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equally strong for their own sentiments. It is, however, well known to men of reading, that the whole host of liberal critics, from Socinus to Mr. Belsham, have not been able, with a very free use of the torture, to do more than extort a few indirect and reluctant glances at the peculiarities of their creed.
On the principles of the writer, what appears to have constituted the offence of the Cross,' was the simple fact of the crucifixion of Jesus. This, it will be allowed, had great weight with many ; but there are several reasons which shew it is far from being the only cause of the apostolic ministry being called Foolishness. This must refer to the suhject, and not to any mere circum. . stance. It appears that ancient prophecy had foretold this aw. ful fact * : Christ himself often refers to it; and the apostle Paul frequently mentions it in different views, as in Rom. ix. 33; x. 1-3; 1 Cor. i. 23-25, and in many other places.
One would naturally expect, tható men of taste,' who are best able to judige of the truth or falsehood of any proposition, would not fail to make a distinction between the circumstances in which an individual bad been placed, and the truth of his opinions. They had done so in the case of Socrates, and, no doubt, in many other cases. The mere fact then of the crucifixion of the Founder of Christianity, would only prejudice the mob against his doctrines. Men of taste and discernment would have acted differently. Such prejad ces would only be found in alliance with Ignorance and Superstition.
From the apostle's solicitude, lest, by the use of any extraneous ornaments of style, or accommodation with the temporizing teachers of the day, the offence of the cross should cease,' it appears that there was something offensive to the tale of the age, so interwoven with the subject, that this very circunstance is alluded to as characterizing genuine Christian preaching; and the several explanatory clauses introduced in this connection very naturally lead us to this conclusion. The manner in which the preaching of the cross is mentioned in many places, and referred to in many others, as the ground of a sinner's hope, and the grand motite to Christian obedience, would incline an unbiassed mind to regard this as the grand peculiarity of the genuine apostolic faith. It is remarkable that Paul, in referring to this subject, does not say, 'I am determined to make known t nothing among the Corinthians but Jesus Christ, although he was crucified but he makes the cross the subject of his ministry, the foundation of his hope, and the source of his most joyful exultation; and from the character and description of the persons who gladly received this doctrine, and to whom it was made the power of God and the wisdom of God, we may see that its rejection by men of laste, so far from being prima facie evidence against it, was
Isaiah viii. 14.
+ See Macknight's Harmony, on Mark xiii. 32,
as awful confirmation of prophecy, and a glorious display of the sovereign and discriminating grace of Jehovah !
Having already, probably too long, exercised the patience of your readers, I forbear, Mr. Editor, any enlargement on the benefits flowing to sinners through the medium of the cross of Christ. Allow me, however, just to mention what appear to me fair and legitimate deductions from the foregoing fact. They are the following: -- That we may by this test judge, with to lerable accuracy, what was genuine primitive Christianity; and who make the nearest approaches to it in our own day: that the unlearned have equal moral capabilities of understanding and receiving the true doctrines of Christianity as the most profound scholars: that there may be many moral hindrances to the proper reception of Christian truth, united with extensive learning, various talent, high estimation with the world, and great lite. rary fame: that such in reality has been the case since the intro. duction of the Christian dispensation : that this, so far from being prima facie evidence of the falsehood of any particular form of Christianity, is a strong presumption in its favour, as being the genuine primitive system : that as wilful error on such a subject involves the most awful consequences, we should seriously and diligently cultivate a spirit of humble enquiry and ardent prayer to Him who has promised, " That the meek he will guide in judgment, and teach his way.' Whether that system, the principal character of which lies in undervaluing the sacred writings, or that which regards them as the only and sufficient rule of faith and practice, be best calculated to promote such a spirit, all must judge for themselves. I remain yours, &c.
Translated from a respectable Publication at Basle, A person who worked in a brewery quarrelled with one of his fellow-workmen, and struck him in such a manner that he died
upon the spot. No other person was witness to the deed. He then took the dead body and threw it into a large fire under the boiling-vat, where it was in a short time so completely consumed that no traces of its existence remained. On the following day, when the man was missed, the murderer observed very coolly, that he had perceived his fellow-servant to have been intoxicated ; and that he had therefore probably fallen from a bridge which he had to cross in his way home, and been drowned. For the space of seven years after, no one entertained any suspicions of the real state of the fact. At the end of this period, the murderer was again employed in the same brewery, He was then induced to reflect on the singularity of the circum.
stance that his crime had remained so long concealed. Having retired one evening to rest, one of the other workmen who slept with him, hearing him say in his sleep, It is now full seven years ago,'-asked him, “What was it you did seven years ago?”
