As to shame,--the Penitentiary does men to write oa this subject; and

nct alter this; but leaves it just he has written, noi vnly with much

where it found it ; and az to punishability, bui con amore.

ment, there is none from the laws, but heart,' says Mr. Blair, I feel it a in case of vagrancy. To the fear of pomt of conscience to add, that in anger from parenis, expulsion from no instance of my former or present home, loss of character, &c. women employment, as the

of this sort are as much exposed as friend of a public charily, have I if no Penitentiary existed. · The ever derived greater heari felt plea- suferings then, as well as disgrace, sure, and seen more solid ground the apprehension of which constifor approbation than in this newly. tutes the only effectual check on the established Institution. P. 0. passions of females destitute of reli

After tracing the estabslishment of ginus principle, still continue to be asylunis of this kind, in diferent paris the consequences of criminal indulof the world, as far back as 1494, genre, notwithstanding the estabhe proceeds to siate the two distincé lighment of the Female Penitentigrounds of argument employed by ary; and is it reasonable to supAir. Haie, which he combats, we pose, that a female, who is not rethink, successfully, in all their parts strained by the dread of disgrace and windings. Mr. Blair proves

and suffering, from the causes just how fallacious are Mr. Flale's pro- described, would be checked by the posals of a prompt reception of suppression of such institutions; or, ihese women inio workhouges ; -and, that the bare possibility of entering by quotations from the statutes,

into one of them, as an outcast of sliews that they cannot legally be society, would prove more than a received there, bui as diseuscd orim- counterpoise to the strongest and potendo he also produces instances most affecting motives that can preof such persous having in vain ap

sent themselves to the mind of a feplied for ailmission.

Mr. Blair con

male, over whom religion has no siders the teim distributive justice power: Noris it at all more reasonvery fully, and its misapplication to ' able to suppase, that the existence the present case ; and animadverts, of Penitentiaries has any influence with much propriety, on the injusa in determining the mind of a female tice of punishing the female, while to enter upon a course of general the seducer is suifered to escape. prostitution. If a female deliberate

This very able pamphlet closes !y form such a determioation, which with some most valuable hiots, re. is at least questionable, it is because

surgeon and

to en

other sex,

upon the whole, it appears most the parable of the Prodigal Son; agreeable to her present inclina- and applies the spirit of that affect. tions, without adverting to remote ing story to the case in haed. This possibilities. She is impatient of is certainly a sensible pamphlet, and the restraints of authority, she longs will reward an allentive perusal. to be free from the commands aod

Dr. Hawker, the last, not the caprice of superiors, - to have her least, brin::s up the rear.

Ile treats time and her person at her own dis- Mr. Hale with the urbanity of a genposal, -to be able to gratify all her tleman and the affection of a Chrispassions without controal,

tian. He observes, that his own joy, as she lisis, the society of the opinion of the Peniientiary was de

to gratify her love of rived, not from mere reporis, but dress, and to go to places of public from a visit to the house, and creamusement when she pleases. Now. fui inquiry into its inanagem"al. Sir, to a female under the influence The account of his visit (p. 16, 17) of such desires, is it to be conceived is interesting ; and the ad hor says that a Penitentiary-Hlouse can bave to Mi. Hale, 'I am convinced, Sir, any charms! Would it not, on the that, with all your prejudices, were contrary; be an object ra her of

you to sce the ditteieni aitchs prodread and aversion in hier? Would

duced for salo, from the united lashe not shrink from an 'anticipation bours of those poor womell, you of the period in which she supposd would be constrained to allusinat she might be immured within it's they üre an active family

The walls?

house at Pentonville, though not a Both Mr. Hodion and Mr. Blair

parish-workhouse, is a house of incompletely refule the assition of dustry.' Referring to a law for exMr. Hale, Tiiat the Penitentiary is clusion, he says, 'I hope that this not warranted by trie pricepls or law hath never cause to be cofored. examples of the Scripture: they re

T: sevenly times seventh ofience fer very judiciously in the Prodigal with

I costess, should take Son, the Woman of Samaria, the

place, before that I could consent Woman in the Pharisee's House, &c. The whole of Mr. Hodson's pam

to throw again into the ruipa frona

whence she had emerged, a poor phlel discovers a thougitful and miserable creature, and thereby rejudiciuos mind; and he has preserveda calmness of temper through

linquish all bopes of any flore reout, which does him hon ur.

