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many actual shipwrecks in prose, selecting enchwhile the great tide is still rolling on and gain materials as were most striking. Gibbon makes ing ground with every breaker. Mr. Southey it a merit in Tasso "to have copied the minutest accuges us of attacking the religion of the coundetails of the siege of Jerusalem from the Chro- try; and is he abetting it by writing lives of nicles." In me it may be a demerit, I presume; | Wesley? One mode of worship is merely delet it remain 80. Whilst I have been occapied stroyed by another. There never was, nor ever in defending Pope's character, the lower orders will be, a country without a religion. We shall of Grub-street appear to have been assailing be told of France again: but it was only Paris mine: this is as it should be, both in them and and a frantic party, which for a moment upheld In me.
One of the accusations in the nameless their dogmatic _nonsense of theophilanthropy. epistle alluded to is still more laughable: it The church of England, if overthrown , will be states seriously, that I "received five hundred swept away by the sectarians, and not by the pounds for writing advertisements for Day and sceptics. People are too wise, too well-informed, Martin's patent blacking!” This is the highest too certain of their own immense importance in compliment to my literary powers which I ever the realms of space, ever to submit' to the imreceived. It states also "that a person has been piety of doubt." There may be a few such diffitrying to make acquaintance with Mr. Townsend, dent speculators, like water in the pale sunbeam a gentleman of the law, who was with me on of human reason, but they are very few; and business in Venice three years ago, for the pur- their opinions, without enthusiasm or appeal to pose of obtaining any defamatory particulars of the passions, can never gain proselytes-unless my life from this occasional visitor." Mr. Towns- indeed, they are persecuted: that , to be sure, end is welcome to say what he knows. I men- will increase any thing. tion these particulars merely to show the world Mr. S., with a cowardly ferocity , exults over in general what the literary lower world con- the anticipated "death-bed repentance" of the tains, and their way of setting to work. Another objects of his dislike; and indulges himself in a charge made, I am told, in the “Literary Ga- pleasant “Vision of Judgment," in prose as well sette is, that I wrote the notes to "Queen as verse, fall of impious impådence. What Mr. Mab;" a work which I never saw till some S.'s sensations or ours may be in the awful inotime after its publication; and which I recollect ment of leaving this state of existence neither showing to Mr. Sotheby as a poem of great he nor we can pretend to decide. In common, power and imagination. I never wrote a line presume, with most men of any reflection, I have of the notes, nor ever saw them except in their not waited for a “death-bed" to repent of many published form. No one kuows better than their of my actions, notwithstanding the “diabolical real author, that his opinions and mine differ pride" which this pitiful renegado in his rancour materially upon the metaphysical portion of would impute to those who scorn him. Whether, that work; though in common with all who are upon the whole, the good or evil of my deeds not blinded by baseness and bigotry, I highly may preponderate is not for me to ascertains admire the poetry of that and his other publications. but, as my means and opportnnities have been
Mr. Southey, too, in his pious preface to a greater, I shall limit my present defence to an poem, whose blasphemy is as harmless as the se- assertion (easily proved, if necessary ,). that I, dition of Wat Tyler, because it is equally absurd “in my degree," have done more real good in with that sincere production, calls upon the “le- any one given year, since I was twenty, than gislatare to look to it," as the toleration of such Mr. Southey in the whole course of his shifting writings led to the French Revolution : not such and turncoat existence. There are several acwritings as Wat Tyler, but as those of the “Sa- tions to which I can look back with an honest tanic School." This is not true, and Mr. Sou- pride, not to be damped by the calumnies of a they knows it to be not true. Every French hireling. There are others to which I recur with writer of any freedom was persecuted ; Voltaire sorrow and repentance; but the only act of my and Rousseau were exiles, Marmontel and Di- life of which Mr. Southey can have any real derot were sent to the Bastille, and a perpetual knowledge, as it was one which brought me in war was waged with the whole class by the ex- contact with a near connexion of his own, did isting despotism. In the next place, the French no dishonour to that connexion nor to me. Revolution was not occasioned by any writings I ain not ignorant of Mr. Southey's calumnies whatsoever, but must have occurred had no such on a different occasion, knowing them to be such, writers ever existed. It the fashion to attri- which he scattered abroad, on his return from bute every thing to the French revolution, and Switzerland, against me and others : they have the French revolution to every thing but its done him no good in this world ; and, if his real cause. That cause is obvious-the govern- creed be the right onc, they will do bim less in ment exacted too much, and the people could the next. What his “death-bed" may be, it is neither give nor bear more. Without this, the not my province to predicate: let him settle it Encyclopedists might have written their fingers with his Maker, as I must do with mine. There off without the occurrence of a single alteration. is something at once ludicrous and blasphemous And the English revolution -(the first, I mean) in this arrogant scribbler of all works, sitting —what was it occasioned by? The puritans down to deal damnation and destruction opon were surely as pious and moral ag Wesley or his fellow-creatures, with Wat Tyler, the Apohis biographer ? Acts-acts on the part of govern-theosis of George the Third, and the Elegy on ment, and not writings against them, have caused Martin the regicide, all shuffled together in his the past convulsions, and are tending to the writing-desk. One of his cousolations appears future.