- I put him,' he replied, still speaking in his sleep, 'under the boiling. vat.'-As the affair was not yet entirely forgotten, it immediately occurred to the man that his bed-fellow must allude to the person who had been missing about that time, and he accordingly gave information of what he had heard to a magistrate. The murderer was apprehended ; and though at first he denied that he knew any thing of the matter, a confession of his crime was at length obtained from him, for which he suffered conlign punishment.
Sometime since, the writer of this article was preaching in a country village, in Lincolnshire, from 1 Kings x. 7,- The half was not told me. The words were considered in an accommodated view, as appropriate to the felicity of the righteous, and also as awfully applicable to the case of thie ungolly, throughout the endless ages of eternity! When speaking upon the latter head, a man exceedingly intoxicated rushed into the room, and sat down; who, nevertheless behaved with decorum during service.
After service was concluded, it was found that he had thus intruded himself in consequence of a wager.-Some one offered to lay him a tankard of ale that he dared not venture in.
Yes,' added he with an oath ; . and if Hell-door was open I would go in.'-Solemn reflection! in a few days, and, I think, before the next time of preaching,-Death, the king of terrors, arrested his awful progress, cut the brittle thread of life, and consigned him over to the retributions of eternity.- I sit not in judgment; but surely · the wicked is driven away in his wickerRess;' sometimes in a very exemplary manner. ARMSBY.
ILUSTRATION OF SCRIPTURE. When Jesus therefore-had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished,
and bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.-John xix. 30. COMMENTATORS have agreed to understand the last words of our Redeemer
upon the cross, as expressive of the accomplishment of our redemption by him; but they have neither explained the necessity of his using such a phrase, nor the necessity of his uttering it with a loud voice: whereas, since all that he said at his death, this phrase excepted, yea, every circumstance of that great event has been acknowledged to have been necessary; because they were all either foretold or typified in the Scriptures concerning hinn, it seems reasonable to think that this expression likewise is an allusion to, or is the fulfilment of, some Ol! Testainent type. Per. haps, the following thoughi may serve to explain it:
It is well known, that the Jews were comunanded to observe the first day of every new moon as an holy day to the Lord; for which purpose, it was necessary carefully to observe the change of the moon, that the people might have timely notice of that event. Accordingly, the ó inon that had understanding of the times,' who observed the new inoon, were to repair, with all speed, to the grand council, and to give notice of it. The President proclaimed the new moon, by saying, D71 (Mekudesh]-it is consecrated I ; which word was twice repeated aloud by the people; after which it was ordered to be proclaimed everywhere by the sound of the trumpet, &c.
Now, if we consider the new moon as typical of the gospel-day, the new dispensation of grace, and the change of the moon as typical of the death of Christ, or the time when he died, -- if, moreover, we consider Christ as the Grand President of the Gospel Council, to whom all power in Heaven and on earth is committel, we shall find his last words full of meaning, and evidently analogous to that word winch intimates the change of thie inoon. We may date the commencement of the gospei dispensation from the death of the Lord of Glory. This was a change indeed! Then • old things passed away, and all ihings become nen.' This change was intimated by the great Governor among the nations. He cried,' It is finished.' The Old Testament economy is come lo its end, and the New is just about to appear.
It is very observable, that the original word TETEN?5(lb, rendered in our translation. It is finished,'is of the same import with the word Melcudesh. Either of them may be rendered - It is consecrated,' or 'It is finished *,' This may shew us, not only that Christ finished the work of redemption on the Cross, - but that the gospel requires us to be 'holiness to the Lord.' The great Redeemer cried, It is consecrated ;' that is, the time is now come when holiness shali more universally prevail, and vihen the spirit of holiness shall be poured out upon all nations. It may be added, that in imitatioh of the President of the Jewish Council, Christ uttered his last words with a loud voice †; and, in a shori time after, be ordered this great change to be proclaimed by the sound of the gospel-trumpet throuyh all the world. 'Goye,' said he to his apostles,
into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature.' Teil them that the old ceremonies and ritual institutions are abolished; and that henceforth, “the kingdom of God consists not in meats and driaks, but in righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.
To the Editor. What follows, is a description of the manner in which was kept what the
Roman Catholics call Corpus Christi Duy, at Valencia, in Spain, in 1803; and its insertion would perlaps increase the zeal of some of your readers, lo spread the Scriptures in Spaia at this favourable time.