covery. Nay, were I ai the door

in the moment of the departure of Mr. Clarke occupies new ground. , such a one, I should plead bard for He attempts to prive, that our Lord further forbeara ::ce; and, before has clearly drawn a line of dist'nc- “the master of the house had risen, tion between the syslem of relribu- and slini to the door,' meihinks I live justice, which marked the Jews should say, Yet, once more, let'a ish system, and that which he has little space be given ior repentance;' established for his disciples, in the and as the masier of the house hathi New Testament, a system of fur

done by me, so would I do by her: bearance and mercy, which he ar

I should bring back the trembling gues was intender!, not only as a rule sinner, fancying I heard his gracia for individual disciples, but for $. ous voic, saying, ' Destroy it noi, cial bod es; and that the laws of to, a blessiois in il.' Christian dations shouli be accom. What the Doctor says (p. 39) conmodated to it. This thought well cerning the proper application of deserves allentive regard.

British benevolence, and his referMr. Clarke shows that many of ence is the subscriptions for rebuidthe female servants, for whose vir ing Covent Garden Thcaire, deserve Tue Mr. Hale is so anxious, are novice, His suggestions (p. 52).to more likely to contaminate the ex- render the Poor Laws eficieni, are penitent, than to be contaminated not allogether new; but they are b; her. Mr. Clarke also comments striking. His proposition is, . Let largely, and with muc point, on there be bui one parish of the whole


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kingdom, considered as to the poor :' A considerable part of this pamthen would there be an equality of phlet is employea in shewing the poor - rates!

Farewell vexatious anti-moral tendency of the Pilgrim's law-suits, removing families, pass. Progress ; the author of which he ing vagranis, &r. But we must for- calls · The Tinker, and a Dreainer bear to make extracis. The Doc- of Dreams ;' and his writings, ' untor's pamphlet is replete with truly meaning nonsense,-the fooleries of Christian philanthropy; and fornis a fanatic, – extravagant delusion, a st iking contrast to the Address, stupid perplexity, - low - bied to whicii it is an answer.


ludicrons impiety, On the whole, we think Mr. Hale calculated to corrupt the innocence completely answered ; and are per- of the infant mind, and to make it suaded, that whatever temporary familiar with the language of Deeffi cts might be made by his speci- bauchery and Prostitution.' P. 73. ous Address, th se impress'ns will • Such are the effusions,' says he, be entirely effaced, and the Peniten- s of that miracle of theology, the tiary receive the assistance of many Tinker of Bedford !!!. P. 59. May new frien is, and the redoubled as- we not add, Such are the ravings of sistance of its former supporters. the Barrister, who, like a certain

Pharisee of oll, is 'exceedingly Hints to the Public and the Legisla

mad' against the Evangelicals ?

It is seldom that we meet with ture, on the Nature and Effects of such abusive epiihets bestowed upon Evangelical Preaching. By A Barrister.' Parithe a hird. 4s 6d

an opponent by any writer, however

angry, as we find in this paniphlet. Having found the trade of book- We transcribe a few as a specimen making more lucrative than he ex- of the author's taleni's in this line : pocied, the Barrister has manufac- • The Evangelisis,' as he calls his tures an her pamphiet ;' and given


are Impostors, Fanaus 140 pages more, at the moderate tics, a new order of Pontiffs, – price of four und sixpence ! Those vulgar, bigotted, Mechanic Teachwho admired the iwo former parts ers, ---an Anti-Moral Faction, strug. of his effusie 118, will find this equally, gling to become the predominant admirable ; for, in lack of argi- party;' while their preaching and met, the same strain of invective writing is insufferable jardon, stuand abuse is continueii. In defiance pid and contradictory gibberish, of all the evidence which has bcen the trash of the Tabernacle, and addnced, to prove that the friends of senseless shuffling.' He is afraid evangelical doctrine are equally that we shall soon have nothing friends of morality and good works, but gloom and grimace, psalm-singhe s ill persists in Elling them inti- ing and dissimulation.' Moralisis. Although Dr. Havker, In a long note to page 61, the Dr. Collyer, Mi. Styles, and others, Barrister introduces a libellous and have, in their replies to the Barris.' notorious falsehood against the chater, quoled at length several pas- racter of a worthy minister; on sages from Mr.Cooper, Mr. Burder, which we shall coi make any reand otherwriters whom he condemns, mark at present, as we hope it will in which the absolule necessity of be reviewed in a court of justice. good works is insisted upon in the Io Dr. Collyer's Reply to the Barstrongest possib.e terms, he still rister, he can find • nothing which boldly asseris, Thai uli the evange deserves notice ;' and, as to Mr. lical writers are Anti - Morulists; Styles's Vindication, &c. he says, ' It and that those who maintain im. is written in a tone of drunken insoputed righteousiess, are enemies to levice, which can excite no feeling virtue and morality. We leave our bu contempl ;' and he adopts the writers to judge, whcther such a crilique of his friend, who says, writer can be, notwithsanding his * This fellow argues like a fool, prétended pleas for morality, un and writes like a blackguard !' honest man?