to be Latin note from a work of a Mr. Landor, I look opon such as inevitable, though no the author of “Gebir, whose friendship for revolutionist: I wish to see the English con- Robert Southey will, it seems, “be an honour to stitution restored and not destroyed. Born an him when the ephemeral disputes and eph meral aristocrat, and naturally one by temper, with reputations of the day are forgotten." I for one the greater part of my present property in the neither envy him the friendship," nor the funds, what have s to gain by a revolution ? glory in reversion which is to accrue from it, Perhaps I have more to lose in every way than like Mr. Thelueson's fortune in the third and Mr. Southey, with all his places and presents fourth generation. This friendship will probably for panegyrics and abuse into the bargain. But be as memorable as his own epice, which (as that a revolution is inevitable, I repeat. The quoted to him ten or twelve years ago in "Eng; government may exult over the repression of ligh Bards") Porson said “would be remembered petty tumults; these are but the receding waves when Homer and Virgil are forgotten, and not repulsed and broken for a moment on the shore, till then." For the present, I leave him.
And thou, my own Ionian Myrrha. (p. 474. the purpose has not been to invite to civil order
"The Ionian name had been still more com- a people disposed to turbulence, rather than to prehensive, having included the Achaians and recommend immoderate luxury, may perhape che Bæotians, who, together with those to whom reasonably be questioned. What, indeed, could It was afterwards confined, would make nearly be the object of a kng of Assyria in founding the whole of the Greek nation, and among the such towns in a country so distant from his caorientals it was always the general name for pital, and so divided from it by an immense esthe Greeks."-MITFORD'S Greece, vol. I, p. 199. tent of sandy deserts and lofty mountains, and,
still more, how the inhabitants could be al once -Sardanapalus
in circumstances to abandon themselves to the Tho king, and son of Anacyndarares,
intemperate joys which their prince has been In one day built Anchialus and Tarsus.
supposed to have recommended, is not obvions ; Eat, drink, and love; the rest's not worth a fillip. of coast, the southern of Lesser Asia, ruins of
but it may deserve observation that, in that line [p. 477.
cities, evidently of an age after Alexander, yet “For this expedition he took only a small barely named in history, at this day astonish chosen body of the phalanx, bu all his light the adventurous traveller by their magnificence troops. In the first day's march he reached An- and elegance. Amid the desolation which, under chialus , a town said to have been founded by a singularly barbarian government, has for go the king of Assyria, Sardanapalus. The fortifi- many centuries been daily spreading in the finest cations, in their magnitude and extent, still in countries of the globe, whether more from soil Arrian's time, bore the character of greatness, and climate, or from opportunities for commerce, which the Assyrians appear singularly to have extraordinary means must have been found for affected in works of the kind. A monument re- communities to flourish there, whence it may presenting Sardanapalus was found there, war- seem that the measures of Sardanapalus were ranted by an inscription in Assyrian characters, directed by juster views than have been comof course in the old Assyrian language, which monly ascribed to him; but that monarch having the Greeks, whether well or ill, interpreted been the last of a dynasty, ended by a revolution, thus: “Sardanapalus, son of Anacyndaraxes, in obloquy on his memory would follow of course one day founded Anchialus and Tarsus. Eat, from the policy of his successors and their pardrink, play: all other human joys are not worth tisans. The inconsistency of traditions conceraa fillip.". Sapposing this version nearly exact | ing Sardanapalus is striking in Diodorus's ac(for Arrian says it was not quite so), whether count of him." MITYORD.