&c. “ The day was ushered in by violent rin ng of bells; and the streets were thronged with people of all ranks in itu, sala ciothes, and many in masquerade dresses. In the cathedral were a number of gigantic and ridiculous figures opposite to the sainis, and were carried in the same procession. The church was filled with people, -- the Sacrament exposed on the altar, the canons in the choir, habited in purple souians and hoods, sung to a noble organi, assisted by a powerful haid of other instrumeals.
The archbishop presided. Smail processions kept moving to the cathedral, carrying the images of the different parish-churches and convents to the general rendezvous. Every house ha iis saints new dressed, and placed in conspicuous situations. The soldiers, with sticully, made a passage throw
# Vid. Relandi Antiq. Sac. Vet. Ile?. p. 436. * See Leigh's Crica Sacra.
+ Phil. ixvii 50,
the crowd for the triumphal cars.
The first contained a representation of the Trinity, and of Adam and Eve expelled from Paradise. Between these effigies, a set of boys danced with hoops and bells. The second had the Virgin ; the third, Faith ; the fourth, St. Vincent, by whose interpo. sition Valencia is supposed to have been delivered from the Moors; the fifth, St. Michael; and the sixth, the Devil, who had differeut accompany: nients from the rest. On his stage the seven mortal sins were represented by masks - the foremost among them was Fornication, dancing to a fiddle, and exhibiting every sort of indecency. A cart, filled with orangelea yes, preceded the procession, which were scattered before it ; and it inade the tour of the whole city, It appeared nearly in the following urder: Gigantic figures of gentlemen, ladies, Moors, and Egyptians, preceded by outrè characters, with enormous heads; saints from the parishchurches, attended by the priests and chief inbabitants in full dress, together with dancing boys and music. Scripture characters: - Moses with the law; Aaron, in pontifical robes, with the budding rod; David with the barp, Sampson with Goliah's head, Joshua with the sun in his hand, Abraham with Isaac hearing the faggots, Noah carrying the dove, and Balaam on his ass. Then followed the convents of the city, all carrying their saints and candles, and chanting as they walked. Priests : The four Evangeliats ip masquerade :- - St. Luke had a bull's head. Priests again; three large gilt eagles walking ; priests and canons of the cathedral, carrying solid gold and silver statues of saints ; noblemen and gentlemen in full dress; the Host (or Corpus Christi) in a high Gothic frame-work of gold, under a rich canopy, surrounded by a blaze of candles ; the four senior canons of the cathedral; the mitre on a crimson cushion ; the archbishop walking bare-headed, with his crosier in his hand; gentlemen of the archbishop, carrying bis red velvet chair of state ; nobles of the city; the goverpor and general with candles. The procession concluded with a detachment of soldiers. Oa the entrance of the Host into the church there was a discharge of artillery ; and the building was lighted up in the most fauciful and richest inaoner. A loud and noisy chorus of rejoicing was suog, accompanied with orgars, fiddles, bells, &c. ş and when this confu. sion of tongues and sounds had finished, the archbishop ate the object of adoration, the Corpus Christi, having previously elevated it before the people. He was surrounded by tapers, incense, and priests in. glittering robes ; and seemed enveloped in a food of light! He then assumed bis mitre, gave the benedictions, and the piece concluded.'
Papal Curse on Holy Thursday. We are informed, that the presentó mild and virtuous Head of the Roman Church' (as some style the Pope) still continues, in the service of • Holy Thursday,' to pronounce his anathema against all heretics, and es pecially against the Lutherans, in the foll wing terins :
We, therefore, following this ancient and solemn cistom, excommunicate and anaihematize, on the part of Omnipotent God, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, as well as on our part, all Heretics, who follow the damoable, impious, and anominable heresies of Martin Luther, and all those who foster and receive them, as well as the readers and general defenders of the works of the said Martin, or of any other of them, &c.
This excommunication is understood, by believers in the Pope, to take place instantly in all parts of the world. Wherever there is any Heretic, he is on this day, subject to cramps, aches, stitches, and other evils, which his Holiness mercifully dispenses from his exalted station in the gallery of the front of St. Peter's claurch at Rome!
• The curse causcle:s shall not come' (Prov. xxvi. 2); and, thanks be to God, such is the light we now enjoy, that noue fears that ine curse of the · Man of Sin' shall come.