What a curt method is this of re:



plying to an oppovent ! Even the arise, as to render our comments unUniversity of Edinburgh comes in necessary. We see plainly what is for its share of abuse, for bestow- enemies would do, if they could; ing a diploma on Mr. Collyer. but, thank God for a Protestant

The Barrister, in defiance of po. King and the Act of Toleration ! sitive proof to the contrary, still asserting, that the modern Evangelists are eneinies to morality, pro

Sermons, on Intercstiny Subjects. By

the late l'ev. Robert Colle, Jin ceeds to represent them as, on that account, enemies to the State,

nister of the Gospel at Brechin ; a' confederacy, growing daily to a

with some Skeiches of his life. gigantic strength;' a · New Ec

Second Edition, člesiastical Republic, not content Wnen the worthy author of these with being tolerated, but aspiring Sermons entered upon his theologito take the lead, and succeeding to cal studies, he fell into a snare, to an extent that menaces the State.' which young men of taienis are peP. 120, 121, he adds,' When we call culiarly exposed :-The afiectation to mind that this seci, infuriate in of singularly,

the desire of aptheir thirst for proselytism, disdain pearing superior to ihe prejudices of ali appeal to reason; and, in conse- education. The assertion of their quence, leave themselves no appeal righi to think for themselves, often but to force (abominable and ma- leads them to adopt opinions, merely licious insinuation !) ;--' wien we because they are new; because they recollect that a seci, of exactly the starlle goler reasoners; and because same views and principles, habits they afford an opt oriunity for the and doctrines, has once before over. display of ingenuity. These danthrown the State, --he ask?, Is there gerous principles lud just begin nothing in all this which ought not to

their iniluence on the to be regulated or resirained ?' He mind of Mr. Coutts, when he alintimates, that this organized mass cepled the situation of companion of power and authority is ready pre- and secretary to Sir R. Johnson, pared to the hands of any desperate Bart. Yoikshire. He was then cut leader that has art and enterprize ofi' from the company and books sufficient to take advantage of it.' which had ensnared him. In soiia He suggests that Bonaparte' would tude, he resorted to his bible, which not fail to pay his court to such a was almost the only book of divipower; and that he would carry on nity which he read; and there he the godly-work of reformation with soon discovered the falsebo: d of his an excessive indulgence to the pious former potions; and cordially emof this sect.' P. 133. He, there braced, in all iis leading points, that fore, returns to the old question, system of truth which is comm...y · Whether licences should be grant- fermed Calvinism, and which is now ed indiscriminately, even to the doubtedly the system adopted in ine lowest of the vulgar, to take an ac- 'confessions of the church of Scotla d. tive lead in this CHURCH MILITANT ?' The coincidence of the case of Mr. and insiouates, most impudently, Coutls with that of the Rev. Nir. that “if the Legislature, instead of Scolt, as described in his Torce of considering on the means of repress- Truth, way remarked by himself ing the danger which menaces the vih pleasure. • Read,' saint he, E.iablishment and the Siate, shall Scoti's Force of Truth, and you lend its authority to the cause, will see exactly what passed in my still it is of imporiance that mind' should know what is our true situa- From a man of talents and piely, tion, that our minds



gra. thus instructed, good and usefui disdually made up for tbe event.' courses may be expected ; and the P. 124.

reader who forins such an expectaFrom these passages, the reader rion respecting this volume, will not will form a jusi idea of the book; be disappointed. The subjects are and such reflections will probably important. Anong these are • The


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