NOTE TO THE DEFORMED TRANS- NOTES TO THE PROPHECY OF
L'Esilio che m'è dato onor mi tegno. NOTE TO THE LAMENT OF TASSO.
Cader tra' buoni è pur di lode degno. At Ferrara (in the library) are preserved the original MSS. of Tasso's Gierusalemme and of
Sonnet of Dante, in which he represents Right, Guarini's Pastor Fido, with letters of Tasso, one Generosity, and Temperance as banished from from Titian to Ariosto, and the inkstand' and among men, and seeking refuge from Love, who chair, the tomb and the house, of the latter. But inhabits his bosom. as misfortune has a greater interest for posterity, and little or none for the cotemporary, the cell
The dust she dooms to scatter.
(p. 572. where Tasso was confined in the hospital of St.
“Ut si quis predictoram ullo tempore in fortiam Anna attracts a more fixed attention than the dicti communis pervenerit, talis perveniens igni residence or the monument of Ariosto - at least comburatar, sic quod moriatur." it had this effect on me. There are two inscrip:) and the fourteen accused with him. - The Latin
Second sentence of Florence against Dante, tions, one on the outer gate, the second over the cell itself, inviting, unnecessarily, the won is worthy of the sentence. der and the indignation of the spectator. Ferrara is much decayed and depopulated; the castle still Where yet my boys are, and that fatal she. exists entire; and I saw the court where Pari
(p. 573 sina and Hogo were beheaded, according to the This lady, whose name was Gemma, sprung ardal of Gibbon.
from one of the most powerful Guelf families,
to being "Admodum morosa, ut de Xantippe 80
Di Giovanni Battista Zappt.
Acque ei sospese a se d'intorno, e talo that honest Lionardo's examples, with the ex- Quando il mar chiuse, e ne fè tomba altrul. ception of Seneca, and, for any thing I know, of B voi sue turbe un rio vitello alzate ? Aristotle, are not the most felicitous. Tully's Alzata aveste imago a questa eguale! Terentia, and Socrates', Xantippe, by no means Ch' era men fallo I adorar costui. contributed to their husbands, happiness, whatever they might do to their philosophy - Cato Over the damn'd before the Judgment-throne. gave away his wife - of Varro's we know nothing—and of Seneca's, only that she was disposed The last Judgment in the Sistine chapel. to die with him, but recovered, and lived several years afterwards. But, says Lionardo, "L'uomo The stream of his great thoughts shall spring è animale civile, secondo piace a tutti i filosofi."
(p. 578. And thence concludes that the greatest proof of I have read somewhere (if I do not err, for I the animal's civism is “a prima congiunzione, cannot recollect where) that Dante was so great dalla quale multiplicata nasce la Città."
a favourite of Michel Angelo's, that he had de
signed the whole of the Divina Commedia: but Nine moons shall rise oer scenes like this and set. that the volume containing these studies was
(p. 574. lost by sea. See “Sacco di Roma," generally attributed to Guicciardini. There is another written by a Ja- Her charms to pontiffs proud, who but employ. copo Buonaparte, Gentiluomo Sainminiatese che
(p. 578. vi si trovò prescnte.
See the treatment of Michel Angelo by Julius
II, and his neglect by Leo X.
[p. 579. Alexander of Parma, Spinola, Pescara, Eugene “E scrisse più volte non solamente a particoof Savoy, Montecucculi.
lari cittadin del reggimento, ma ancora al popolo,
e intra l'altre un Epistola assai lunga che coDiscoverers of new worlds, which take their name. mincia :-“Popule mi, quid feci tibique
A verse from the Greek tragedians, with which
The rapture of the strife-
Certaminis gaudia, the expression of Attila in
his harangue to his army, previous to the battle And he, their prince, shall rank among my peers. of Chalons, given in Cassiodorus.
[p. 576. Petrarcb.
Or like the thief of fire from heaven. [p. 591. A dome, is image.
The very Fiend's arch mock.
(p. 591. His chisel bid the Hebrew. (p. 578.
“The fiend's arch mockThe statue of Moses on the monument of "To lip o wanton, and suppose her chaste." Juliue II.
NOTES TO ENGLISH BARDS
BARDS AND SCOTCH
Still must I hear )–shall hoarse Pitsgerald bawl bute of verse on the “Literary Fund :" not con-
bad port to enable them to sustain the operatiou Vexat us toties rauci Theseide Codri?
JUVENAL. Our task complete, like Hamet's shall be free. Mr. Fitzgerald, facet jously termed by Cobbett the “Small-Beer-Poet," inflicts his annual tri- Cid Hamet Benengeli promises repose to his
pon in the last chapter of Don Quixote. Oh! | masters, but not disgrace his genius, which is that our volaminous gentry would follow the undoubtedly great, by a repetition of black-letexample of Cid Hamet Benengeli!
ter ballad imitations. By Jeffrey's heart, or Lamb's Bæotian head. The single wonder of a thousand years. (p. 599.
As the Odyssey is so closely connected with Messrs. Jeffrey and Lamb are the Alpha and the story of the Iliad, they may almost be classQmega, the first and last, of the Edinburgh- ed as one grand historical poem. In alluding Review ; the others are mentioned hereafter. to Milton and Tasso, we consider th “Paradise
Lost," and “Gierusalemme Liberata," as their While such are critics, why should I forbear?
standard efforts, since neither the “Jerusalem
(p. 593. Conquered" of the Italian, nor the “Paradise Stulta est clementia- -perituræ parcere chartæ. Regained
* of the English Bard, obtained a proJUVENAL.
portionate celebrity to their former poems. Query:
Which of Mr. Southey's will survive ?
Nert see tremendous Thalaba come on. (p.592. [p. 594.
Thalaba, Mr. Southey's second poem, is writCur tamen hoc poting libeat decurrere campo
ten in open defiance of precedent and poetry, Per quem magnus equo8 Auruncæ flexit alumnus :
Mr. S. wished to produce something novel, and Si vacat, et placidi rationem admittitis, edam.
succeeded to a miracle. Joan of Arc was mar. JUVENAL.
vellous enough, but Thalaba was one of those
poems “which (in the words of Porson) will be From soaring Southey down to groveling Stott. read when Homer and Virgil are forgotten, but
- not till then." Stott, better known in the “Morning Post" by the name of Hafiz. This personage is at pre
Thou wilt devote old women to the devil. (p. 595 sent the most profound explorer of the bathos. Southey, wherein an aged Gentlewoman is car.
See The old Woman of Berkley, a Ballad by I remember, to the reigning family of Portugal: ried away by Beelzebab, on a "high trotting a special ode of Master Stott's, beginning thus:
horse." (Stott loquitur quoad Hibernia.) Princely offspring of Braganza,
And quit his books, for fear of growing double. Erin greets thee with a stanza. Also a Sonnet to Rats, well worthy of the sub
Lyrical Ballads : “The tables turned." ject, and a most thundering ode commencing as Up, up my friend, and clear your looks follows:
Why all this toil and trouble? Ob! for a lay! loud as the surge
Up, up my friend, and quit your books That lashes Lapland's sounding shore.
Or surely you'll grow double.
“Awake a louder and a loftier strain." (p. 596.
“Awake a louder, and a loftier strain," is the
first line in Bowles's “Spirit of Discovery;" a Thus Laya of Minstrels—may they be the last” very spirited and pretty Dwarf Epic. Among
[p. 594. other exquisite lines we have the following: See the “Lay of the Last Minstrel," passim. Never was any plan go incongruous and absurd Stole on the list'ning silence, never yet
--A Kiss as the ground-work of this production. The entrance of Thunder and Lightning, prologuising Here heard ; they trembled even as if the power to Bayes' tragedy, unfortunately takes away the That is, the woods of Madeira trembled to a inerit of originality from the dialogue between kiss, very much astonished, as well they might Messieurs the Spirits of Flood and Fell, in the be, at such a phenomenon. (See “Letter on first canto. Then we have the amiable William Bowles's Strictures on Pope."'). of Deloraine, "a stark mosstrooper," videlicet, a happy componnd of poacher, sheepstcaler, and Consult Lord Fanny, and confide in Curl. highwayman. The propriety of his magical la
[p. 597. dy's injunction, not to read, can only be cqualled Curl is one of the heroes of the Danciad, and by his candid acknowledgment of his independ-was a Bookseller. Lord Fanny is the poetical ence of the trainmels of spelling, although, to name of Lord Hervey, author of "Lines to the use his own elegant phrase, 'twas his neck-Imitator of Horace." verso at hairibce," i. e. the gallowe.
And do from hate what Mollet did for hire. And goblin brats, of Gilpin Horner's brood.
(p. 597. (p. 594.
Lord Bolingbroke hired Mallet to traduce Pope The Biography of Gilpin Horner, and the after his decease, because the Poet had retained marvellous pedestrian page, who travelled twice some copies of a work by Lord Bolingbroke (the as fast as his master's "horse, without the aid Patriot King),, which that splendid but maligof seven-leagued boots, are chefs-dæuvre in the vant genius had ordered to be destroyed. improvement of taste. For incident we have the invisible, but by no means sparing, box on
To rave with Dennis, and with Ralph to rhyme. the ear bestowed on the page, and the entrance
[p. 597. of a Knight and Charger into the castle, under
Dennis the critic and Ralph the rhymester. the very natural disguise of a wain of hay, Silence ye wolves! while Ralph to Cynthia howls, Marmion, the hero of the latter romance, is Making night hideous—answer him ye owls! exactly what William of Deloraine would have
DUNciAD been, had he been able to read or write. The Poem was manufactured for Messrs. Constable, And link'd thee to the Dunciad for thy pains. Murray, and Miller, worshipful Booksellers, in
(p. 591. consideration of the receipt of a sum of money, See Bowles's late edition of Pope's works, for and, truly, considering the inspiration, it is a which he received 300l. : thus Mr. B. ha: ervery creditable production. If Mr. Scott will perienced how much easier it is to profit by the write for hire, let him do his best for his pay-Treputation of another, than to elevate his own.
Ilad Cottle still adorn'd the counter's side. must have been painful to read, and Irksome to
(p. 597. praise it. If Mr. Hallam will tell me who did. Mr. Cottle, Amos or Joseph, I don't know review it, the real name shall find a place in which, but one or both, once sellers of books the text, provided, nevertheless, the said name they did not write, and now writers of books be of two orthodox musical syllables and will that do not sell, have published a pair of Epics. come into the verse: till then, Hallam must Alfred" (poor Alfred! Pye has been at him stand for want of a better. too!) and “the Fall of Cambria."
While gay Thalia's luckless dotary, Lamb. May no rude hand disturb their early sleep!
(p. 598 (p. 597.
The Hon. G. Lamb reviewed “Beresford's Poor Montgomery, though praised by every Miseries," and is moreover author of a Farco English Review, has been bitterly reviled by enacted with much applause at the Priory, the Edinburgh. After all, the Bard of Sheffield Stanmore, and damned with great expedition at is a man of considerable genius: his “Wanderer the late Theatre Covent-Garden. It was entiof Switzerland is worth a thousand "Lyrical tled “Whistle for it." Ballads," and at least fifty “Degraded Epics."
Beware lest blundering Brougham destroy the Nor hunt the bloodhounds back to Arthur's Seat ?
sale. [p. 597.
Mr. Brougham, in No. XXV. of the EdinburghArthur's Seat, the hill which overhange Edin- Review, throughout the article concerning Don burgh.
Pedro de Cevallos, has displayed more politics
than policy: many of the worthy burgenses of And Bow-street myrmidons stood laughing by? Edinburgh" being so incensed at the infamous
[p. 598. principles it evinces, as to have withdrawn their In 1806, Messrs. Jeffrey and Moore inet at subscriptions. Chalk-Farm. The duel was prevented by the It seems that Mr. Brougham is not a Pict, as interference of the magistracy; and, on examin- I supposed, but a Borderer, and his name is ation, the balls of the pistols, like the courage pronounced Broom, from Trent to Tay. So be it. of the combatants, were found to have evaporated. This incident gave occasion to much wag- Her son, and vanish'd in a Scottish mist. (p. 598. gery in the daily prints.
I ought to apologise to the worthy Deities for
introducing a new Goddess with short petticoats The other half pursued its calm career. (p. 598. to their notice: but, alas! what was to be done?
The Tweed here behaved with proper deco- I could not say Caledonia's Genius, it being rum: it would have been highly reprehensible well known there is no Genias to be found from in the English half of the river to have shown Clackmannan to Caithness : yet, without superthe smallest symptom of apprehension.
natural agency, how was Jeffrey to be saved ?
The “national Kelpies," are too unpoetical, and f Jeffrey died, except within her arms. (p. 598. the “Brownies and "Gude Neighbours" (Spi
This display of sympathy on the part of the rits of a good disposition), refused to extricate Tolbooth (the principal prison in Edinburgh), him. A Goddess therefore has been called for which truly seems to have been most affected the parpose, and great ought to be the gratitude on this occasion, is much to be commended. It of Jeffrey, seeing it is the only communication was to be apprehended, that the many unhappy he ever held, or is likely to hold, with any thing criminals executed in the front, might have ren- heavenly. dered the edifice more callous. She is said to be of the softer sex, because her delicacy of Declare his landlord can translate, at least ! feeling on this day was truly feminino, though,
(p. 598 like most feminine impulses, perhaps a little Lord Holland has translated some specimens of selfish.
Lope de Vega, inserted in his life of the Author:
both are bepraised by his disinterested guests. The travelld Thane! Athenian Aberdeen. (p. 598.
His lordship has been much abroad, is a mem- Reforms each error and refines the whole. ber of the Athenian Society, and reviewer of
[p. 598. “Gell's Topography of Troy.
Certain it is, her ladyship is suspected of hav
ing displayed her matchless wit in the EdinburghHerbert shall wield Thor's hammer, and some- Review: however that may be, we know from times.
[p. 598. good authority that the manuscripts are submitMr. Herbert is a translator of Icelandic and ted to her perusal-no doubt for correction. other Poetry. One of the principal pieces is a “Song on the Recovery of Thor's Hammer:" the Puns, and a prince within a barrel pent. (p. 598 translation is a pleasant chaunt in the vulgar In the melo-drame of Tekeli, that heroic tongue, and ended thus :
prince is clapt into a barrel on the stage-a new Instead of money and rings, I wot,
asylum for distressed heroes. The hammer's bruises were her lot; Thus Odin's son his hammer got.
While Reynolds vents his "dammes, poohs, and
zounds." And classic Hallam, much renown'd for Greek. All these are favourite expressions of Mr. R.
(p. 598. and prominent in his Comedies, living and defunct. Mr. Hallam reviewed Payne Knight's Taste, and was exceedingly severe on soine Greek ver- A tragedy, complete in all but words? (p. 598. ses therein: it was not discovered that the lines Mr. T. Sheridan, the new Manager of Drurywere Pindar's, till the press rendered it impos- Lane Theatre, stripped the Tragedy of Bonduca sible to cancel the critique, which still stands of the Dialogue, and exhibited the scenes as the an everlasting monument of Hallam's ingenuity. spectacles of Caractacus. Was this worthy of
The said Hallam is incensed, because he is his sire, or of hinself? falsely accused, saying that he never dineth at Holland-House. If this be true, I am sorry- Her flight to garnish Greenwood's gay designs. not for having said so, but ou his account, as I
(p. 399. understand his lordship'e feasts are preferable Mr. Greenwood is, we believe, Scene-Painter to his compositions. If he did not review Lord to Drury-Lane Theatre: as such Mr. S. is much Holland's performance, I am glad, because it indebted to him.